|Main ingredients||Leavening agent, wheat dough (or wheat flour and masa harina), shortening or butter|
|Cookbook: Sopaipilla Media: Sopaipilla|
A sopaipilla, sopapilla, sopaipa, or cachanga is a kind of fried pastry and a type of quick bread served in several regions with Spanish heritage in the Americas.[note 1] The word sopaipilla is the diminutive of sopaipa, a word that entered Spanish from the Mozarabic language of Al-Andalus. The original Mozarabic word Xopaipa was used to mean bread soaked in oil, and derived in turn from the Germanic word suppa which meant bread soaked in liquid.
A sopaipilla is traditionally made from leavened wheat dough (or a mixture of wheat flour and masa harina) to which some shortening or butter is added. After being allowed to rise, the dough is rolled into a sheet that is then cut into circular, square or triangular shapes. The shapes are 8–10 cm in size for the longest dimension (if intended for a dessert) or 15–20 cm (if intended to be stuffed for a main course). The shapes are then deep-fried in oil, sometimes after allowing them to rise further before frying: the frying causes the shapes to puff up, ideally forming a hollow pocket in the center.
In Chile, sopaipillas (or sopaipas) are known to have been eaten at least since 1726. Although Traditional Chilean sopaipillas (made in the central part of Chile) include zapallo (squash) in their dough, it wasn't typically used in the South of Chile. Depending if they are served as a pastry or bread Chilean sopaipillas are traditionally served with either pebre (a sauce of onion, tomato, garlic, and herbs) or chancaca sauce (and then they are called sopaipillas pasadas). They are also served with mustard, ketchup, hot butter, avocado, cheese or manjar. In Chile sopaipillas are traditionally made and eaten during days of heavy rain. Chilean sopaipillas are round and made flat by holes, usually made by forks.
In Peru, the name for this fried pastry is cachanga, and it may be either sweet or sour. Generally prepared during breakfast time, this traditional food of the Peruvian cuisine is prepared differently depending on the region, with one of the recipes involving the usage of cinnamon. The main difference between this form of sopaipilla and the other versions is that they are larger, thinner, and more rigid.
Sopapillas in New Mexican cuisine are distinct from Latin American sopapaillas. New Mexican sopapillas are pillow-shaped fried pastry dough. They are typically served as a bread, and used to mop up sauces, scoop up tidbits, or shredded into stews. They often serve as a quick meal in themselves, filled with savory ingredients such as ground beef. They are sometimes eaten as a dessert, drizzled with honey or anise syrup., but are often eaten this same way during the meal itself as New Mexican cuisine tends to be very spicy and sweet syrups reduce the sensations of heat.
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- Correa, Adriana. Comida de larga tradición Diario de Cuyo
- Burford, Tim (March 2005). Chile: The Bradt Travel Guide. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 87.
- Chávez, Thomas E. (1 October 2006). New Mexico Past and Future. University of New Mexico Press. ISBN 0-8263-3444-X.
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- Cynthia Detterick-Pineda.Recipe: New Mexico Sopapillas. URL: http://whatscookingamerica.net/CynthiaPineda/Sopapillas/Sopapillas.htm
- llajua (25 June 2009). "Cachanga". Cookpad. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
- Casey, Clyde (October 30, 2013). New Mexico Cuisine. UNM Press. p. 60. ISBN 9780826354181. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
- Sheila MacNiven Cameron, ed. (1978). The Best from New Mexico Kitchens. New Mexico Magazine. ISBN 0-937206-00-8.
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