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For other places with the same name, see Sool (disambiguation).
Dervish fort in Taleh.
Dervish fort in Taleh.
Location in Somalia.
Location in Somalia.
Country  Somalia
Capital Las Anod
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Sool (Somali: Sool, Arabic: سول‎) is an administrative region (gobol) in northern Somalia.[1]


With its capital at Las Anod, Sool was historically the seat of the anti-colonial Dervish (Darwiish) movement.

Local control is disputed between Somaliland, Puntland and Khatumo State (formerly HBM-SSC or Hoggaanka Badbaadada iyo Mideynta SSC[2]).


The region is mainly inhabited by people from the Somali ethnic group, with the Dhulbahante subdivision of the Harti Darod especially well represented.[3]

Territorial dispute[edit]

Under the government of Siad Barre, Sool was not a separate region but part of the larger Nugaal province, with its capital at Garowe. It was separated from Nugaal in the 1980s.[4]

From 2003 until October 2007, Sool was administered by Puntland, a territory with a similar clan composition.[2] In 2007, forces from Somaliland occupied the region and assumed control. There is strong opposition against the presence of Somaliland troops in the region.[2]

In the late 2000s, HBM-SSC (Hoggaanka Badbaadada iyo Mideynta SSC), a local unionist group whose goal is to establish its own regional administration (Sool, Sanaag and Cayn or SSC), was formed.[2]


The Sool region consists of four districts:[5]

Major towns[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Somalia". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d Somaliland’s Quest for International Recognition and the HBM-SSC Factor
  3. ^ Royal African Society, African affairs, Volume 101, Issues 402-405, (Oxford University Press: 2002), p.103.
  4. ^ "Somalia (1988)". CIA. December 1988. Retrieved 2007-02-21. 
  5. ^ "Sool Region". Retrieved 30 December 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 8°23′46″N 47°41′29″E / 8.39611°N 47.69139°E / 8.39611; 47.69139