Sophus Müller

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sophus Otto Müller
Sophus Müller
Sophus Müller
Born24 May 1846
Copenhagen, Denmark
Died24 February 1934
Frederiksberg, Denmark

Sophus Otto Müller (24 May 1846 - 23 February 1934) was a Danish archaeologist.[1]


He was born in Copenhagen, the son of C. Louis Müller. Sophus studied classical philology at Copenhagen University, graduating cand.philol. in 1871. He conducted a study trip to Germany, Switzerland, and Italy during 1872-73. He became a teacher until 1876, while assisting at the National Museum of Denmark. He was hired by the museum in 1878, and graduated with a Ph.D. in 1880 with the essay Dyreornamentiken i Norden.[2]

He discovered the single burial mounds of central Jutland. This discovery was the first proof of Middle Neolithic Periods in Scandinavia.[3]

After 1881 he was secretary at the Royal Archaeological Society and edited Aarböger for Nordisk Oldkyndighed and Nordiske Fortidsminder. In 1885, he was an inspector at the museum,[4] then, when the museum was being re-organized as the Danish National Museum, he was the director of the ancient history section in 1892. In 1895, he was named the museum's director.[2] [5]

In 1888, his two-volume work Ordning af Danmarks Oldsager (The Arrangement of Denmark's Antiquities) was published.[4] He wrote a prehistory of Denmark, which was published as Vor Oldtid (Our Prehistory) in 1897.[2]He retired from the museum in 1921.

Müller became a Knight of Order of the Dannebrog 1889, Dannebrogsmand 1901, Commander of 2nd degree 1913 and of 1st degree 1921. He died at Frederiksberg and was buried at Skoven Kirkegård. [1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Sophus Müller". Dansk Biografisk Leksikon. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Gräslund, Bo (1987). The birth of prehistoric chronology: dating methods and dating systems in nineteenth-century Scandinavian archaeology. New studies in archaeology. CUP Archive. p. 119. ISBN 0-521-32249-9.
  3. ^ "Sophus Otto Muller | Danish paleontologist". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-11-04.
  4. ^ a b New international encyclopedia. Vol. 16. Dodd, Mead. 1916. p. 406.
  5. ^ "Sophus Müller". Den Store Danske. Retrieved September 1, 2020.