Sophia Hedwig of Brunswick-Lüneburg
|Sophia Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel|
Sophie Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, in 1620–25
13 June 1592|
|Died||13 January 1642
|Noble family||House of Guelph|
|Spouse(s)||Ernest Casimir I, Count of Nassau-Dietz|
|Father||Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel|
|Mother||Princess Elisabeth of Denmark|
Sophia took up residence at widow seat, the Countly Castle at Dietz, and managed to minimize damage caused during the Thirty Years' War. She prevented looting and quartering in the city and county of Dietz during the Thirty Years' War by skillfully negotiating with army commanders. Sophia made a name for herself outside the county when she turned to Axel Oxenstierna in 1633 and demanded compensation for the damage his troops had done to her territory. Domestically, she cared for the rural population and made sure there was a sufficient supply of food and water. When Dietz was affected by a plague epidemic in 1635, she was ready to help the suffering population.
Marriage and issue
On 8 June 1607, Sophie Hedwig married Count Ernest Casimir I of Nassau-Dietz (1573–1632). Only two of her children reached adulthood:
In the mid-1990s, the gymnasium in Dietz was named after her: Sophie-Hedwig-Gymnasium, to honor the noble family that ruled Dietz for more than 400 years. Her courage is still seen by historians as a great virtue, providing a timeless rôle model for the youth.
A street in Dietz was also named after her.
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