Today, the community of Sop's Arm stretches from the mouth of Main River, a river provincially well-known for its salmon fishing and white-water kayaking, north to Schooner's Cove.
Traditionally, the economy was based on the cod fishery and the forest industry where loggers cut wood for the Corner Brook Pulp and Paper Mill.
Possible Norse hunting pits have been excavated near Sop's Arm. Watson Budden, a local resident, showed these in 1961 to Helge Ingstad, the archaeologist who investigated L'Anse aux Meadows, the only Viking settlement to be attested in North America, which is approximately 200 kilometres (120 mi) away. His nephew Kent Budden assembled a collection of suspected Norse artefacts in the area and displayed them in a Viking museum. Kevin McAleese, a curator of archaeology and ethnology at the Provincial Museum of Newfoundland and Labrador, led an investigation of the pits in 2010 and has said that no other cultures in the area are known to have use deadfalls to hunt, but doubts Budden's artefacts are Norse. It has been argued that Sop's Arm is the Straumfjörð of the Vinland sagas.
Sop's island was inhabited until the mid-1950s, when the government resettled the families to the mainland. Sop's Island residents were encouraged to move by the Joey Smallwood Government to ease the economic burden of public education, transportation (of mail, food and other supplies) and utilities. Access to Sop's Island was often hindered in the spring of the year due to impassable slob ice. This proved to be a serious health hazard for those needing immediate medical attention. Locals also complained of the inconsistent water supply on Sop's Island.
The island was home to 85 people in 1921, and 220 people in 1935. The island had a school, two churches, cemeteries, and a wood mill. Moose and caribou can be found on the island. The west side of the island is lush and wooded, while the east side is rocky and barren.
Fewer than ten summer cottages are still maintained on the island, most owned by families of the original Sop's Island natives. Sop's Island is protected by the Canadian Forest Service.
Nearby communities include Jackson's Arm (to the north) and Pollard's Point, which lies just south and east of Main River.
- Owen Jarus, "Searching for the Vikings: 3 Sites Possibly Found in Canada", Live Science, April 18, 2016.
- Jónas Kristjánsson, Bjarni F. Einarsson, Kristján Jónasson, Kevin McAleese and Þór Hjaltalín, "The First Attempted Settlement in North America", "Falling into Vinland", Acta Archaeologica 83.1, December 2012, pp. 145–77, pp. 148–53, doi:10.1111/j.1600-0390.2012.00627.x.
- "Newfoundland 1921 Census: Sops Island, St. Barbe District" at Newfoundland's Grand Banks, retrieved April 20, 2016.
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