Princess Sophie of Bavaria

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Princess Sophie of Bavaria
Archduchess of Austria
Stieler Archduchess 1832.jpg
Portrait of Archduchess Sophie by Joseph Stieler (1832)
Spouse Franz Karl, Archduke of Austria
Issue Franz Joseph I of Austria
Maximilian I of Mexico
Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria
Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria
Archduke Ludwig Viktor of Austria
House House of Wittelsbach (by birth)
House of Habsburg-Lorraine (by marriage)
Father Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
Mother Caroline of Baden
Born (1805-01-27)27 January 1805
Munich, Bavaria
Died 28 May 1872(1872-05-28) (aged 67)
Vienna, Austria-Hungary
Burial Imperial Crypt
Bavarian Royalty
House of Wittelsbach
Wappen Deutsches Reich - Koenigreich Bayern (Grosses).png
Maximilian I Joseph
Children
Ludwig I
Princess Augusta
Princess Amalie Marie
Princess Charlotte
Prince Karl Theodor
Prince Karl Friedrich
Elisabeth Ludovika, Queen of Prussia
Princess Amalie Auguste
Archduchess Sophie of Austria
Maria Anna, Queen of Saxony
Princess Ludovika
Princess Maximiliana
Ludwig I
Children
Maximilian II
Mathilde, Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine
Otto of Greece
Princess Theodelinde
Prince Regent Luitpold
Adelgunde, Duchess of Modena
Archduchess Hildegarde, Duchess of Teschen
Princess Alexandra
Prince Adalbert
Grandchildren
Ludwig III
Prince Leopold
Princess Therese
Prince Arnulf
Prince Ludwig Ferdinand
Prince Alfons
Princess Isabella, Duchess of Genoa
Princess Elvira
Princess Clara
Great-Grandchildren
Elisabeth Marie, Countess Otto of Seefried and Buttenheim
Archduchess Auguste of Austria
Prince Georg
Prince Konrad
Prince Heinrich
Prince Ferdinand
Prince Adalbert
Princess Pilar
Prince Joseph Clemens
Princess Elizabeth Maria, Countess of Kageneck
Great-Great-Grandchildren
Princess Amalie Isabella, Mrs. Poletti
Prince Eugen
Infante Luis of Spain
Infante José of Spain
Maria, Princess Irakli Bagration of Mukhrani
Infanta Marie of Spain
Prince Konstantin
Prince Alexander
Great-Great-Great-Grandchildren
Prince Leopold
Prince Adalbert
Princess Ysabel, Baroness of Stichsenstein
Great-Great-Great-Great-Grandchildren
Prince Manuel
Princess Maria del Pilar
Princess Maria Felipa, Mrs. Dienst
Prince Konstantin
Princess Bernadette
Prince Hubertus
Great-Great-Great-Great-Great-Grandchildren
Prince Leopold
Princess Alva
Maximilian II
Children
Ludwig II
Otto
Ludwig II
Otto I
Ludwig III
Children
Crown Prince Rupprecht
Adelgunde, Princess of Hohenzollern
Princess Maria, Duchess of Calabria
Prince Karl
Prince Franz
Mathilde, Princess Ludwig of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Prince Wolfgang
Princess Hildegarde
Princess Notburga
Princess Wiltrud, Duchess of Urach
Princess Helmtrud
Princess Dietlinde
Gundelinde, Countess Johann Georg von Preysing-Lichtenegg-Moos
Grandhildren
Hereditary Prince Luitpold
Princess Irmingard Maria
Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria
Prince Rudolf
Prince Heinrich
Princess Irmingard
Princess Editha, Mrs. Schmer
Princess Hildegard, Mrs. de Loayza
Princess Gabrielle, Duchess of Cröy
Princess Sophie, Duchess of Arenberg
Prince Ludwig
Maria Elisabeth, Princess Pedro Henrique of Orléans-Braganza
Aldegunde Maria, Baroness Zdenko von Hoenning-O'Carroll
Adelgunde, Countess Konstantin of Waldburg-Zeil
Dorothea, Dowager Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Prince Rasso
Great-Grandhildren
Marie Gabrielle, Princess of Waldburg-Zeil
Marie Charlotte, Princess of Quadt
Franz, Duke of Bavaria
Prince Max, Duke in Bavaria
Prince Luitpold
Princess Irmingard Maria
Princess Philippa
Maria-Theresia, Countess Tamas Kornis de Goncz-Ruszka
Prince Franz-Josef
Elisabeth, Countess Andreas von Kuefstein
Prince Wolfgang
Princess Benedikta, Baroness von Freyberg-Eisenberg
Prince Christoph
Gisela, Margravine of Meissen
Great-Great-Grandchildren
Sophie, Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein
Marie-Caroline, Duchess Philipp of Württemberg
Princess Hélène
Princess Elizabeth, Mrs. Terberger
Princess Maria-Anna, Mrs. Runow
Auguste, Princess Ferdinand of Lippe-Weissenfeld
Alice, Princess Lukas of Auersperg
Prince Ludwig
Prince Heinrich
Prince Karl
Prince Tassilo
Prince Richard
Prince Philipp
Prince Corbian
Prince Stanislaus
Prince Marcello
Princess Odilia

Sophie Friederike Dorothee Wilhelmine, Princess of Bavaria (27 January 1805 – 28 May 1872) was born to King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and his second wife Caroline of Baden. She was the identical twin sister of Princess Maria Anna of Bavaria, Queen of Saxony as wife of Frederick Augustus II of Saxony. Her eldest son Franz Joseph reigned as Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia, King of Croatia, Apostolic King of Hungary, King of Galicia and Lodomeria and Grand Duke of Cracow; her second son Maximilian reigned as Emperor of Mexico.

Life[edit]

Sophie (1866)

On 4 November 1824, she married Franz Karl, Archduke of Austria. Her paternal half-sister, Caroline Augusta of Bavaria, had married the groom's widowed father, Francis II, in 1816. Sophie and Franz Karl had six children.

Her ambition to place her oldest son on the Austrian throne was a constant theme in Austrian politics. At the time she was called "the only man at court". During the Revolution of 1848, she persuaded her somewhat feeble-minded husband to give up his rights to the throne in favour of Franz Joseph, her son. After Franz Joseph's accession, Sophie became the power behind the throne. Historically, Sophie is remembered for her extremely controlling relationship with Franz Joseph's famed wife Sisi, who was also her niece.

Sophie kept a detailed diary most of her life which reveals much about Austrian court life. She was deeply affected in 1867 by the execution in Mexico of her second son Maximilian. She never recovered from that shock, and withdrew from public life. She died of a brain tumor in 1872.

She was also noted for her close relationship with Napoleon II, who lived at the Austrian Court as the Duke of Reichstadt. There were rumors of a sexual affair between them. There was even suspicion that Maximilian, born two weeks before Reichstadt's death in 1832, was actually his child. These claims were never verified, but it is certain that they were very good friends and that his death affected her very much. She is said to have turned into the cold, ambitious woman described in fiction after he died.

Children[edit]

Name Birth Death Notes
Franz Joseph 18 August 1830 21 November 1916 succeeded as Emperor of Austria
married his first cousin Elisabeth, Duchess in Bavaria, and had issue
Maximilian 6 July 1832 19 June 1867 proclaimed Emperor of Mexico
executed by a firing squad
married Charlotte, Princess of Belgium, and had no issue
Karl Ludwig 30 July 1833 19 May 1896 married 1) his first cousin Margaretha, Princess of and Duchess in Saxony, (1840–1858) from 1856 to 1858, no issue, married 2) to Maria Annunziata, Princess of the Two-Sicilies (1843–1871) from 1862 to 1871, had issue (three sons and one daughter) and married 3) to Maria Theresia, Infanta of Portugal, (1855–1944), from 1873 to 1899, had issue (two daughters). He was the father of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, whose assassination in 1914 sparked World War I.
Maria Anna 27 October 1835 5 February 1840 died in childhood
Stillborn son 24 October 1840 24 October 1840
Ludwig Viktor 15 May 1842 18 January 1919 died unmarried

Portrayal on stage & screen[edit]

  • In the Sissi films (1955–1957), Vilma Degischer played the part of Sophie as a chillingly strict mother-in-law of the young Empress. The stereotype of Sophie as an uptight and spiteful villain seems to have spread from these films.
  • In the 1974 miniseries, Fall of Eagles, Sophie was portrayed by English actress Pamela Brown.
  • Mayerling, a 1978 ballet by Kenneth MacMillan, features Sophie in a slightly more sympathetic light.
  • Elisabeth, a 1992 musical by Michael Kunze about the life of Empress Elisabeth, where Sophie is portrayed as a malevolent intriguer, out to ruin her daughter-in-law's life by any possible means, though more recent productions have somewhat softened her character with additional scenes and a song that give more insight into Sophie's complex motivations and personality.
  • In Sissi, l'impératrice rebelle, a 2004 French television film, Sophie was played by Stéphane Audran.
  • In the 2009 European mini-series Sisi, Martina Gedeck portrayed Sophie in one of the more balanced interpretations of the character.

Ancestry[edit]

Honours[edit]

External links[edit]