Sonic the Hedgehog (TV series)

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Sonic the Hedgehog
Also known asSonic SatAM[1]
Science fantasy
Based on
Directed byJohn Grusd (Pilot only)
Dick Sebast (Season 1)
Ron Myrick (Season 2)
Voices ofJaleel White
Kath Soucie
Mark Ballou (Season 1)
Cam Brainard (Season 2)
Christine Cavanaugh
Bradley Pierce
Charlie Adler
Jim Cummings
Rob Paulsen
Cree Summer
William Windom
Theme music composerNoisy Neighbors
Michael Tavera
Opening theme"The Fastest Thing Alive"
ComposersMichael Tavera (Season 1)
Matt Muhoberac (Season 2)
John Zuker (Season 2)
Country of originUnited States
Original languagesEnglish
No. of seasons2
No. of episodes26 (list of episodes)
Executive producersAndy Heyward
Robby London
ProducersJohn Grusd (Pilot only)
Dick Sebast (Season 1)
Ron Myrick (Season 2)
Len Janson (supervising producer)
EditorsMark A. McNally
Sue Odjakjian
CK Horness
Running time20–22 minutes
Production companiesDIC Productions, L.P.[2]
Sega of America
Saerom Animation
DistributorUnited States
DIC Entertainment
ABC Distribution Company
Original networkABC (U.S.)
Italia 1 (Italy)
Audio formatStereo
Original releaseSeptember 18, 1993 (1993-09-18) –
December 3, 1994 (1994-12-03)
Related showsAdventures of Sonic the Hedgehog
Sonic Underground

Sonic the Hedgehog is an animated television series based on the video game series of the same name. It was story edited by Len Janson and produced by DIC Productions, L.P., Sega of America, Inc., and the Italian studio Reteitalia S.p.A. in association with Telecinco.[3] It is the second of DiC's Sonic cartoons, following Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog. It features a more dramatic and dark story than the lighter Adventures series,[4] depicting Sonic as a member of a band of freedom fighters battling to overthrow Doctor Robotnik, now a despotic dictator who conquered their home planet Mobius years prior, ruling it as a polluted industrial dystopia. To distinguish it from other Sonic the Hedgehog media, the series is commonly referred to by fans as "SatAM", in reference to its Saturday morning timeslot.[5]

The program aired for two seasons with a total of 26 episodes on ABC from September 18, 1993 to December 3, 1994,[6] and continued in reruns until 1995. A third season was planned, but ABC canceled the show, ending it with a cliffhanger. Despite its cancellation, a fan following has elevated the series to become a cult hit.[7] The show also inspired a video game, Sonic Spinball, and a long-running comic book series of the same name.


The series takes place on Mobius, a planet mostly populated by anthropomorphic animals. The Kingdom of Acorn, based within the city of Mobotropolis, was at war with an unseen enemy. The King recruited a human scientist, Julian, to build war machines to end the war with a victory. However, during peacetime, Julian and his nephew Snively launched a coup d'état against the kingdom. The King is banished to another dimension, the Void, and the citizens are captured and transformed into robot slaves, through a machine called the Roboticizer. Julian renames himself as Dr. Robotnik, now the ruthless dictator of Mobius. Mobotropolis is renamed Robotropolis, a polluted, industrial cityscape.

Robotnik finds himself at odds with a small collective group called the Freedom Fighters, who operate out of the hidden woodland village Knothole. They are led by Sonic the Hedgehog and Princess Sally Acorn, the King's sole heir. Other members include Sonic's best friend Miles "Tails" Prower, computer genius Rotor the Walrus, French coyote Antoine Depardieu, half-roboticized Bunnie Rabbot, and Dulcy the Dragon. They act as a rebellion against Robotnik's regime. Sonic uses the Power Rings to gain a temporary boost in power. Both the rings and the Roboticizer were designed by Sonic's uncle Chuck, one of the victims of the machine.

Early on in the series, Sonic uses a Power Ring to restore Uncle Chuck's free will in his mechanical body. Chuck decides to act as a spy for the Freedom Fighters, operating from within the city. He is eventually discovered by Robotnik in the second season, and escapes to Knothole. Sally searches for her father during the series. He is found alive within the Void, shared with a sorcerer, Naugus, who was also imprisoned within the dimension by Robotnik. Naugus attempts to escape the Void, but both he and the King discover their bodies turn to crystal whilst back on Mobius, and are forced to return to their prison. The heroes gain other allies, including Ari the Ram, and Lupe, leader of the elusive wolf pack.

In the series' sole two-part episode, "Blast to the Past", Sonic and Sally use the Time Stones to travel back in time, in an attempt to prevent Robotnik's planned takeover. They fail, but manage to get their younger selves to the safety of Knothole, with help from Sally's nanny Rosie Woodchuck. In the series finale, Robotnik builds the Doomsday Project to destroy the population. The Freedom Fighters launch a full scale attack against Robotnik, with Sonic and Sally destroying the Doomsday Project with the power of the Deep Power Stones. Robotnik is caught in the destruction and is utterly destroyed along with Doomsday, and the Freedom Fighters declare victory, with Sonic and Sally kissing.

In a final scene, Snively becomes the main antagonist, accompanied by an unseen ally with red eyes. Ben Hurst, one of the series' writers, confirmed the figure was Naugus.


Knothole Freedom Fighters[edit]

  • Sonic (the) Hedgehog (voiced by Jaleel White as a young man, Tahj Mowry as a boy) – Sonic is the main protagonist of the series. He is able to run at superhuman speed, and is the only freedom fighter capable of using magical rings called Power Rings. Sonic has an impatient and head-strong personality, but is also fearless, heroic, and well-meaning. He always mockingly refers to Robotnik as "Ro-butt-nik".
  • Princess Sally Acorn (voiced by Kath Soucie as a young woman, Lindsay Ridgeway as a girl) – A chipmunk who is the rightful princess of Mobotropolis and Sonic's love interest. As a strategist for the Knothole Freedom Fighters, she is knowledgeable and the voice of reason. Sally tries to keep Sonic grounded.
  • Bunnie Rabbot (voiced by Christine Cavanaugh) – A rabbit with a southern accent. Half of her body was roboticized, leaving her left arm and both legs mechanical. She is skilled in martial arts, and wants to be returned to normal.
  • Antoine "Ant" Depardieu (voiced by Rob Paulsen) – A coyote with a French accent whose awkwardness often places the others in danger and gets him captured. He has some difficulty speaking English. He has romantic feelings for Princess Sally, and attempts to impress her. However, his selfishness hinders this goal. Sonic often teases Antoine over his shortcomings.
  • Rotor (voiced by Mark Ballou in season one, Cam Brainard in season 2) – A walrus, and the mechanic of Knothole Village. He provides the Knothole Freedom Fighters with useful inventions, and accompanies them on infiltrations.
  • Tails (voiced by Bradley Pierce) – A young two-tailed fox who idolizes Sonic. While usually left behind in Knothole, he proves useful in deadly missions.
  • Nicole (voiced by Kath Soucie) – A portable computer that Sally uses to hack into Robotnik's technology. Nicole speaks in a female monotone, and exhibits artificial intelligence. It is indicated that Sally received Nicole from her father.
  • Dulcy (voiced by Cree Summer) – A young dragon, who provides the Knothole Freedom Fighters with transportation. Sporting powerful lungs, Dulcy can blow enemies away and burn/freeze them with fire or ice breath. She has trouble landing, and often crashes mid-flight. She was introduced in Season 2.


  • Dr. Julian Robotnik (voiced by Jim Cummings) – A warlord who seeks to cover Mobius in machinery and transform its population into robotic slaves by roboticizing them. He is chiefly opposed by the Knothole Freedom Fighters. Robotnik's obsession with destroying Sonic is often his downfall. In this version, his real first name is Julian, adopting the moniker "Robotnik" after his takeover.
    • Cluck (vocal effects provided by Frank Welker) – A robotic chicken, and the only creature Robotnik shows affection towards.
    • Snively (voiced by Charlie Adler) – Robotnik's assistant and nephew. He is constantly abused by his uncle. As such, Snively hates Robotnik and plots behind his back.
    • Swat-Bots (voiced by Jim Cummings and Frank Welker) – Robotnik's primary henchmen and foot soldiers.
  • Naugus (voiced by Michael Bell) – A powerful sorcerer, who resents Robotnik for imprisoning him within the Void. He desires retribution, but he cannot escape without crystallizing.


  • Sir Charles "Chuck" Hedgehog (voiced by William Windom) – Sonic's uncle, and the inventor of the Roboticizer before Robotnik stole it. He was roboticized and made into one of Robotnik's slaves, until Sonic restored his memory. He serves as a spy for the Freedom Fighters. According to Robby London, he was named after the writer and animator, Chuck Menville, who passed away in 1992.[8]
  • Ari Ram (voiced by Dorian Harewood) – A Freedom Fighter who worked as a double agent for Robotnik, only to be betrayed later and trapped in the Void. He is later rescued by Sonic and joins the Knothole Freedom Fighters.
  • King Acorn (voiced by Tim Curry) – The former king of Mobotropolis and Sally's father. He was banished to the Void during Robotnik's takeover, and like Naugus, cannot escape without crystallizing.
  • Lupe Wolf (voiced by Shari Belafonte) – Leader of the Wolfpack Freedom Fighters, and one of the Knothole Freedom Fighters' allies in the fight against Robotnik.



  • Marsha Gooodman, casting director
  • Ginny McSwain, casting director and voice director


Sonic the Hedgehog was created by DiC Animation City in association with Sega of America, which produced a total of 26 episodes for its two-season run, and the Italian studio Reteitalia S.p.A., part of Fininvest company, in association with Spanish network Telecinco. The show's animation was outsourced to the Korean studio Sae Rom Production, with the exception of the opening sequence which was animated by the Spanish studio Milimetros.

Before production began, Sega of America CEO Tom Kalinske and its newly appointed consumer products director Michealene Risley approached DiC Entertainment's CEO Andy Heyward and the ABC network to produce a television show featuring Sonic. After being shown the character, Heyward agreed to make the show and was granted the license. According to Robby London, DiC originally made a deal to produce only the Saturday morning Sonic series for the ABC network. The cartoon was originally planned to be more light-hearted compared to the final product, as reflected by its pilot episode, early promotional material found in Fleetway's Sonic the Comic[10][11] and the early issues of Sonic the Hedgehog comics by Archie, which were based on the Saturday morning Sonic cartoon. However, DiC also wanted to go further and produce additional episodes for weekday syndication as well, similar to what DiC has previously done with The Real Ghostbusters, but Mark Pedowitz, the then-senior vice president of business affairs and contracts at ABC, who expected the Sonic cartoon to air exclusively on ABC, rejected the idea, telling London "If you guys want to do syndication, be our guest, go with God, but you won’t be on our network." ABC would not agree to the deal until London came with a proposition that DiC would produce a separate, vastly different Sonic show for syndication instead, the end result of which became Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog. As a result, the Saturday morning Sonic cartoon was made darker and more serious in order to distinguish itself from the syndicated Sonic cartoon.[12][13][14] The show bible for the Saturday morning Sonic cartoon was written in February 1992[15] with the final revision made on March 10, 1993.[16]


Series overview[edit]

SeasonSegmentsEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast aired
1N/A13September 18, 1993 (1993-09-18)December 11, 1993 (1993-12-11)
2413September 10, 1994 (1994-09-10)December 3, 1994 (1994-12-03)

Season 1 (1993)[edit]

No.TitleWritten byOriginal air dateProd.
1"Super Sonic"Jules DennisSeptember 18, 1993 (1993-09-18)105
An ancient, evil wizard takes away Sonic's speed, with the promise to return it if Sonic retrieves the wizard's computer archive of spells from Robotnik. (This episode was the actual 1st full edition of this series to air on ABC, on Sept. 18, 1993.[17])
2"Sonic Boom"Len JansonSeptember 25, 1993 (1993-09-25)[18]101
Princess Sally and Antoine follow up on a lead that suggests that her father, King Acorn, may be alive. Meanwhile, Sonic attempts to rescue a captured freedom fighter.
3"Sonic and Sally"Ben Hurst
Pat Allee
October 2, 1993 (1993-10-02)[19]102
When the Princess is captured, Robotnik creates a robotic duplicate of her as a means of spying on and sabotaging the Freedom Fighters.
4"Hooked on Sonics"Randy RogelOctober 9, 1993 (1993-10-09)[20]107
Antoine goes after Robotnik himself in an attempt to impress Sally and earn personal glory.
5"Ultra Sonic"David VillaireOctober 16, 1993 (1993-10-16)[21]103
Sonic finds his long lost uncle, Sir Charles, after a failed mission in Robotropolis.
6"Sonic's Nightmare"Frank SantopadreOctober 23, 1993 (1993-10-23)[22]109
Sonic is paralysed by a recurring nightmare personifying his own personal fears; meanwhile, Robotnik unleashes a machine capable of destroying the world.
7"Warp Sonic"Matt UitzOctober 30, 1993 (1993-10-30)[23]110
The Freedom Fighters find themselves defending an underground city of Mobian refugees, all the while coming to terms with their own personal relationships.
8"Harmonic Sonic"David VillaireNovember 6, 1993 (1993-11-06)[24]108
Robotnik launches a spy satellite in an effort to locate Knothole Village, the Freedom Fighters' hidden base. Sonic and Rotor head towards the satellite using a makeshift rocket to destroy it.
9"Sonic and the Secret Scrolls"Janis DiamondNovember 13, 1993 (1993-11-13)[25]104
The Freedom Fighters embark on a mission to find magical scrolls which may hold the key to unlimited power.
10"Sub-Sonic"Barbara SladeNovember 20, 1993 (1993-11-20)[26]111
The Freedom Fighters' home, the Great Forest, is dying. In search of magical water that causes plants to grow at an accelerated speed, the Freedom Fighters journey underground where they begin disappearing one by one.
11"Heads or Tails"Len JansonNovember 27, 1993 (1993-11-27)[27]113
Sonic heads to Robotropolis in search of materials to build a defense against an impending invasion by Robotnik. However, the inexperienced Tails is tagging along. (Pilot episode. Due to a shift in animation quality during the show's development after the pilot was finished and shown to ABC executives, the decision was made to delay its premiere and advertise it as a special. The pilot also originally featured a different opening sequence which was never shown on television but its storyboard was later released as a bonus on the DVD of the complete series.)
12"Sonic Past Cool"Kayte Kuch
Sheryl Scarborough
December 4, 1993 (1993-12-04)[28]112
Robotnik has set his eyes on the last living herd of a dinosaur-like species. The Freedom Fighters help the creatures navigate through the Great Jungle while fighting off the advances of Robotnik's machines.
13"Sonic Racer"Len JansonDecember 11, 1993 (1993-12-11)[29]106
Robotnik holds a race in Robotropolis in a bid to lure Sonic into a trap. The other Freedom Fighters take advantage of Robotnik's fixation on the race in hopes of destroying the city's power generator.

Season 2 (1994)[edit]

No. in
TitleWritten byOriginal air dateProd.
141"Game Guy"Ben Hurst
Pat Allee
September 10, 1994 (1994-09-10)201
Sonic and Sally befriend an ally who claims to be part of another Freedom Fighter group, but he is not what he seems to be.
152"Sonic Conversion"Ben Hurst
Pat Allee
September 17, 1994 (1994-09-17)202
Knothole's De-roboticizer is a success! Bunnie Rabbot and Uncle Chuck are back to their normal selves! But the Freedom Fighters' latest accomplishment seems too good to be true.
163"No Brainer"Pat AlleeSeptember 24, 1994 (1994-09-24)203
When Sonic loses his memory, Snively takes advantage and gets the hedgehog to infiltrate Knothole.
"Blast to the Past"Ben HurstOctober 1, 1994 (1994-10-01)
October 8, 1994 (1994-10-08)
Part I: The war with Robotnik goes badly. The only hope may lie in a pair of magical Time Stones: using them Sonic and Sally could travel to Mobotropolis Kingdom's past, prior to Robotnik's takeover and stop the fight before it begins.
Part II: The time-travel mission to stop Robotnik has failed; his armies have already taken Mobotropolis! Also, Sonic and Sally have somehow put their younger selves and the Knothole Village in the Great Forest at risk.
19a6a"Fed Up with Antoine"Len JansonOctober 15, 1994 (1994-10-15)206a
Antoine is appointed king of a biker gang, unaware of their "cannibalistic" tradition.
19b6b"Ghost Busted"Pat AlleeOctober 15, 1994 (1994-10-15)206b
Sonic and Tails investigate a possible ghost problem while camping out.
207"Dulcy"Ben Hurst
Pat Allee
October 22, 1994 (1994-10-22)207
Dulcy is summoned to a dragon mating ground as Robotnik seeks to Roboticize the remainder of her species.
218"The Void"Ben HurstOctober 29, 1994 (1994-10-29)208
When Sally and Bunnie disappear, Sonic and Nicole rush in to rescue them, discovering the Void. Within the Void they encounter a mysterious wizard named Naugus, a long-lost friend, as well as Sally's father, the long lost King of Mobotropolis.
22a9a"The Odd Couple"Len JansonNovember 5, 1994 (1994-11-05)209a
Antoine is forced to share his house with Sonic after a failed landing from Dulcy destroys the hedgehog's home.
22b9b"Ro-Becca"Pat AlleeNovember 5, 1994 (1994-11-05)209b
Antoine accidentally activates a robot Rotor was working on. The robot suddenly develops a crush on him.
2310"Cry of the Wolf"Pat AlleeNovember 12, 1994 (1994-11-12)210
Sonic and company finally make contact with another Royal Freedom Fighter group. They must work together when a nearly indestructable war-machine arrives to attack.
2411"Drood Henge"Ben HurstNovember 19, 1994 (1994-11-19)211
Sonic and Tails team up in order to thwart Robotnik's scheme to possess the magical Deep Power Stones.
2512"Spyhog"Ben HurstNovember 26, 1994 (1994-11-26)212
Uncle Chuck finds himself increasingly at risk operating as a spy in Robotropolis.
2613"The Doomsday Project"Ben HurstDecember 3, 1994 (1994-12-03)213
Robotnik's Doomsday Project begins a week earlier than anyone had anticipated. With all of Mobius in danger, the Freedom Fighters prepare for what may be their final battle.

Broadcast and distribution[edit]

Initial run[edit]

The Saturday morning series differs from the daily Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog, which premiered the same month. While Adventures is lighthearted and comical, Sonic the Hedgehog featured a comparatively complex plot and dramatic atmosphere. It explored unusual story concepts for animation, including losing loved ones to war[30] and relationships focusing on young couples.[31][4] At ABC's request, the second season included episodes devoted to humor, while darker and dramatic elements were reduced. Other changes include Princess Sally donning a jacket for season two, and Rotor receiving a new design.

ABC also ended up, in some weeks, airing back-to-back episodes of this show during the 1st season, while in Season 2, each time slot for the show was for a single episode only.[32]


After the program's initial run, it appeared on the USA Network's Action Extreme Team block from June 1997 to January 1998. ABC did not replicate this, replacing Sonic with reruns of Free Willy. Sonic the Hedgehog aired in Canada on the CTV Network, with a bonus summer run between June 10 and September 2, 1995. It has not been rerun on broadcast or cable television in Canada since its cancellation on CTV, but was present on the Shomi video-on-demand platform until its November 30, 2016, closure. In 2004, it started airing on Spacetoon TV in the MENA region until May 2015. All romance scenes have been censored.[citation needed] From 1994 to 1996, it had a complete run on the UK television on ITV and Channel 4, In December 1994, the first season was broadcast in the Republic of Ireland on RTÉ2.[33] On September 2, 2016, reruns of the series began airing on Starz.[34] As of 2020, the show can be found on Pluto TV and on demand at Paramount+, as well as YouTube. On March 15, 2021, it began airing in Malaysia on new kids channel named TA-DAA!!.[35]

Home releases[edit]

VHS/DVD name Episodes Distributor Release date Note
Super Sonic "Super Sonic"
"Sonic & Sally"
Buena Vista Home Video (1994)
Lions Gate Home Entertainment/Trimark Home Video (2002)
October 21, 1994 (BVHV)
February 26, 2002 (Lions Gate)
Sonic Racer "Sonic Racer"
"Sonic Boom"
Buena Vista Home Video (1994)
Lions Gate Home Entertainment/Trimark Home Video (2002)
October 21, 1994 (BVHV)
February 26, 2002 (Lions Gate)
Hooked on Sonics "Hooked on Sonics"
"Warp Sonic"
Buena Vista Home Video October 21, 1994
Super Sonic "Super Sonic"
"Sonic & Sally"
"Sonic Racer"
"Sonic Boom"
Lions Gate Home Entertainment/Trimark Home Video (2002)
NCircle Entertainment (2008)
February 26, 2002 (Lions Gate)
December 23, 2008 (NCircle)
The Lions Gate release has an extra episode ("Sonic and the Secret Scrolls") as an award for completing the trivia game. The NCircle re-issue has the episodes in a different order, and lacks the bonus episode.
The Complete Series All 26 episodes of the series Shout! Factory March 27, 2007 This four disc boxset includes the entire 26 episodes from the series, and are presented in its original, uncut broadcast presentation.

Bonus features include: storyboards, concept art, storyboard-to-screen comparisons, deleted/extended scenes, a printable prototype script of the series pilot (Heads or Tails), and interviews with Jaleel White and writer Ben Hurst.

The individual cases and the DVDs themselves also feature fan art submitted to Shout! Factory during the box set's development phase. The set features cover art by Ken Penders, and was released by Shout! Factory and Vivendi Visual Entertainment.

The Region 2 version was distributed by Delta Music Group PLC in the UK, and uses different artwork.

The Fight for Freedom "Hooked on Sonics"
"Ultra Sonic"
"Sonic and the Secret Scrolls"
"Warp Sonic"
NCircle Entertainment September 16, 2008
Sonic Goes Green "Heads or Tails"
"Sonic's Nightmare"
"Sonic Past Cool"
NCircle Entertainment March 3, 2009
Freedom Fighters Unite "Sonic Conversion"
"The Void"
"Spy Hog"
NCircle Entertainment May 5, 2009
Sonic Forever! "No Brainer"
"Blast To The Past (Part 1)
"Blast to the Past" (Part 2)
"Fed Up With Antoine" and "Ghost Busted"
"The Odd Couple" and "Ro-Becca"
NCircle Entertainment March 16, 2010
Doomsday Project "Harmonic Sonic"
"Game Guy"
"Cry of the Wolf"
"Drood Henge"
"The Doomsday Project"
NCircle Entertainment August 31, 2010

This show has never been reissued on DVD after its expiration in 2012, but the remaining copies are available on Amazon and eBay with expensive prices. However, the complete series is available to purchase and download on iTunes.[36][37]

In other media[edit]


Archie's Sonic the Hedgehog comic book was initially based on the Saturday morning cartoon.[38] From its earliest issues, the book shared the characters and story premise established within it. However, the comic differed in that it featured humorous plots modeled after the weekday show.[39] After writer Ken Penders had the opportunity to view the Saturday morning program, the comic gradually became adventure-driven.[40] The comic series shifted focus again after ABC cancelled Sonic the Hedgehog, developing into a relationship-based superhero story, and following a reboot, Archie's Sonic was primarily inspired by the video game series. Nevertheless, the characters and locales from the Saturday morning cartoon remained prominent until the comic's cancellation in July 2017.[38]

Video games[edit]

Several video games were intended to use elements from the TV series, although only one was completed. This was Sonic Spinball, released in 1993 for the Sega Genesis. It contained characters from the show, including Princess Sally, Bunnie Rabbot, Rotor and Muttski. The characters were also planned for use in another game, tentatively titled Sonic-16.[41] A prototype was created by the Sega Technical Institute. Yuji Naka disliked the project, and it was cancelled without further development.[41] Directly afterwards, the same team worked on Sonic Mars. Prior to cancellation, this would have featured Princess Sally and Bunnie Rabbot as playable characters.[42]

Feature film attempts[edit]

In 2002, writer Ben Hurst attempted to pitch an animated film in order to revive the series.[43] Hurst said that he proposed his idea of "a feature film to be the Third Season of SatAM" to a Sega executive, who was interested in the project, and that he later received a call from Ken Penders, head writer of the Sonic the Hedgehog comic series by Archie Comics, who had been alerted about the movie. He stated: "I generously offered to include him in the effort and told him my strategy. Get Sega to become invested in the idea by hiring us to interview their creative game designers, execs, etc. and see if we could develop a story line that would fulfill the third season - and simultaneously give them creative ideas to develop new games."[43] However, he stated that after calling Sega back, his contact's demeanor had completely changed, angrily stating that Sega is paid to develop Sonic projects, rather than paying others to do so. Hurst theorized that, "Penders had related my strategy to them in a less-than-flattering way ... Then [Penders] dropped hints that he would be the writer for a big Sonic Feature Film."[43] Penders pitched Sega his own concept for a movie, titled Sonic Armageddon.[44] He created four concept arts and a homemade pitch video, but the project never saw fruition due to what Penders described as "massive corporate upheaval."[45]


Sonic the Hedgehog ranked #9 for all of Saturday Morning with a 5.2 rating, an estimated 4.8 million viewers during its second season.[46]

Patrick Lee of The A.V. Club gave it a positive review, saying that "the show pushed its cartoon animal characters to the most dramatic places they could go without venturing into self-parody. Over the course of the series, the characters dealt with loss, romance, and death [...] The entire series successfully pulled off that sort of balancing act, and even 20 years later, it’s still a solid Saturday morning cartoon".[47] Mark Bozon of IGN criticized the show as dated, considering it "so bad, it's good."[48] Writing for DVD Talk, Todd Douglass Jr. remarked that Sonic didn't stand the test of time. Overall, he considered it to be of low quality, although he found the stories "Ultra Sonic" and "Blast to the Past" to be "the crème of the crop."[49] Luke Owen of Flickering Myth felt Sonic aged better than is often supposed, praising its well-executed characterizations and treatment of war, although he considered Antoine to be "one of the worst characters committed to a cartoon series."[4] GamesRadar listed the show as one of "the worst things to happen to Sonic." It criticized its plot and characters as "unwanted".[50] Escapist journalist Bob Chipman credited the series with providing a viably menacing take on Doctor Robotnik, and an engaging narrative.[51] Bob Mackey of USgamer wrote that the cartoon's writing didn't live up to its intriguing premise. In particular, he argued that the Antoine character perpetrated negative French stereotypes.[52] Sonic the Hedgehog was also reviewed by Doug Walker in his web comedy series Nostalgia Critic, who considered it "a great show," and better than he remembered; he praised it for "literally taking nothing and turning it into something," with a strong story and good character development, as well as a subtle environmental message.[53][54]


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  2. ^ Known as DIC Animation City during season 1
  3. ^ "Sonic Boom". Sonic the Hedgehog. Season 1. Episode 2. 1993. 22 minutes in. ABC.
  4. ^ a b c Luke Owen. "Looking back at… Sonic the Hedgehog (1993 – 1994)". Flickering Myth.
  5. ^ Plant, Gaz (October 18, 2013). "Feature: A Supersonic History of Sonic Cartoons". Nintendo Life. Retrieved July 6, 2017.
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  27. ^ "Google Groups". Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  28. ^ "Google Groups". Retrieved October 30, 2020.
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  30. ^ Sonic the Hedgehog series episode "Ultra Sonic"
  31. ^ Sonic the Hedgehog series episode "Hooked on Sonics"
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  33. ^ RTÉ Guide.   9–16 December 1994 edition and subsequent dates.
  34. ^ Times, Tech (August 31, 2016). "STARZ Streaming September 2016: The Complete List Of Titles Added To The App This Month". Retrieved September 16, 2016.
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  38. ^ a b "Expanded Universes: Sonic the Hedgehog comics and cartoon". ModernMethod. March 4, 2009. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
  39. ^ "A few months after we launched the comic book, Sonic also made his debut as an animated TV character. In fact, it was perhaps the first time in animation history that two separate shows were simultaneously produced featuring the same character. “The Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog” took a freewheeling slapstick approach to the characters and was seen across the nation in daily syndication. Meanwhile, the ABC-TV network checked in with a Saturday morning version simply called “Sonic the Hedgehog.” This series was filled with pure, slam-bang adventure and intrigue—and thoughtful characterization. In the beginning, Sega instructed our editorial team to reflect the art and story styles of the syndicated series, but it soon became apparent from fan reaction that the Saturday morning series was the one striking a nerve. The comic soon followed suit with a mix of the two styles, but a heavier emphasis on the dramatic." -Paul Castiglia, former editor of Archie's Sonic the Hedgehog comic
  40. ^ "I became enamored of the storylines in the series but was told we couldn’t tie-in directly to the stories in the series as DiC - just like SEGA - refused to cooperate with us in allowing us access to their material for the purpose of tying together the continuity of the book with the show, something I was very much interested in, as was Scott. It was only during the time when it was uncertain whether or not ABC would even renew the series for a third season that DiC provided us with scripts and other materials, probably out of hope that maybe the book would help attract more viewers if it were tied in more closely with the show. Mike and I were even invited to submit outlines with the idea we would be contributing to the third season as scriptwriters. … It was only when we learned the show was cancelled that I changed my mind about embracing the show as it was and instead decided to proceed as if the book were the third season and continuing beyond that. There were many reasons for this but the most important one boiled down to simply this: the book’s very survival. We never, ever felt the book had much of a shelf life beyond the existence of the games and animated series if we didn’t develop it into its own unique series." -Ken Penders, former writer of Archie's Sonic the Hedgehog comic, The Times They Are A' Changing. Original Source: - Archived on:
  41. ^ a b Cifaldi, Frank (February 22, 2010). "Spun Out: The Sonic Games You Never Played". UGO Entertainment. Archived from the original on April 29, 2010. Retrieved July 12, 2017.
  42. ^ Fahs, Travis (May 29, 2008). "Sonic X-Treme Revisited". IGN Entertainment. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
  43. ^ a b c "Ben Hurst on SatAM".
  44. ^ "Ken Penders: "SEGA & I Once Tried To Launch Film Project Based On Work I Did For Archie"". Archived from the original on November 25, 2015.
  45. ^ @KenPenders (March 13, 2019). "Amazing what bullshit gets spread over the Internet. This was NEVER pitched to Dreamworks. It didn't even exist in…" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  46. ^ Source. 1994.
  47. ^ Lee, Patrick (September 30, 2015). "A hedgehog for all seasons: Our guide to 20 manic years of Sonic cartoons". The A.V. Club. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  48. ^ Bozon, Mark (February 28, 2007). "Sonic the Hedgehog – The Complete Series". IGN Entertainment. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
  49. ^ Douglass Jr., Todd (March 2, 2007). "Sonic The Hedgehog – The Complete Series". Retrieved July 7, 2012.
  50. ^ "The absolute worst Sonic moments". Retrieved December 7, 2012.
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  52. ^ "On Saturday Mornings, Sonic the Hedgehog Turned Platforming into Pathos". October 7, 2014.
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  54. ^

External links[edit]

Quotations related to Sonic the Hedgehog (TV series) at Wikiquote