|Born||Sophia Bekele Eshete
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
|Alma mater||San Francisco State University (BSc.)
Golden Gate University (M.B.A.)
|Occupation||Business Women, Corporate Executive, International Entrepreneur, Corporate Governance specialist, Policy advisor, ICT & Governance Activist|
|Notable work(s)||Ethiopian Parliament Bid, IDNs, .africa|
Sophia Bekele Eshete (Amharic: ሶፍያ በቀለ; Addis Ababa, Ethiopia) is a woman of Ethiopian ancestry. She is a business and corporate executive, an International entrepreneur, corporate governance & risk management specialist, international policy advisor on ICT, internet and development issues, and a governance and ICT activist.
A serial entrepreneur, Bekele has founded and run various tech start-ups and initiatives. She is the Founder and Executive Director of DotConnectAfrica (DCA) Trust based in Mauritius and CEO of DCA Registry Systems Kenya (Ltd). Bekele is the Founder of the highly acclaimed and successful "Yes2dotAfrica" global awareness African rebranding campaign, the co-founder of Internet Society ISOC San Francisco chapter and the Pan African Internet Business council for Africa (IBCA). She is the Founder and CEO of tech start-ups, CBS International in California and SbCommunications Network (SbCnet) plc, based in Addis Ababa. In 2002, SbCNet was known for being successfully awarded a highly contentious bid for a government contract to build an integrated information network infrastructure for the Ethiopian Parliament. Prior to her focus on international technology issues, Bekele had maintained a successful career track record spanning over a decade of constant professional activity working for multinational Fortune 500 Companies.
Bekele has served on high-level policy advisory boards and leadership positions of various national and international, public and private organizations and has influenced the implementation of key policies, including Africa's digital divide, Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs) and the new Domain name (.africa). Bekele was elected and served on United Nations-sponsored initiatives, where she represents the private sector in discussions about ICT and the economic development of Africa. She was an elected member of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Council of the gNSO (Generic Names Supporting Organization), which advises on global internet policy. She has also served on Golden Gate University alumni Board.
Bekele is well known in the Global ICT and Internet Society for and in her efforts to bridge the global digital divide through technology transfer and eduaction. She has been frequently quoted in the media for her views, as well as spoken regularly on international forums and made public affairs commentary through published articles.
Early life and Family
Bekele is the daughter of Ato Bekele Eshete Wolde Michael, a highly successful Entrepreneur engaged in various business sector in the Capital of Ethiopia and a founder and former Board Director of United Bank, S.C and United Insurance, S.C, one of the first Private Banks and Insurance companies in Ethiopia and Sister Mulualem Beyene Engida, a medical nurse. She attended a private Catholic high school, and then traveled to the United States of America to acquire her higher education.
Bekele earned her Bachelor's Degree in Business Analysis and Information Systems from San Francisco State University and an MBA in the Management of Information Systems MIS from Golden Gate University. She is also a Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA), Certified Control Specialist (CCS), and Certified in the Governance of Enterprise IT (CGEIT), certifications issued to professionals who demonstrate competent knowledge & proficiency in the field of IS Audit, Security & Enterprise IT governance principles and practices.
In 2014, Sophia Bekele has been named "Top 20 Inspirational African Diaspora Professional Women in Europe" by ADIPWE List 2014, released on 28th March 2014 for the International Women's Day; "a list of African Women who have achieved phenomenal success, and inspire a new generation of African Women to share ideas to fulfill their potential to contribute to the rebranding of Africa and the development of the continent, by identifying opportunities to transfer the vast amount of knowledge gained in Europe and the rest of the Diaspora".
In 2013, Bekele was named Top “50 Trailblazers – A future made in Africa”, by the influential UK’s NewAfrican Magazine, an IC Publications group, “Collector’s Edition” which coincides with the continent’s 50th anniversary celebrations of the African Union, as those “who are realizing significant achievements in their specific field of endeavor” and features individuals who are “breaking ground, making Africa proud and propelling it into a future of great hope.”
Also in 2013, Bekele was named as one of the “two leading ladies in Africa’s ICT sector” by "Bloomberg TV"  and enumerated in “African Women to Watch” a prime TV program, that “celebrates the most fearless, competitive and visionary African women of our time”, and explores “the women working hard to close the gender gap and shaping the continent’s social, political and economic landscape”.
In 2009, Bekele was presented with a Paul Harris Fellow award for her contributions in the Rotary Clubs work.
In 2006, Ms. Bekele's work in Africa, noted as a representative entrepreneur, was profiled in a book published as "Africa: Continent of Economic Opportunity", By Fick, David (2006). Africa: Continent of Economic Opportunity (Paperback). STE Publishers. pp. 512 pages. ISBN 978-1-919855-59-2. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
Bekele started out as a young MBA, and is now an international entrepreneur who has built a successful career track record in fields that are traditionally male-dominated. Bekele was recruited out of college by Bank of America and started her career in IT Auditing and Information Security, a highly specialized field and highly male dominated at the time. She then moved on advancing her career in Corporate Governance and risk management to hold managerial positions with UnionBanCal Corporation and PriceWaterhouseCoopers.
Currently Bekele travels globally with her work, while coordinating the work of her different offices in Walnut Creek, California, USA where she has also been a resident for nearly two decade and Africa where she has a firm business base and family.
In early 2000, Ms.Bekele broke off from her Corporate Career to focus on international technology issues and Third-World technological development using Africa as a base model. Most of Ms. Bekele's work in these years has been associated with CBS International, a company she founded and served as President and Chief Executive Officer. CBS International is a California based consulting company with focus on, technology transfer to emerging markets. Primarily, the Company provided International technology procurement, project-based capacity building, technological project management, internet/intranet systems integration and Internet related solutions. As an affiliate, Bekele set up SbCommunications Network, plc, (SbCnet), based in Addis Ababa, specializing in technology integration and support services. Bekele was interested to do nation building projects that have high impact and yield to benefit society. Through her companies, she expressed interest and participated and won international contracts for large scale projects such as the information technology infrastructure for the Organization of African Unity (AU) General Secretariat and an integrated data networking infrastructure for the Ethiopian parliament, House of Peoples’ Representatives and House of Federation. The AU project was an e-government Internet-working project initiative, sponsored by UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) involving the implementation of a complex fiber-optic based information technology campus wide area network infrastructure and considered one of the largest IT projects in the Country at the time. CBS International handled technological inputs and services procurement while SbCnet provided strategic technology integration services and field management.
The Parliament project was also an e-government internet initiative funded by a consortium of donor agencies. This project received significant local media coverage because of Bekele’s public challenge to what she considered an unfair procurement process, a challenge which she fought single-handedly and ultimately won, making it a precedent setting bid reversal case on a major government contract. She appealed through the General Auditor's office of the country over a nine month period, and the investigations declared the project award improper  Bekele believes her stand helped promote transparency and accountability in the government contracting process at the time, also vindicating her and her company. In this project, her company SbCnet was the Prime Contractor and handled all front-line liaison and project services delivery to the Parliament and worked closely with its foreign partners CBS International, USA, and a South African company Dimension Data Holdings.
Bekele later on also challenged the private sector over her views of what turned out to be the illegitimate formation of a Stock Exchange in Addis Ababa. She wrote an editorial claiming that this entity was planned without the proper rules, regulations, infrastructure and controls. To her vindication, the government eventually rejected the proposal for the share dealing group in November 2002. As a follow-up, though there was no direct link with Bekele, in April 2008 the Ethiopian government launched a commodities exchange market, aimed at boosting fair trade and stabilizing its food market.
In 2004, Bekele shifted her focus back to the US to meet the challenges arising from the major corporate governance scandals in the US, such as Enron and WorldCom, therefore, repositioning herself and her California Company to advise US based Clients in public/private markets, primarily in Corporate Governance and Risk Management areas, including Sarbanes-Oxley ACT, and corporate relations/communications programs. She built clients such as Intel Corp. (Nasdaq), Genetech, BDO Sieldman LLP, Federal Reserve Bank, OnScreen Technologies, (OTC), and the like.
International Domain Name (IDNs)
During her tenure at ICANN from 2005-2007, and her service to the Council of the GNSO (Generic Names Supporting Organization), Bekele was instrumental in initiating policy dialogue over IDNs as well as developing the framework for leading a language group. Bekele led an active campaign to introduce IDNs under which new Internet Domain names in Arabic, Cyrillic, Russian, Chinese and non-Latin alphabets will become available, thereby providing non-English/non-Latin language native speakers an opportunity to access and communicate on the Internet in their native languages. She forged to form an IDN working group within ICANN to bring the global voices of the IDN stakeholders to ICANN. Bekele was then nominated to chair ICANN’s IDN Working Group at gNSO and was highly influential in drafting the IDN policy guidelines. As a result, Bekele was credited for successfully championing the inclusion of the global IDN community within this policy dialogue and championing the work of IDNs at ICANN. This global IDN group, which later on organized itself as the International Domain Resolution Union (IDRU) gave a testimonial to Bekele's work over IDNs. The IDNs are now introduced by ICANN under the auspices of the current new GLTD program. In recognition of her championing the cause of IDNs.
In 2006 Bekele turned her focus to .africa – a new generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD) for the Africa geographic name that she also championed during her appointment at ICANN. The project has been introduced and will be delegated for operation under ICANN’s new gTLD program. ICANN is a U.S.-based non-profit organization that is overseeing the global Internet expansion project to introduce new generic Top-Level Domain Names (gTLDs) under the new gTLD Program.
Bekele started the DotAfrica initiative following the important experiences gained from her ICT Service delivery in Africa and the work as gNSO advisor to ICANN. The gNSO is a policy advisory body which advises the ICANN Board on global public policies that guide the development of the Internet, including the gTLD policy  and processes affecting such TLDs as .asia, .com, .net, .org and the policy development work on new gTLD (generic Top Level Domain names). Bekele made a clear case for a DotAfrica (.africa) gTLD for Africa within ICANN and also the global Internet Community on behalf of the global African and Pan-African constituency. Her personal dream for the DotAfrica initiative that she is leading is, to deploy the new domain name as a positive branding opportunity for Africa, that will benefit all Africans and in the use of technology to power their businesses, and to also realize certain charitable projects aimed at giving back to the community such as the miss .africa and the generation .africa program that her organization has already initiated to empower girls and young people in Africa in the field of technology. She soon led the .africa initiative under a new start-up DotConnectAfrica (DCA) introducing it to the Pan-African inter-governmental organizations – the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa UNECA and the African Union Commission (AUC) and received endorsement for DCA respectively. Other entities that also gave endorsement for DCA include the IDRU group and the Corporate Council for Africa (CCA).
Bekele then launched a global promotional campaign establishing DCA as lead and spearheading the .africa project under a Yes2dotAfrica Campaign. Bekele received ample media coverage for her work on .africa including honorary mention by The New African Magazine as one of Top 50 African Trailblazers for a successful Six Year "yes2dotaAfrica global Campaign  Bloomberg TV covering her .africa work, Enterprise Technology Magazine named her "Sophia Bekele: Champion of .africa initiative"  Diplomat East Africa inscribed her "Brains behind .africa". CIO East Africa calling her views "controversial" on who should run gTLDs', said "Sophia Bekele has been in the news if not for promoting DotConnectAfrica’s bid for the DotAfrica geographical gTLD for the past three years, then in a controversial statement about the same":
Bekele currently oversees the .africa new gTLD initiative under the DotConnectAfrica Trust, a non-profit, non partisan organization. As Executive Director of DCA Trust & CEO of DotConnectAfrica Registry Services Limited (Kenya), she has led a multi-national team of experts to prepare and submit an application for the DotAfrica (.AFRICA) generic Top-Level Domain in May 2012 to the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).
Bekele has been very active in the Internet Domain Name Service (DNS) Industry since 2005, when she was initially elected as the first African to serve on the gNSO of ICANN. She has been on various forums discussing and presenting the DNS Industry and its benefits to Africa under the Multi-Stakeholder Internet Governance (MIG) Framework. It was this experience that made her become fully enmeshed in the work of Global Internet Governance and multi-stakeholder advocacy that led her to where she is now: leading a new generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD) initiative as one of the applicants contending for the .africa generic Top-Level Domain 
Bekele's eight year .africa journey was not without challenge. She has fought many challenges by her opponents over the issues of accountability and transparency over the bid for .africa. In February 2013, She wrote to the United States Congress who gave final approval for the new gTLD program to ICANN, to escalate DotConnectAfrica’s complaints and grievances and appealed for a congressional Ombudsman that would look into any irregularities and any allegations of illegality regarding the implementation of the new gTLD program. In January 2014, her company DotConnectAfrica Trust filed for an independent review panel process ('DCA Trust vs. ICANN') at the International Dispute Resolution Procedures (ICDR) in New York, to investigate these issues over matters of .africa, as ICANN did not allow further processing of DCA's application due to Governmental objections, despite DCA's passing on all financial, technical and operational evaluated criteria
Board and Public Service
With the registered successes in ICT project delivery in Africa, Ms. Bekele was invited to serve as an adviser on various UN led initiative advisory boards and committees. In 2002, Ms. Bekele was appointed by H.E. K.Y. Amoako, then Executive Secretary and UN under Secretary General of United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), to serve on the Advisory Technical Committee (ATAC), as an expert UNICT Task-force sponsored by UNECA. The ATAC formulated policy and recommendation and provided technical guidance and direction on the implementation strategy especially on how to bridge the digital divide between the developed countries and Africa. In her tenure at ATAC, Bekele co-authored the ‘Common Position for Africa’s Digital Inclusion’ which was developed in response to the UNECA Conference of Minister’s Resolution 812 (XXXI). The ‘Common Position’ was a blueprint that reflected Africa’s ICT position which was communicated to various global forums such as the G8 DOT Force, ECOSOC, the UN Task Force, World Economic Forum, NEPAD initiatives, etc. In 2003, Bekele was elected to serve as the East African Representative to the African Regional Network (ARN), a UN led initiative. Following such, in 2009, she has also served on the Global Alliance for Information and Communication Technologies and Development (UNGAID), an initiative started by the former United Nations Secretary-General, and the Chairmanship of Intel’s CEO Craig Barret. Also in 2009, she served as an expert adviser to the joint initiative of United Nations Public Administration Network and International Telecommunications Union (UNPAN/ITU) where she was representing the private sector in discussions about Public Private Partnerships (PPP), e-government and MDG implementation. She has since used these identifying frameworks for other ICT projects and Internet-Centered activities that are geared towards building a 21st-century e-enabled information and knowledge driven society in Africa.
In 2005, Ms. Bekele was elected member of the ICANN's Council of the GNSO (Generic Names Supporting Organization), by the NomCom, under the then Chairmanship of Dr. Vinton Cerf. The gNSO is a policy advisory body which advises the ICANN Board on global internet policy and the policy development work on new gTLDs. During her term at ICANN, she championed the IDN Policy Dialog for the international community. Concurrently, Bekele initiated the first African-run Registry for a .africa TLD, and run a successful 6-year “Yes2dotAfrica” global awareness campaign.
In 2007 Ms. Bekele was elected and served for two tenures as Alumni Board member of Golden Gate University. In 2008, Bekele co-founded the Internet Society Chapter (ISOC) San Francisco Bay, and was elected to serve as its Executive Board Member Bekele was a former Board Member of ISACA (Information Systems and Control Association), and a current steering committee member of the World Affairs Council, Contra Costa, California. Over the years, Bekele has also served as International Ambassador to various Rotary Clubs where she has earned recognition of a Paul Harris Fellow for her contributions.
Other work and ventures
Ms. Bekele is involved in public affairs commentary and continues to write articles on various subjects that is of current events that have been published in different newspapers, journals and Internet web sites. The media has also frequently sought her views in her area of expertise.
Bekele has spoken in many international conferences, lectures and forums throughout her career on a range of subjects including, Corporate Governance, Internet policy, technology for Development, the global economy, Entrepreneurship and Start-ups, IT Audit and online security. To mention but few, Bekele has spoken at Yale University, USA on "Africa: Economic Development Through Technology"  How to build a Top Level Domain Community in Munich, Germany. "Public Private Partnership" sponsored by UNDESA and ITU World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) forum in Geneva. "Internet Governance-The Policy Divide" at Golden Gate University in San Francisco.; "How to build successful startups" United Nations General Assembly high-level meeting on ICT in New York on ICT, International Telecommunication Union (ITU's) “ConnectAfrica” Heads of State submit in Kigali Rwanda,"How to build successful start-ups- Featuring people that have made great impact" Stanford Women in Business in California, alongside founders and executives of Pandora, YouTube, Gmail, and Yahoo where the work of her company, CBS International was credited for "bringing powerful advanced information technology to the developing world with long-standing initiatives to bring the internet to Africa". Rebranding Africa with African Leadership Retreat in South Africa
Bekele's International work have appeared on various leading TV and radio programs in Africa, the US and Internationally. She has appeared on Bloomberg TV Africa program on "African Women to Watch", CNN discussing her "Yes2dotAfrica" campaign in Dakar Senegal, Africa 7 TV Channel on "Women in Charge" in Senegal  and Nation Television (NTV) on "doing Business in Africa", as well as Kenya's leading TV station K24's Capital Talk "Movers and Shakers of Africa"  KASS Media International, Radio Netherland's WorldWide Mobile banking:"Africa’s next revolution"  and a DotAfrica generation soon to be born  as well as Startup Success Radio in the US
- Mary-Jane Wagle; Betel Bekele (August 2012). "Ethiopian Women Unleashed: Sophia Bekele Eshete". Profile. Retrieved Feb 17 2013.
- Innov8tiv, Felix Omondi (Feb 26 2014). "Fem Bosses: Sophia Bekele – Executive Director & Founder of DotConnectAfrica". Business Profile. Retrieved Feb 28 2014.
- African Brains, Marc Mcilhone (April 03 2014). "ADIPWE 2014 Top 20 inspirational women". Business Magazine. Retrieved April 16 2014.
- NewAfrican Magazine, Belinda Otis (May 2013). "Top "50 African Trailblazers", Africa Leadership Network". Business Magazine. p. 58. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- Tech Moran, Sam Wakoba (July 11, 2013). "Sophia Bekele & Barrack Obama Named Top "50 African Trailblazers" By UK’s NewAfrican Magazine". Retrieved Feb 12 2013.
- AllAfrica, Editor (May 24, 2013). "Africa: DotConnectAfrica's Sophia Bekele Named One of 50 African Trailblazers by NewAfrican Magazine". Retrieved Feb 12 2013.
- Eish Online, Neema (Jul 11 2013). "Sophia Bekele Named African Trailblazer". Internet News. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- Bloomberg TV Africa (Nov 26 2013). ""African Women to Watch" - Sophia Bekele on Bloomberg TV". Retrieved Nov 24 2013.
- CircleId, Reporter (Nov 29 2013). ""African Women to Watch" - Sophia Bekele on Bloomberg TV". Retrieved Nov 30 2013.
- DomainNewsAfrica, Evans Taylor (Nov 30 2013). "Sophia Bekele – Leading Change in Africa". Internet News. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- US-Africa Gateway, Tessema Christos (December 2013). "African Women in Technology". ICT News. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- Kay Kauffman (2010). "Prodigal Prodigy- Golden Gate University Alumni Magazine". University Journal. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- Bertha Kang'ong'oi (May 27, 2010). "Uniting Africa through IT". The Daily Nation. Retrieved Oct 23 2013.
- The Fortune, Mary Dejene (Aug 05 2001). "Auditor says Parliament project award improper". Business Journal. Retrieved March 31, 2014.
- IPSOS Synovate Kenya (Aug 23 2013). "DCA's Sophia Bekele named among"50 African Trailblazers" by NewAfrican Magazine". Business Journal. Retrieved Feb 18 2014.
- Fortune Weekly Ethiopia, Sophia Bekele (Feb 20, 2002). "Share Dealing Group v s Stock Exchange", on standards of financial discipline". Business Journal. Retrieved Nov 24 2013.
- The Reporter Daily (April 6, 2013). "An Ethiopian woman fighting for .africa, a new generic Top-Level Domain". Retrieved Feb 14 2014.
- ICANN Wiki, Editor (September 2013). "Sophia Bekele ICANN Wiki". Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- The Register, Cade Metz (Nov 16 2007). "ICANN speeds IDN ccTLDs". Policy. Retrieved Feb 28 2014.
- CNET, Lance Whitney (Oct 30 2009). "ICANN approves non-Latin domain names". ICT Journal. Retrieved Feb 28 2014.
- The Domains, Michael Berkens (Oct 21 2013). "First 4 New gTLD’s (ALL IDN’s) Cleared By ICANN To Go To Delegation". ICT Journal. Retrieved Feb 28 2014.
- Domainmonster, Editor (Nov 09 2011). "Africa Gears Up for .Africa Application". Domain Editorials. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- The East African, Michael Ouma (March 22, 2010). "Announcing the birth of the dot.africa generation". Business Editorials. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- Daily nation, Joy Wanja (March 29, 2010). "Search on for African domain". Smart Company. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- United Domains, Editor (Nov 2010). ".AFRICA resonates:Breaking Down Boundaries". New gTLD News. Retrieved Feb 14 2014.
- United Domains, Kate E. Hutchinson (Mar 6 2012). "New gTLD News: Connecting a Continent with .AFRICA". Weekly Reader. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- Agano Consulting, Summit programme (Sep 7 2010). "Lead speaker Sophia Bekele at the "Launch of the Dot Africa East African campaign"- AITEC EAst Africa Summit". New gTLD News. Retrieved Feb 14 2014.
- ICANN (Nov 4 2005). "Nominating Committee Announces Final Selections for Key Leadership Positions within ICANN". ICANN. Retrieved Sept 5 2012.
- ICANN (2005). "GNSO Activities". ICANN. Retrieved 2012.
- ICANN (Jan 18 2011). "Open Letter for NITA-A preliminary case for an urgent need for .africa gTLD". Open Letter. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- ICANN (Jun 25 2008). "ICANN Public Forum,". Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- Amglobal, Andrew Mack (Sept 07 2007). "In a world of .com and .org, why not .Africa?". Andys Global View. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- Name Talent, Mike Law (Dec 7 2009). "DotConnectAfrica Preparing to Launch .Africa". Domain News. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- RNW Africa Desk (Mar 22 2010). "A DotAfrica generation soon to be born". Domain News. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- BCNN5 (Apr 26 2010). "Conference to Discuss .africa Domain Space". Domain News. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- Startup Success Podcast, Editor (Jun 14 2011). "Show #111:Bob and Pat talk with Sophia Bekele, Executive Director of DotConnect Africa". Radio Interview. Retrieved Feb 18 2014.
- ICANN Wiki, Editor (2013). "DotConnectAfrica". Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- The Standard, Fredrick Obura (Jun 25 2012). "Safaricom readies to host Africa domain". Internet News. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- Ethiopian News, Solomon D. (Mar 27 2010). "Africa: Heralding the birth of dot.africa generation". Technology News. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- Africa Business Source, Staff Writer (Mar 28 2010). "African Businesses Hope to see Boost from Internet Advances". Technology Journal. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- Diplomat East Africa, Jane Mwangi (Oct 2010). "Towards a Digital Africa – Diplomat East Africa Pg 42". Business Journal. p. 42. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- Balancing Act Africa, Editor (Dec 17 2010). "The International Domain Resolution Union has endorsed the dotafrica project for DotConnectAfrica". Internet News. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- The Zambian, Brenda Zulu (Feb 5 2011). "DotConnectAfrica endorsed by Corporate Council on Africa (CCA)". Technology Journal. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- VOA, Nick Loomis (Oct 27 2011). "Bids Open for '.africa' Internet Domain Name". Africa ICT Journal. Retrieved Feb 24 2014.
- Bizcommunity, Carole Kimutai (Sept 10 2010). "Dot Africa campaign to brand continent". Business Journal. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- Constant Contact (2010). "Taking Africa to the Promised land!....one Country at a time!!". Press Campaign. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- ICT Creatives, Joyce Tonda (Nov 30 2011). "Sophia Bekele, Ethiopian champion of the dot africa \initiative". Enterprise Technology. Retrieved Jun 02 2012.
- CIO East Africa, Staff Writer (Sept 12 2012). "Governments have no roles in gTLDs". CIO East Africa. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- AllAfrica, Editor (Feb 18 2010). "African Union endorses the domain name ".Africa" to DotConnectAfrica Organization". ICT News. Retrieved Feb 18 2014.
- CIO East Africa, Dan Muhuni (Jun 13 2012). "Kenya is set to house the DOTAfrica (.africa) Domain". Business Editorial. Retrieved Feb 18 2014.
- ICANN (June 13, 2012). "ICANN New gTLDs - Application Details". ICANN. Retrieved July 22, 2012.
- Cameroon Web News, Editor (Dec 20 2012). "Internet Infrastructure: DotConnectAfrica Participates in ICANN Lottery Draw Ranking 1005 for .africa – A Historic Milestone". Domain News. Retrieved Feb 19 2014.
- Senegal TV (Nov 8 2011). "DCA Defends its Opposition to the Experts Meeting Agenda of the DotAfrica Task Force". TV Interview. Retrieved Feb 24 2014.
- The East African, Mwaura Kimani (Dec 5 2011). "Internet war: Scramble for .africa domain as January deadline looms". Technology News. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- The Reporter Daily, Staff Writer (Aug 24 2013). "A delayed evaluation "pass" score for .Africa competition". Technology Journal. Retrieved Feb 24 2014.
- TandaaBiashara, Alex Reece (Jun 13 2013). "DotConnectAfrica Confident of Win Despite New gTLD Program Committee resolutions on .africa". technology Journal. Retrieved Feb 24 2014.
- CircleId, Editor (Sep 06 2013). "DotConnectAfrica Refuses to Withdraw its Application for .Africa before Accountability Hearing". Retrieved Feb 24 2014.
- CirleID, Editor (Oct 24 2014). "The "ICANN Africa Strategy" Is Not the Same as the 'African Agenda'". Retrieved Feb 24 2014.
- DomainNewsAfrica, Editor (Jan 4 2013). "LERATO MA – Joan of Arc of .africa: A case of anonymity and not a fake identity". Technology News. Retrieved Feb 25 2014.
- DomainingAfrica, Brent Donald (Mar 1 2013). "US-Congress receives request from DotConnectAfrica for a new gTLD Ombudsman to investigate and report on the existing illegality and irregularities on .africa". Domains. Retrieved Mar 6 2014.
- ICANN (Jan 10 2014). "Independent Review Process: DCA Trust v. ICANN". IRP. Retrieved Feb 24 2014.
- All Africa, Editor (Jan 22 2014). "Africa: DCA Trust Takes '.africa' Case With Icann to Independent Review Process Panel". Technology Journal. Retrieved Feb 24 2014.
- UNECA (May 8, 1996). "Common Position for Africa's Digital Inclusion". UNECA. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
- UNECA (May 12, 2001). "Implementation of the African Information Society Initiative (AISI)812 (XXXI)". UNECA. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
- UNPAN (2009). "E-government and Public Private partnership for better public service delivery and MDGs implementation". UNPAN Agenda. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
- ICANN NOMCOM (Nov 4 2005). "Sophia Bekele ICANN GNSO". ICANN. Retrieved Sept 16 2012.
- ISOC SF Bay (2008). "Founding Members ISOC San Francisco Bay". Retrieved 2010.
- East African Standard, Brenda Kageni (2008). ""Achieving Women, Connecting Africa to the Web".". Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- SophiaBekele.com Editor (Feb 15 2012). "Sophia Bekele Writing". Website. Retrieved Feb 18 2014.
- SophiaBekele.com Editor (Feb 15 2012). "Sophia Bekele TV Interviews". Website. Retrieved Feb 17 2013.
- Yale University,YAAPD (Apr 14 2013). "Re-imagining Africa: a closer look at Autonomy, Identity and Perspective.". SANKOFA5 4. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- NewDomains (Sept 27 2011). "How to build a Top Level Domain Community". Munich Conference. Retrieved Feb 17 2014.
- Golden Gate University (Mar 10 2009). "Internet Governance and the Policy Divide". Golden Gate University. Retrieved Mar 02 2009.
- Editor, Africa Press Organization (Nov 13 2007). "COMPTE RENDU DU SOMMET CONNECT AFRICA DE KIGALI". Retrieved Jan 17 2009.
- Economist, J.L. (Sep 15 2010). "Rebranding Africa Can "Africa" get a make-over?". Business Journal. Retrieved Jan 17 2009.
- CNN, Tim Hume (Dec 7 2011). "Scramble for 'dot africa' internet domain name". TV Interview. Retrieved Feb 24 2014.
- Africa 7 TV (Dec 21 2011). "Africa 7's Zara DERIBE in a conversation with Sophia Bekele on DotAfrica and being a Woman-In-Charge". TV Interview. Retrieved Feb 17 2011.
- NTV TV (Mar 3 2011). "Nations TV calls Sophia Bekele on business in Africa + the new Domain for Africa". TV Interview. Retrieved 2012.
- K24 TV (Mar 8 2011). "Capital Talk, Movers and Shakers of Africa". TV Interview. Retrieved Nov 16 2012.
- KASS Media International, June J (Apr 27 2011). "KASS Media International on her international work by CBS International and DCA activities". Radio Interview. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
- Radio Netherlands Wordwide (Apr 27 2011). "Africa in Progress - Mobile banking: Africa’s next revolution". Radio Interview. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
- RNW Africa Desk (Mar 22 201o). "A DotAfrica generation soon to be born". Radio Interview. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
- Fick, David (2006). Africa: Continent of Economic Opportunity (Paperback). STE Publishers. pp. 512 pages. ISBN 978-1-919855-59-2. Retrieved 2008-05-04.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sophia Bekele.|
- SophiaBekele.com official website
- Sophia Bekele on LinkedIn
- Sophia Bekele on Twitter
- Bekele, Sophia. "whatido-whereido, Bekele's personal blog". blogspot.com. Retrieved May 13, 2008.
- Influential people that see the Potential of Africa
- Mireille Schwartz Birthday
- Sophia Bekele TV interviews
- Bekele Defends DCA's Opposition to the Experts Meeting Agenda of the DotAfrica Task Force at the African Ministerial RoundTable in Dakar Senegal.
- Radio Interviews