9 March 1880|
Częstochowa (Russian Empire, later Poland)
20 September 1937|
Lewitska Sopfia (Sonia) (Polish : Sofia Lewicka, Ukrainian: Cофія Пилипівна Левицька, French: Sonia Lewitska, Russian: София (Соня) Филипповна Левицкая; born 9 March 1880 in Częstochowa, Russian Empire, now Poland; died 20 September 1937 in Paris) was a Polish-born French woman painter and printmaker.
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Sonia Lewitska was a Post-Impressionist painter, printmaker and illustrator of Ukrainian origin, sister of Ukrainian writer and diplomat Modest Pylypovych Levytskyi (1866, Vilkhivtsi (Вільхівці Чемеровецького району), Podillia, Ukraine - Lutsk, Ukraine). Her father was an inspector of the public schools of the Podillya province. He was a friend of Volodymyr Antonovych and Tadej Rylskyj, he was actively interested in social and cultural work. Her childhood was in Kyiv and Vilkhivtsi. Her mother Modesta Byshovska (Biszowska) came from the Leszczyńskis (Leshchinskys). Her family was a highly educated and democratic, they spoke Ukrainian, well-fluent in German, French, Polish. Sonia graduated from Art School in Zhytomyr. In that town, at the age of 19, she got married Yustyn Manylovskyi, a local doctor, but he abused alcohol. After Art School she ran away from her husband, went to her parents in Vilkhivtsi, left her daughter Olga who born with mental problems, and began to study Art with Serhiy Svetoslavsky in Kyiv. S.Svetoslavsky advised her to go to Paris and Sofia moved to Paris in 1905 to study painting.
Sonia Lewitska engaged in a refined art without losing what a poet called the gift of childhood. Independent, she eschewed all art theory and only investigated the best means of translating her own interior vision into art. Often inspired by Slavic folklore. Lewitska was another early member of the Parisian group. In 1905 she settles in Paris and continued her studies at a Jean Marchand, who later became her husband. Beginning as a cubist and fauvist, she moved into a Post-Impressionist style and became known for her illustrations of limited edition books.
She exhibited at the Salon d'Automne (1910–1913, 1919–1925, 1927–1934), the Salon des Indépendants (1910–1914, 1920–1922), the Section d'Or, the Salon des Tuileries (1929, 1932, 1933), the Paris galleries and at the International exhibitions.
In 1933 she took part in Salon de Echanges. At the same time, in accompany with her friend Henriette Tirman, she helps André Fau and Francis Thieck in room decoration suggesting services of painters from her closest circle: Raoul Dufy, André Lhote, André Hellé (1871–1945) and Jean Marchand. Thereby she supported her friends in tough times of economic crisis in the country.
In 1937, Henriette Tirman with friends creates in her house the Society of Friends Sonia Lewitska, which organized in 1938 two retrospective exhibitions of the artist in the Gallery Sagot – Le Garrec.
- Jean Cocteau, Bertrand Guégan (1892–1943); L'almanach de Cocagne pour l'an 1920–1922, Dédié aux vrais Gourmands Et aux Francs Buveurs (1921)
Other illustrations (ref no.1)
- Inventaire du fonds français après 1800 / Bibliothèque nationale, Département des estampes. p.298, Sonia Lewitska; birth date 1880; Gallica BnF
- Le Petit Parisien (Paris), 1937-09-23; Journal des débats politiques et littéraires, 1937/09/24 (Numéro 264), p,2, death date Sonia Lewitska – 1937/09/20 Bnf
- Salon des indépendants (26 ; 1910), no.3283-3288; Gallica BnF
- La Section d'Or, 1912; kubisme.info
- Work of Francis Thieck (decorator, ceramist, painter); catalogue.gazette-drouot.com; L'Oeil de Paris pénètre partout,1934/01/06 (A7,N270), p.15, Le bar-exposition; Gallica BnF
- Comoedia (Paris. 1907), 1933/12/21 (A27,N7621), p.1, Le Salon de Echanges..; Gallica BnF
- Journal officiel de la République française, 1938/12/02 (A70,N282), p.48; Gallica BnF
- Notice WorldCat; sudoc; BnF. Engraved on wood and unpublished drawings of: Matisse, J. Marchand, R. Dufy, Sonia Lewitska, de Segonzac, Jean Émile Laboureur, Friesz, Marquet, Pierre Laprade, Signac, Louis Latapie, Suzanne Valadon, Henriette Tirman and others.'
- Bénézit, 1976 : Sonia Lewitska
- Works Sonia Lewitzka, artnet.com
- Benezit Dictionary of Artists, 2006, site Oxford Index (subscription or library membership required)
- Искусство и архитектура Русского зарубежья, Левицкая София (Соня) Филипповна; artrz.ru
- Van Gogh Museum Journal 1995, p.176, Portrait of Mme Sonya Lewitzka, 1932, by Emile Bernard; no.S407M/1990; dbnl.org
- Comoedia (Paris), 1935-04-11, Une exposition qui nous oblige à méditer sur le cubisme éternel; BNF
- Alexis Gritchenko, Mes rencontres avec les artistes français, L'Harmattan, 2010, pp. 160-166 (ISBN 978-2296117686)
- (en) Vita Susak, Ukrainian artists in Paris. 1900–1939, Lviv, Rodovid Press, 2010 (ISBN 978-9667845407)