Sooty chat

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Sooty chat
Sooty chat (Myrmecocichla nigra) male.jpg
male, Uganda
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Muscicapidae
Genus: Myrmecocichla
Species: M. nigra
Binomial name
Myrmecocichla nigra
(Vieillot, 1818)

The sooty chat (Myrmecocichla nigra) is an African songbird of the chat subfamily.

Description[edit]

It is 15 to 16 cm (6 to 6.25 inches) long, stocky and relatively short-tailed for a chat. The adult male's plumage is glossy black except for white patches on the upper wings that are usually visible or only partly concealed (as in the photograph at upper right) when the bird is at rest. The female and young are very dark brown.[2]

Song[edit]

The song (in Kenya and northern Tanzania) is described as "prolonged, sweet and musical, sometimes given in flight, wee tewee tuweer, skwik-skueeeeer, cueee-eeeee-cuweeeeer, eee-euwee-tee, tseuwee-tew-skweeer-tsi-seet…." This species sometimes imitates other birds.[2]

Range[edit]

It occurs widely but discontinuously in African grasslands, from Senegal east to Kenya and south to Angola and Zambia. Its range is estimated at 3,400,000 km², and it is considered "frequent" in at least parts of that area.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Myrmecocichla nigra". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Zimmerman, Dale A.; Turner, Donald A.; Pearson, David J. (1999). Birds of Kenya and Northern Tanzania (Field guide ed.). Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. pp. 198–199, 450. ISBN 0-691-01022-6.