Sonora, Kentucky

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Sonora, Kentucky
City
Buildings along Main Street
Buildings along Main Street
Location of Sonora in Hardin County, Kentucky.
Location of Sonora in Hardin County, Kentucky.
Coordinates: 37°31′33″N 85°53′40″W / 37.52583°N 85.89444°W / 37.52583; -85.89444Coordinates: 37°31′33″N 85°53′40″W / 37.52583°N 85.89444°W / 37.52583; -85.89444
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Hardin
Area
 • Total 1.15 sq mi (2.97 km2)
 • Land 1.14 sq mi (2.94 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 725 ft (221 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 513
 • Estimate (2016)[1] 507
 • Density 452/sq mi (174.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 42776
Area code(s) 270 & 364
FIPS code 21-71724
GNIS feature ID 0503878

Sonora is a home rule-class city in Hardin County, Kentucky, United States. The population was 513 at the 2010 census,[2] up from 350 at the 2000 census. It is included in the Elizabethtown, Kentucky Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Sonora began as an L&N Railroad construction camp known as "Bucksnort" in the late 1850s. This name is believed to have been inspired by the sounds of early locomotives, which the workers thought resembled deer snorts.[3] When a depot was established at the site in 1859, the name was changed to "Sonora." This may have referred to Sonora, Mexico, the home of a railroad contractor.[3]

Geography[edit]

Sonora is located in southeastern Hardin County at 37°31′33″N 85°53′40″W / 37.52583°N 85.89444°W / 37.52583; -85.89444 (37.525783, -85.894373).[4] The city is concentrated around the intersection of Kentucky Route 84 and Kentucky Route 720, with its municipal boundaries stretching eastward to the Hardin-LaRue county line. Interstate 65 passes through the eastern end of the city, with access from Exit 81. I-65 leads north 13 miles (21 km) to Elizabethtown, the county seat, and south 18 miles (29 km) to Munfordville.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.0 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2), or 0.98%, are water.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 266
1880 289 8.6%
1890 228 −21.1%
1900 256 12.3%
1910 250 −2.3%
1920 274 9.6%
1930 248 −9.5%
1940 300 21.0%
1950 292 −2.7%
1960 268 −8.2%
1970 390 45.5%
1980 416 6.7%
1990 295 −29.1%
2000 350 18.6%
2010 513 46.6%
Est. 2016 507 [1] −1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 350 people, 138 households, and 85 families residing in the city. The population density was 423.3 people per square mile (162.8/km²). There were 159 housing units at an average density of 192.3 per square mile (74.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.86% White, 2.86% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.29% Asian, and 1.71% from two or more races.

There were 138 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.22.

The age distribution was 26.6% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 81.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,361, and the median income for a family was $37,500. Males had a median income of $28,438 versus $14,038 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,554. About 6.1% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Sonora city, Kentucky". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 27, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b Robert Rennick, Kentucky Place Names (University Press of Kentucky, 2013).
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]