Sophie's Choice (film)

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Sophie's Choice
Sophie's Choice1.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byAlan J. Pakula
Produced by
Screenplay byAlan J. Pakula
Based onSophie's Choice
by William Styron
Starring
Music byMarvin Hamlisch
CinematographyNestor Almendros
Edited byEvan Lottman
Production
companies
ITC Entertainment
Keith Barish Productions
Distributed byUniversal Pictures
Associated Film Distribution
Release date
  • December 8, 1982 (1982-12-08) (premiere)
  • December 10, 1982 (1982-12-10) (United States)
[1]
Running time
151 minutes[2]
CountryUnited States
Languages
  • English
  • Polish
  • German
Budget$9 million[3]
Box office$30 million[4]

Sophie's Choice is a 1982 American drama film directed and written by Alan J. Pakula, adapted from William Styron's 1979 novel of the same name. The film stars Meryl Streep as Zofia "Sophie" Zawistowski, a Polish immigrant with a dark secret from her past who shares a boarding house in Brooklyn with her tempestuous lover, Nathan and a young writer Stingo. It also stars Kevin Kline (in his feature film debut), Peter MacNicol, Rita Karin, Stephen D. Newman, and Josh Mostel.

Sophie's Choice premiered in Los Angeles on December 8, 1982 and was theatrically released on December 10 by Universal Pictures. It received generally positive reviews from critics and grossed $30 million. Streep's titular performance was unanimously praised, often cited amongst the best acting performances in film history. The film received five nominations at the 55th Academy Awards; Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Cinematography, Best Costume Design, and Best Original Score, with Streep winning Best Actress.

Plot[edit]

In 1947, Stingo moves to Brooklyn to write a novel, and is befriended by Sophie Zawistowski, a Polish immigrant, and her emotionally unstable lover, Nathan Landau. Nathan is constantly jealous, and when he is in one of his violent mood swings, he convinces himself that Sophie is unfaithful to him, and he abuses and harasses her. A flashback shows how Nathan first met Sophie after her immigration to the U.S. when she nearly died due to anemia.

Sophie tells Stingo that before she came to the U.S., her husband and father were killed in a German work camp, and that she was interned in the Auschwitz concentration camp. Stingo later learns from a college professor that Sophie's father was a Nazi sympathizer. When Stingo confronts Sophie with this, she admits the truth and tells him about her war-time lover, Józef, who lived with his half-sister, Wanda, and was a leader in the Resistance. Wanda tried to convince Sophie to translate some stolen Gestapo documents, but Sophie declined, fearing she might endanger her children. Two weeks later, Józef was murdered by the Gestapo, and Sophie was arrested and sent to Auschwitz with her children.

Nathan tells Sophie and Stingo that he is doing groundbreaking research at a pharmaceutical company, but Nathan's physician brother tells Stingo that Nathan is a paranoid schizophrenic, and that all of the schools that Nathan attended were "expensive funny farms". Nathan is not a biologist as he claims. He does have a job at a pharmaceutical firm, but it is in the library, which his brother obtained for him, and he only occasionally assists with research.

After Nathan believes Sophie has betrayed him again, he calls Sophie and Stingo on the telephone and fires a gun in a violent rage. Sophie and Stingo flee to a hotel. She reveals to him that, upon arrival at Auschwitz, she was forced to choose which one of her two children would be gassed and which would proceed to the labor camp. To avoid having both children killed, she chose her son, Jan, to be sent to the children's camp, and her daughter, Eva, to be sent to her death.

Sophie and Stingo have sex, but while Stingo is sleeping, Sophie returns to Nathan. Sophie and Nathan commit suicide by taking cyanide. Stingo recites the poem "Ample Make This Bed" by Emily Dickinson — the American poet that Sophie was fond of reading.

Stingo moves to a small farm that his father recently inherited in southern Virginia to finish writing his novel.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Styron wrote the novel with Ursula Andress in mind for the part of Sophie, and Slovak actress Magdaléna Vášáryová was also considered.[5] Streep was very determined to get the role. After obtaining a bootlegged copy of the script, she went after Pakula, and threw herself on the ground, begging him to give her the part.[6] Pakula's first choice was Liv Ullmann, for her ability to project the foreignness that would add to her appeal in the eyes of an impressionable, romantic Southerner.

The film was mostly shot in New York City, with Sophie's flashback scenes shot afterwards in Zagreb, Yugoslavia.[7] Production for the film, at times, was more like a theatrical set than a film set. Pakula allowed the cast to rehearse for three weeks, and was open to improvisation from the actors, "spontaneous things", according to Streep.[7] Streep had to lose a lot of weight to film the scenes in Yugoslavia at the concentration camp.

Release[edit]

The film had its premiere at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Los Angeles on Wednesday, December 8, 1982 and then opened December 10 in nine theatres in New York City (Cinema 1 and 3); Los Angeles (Avco 2); San Francisco; San Jose, California; Chicago; Dallas; Washington D.C.; and Toronto.[1][8]

Reception[edit]

Critical reception[edit]

Meryl Streep's performance received widespread critical acclaim and earned her the Academy Award for Best Actress.

Sophie's Choice received positive reviews. On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, it currently holds a 78% rating based on 40 reviews, with an average score of 6.91/10.[9] On Metacritic, the film has a 68 out of 100 rating based on 9 critics, signifying "generally favorable reviews"."[10]

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film four out of four stars, calling it "a fine, absorbing, wonderfully acted, heartbreaking movie. It is about three people who are faced with a series of choices, some frivolous, some tragic. As they flounder in the bewilderment of being human in an age of madness, they become our friends, and we love them."[11] Gene Siskel of The Chicago Tribune gave the film three-and-a-half stars out of four, finding it "not as powerful or as involving" as the novel but praising Streep for a "striking performance."[12]

Janet Maslin of The New York Times wrote, "Though it's far from a flawless movie, 'Sophie's Choice' is a unified and deeply affecting one. Thanks in large part to Miss Streep's bravura performance, it's a film that casts a powerful, uninterrupted spell."[13] Gary Arnold of The Washington Post stated, "There is greatness in the extraordinary performances of Meryl Streep, Kevin Kline and Peter MacNicol, who endow the principal characters of 'Sophie's Choice' with appealing, ultimately heartbreaking individuality and romantic glamor."[14]

Not all reviews were positive. Todd McCarthy at Variety called it "a handsome, doggedly faithful and astoundingly tedious adaptation of William Styron's best-seller. Despite earnest intentions and top talent involved, lack of chemistry among the three leading players and over-elaborated screenplay make this a trying experience to sit through."[15] Sheila Benson of the Los Angeles Times wrote, "Although many of the book's characters have been cut away, and with them some of its torrent of words, the film feels claustrophobic, prolix and airless to the point of stupefaction ... Yet, whatever the film's overall problems, the role of Sophie, its beautiful, complex, worldly heroine, gives Meryl Streep the chance at bravura performance and she is, in a word, incandescent."[16] Boston Globe film critic Michael Blowen wrote, "Pakula's literal adaptation of Styron's Sophie's Choice is an admirable, if reverential, movie that crams this triangle into a 2-1/2 hour character study enriched by Meryl Streep and Kevin Kline, and nearly destroyed by Peter MacNicol."[10] Pauline Kael of The New Yorker wrote that it "is, I think, an infuriatingly bad movie ... The whole plot is based on a connection that isn't there—the connection between Sophie and Nathan's relationship and what the Nazis did to the Jews. Eventually, we get to the Mystery—to Sophie's Choice—and discover that the incident is garish rather than illuminating, and too particular to demonstrate anything general."[17]

Streep's characterization was voted the third-greatest movie performance of all time by Premiere Magazine.[18] The film was also ranked number one in Roger Ebert's Top Ten List for 1982, and was listed on AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition).

Awards and nominations[edit]

Award Category Nominee(s) Result
Academy Awards Best Actress Meryl Streep Won
Best Screenplay – Based on Material from Another Medium Alan J. Pakula Nominated
Best Cinematography Néstor Almendros Nominated
Best Costume Design Albert Wolsky Nominated
Best Original Score Marvin Hamlisch Nominated
Boston Society of Film Critics Awards Best Actress Meryl Streep Won
British Academy Film Awards Best Actress in a Leading Role Nominated
Most Promising Newcomer to Leading Film Roles Kevin Kline Nominated
Danish Film Awards Best Foreign Film Alan J. Pakula Nominated
David di Donatello Awards Best Foreign Actress Meryl Streep Nominated
Golden Globe Awards Best Motion Picture – Drama Sophie's Choice Nominated
Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama Meryl Streep Won
New Star of the Year – Actor Kevin Kline Nominated
Japan Academy Film Prize Outstanding Foreign Language Film Sophie's Choice Nominated
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards Best Actress Meryl Streep Won[a]
Kinema Junpo Awards Best Foreign Language Film Alan J. Pakula Won
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards Best Actress Meryl Streep Won
Mainichi Film Awards Best Foreign Language Film Alan J. Pakula Won
National Board of Review Awards Top Ten Films Sophie's Choice Won
Best Actress Meryl Streep Won
National Society of Film Critics Awards Best Actress Won
New York Film Critics Circle Awards Best Actress Won
Best Cinematographer Néstor Almendros Won
Sant Jordi Awards Best Performance in a Foreign Film Meryl Streep Nominated
Writers Guild of America Awards Best Drama Adapted from Another Medium Alan J. Pakula Nominated

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sophie's Choice at the American Film Institute Catalog
  2. ^ "SOPHIE'S CHOICE (15)". British Board of Film Classification. January 11, 1983. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  3. ^ Box Office Information for Sophie's Choice. Archived March 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine The Wrap. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  4. ^ "Box Office Information for Sophie's Choice". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
  5. ^ Longworth 2013, p. 51.
  6. ^ Skow, John (September 7, 1981). "What Makes Meryl Magic". Time. Retrieved March 28, 2007.
  7. ^ a b Longworth 2013, p. 56.
  8. ^ "Major Openings Bolster B.O.". Daily Variety. December 14, 1982. p. 1.
  9. ^ "Sophie's Choice". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  10. ^ a b "Sophie's Choice". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  11. ^ Ebert, Roger (January 1, 1982). "Sophie's Choice". Chicago Sun-Times. Chicago, Illinois: Sun-Times Media Group. Retrieved November 27, 2018 – via RogerEbert.com.4/4 stars
  12. ^ Siskel, Gene (December 10, 1982). "Because of Streep, 'Sophie's' survives". Chicago Tribune. p. 1.3.5/4 stars
  13. ^ Maslin, Janet (December 10, 1982). "Screen: Styron's 'Sophie's Choice'". The New York Times. p. C12.
  14. ^ Arnold, Gary (December 10, 1982). "'Sophie's' Passionate Power". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: Washington Post Company. p. D1.
  15. ^ McCarthy, Todd (December 8, 1982). "Film Reviews: Sophie's Choice". Variety. p. 16.
  16. ^ Benson, Sheila (December 10, 1982). "Streep Shines Through 'Sophie' Drawbacks". Los Angeles Times. Part VI, p. 1.
  17. ^ Kael, Pauline (December 27, 1982). "The Current Cinema". The New Yorker. New York City. p. 75.
  18. ^ "Premiere Magazine: The 100 Greatest Performances of All Time". FilmSite. Retrieved February 27, 2013.
Bibliography

External links[edit]