Soomra dynasty

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Soomra dynasty

1026–1356
CapitalThari (in present-day Badin District in Sindh)
Common languagesSindhi (native language)
Arabic (liturgical language)
Religion
Shia Ismaili Islam
GovernmentMonarchy
• 1026–1030
Soomar (first)
• 1333–1351
1351–1355 in exile
Jam Unar
History 
• Soomra dynasty begins
1026
• Soomra dynasty ends
1356
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Habbari dynasty
Samma dynasty

The Soomra dynasty were rulers from the Indian subcontinent, based at Thatta. Although communal stories state them to be of Arab origin, academics say that they were Rajputs.[1] Beginning with the reign of Soomar, the dynasty ruled in the Sindh region of the Indian subcontinent (present-day Pakistan) from 1026 to 1356.[2]

The Habbari dynasty became semi independent and was eliminated and Mansura was invaded by Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi. Sindh then became an easternmost State of the Abbasid Caliphate ruled by the Soomro Dynasty until the Siege of Baghdad (1258). Mansura was the first capital of the Soomra dynasty and the last of the Habbari dynasty. The Soomro tribe revolted against Masud, ruler of the Ghaznavids because they were betrayed by their own wazir. They were superseded by the Samma dynasty.[3] Sindhi language prospered during this period. The Soomra dynasty ended when the last Soomra king was defeated by Alauddin Khalji, the second king of the Khalji dynasty ruling from Delhi.[4][5]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sumra family". Britannica Online. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  2. ^ Siddiqui, Habibullah. "The Soomras of Sindh: their origin, main characteristics and rule – an overview (general survey) (1025 – 1351 AD)" (PDF). Literary Conference on Soomra Period in Sindh.
  3. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 114. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  4. ^ "Pakistan: The lesser-known histories of an ancient land".
  5. ^ "A tale of two legends: Padmavat and Dodo-Chanesar".