Songzi Niangniang

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Songzi Niangniang (送子娘娘, "The Maiden Who Brings Children"), also referred to in Taiwan as Zhusheng Niangniang (註生娘娘), is a Taoist fertility goddess.[1][2] She is often depicted as Guan Yin herself in drawings, or alternatively as an attendant of Guan Yin; Guan Yin herself is also often referred to as "Guan Yin Who Brings Children". She is depicted as an empress figure, much like Xi Wangmu and Mazu. [2][3]


  1. ^ Yamakita, Atsushi; Kao, Chan-tsan (2005), 東洋神名事典 (Dictionary of Eastern Deities), 奇幻基地, p. 349, ISBN 986-7576-82-9 
  2. ^ a b Kinsley, David R. (1989), "Kuan-Yin, the Chinese Goddess of Mercy", The Goddesses' Mirror: Visions of the Divine from East and West, State University of New York Press, ISBN 0-88706-835-9 
  3. ^ Ge, Zhaoguang (2000), "第七讲 从观世音菩萨的故事说到佛教中国化 (Lecture 7: From the stories of Kuan Yin Bodhisattva to the Sinicisation of Buddhism)", 古代中国社会与文化十讲 (Ten Lectures on Ancient Chinese Society and Culture), Tsinghua University Press, p. 128