Sopore

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Sopore
City
Sopore is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Sopore
Sopore
Location in Indian Jammu and Kashmir
Sopore is located in India
Sopore
Sopore
Sopore (India)
Coordinates: 34°18′N 74°28′E / 34.30°N 74.47°E / 34.30; 74.47Coordinates: 34°18′N 74°28′E / 34.30°N 74.47°E / 34.30; 74.47
CountryIndia
StateJammu and Kashmir
DistrictBaramulla
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Total118,608
Languages
 • OfficialUrdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)

Sopore known as Suyyapur in antiquity,[2] is a town in the Baramulla district of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is 45 km (28 mi) north-west of Srinagar, and 16 km (10 mi) south-west from the city of Baramulla.

Sopore has Asia's second largest fruit mandi;(wholesale market)[3] it is known as the "Apple Town".[4] Apart from fruit mandi, Sopore is near to one of Asia's largest freshwater lakes, Wular Lake.[5]

History[edit]

Sopore was founded by Utpala engineer and irrigation minister Suyya during the reign of king Avantivarman in 880 CE. As such the name of the city is Suyya-pur, which has been shortened to Sopore. When the engineer Suyya was working in Sopore no people were coming forth to plunge themselves in gushing water. The king, Avantiverman, thereupon ordered that a part of treasury may be thrown into the water; consequently, a large number of people plunged into the river to get as many coins as they could.[6] It was engineer Suyya's idea to throw coins into flooded land not the king.

Pashtun tribesmen such as Mehsud and Afridi from mountainous region of North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) of the newly formed state of Pakistan invaded Sopore on 22 October 1947.[7] In 1989, Sopore became a focus of the separatist activities and violence with frequent protests and strikes. On 6 January 1993, Indian troops fired at local residents and set fire to homes and businesses in which over 55 civilians were killed. The incident is infamously remembered as Sopore massacre.[8]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census, Sopore had a population of 118,608 and area of 61 square kilometres (24 sq mi).[9]

Administration[edit]

Sopore is one of the largest subdivisions of the state with 7 tehsils. And it is also the oldest existing subdivision of the state.[10] Bashir Ahmad Bhat (KAS) who is an administrator, has served the sub-division between August 2015 to April 2017 as the Sub-Divisional Magistrate.[11]

Education[edit]

The main public educational institutions in Sopore are the government run boys' and girls' higher secondary schools and a degree college.[12][13] The Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology is located in Wadoora.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Village and Town Wise Primary Census Abstract". 2011 Census of India. Government of India. Retrieved 2017-04-20.
  2. ^ Jyoteeshwar Pathik. Glimpses of History of Jammu & Kashmir. Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd. Retrieved 2010-12-02. Suyya who was a great engineer is said to have drained a large chunk of wasteland during his regime. His memory is commemorated by Suyyapur or Sopore, a township in Baramulla distic Sopore is the main town for two belts which are Rafiabad connected via Marazigund and Zangair via seelu both belts are famous for Apples and are nearby from the town. The original name of Pulwama was Panwangam, which comprised four local namely, Malikpora, Dangerpora, Chatpora, Dullpora.
  3. ^ "Asia's 2nd largest fruit mandi at Sopore in shambles". Retrieved 2017-11-04.
  4. ^ "Apple town Sopore sees cold war between separatists, militant cadre". Retrieved 2017-11-04.
  5. ^ "Wular Lake". Retrieved 2017-11-04.
  6. ^ Raina, Mohini Qasba (2013). Kashur The Kashmiri Speaking People: Analytical Perspective. Partridge Publishing Singapore. p. 9. ISBN 978-1482-899-47-4.
  7. ^ "The Story of Kashmir Affairs – A Peep into the Past". Archived from the original on 18 June 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  8. ^ McGirk, Tim (8 January 1993). "Outcry in Delhi over Kashmir massacre". The Independent. UK. Retrieved 10 April 2009.
  9. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/dchb/0108_PART_B_DCHB_BARAMULA.pdf
  10. ^ http://www.greaterkashmir.com/news/briefs/clamour-for-district-status-to-sopore-goes-louder/164029.html
  11. ^ http://jkrevenue.nic.in/SRO.html
  12. ^ "Govt degree college boys sopore". Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  13. ^ "Govt. Degree College for Women". Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  14. ^ "Faculty of Agriculture". Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir. Retrieved 29 April 2015.