Sonia Chadwick Hawkes

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Sonia Chadwick Hawkes

Born(1933-11-05)5 November 1933
Died30 May 1999(1999-05-30) (aged 65)
EmployerUniversity of Oxford
SpouseChristopher Hawkes

Sonia Chadwick Hawkes, FSA (5 November 1933 – 30 May 1999) was a leading specialist in early Anglo-Saxon archaeology, described as a "discerning systematiser of the great array of Anglo-Saxon grave furnishings".[1][2]


Early life[edit]

Chadwick Hawkes was born in Dartford in 1933. She excavated at Lullingstone villa as a school girl, and at Morgan Porth from 1951-53.[1] She studied English at Bedford College, University of London, before undertaking research at Birkbeck College, supervised by Vera I. Evison.[1] In 1959, she married Christopher Hawkes, Professor of European Archaeology at the University of Oxford,[2] after they met at an Iron Age conference in 1958.[3]


In 1958, she was appointed as Curator of Scunthorpe Museum. Hawkes was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries (FSA) in 1961. Hawkes was a research assistant at the Institute of Archaeology from 1959 to 1973.[2] From 1963 to 1971, Hawkes worked to catalogue a collection of finds from the antiquarian Bryan Faussett.[1] In 1973 she was appointed as a university lecturer at the University of Oxford, based at the Institute of Archaeology.

Hawkes' research focus was on Anglo Saxon cemeteries in Kent.[1]  A major piece of work on Late Roman zoormorphic belt fitting prompted much debate.[4] Hawkes excavated an Iron Age site at Longbridge Deverill.[5] In 1979 she co-founded the publication series Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeology and History, and organised a series of interdisciplinary seminars and conferences in Anglo Saxon studies.[1] Sonia co-edited Greeks, Celts and Romans with her husband, Christopher Hawkes.

Hawkes retired in 1994.[2] An edited volume was published in her honour in 2007, edited by Martin Henig and Tyler Jo Smith.[6] A number of her works were bought to publication post-posthumously, including the Novum Inventorium Sepulchrale, an inventory of Kentish and Anglo Saxon grave goods.[7] Paul Nash created the lithograph 'Landscape of the Megaliths' in memory of Christopher and Sonia Hawkes.[3]

Selected publications[edit]

  • Hawkes, S.C., Grainger, G., Biddulph, E., and Dodd, A. 2003. The Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Worthy Park, Kingsworthy, Hampshire. Oxford: Oxbow.
  • Hawkes, S. C. 2000. The Anglo-Saxon cemetery of Bifrons, in the parish of Patrixbourne, East Kent. Anglo-Saxon Stud Archaeol Hist 11: 1-94.
  • Hawkes, S.C. (ed.) 1989. Weapons and Warfare in Anglo-Saxon England. Oxford: Oxford University Committee for Archaeology.
  • Hawkes, S.C.. 1974. The Monkton Brooch. The Antiquaries Journal 54(2): 245-256. doi:10.1017/S0003581500042475
  • Hawkes, C. and Hawkes, S. (eds) 1973. Greeks, Celts and Romans.
  • Hawkes, S. C. (1969). "Finds from two Middle Bronze Age pits at Winnall, Winchester, Hampshire." Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club and Archaeological Society 26: 5-18.
  • Hawkes, S.C. and Page, R.I. 1967. Swords and runes in south-east England. The Antiquaries Journal 47 (1): 1-26. doi:10.1017/S000358150001341X
  • Hawkes, S.C.; Dunning, G.C. (1961), "Soldiers and Settlers in Britain, Fourth to Fifth Century: With a Catalogue of Animal-Ornamented Buckles and Related Belt-Fittings" (PDF), Medieval Archaeology, 5: 1–70, doi:10.1080/00766097.1961.11735646
  • Hawkes, S.C. and Hawkes, C.F.C 1958. Prehistoric Britain, 3rd edition, Harmondsworth: Penguin.
  • Chadwick, S.E., "The Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Finglesham, Kent: a Reconsideration" (PDF), Medieval Archaeology, 2: 1–71, doi:10.1080/00766097.1958.11735473


  1. ^ a b c d e f Ashbee, Paul (1999). "Sonia Chadwick-Hawkes, M.A., F.S.A." Archaeologia Cantiana. 119: 430–432. open access
  2. ^ a b c d Welch, Martin (24 June 1999). "Obituary: Sonia Chadwick Hawkes". The Independent. Archived from the original on 24 May 2022. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b Hawkes, Nicolas (2002). "The Artist and the Archaeologist: A Presentation in Memory of Christopher and Sonia Hawkes". Oxford Journal of Archaeology. 21 (3): 311–317. doi:10.1111/1468-0092.00165. ISSN 0262-5253.
  4. ^ Hawkes, Sonia Chadwick; Hawkes, S. C.; Dunning, G. C. (1961). "Soldiers and Settlers in Britain, Fourth to Fifth Century: With a Catalogue of Animal-Ornamented Buckles and Related Belt-Fittings". Medieval Archaeology. 5 (1): 1–70. doi:10.1080/00766097.1961.11735646. ISSN 0076-6097.
  5. ^ Hawkes, Sonia Chadwick (1994). "Longbridge Deverill Cow Down, Wiltshire, House 3: A Major Round House of the Early Iron Age". Oxford Journal of Archaeology. 13 (1): 49–69. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0092.1994.tb00031.x. ISSN 0262-5253.
  6. ^ Collectanea antiqua : essays in memory of Sonia Chadwick Hawkes. Hawkes, Sonia Chadwick., Henig, Martin., Smith, Tyler Jo. Oxford: Archaeopress. 2007. ISBN 9781905739196. OCLC 171110710.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  7. ^ "Inventorium | Novum Inventorium Sepulchrale :: Inventorium". Retrieved 6 October 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Cooper, Valerie (2016), "The published works of Vera I Evison", The Evidence of material culture: Studies in honour of Professor Vera Evison, Éditions Mergoil, ISBN 978-2-35518-060-6
  • Keys, Lynne (2016), "Notes for a biography of Vera Evison", The Evidence of material culture: Studies in honour of Professor Vera Evison, Éditions Mergoil, ISBN 978-2-35518-060-6