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|Motto||Hic et ubique terrarum|
Motto in English
|Here and everywhere on Earth|
|Established||c. 1150 (first teachings)
1257 (royal charter)
1806 (public university)
Sorbonne University (French: Sorbonne Université [sɔʁbɔn ynivɛʁsite]), shortened to the Sorbonne and formerly called the University of Paris, is a prestigious university in Paris. The Sorbonne is the oldest university in the Francophone world, and the third oldest university in Europe, after the University of Bologna and the University of Oxford.
The University of Paris (known as the Sorbonne) existed between the middle age (founded as a corporation of students and masters around 1150 and chartered by the king Louis IX of France in 1257) and the French revolution (1793) and again between the First French Empire in 1806 and its dissolution in 1970 after the May 1968 events.
The reestablishment of the university was decreed 21 April 2017, and took place on the 1st January 2018.
- 1 History
- 2 Campus
- 3 Academic
- 4 Faculties
- 5 Collections
- 6 University rankings
- 7 Notable people
- 8 Notes
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Emerging around 1150 as a corporation associated with the cathedral school of Notre Dame de Paris, it was considered the second-oldest university in Europe. Officially chartered in 1200 by King Philip II (Philippe-Auguste) of France and recognised in 1215 by Pope Innocent III, it was later often nicknamed after its theological College of Sorbonne founded by Robert de Sorbon and chartered by French King Saint Louis around 1257.
Internationally highly reputed for its academic performance in the humanities ever since the Middle Ages – notably in theology and philosophy – it introduced several academic standards and traditions that have endured ever since and spread internationally, such as doctoral degrees and student nations. Vast numbers of popes, scientists, intellectuals and royalty were educated at the University of Paris.
In 1793, during the French Revolution period, the University was closed and by Item-27 of the Revolutionary Convention, the college endowments and buildings were sold. A new University of France replaced it in 1806 with four independent faculties: the Faculty of Humanities ("Faculté des Lettres"), the Faculty of Law (later including Economics), the Faculty of Science, the Faculty of Medicine and the Faculty of Theology (closed in 1885).
In 1970, following the May 1968 events, the university was divided into 13 autonomous universities. Three of the new universities took over three of the faculties and the majority of their professors: humanities by Paris-Sorbonne University, law and economics by Panthéon-Assas University, natural sciences by Pierre and Marie Curie University. The faculty of medicine had no direct successor because teaching was organized in relation with different hospitals, which were separated between Paris Descartes University, which kept the historical buildings of the Paris Medicine Faculty, Pierre and Marie Curie University, and Paris Diderot University. Some of the other inheritors, like Panthéon-Sorbonne University, Paris Descartes University and Paris Diderot University chose to be multidisciplinary.
In 2010, the direct successors of the faculties of the University of Paris created the Sorbonne University group.
The following universities, members of the group, have decided to merge into Sorbonne University in 2018:
- Paris-Sorbonne University (1971–2017), formerly the faculty of humanities of the University of Paris
- Pierre and Marie Curie University (1971–2017), formerly the faculty of science and part of the faculty of medicine of the University of Paris
The following universities, members of the group, may decide to merge into Sorbonne University:
- Panthéon-Assas University (1971– ), formerly the faculty of law and economics of the University of Paris
- University of Technology of Compiègne (1972– )
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Perspective view from the Jardin des Plantes
The "Amphithéâtre Richelieu", a Paris-Sorbonne University's lecture hall
The University's central campus is the historic central Sorbonne building in the Latin Quarter. Before the 19th century, the Sorbonne occupied several buildings. The chapel was built in 1622 by the then-Provisor of the University of Paris, Cardinal Richelieu, during the reign of Louis XIII. In 1881, politician Jules Ferry decided to convert the Sorbonne into one single building. Under the supervision of Pierre Greard, Chief Officer of the Education Authority of Paris, Henri-Paul Nénot constructed the current building from 1883 to 1901 that reflects a basic architectural uniformity. The integration of the chapel into the whole was also Nénot’s work with the construction of a cour d'honneur. The Sorbonne building is generally reserved for undergraduate students in their third year and graduate students in certain academic disciplines. Only students in Semitic studies, regardless of level, take all their classes at the Sorbonne campus.
The Library of the Sorbonne is shared by several Parisian universities. It is open exclusively to undergraduate students in their third year and graduate students. With the former archives of the now-defunct University of Paris, 2,500,000 books, 400,000 of them ancient, 2,500 historical manuscripts, 18,000 doctoral dissertation papers, 17,750 past and current French and international periodicals and 7,100 historical printing plates, the Library of the Sorbonne is the largest university library in Paris.
The Jussieu campus has been totally refurbished in the 2010.
Maison de la Recherche
The Maison de la Recherche campus is the central building for doctoral studies that hosts the history and geography departments. It houses the Serpente Library that has 55,000 works and 292 past and current French and international periodicals. All doctoral dissertations since 1 January 1986 have been stored at the Serpente Library.
Clignancourt and Malesherbes
The two biggest campuses apart from the main Sorbonne building are the Clignancourt and Malesherbes centers. Undergraduate students in their first and second years of study in Philosophy, History, Geography, English and Spanish take their classes at the Clignancourt center. The Clignancourt Library contains 78,000 works, 210 French and international periodicals and 800 educational DVDs.
Undergraduate students in their first and second years of study in French literature, French language, Latin, Ancient Greek and Musicology take their classes at the Malesherbes center. All undergraduate students in these academic disciplines study in the central Sorbonne building in their third year. Undergraduate and graduate students in German studies, Slavic studies, Italic studies and Romanian studies, regardless of level, take all of their classes at the Malesherbes center. The Malesherbes center also hosts three research centers in Italian culture, the cultures and literature of central Europe and the Balkans and the Germanic, Nordic and Dutch centers. The Malesherbes Library contains 200,000 works specializing in the study of foreign languages and cultures and 1,200 past and current French and international periodicals. More than 50,000 doctoral dissertations are available for public viewing.
Institut d'Art et d'Archéologie
Undergraduate Art History and Archeology students take their classes at the Institut d'Art et d'Archéologie, located at the main entrance of the Jardin du Luxembourg. Constructed by architect Paul Bigot between 1925 and 1930, the Mesopotamian-style building was classified as a national historical building in 1996. It hosts the Michelet Library that contains 100,000 volumes of work on art history and archeology with 100 French and international periodicals. Only 10,000 of the art history and archeology works are open to students, the others requiring special authorization of usage. Graduate Art History and Archeology students take their courses at the Institut National de l'Histoire de l'Art in the Galerie Colbert, a partnered national institution of the University.
Other campuses in Paris
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Both the Institut d'Urbanisme et d'Aménagement and the Institut d'Etudes hispanique in the Latin Quarter host third year and graduate students of Geography and Iberian and Latin American studies. The Marcel Bataillon Library houses the Institut d'Etudes hispaniques' collection of 25,000 works on Iberian and Latin-American culture. Catalan studies take place at the Centre d'Etudes catalanes in the Marais.
There are also Campus Pitié and Campus Saint-Antoine for medicine ; Campus Les Cordeliers, Campus Curie and Campus Raspail for sciences.
Sorbonne University in Abu Dhabi
An exclusive international agreement between Paris-Sorbonne and the government of Abu Dhabi was signed on 19 February 2006, starting plans to bring Paris-Sorbonne University to Abu Dhabi. The Paris-Sorbonne University Abu Dhabi (PSUAD) was established on 30 May 2008 on Reem Island by a decree of the ruler of Abu Dhabi of the United Arab Emirates. All programs are taught in the French language. An intensive French language programme is offered for one or two year(s) to students who do not meet the French language requirement for registration. The establishment of the university demonstrates the keenness of Abu Dhabi to create an international hub in culture and education, having also signed a contract with the Louvre in 2007 to create the Louvre Abu Dhabi, and with New York University in 2007 to create New York University Abu Dhabi. PSUAD is jointly governed by the Abu Dhabi Education Council (ADEC) and by PSUAD's board of six members, three of whom are appointed by the home Paris-Sorbonne University, the other three appointed by the Abu Dhabi Executive Council. The President of PSUAD and Chairman of the Board is the President of the home Paris-Sorbonne University, currently Georges Molinié. Academic programs are offered at the undergraduate level only in the social sciences, humanities and fine arts.
Members have worked on several projects in order to strengthen the relations between them and potentially create a new international institution. The most famous projects are the "Sorbonne College" (Collège de la Sorbonne) for bachelor's degree teaching and the "Sorbonne Doctoral College" (Collège doctoral de la Sorbonne) for PhD candidates.
The Sorbonne College
Since 2014, the Sorbonne College for bachelor's degree (« Collège des Licences de la Sorbonne ») has been coordinating the academic projects inside Sorbonne University and with Panthéon-Assas University, the law school of the Sorbonne University Group which has not merged into the Sorbonnne University and remained independent. It also offers cross-institutional academic courses in many fields, allowing students to graduate from both institutions. For example, some cross-institutional bachelor's degrees (« double licences ») are proposed to students in :
- Science and History (Sorbonne)
- Science and Musicology (Sorbonne)
- Science and Philosophy (Sorbonne)
- Science and Chinese (Sorbonne)
- Science and German (Sorbonne)
- Law and History (Panthéon-Assas / Sorbonne)
- Law and Art History (Panthéon-Assas / Sorbonne)
- Law and Science (Panthéon-Assas / Sorbonne)
- History and Media (Sorbonne / Panthéon-Assas)
As it is the case in the Anglo-American university system, Sorbonne University proposes a major-minor system, that is currently being deployed at the University.
Sorbonne University, in partnership with INSEAD, also offers all of its alumni and PhD students a professionalizing course in business management to complete their curriculum.
The Doctoral College
Since 2010, every PhD student is being delivered an honorary diploma labeled Sorbonne University. This diploma highlights and gathers the skills of the doctors and researchers from the institutions that form Sorbonne University.
The Sorbonne Doctoral College, created in 2013, coordinates the activities of the 26 doctoral schools. Since 2014, it has developed cross-disciplinary PhDs between the different members of the Sorbonne University group.
|Énergie, matière, univers||Chimie physique & chimie analytique de Paris centre||align="center" ]]|
|Physique et chimie des matériaux||align="center" ]]|
|Chimie moléculaire de Paris centre||align="center" ]]|
|Astronomie et astrophysique||align="center" ]]|
|Sciences de la Terre et physique de l'univers||align="center" ]]|
|Physique en Ile-de-France||align="center" ]]|
|Modélisation et ingénierie||Informatique, télécommunications & électronique||align="center" ]]|
|Sciences mathématiques de Paris centre||align="center" ]]|
|Sciences mécaniques, acoustique, électronique et robotique||align="center" ]]|
|Terre vivante et environnement||Sciences de l’environnement||align="center" ]]|
|Géosciences, ressources naturelles et environnement||align="center" ]]|
|Vie et santé||Cerveau, cognition, comportement||align="center" ]]|
|Santé publique & sciences de l’information biomédicale||align="center" ]]|
|Physiologie, physiopathologie et thérapeutique||align="center" ]]|
|Complexité du vivant||align="center" ]]|
|Histoire-Géographie||École doctorale de géographie de Paris||align="center" ]]|
|Histoire de l’art et archéologie Paris-Sorbonne||align="center" ]]|
|Histoire moderne et contemporaine||align="center" ]]|
|Mondes anciens et médiévaux||align="center" ]]|
|Langues, lettres et civilisations||Littératures françaises et comparée||align="center" ]]|
|Civilisations, cultures et sociétés||align="center" ]]|
|Concepts et Language||align="center" ]]|
Since 2011, Sorbonne University celebrate its graduates in a formal ceremony where every PhD graduate wears a scholar uniform.
To strengthen the influence of its research infrastructures on the international scale, Sorbonne University has developed several research programs aiming at reinforcing or exploring new fields of study. This innovative cross-disciplinary approach was embodied with the creation of four new academic positions gathering several establishments of the group:
- A Department of Digital Humanities, exploring the use of digital technologies in the social science
- A Department of Polychromatic Studies of Societies, associating architecture, anthropology, chemical physics, literature and art history
- A Department of Digital Health, exploring biomedical tools
- A Department of 3D Craniofacial Reconstruction
Sorbonne University has also formed with academic institutions such as the China Scholarship Council or the Brazilian foundation FAPERJ several partnerships enabling bilateral research programs.
Sorbonne University historically has 4 faculties.
Letters are the more ancient teachings of the Sorbonne University.
The faculty of science of Sorbonne University is a major pole of research in France.
It has more than 125 laboratories, most of them in association with the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS). Some of its most notable institutes and laboratories include the Institut Henri Poincaré, Institut d'astrophysique de Paris, Laboratoire d'informatique de Paris 6 (LIP6), Institut de mathématiques de Jussieu (shared with University Paris-Diderot) and the Laboratoire Kastler-Brossel (shared with École Normale Supérieure).
Sorbonne University's law faculty became independent in 1971 under the name Panthéon-Assas University. It is now providing the law reachings for the Sorbonne University as an independent university part of the Sorbonne University group and is expected to merge with it in the future.
The Sorbonne University houses eight notable scientific collections that are open to researchers. Some collections are open to the public as noted.
- Minerals – over 1500 minerals on display in 24 cases, open to the public
- Physics experiments models – models built by professors from the Sorbonne and UPMC in order to demonstrate different principles of physics
- Zoology – teaching collection of stuffed specimens, skeletal mounts, fluid parts, anatomical casts and insect boxes
- Paleontology – research collection of fossil invertebrates
- G. Lippmann collection – Research collection of 46 photographic plates created by Gabriel Lippmann in his studies of photography and the physics of light
- Charcot library – Research collection of the personal library of neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot
- Paleobotany – Research collection of Fossil plants
- Musée Dupuytren – moved from Cordeliers, will be open to the public occasionally, features wax anatomical items and preserved specimens illustrating diseases and malformations.
Only the former universities have been ranked.
UPMC is often ranked as the best university in France . In 2014 UPMC was ranked 35th in the world, 6th in Europe and 1st in France by the Academic Ranking of World Universities. It was ranked 4th in the world in the field of mathematics by the same study. The 2013 QS World University Rankings ranked the university 112th overall in the world and 3rd in France. In 2013, according to University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP), Pierre and Marie Curie University is the 1st ranked university in France and 44th ranked university in the world. The UPMC is a member of Sorbonne Universités.
Paris-Sorbone is ranked 222 in the world by the QS World University Rankings 2015. By faculty, it was ranked 9 in modern languages, 36 in arts and humanities (1st in France), and 127 in social sciences and management (5th in France). By academic reputation, it was ranked 80 (2nd in France), according to the QS World University Rankings, and 2nd in overall highest international reputation of all academic institutions in France, according to the Times Higher Education 2015. In 2014 Paris-Sorbonne ranked 227 in the world, according to the QS World University Rankings, 115 for Social Sciences and Management, 33 for Arts and Humanities.
- Reynald Abad, historian, winner of the Guizot Prize of the Académie française
- Jean Baechler, historian, member of the Académie des sciences morales et politiques
- Ranvijay Patwardhan - lawyer, psychologist, art critic, litrateur and member of the Nobel Committee for Literature
- Abhigyan Patwardhan - lawyer, historian, political commentator and member of the Académie des Sciences morales et politiques
- Yves-Marie Bercé, historian, winner of the Madeleine Laurain-Portemer Prize of the Académie des sciences morales et politiques and member of the Académie des sciences morales et politiques
- Kulbhushan Nikhanj - Lauded Professor of University of Paris - Sorbonne, Lawyer, Portrait Painter and Art Collector, Recipient of Legion of Honor of France
- Janine Chanteur, philosopher, winner of the Biguet Prize of the Académie française
- Jean-Claude Cheynet, historian and professor at the Collège de France
- Rukmini Dave - Professor of International Law and Political Philosophy at University of Paris - Sorbonne, Member of the Pulitzer Prize Committee and Visiting Professor at SOAS, London
- Antoine Compagnon, professor of French literature at the Collège de France
- Philippe Contamine, historian, member of the Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres
- Denis Crouzet, Renaissance historian, winner of the Madeleine Laurain-Portemer Prize of the Académie des sciences morales et politiques
- Marc Fumaroli, member of the Académie française and professor at the Collège de France
- Jean Favier, historian, member of the Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres, President of the French Commission for UNESCO
- Olivier Forcade, historian of Political and International relations at the University of Paris-Sorbonne and Sciences-Po Paris, member of the French National Council of Universities
- Nrupadh Pendharkar - Member of Sciences-Po Paris, Linguist, Advisor on Human rights issues to UNICEF
- Nicolas Grimal, egyptologist, winner of the Gaston-Maspero prize of the Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres et member of the Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres, winner of the Diane Potier-Boes Prize of the Académie française.
- Claude Lecouteux, professor of Medieval German literature, winner of the Strasbourg Prize of the Académie française
- Jean-Luc Marion, philosopher, member of the Académie française
- Danièle Pistone, musicologist, member of the Académie des beaux-arts
- Jean-Robert Pitte, geographist, member of the Académie des sciences morales et politiques
- Arvind Shripad Mukherjee - Felicitated architect, lawyer, visiting professor at the Grenoble School of Management
- William Broughtons - Noted Architect, Professor of Human Resource Management at European Business School Paris
- Jean-Yves Tadié, professor of French literature, Grand Prize of the Académie française
- Jean Tulard, historian, member of the Académie des sciences morales et politiques
- Carlos Alvarado-Larroucau, writer
- Paul Biya, President of Cameroon
- Jean-François Delmas, archivist, Director of the Bibliothèque Inguimbertine and the museums of Carpentras
- Aklilu Habte-Wold, Ethiopian politician that served in Haile Selassie's cabinet. Also the foreign minister of Ethiopia from 1948-1958 and later served as the Prime Minister from 1961 until his and other prominent Ethiopian government officials, loyal to the Emperor, malicious execution without trial by the Derg or socialist regime in 1974
- AbdulKarim Jaafar Al-Sudani, ambassador and diplomat.
- Jean-Baptiste de La Salle, patron saint of teachers
- Darmin Nasution, Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs of Indonesia
- Jean Peyrelevade, French civil servant, politician and business leader.
- Issei Sagawa, cannibal and murderer
- Michel Sapin, Deputy Minister of Justice from May 1991 to April 1992, Finance Minister from April 1992 to March 1993, and Minister of Civil Servants and State Reforms from March 2000 to May 2002.
- Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson , Head of the Chabad-Lubavitch movement
- Ahmed el-Tayeb, Grand Imam of Al-Azhar
- Pol Theis, attorney, interior designer, and founder of P&T Interiors in New York City
- Jean-Pierre Thiollet, French writer
- Loïc Vadelorge, French historian
- Haïm Brézis
- Fabrice Bardeche
- Philippe G. Ciarlet
- Gérard Férey
- Jacques-Louis Lions
- Marc Yor
- Bernard Derrida
- François Loeser
- Claire Voisin
- Jean-Michel Coron
- Michel Talagrand
- Claude Cohen-Tannoudji
- Serge Haroche
The university counts 48 Nobel Prize winners, placing it in 13th position globally, and 1st outside of the English-speaking world. The Sorbonne has taught 11 French Presidents, almost 50 French heads of government, 2 Popes, as well as many other political and social figures. The Sorbonne has also educated leaders of Albania, Canada, the Dominican Republic, Gabon, Guinea, Irak, Jordan, Kosovo, Tunisia and Niger among others. List of Nobel Prize winners that had attended the University of Paris or one of its thirteen successors.
- [Ph.] Albert Fert (PhD) - 2007
- [Ph.] Alfred Kastler (DSc) - 1966
- [Ph.] Gabriel Lippmann (DSc) - 1908
- [Ph.] Georges Charpak (DSc) - 1992
- [Ph.] Henri Becquerel (DSc) - 1903
- [Ph.] Jean Perrin (DSc) - 1926
- [Ph.] Louis Néel (MSc) - 1970
- [Ph.] Louis de Broglie (DSc) - 1929
- [Ph.] [Ch.] Marie Curie (DSc) - 1903, 1911
- [Ph.] Pierre Curie (DSc) - 1903
- [Ph.] Pierre-Gilles de Gennes (DSc) - 1991
- [Ph.] Serge Haroche (PhD, DSc) - 2012
- [Ch.] Frédéric Joliot-Curie (DSc) - 1935
- [Ch.] Gerhard Ertl (Attendee) - 2007
- [Ch.] Henri Moissan (DSc) - 1906
- [Ch.] Irène Joliot-Curie (DSc) - 1935
- [Ch.] Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff (Attendee) - 2007
- [Ch.] Paul Sabatier (DSc) - 1912
- [PM] André Frédéric Cournand (M.D) - 1956
- [PM] André Lwoff (M.D, DSc) - 1965
- [PM] Charles Nicolle (M.D) - 1928
- [PM] Charles Richet (M.D, DSc) - 1913
- [PM] François Jacob (M.D) - 1965
- [PM] Françoise Barré-Sinoussi (PhD) - 2008
- [PM] Jacques Monod (DSc) - 1965
- [PM] Jean Dausset (MD) - 1980
- [PM] Luc Montagnier (MD) - 2008
- [Ec.] Gérard Debreu (DSc) - 1983
- [Ec.] Maurice Allais (D.Eng.) - 1988
- [Pe.] Albert Schweitzer (PhD) - 1952
- [Pe.] Charles Albert Gobat (Attendee) - 1902
- [Pe.] Ferdinand Buisson (DLitt) - 1927
- [Pe.] Frédéric Passy (LLB) - 1901
- [Pe.] Léon Bourgeois (DCL) - 1920
- [Pe.] Léon Jouhaux (Attendee) - 1951
- [Pe.] Louis Renault (DCL) - 1907
- [Pe.] Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant (LLB) - 1909
- [Pe.] René Cassin (DCL) - 1968
- [Li.] Giorgos Seferis (LLB) - 1963
- [Li.] Henri Bergson (B.A) - 1927
- [Li.] Jean-Paul Sartre (B.A) (refused the Prize) - 1964
- [Li.] Odysseus Elytis (Attendee) - 1979
- [Li.] Patrick Modiano (Attendee) - 2014
- [Li.] Romain Rolland (D Litt) - 1915
List of Nobel Prize winners that were affiliated with the University of Paris or one of its thirteen successors.
- [Ph.] George Smoot (Professor) - 2006
- [Ph.] Gabriel Lippmann (Professor) - 1908*
- [Ph.] Jean Perrin (Professor) - 1926*
- [Ph.] Louis de Broglie (Professor) - 1929*
- [Ph.][Ch.] Marie Curie (Professor) - 1903*, 1911*
- [Ph.] Alfred Kastler (Researcher) - 1966
- [Ch.] Henri Moissan (Professor) - 1906*
- [Ch.] Irène Joliot-Curie (Professor) - 1935*
- [Ch.] Peter Debye (Visiting Lecturer) - 1936
- [PM] Charles Richet (Professor) - 1913*
- [PM] Jules Bordet (Researcher) - 1919
- [PM] Roger Guillemin (Researcher) - 1977
- [PM] Jean Dausset (Professor) - 1980*
- [Pe.] Louis Renault (Professor) - 1907*
- [Li.] T.S. Eliot (Visitor) - 1948
- "Décret n° 2017-596 du 21 avril 2017 portant création de l'université Sorbonne Université". Journal officiel de la République française. 23 April 2017.
- Haskins, C. H.: The Rise of Universities, page 292. Henry Holt and Company, 1923.
- Palmer, R.R. (1975). "27, The National Convention orders the sale of all college endowments". The School of The French Revolution : A Documentary History of the College of Louis-le-Grand and its Director, Jean-François Champagne, 1762-1814. Princeton: Princeton Legacy Library. p. 127. ISBN 978-0-69-161796-1.
- University World News, Merger of elite Paris universities gets the go-ahead
- [Éléad, Les cursus sélectifs des grandes universités parisiennes , les doubles licences http://elead.fr/cursus-selectifs-grandes-universites-parisiennes/
- (in French) « La Sorbonne université d’élite et de masse: entretien avec Barthélémy Jobert, président de l’université Paris Sorbonne », Le Monde.fr
- (in French) « Sorbonne Universités célèbre ses docteurs... à l'américaine », EducPros.fr, 17 mai 2011
- (in French) http://www.sorbonne-universites.fr/actions/recherche/chaires-thematiques/ Presentation of Sorbonne University's new academic positions]
- "Patrimoine scientifique" (in French). UPMC. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- https://www.usnews.com/education/best-global-universities/pierre-and-marie-curie-university-503435. Missing or empty
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- Institutions – UniversityRankings.ch – Results of University Rankings Archived 15 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine.. UniversityRankings.ch. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
- "QS World University Rankings Arts & Humanities 2013 Results". Yopuniversities.com. Retrieved 2016-11-13.
- "Cinq universités françaises parmi les plus réputées au monde". Capital.fr. 2015-03-11. Retrieved 2016-11-13.
- "Université Paris-Sorbonne (Paris IV) Rankings". Top Universities. Retrieved 2016-11-13.
- "M. Michel Sapin : Assemblée Nationale". Assemblee-nationale.fr. Retrieved 2016-11-13.
- "Marie Curie - Facts". www.nobelprize.org. Retrieved 2016-11-10.
- Courtens, Eric (2003). "Peter Debye — A Life for Science". In Gonzalo, Julio A.; Aragó López, Carmen. Great solid state physicists of the 20th century. River Edge, N.J.: World Scientific. pp. 144–145. ISBN 9789812795267.
- "T. S. (Thomas Stearns) Eliot: An Inventory of His Collection in the Manuscript Collection at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center". norman.hrc.utexas.edu. Retrieved 2016-11-06.
- THE - France’s most iconic university, the Sorbonne, is reborn
- University World News, Merger of elite Paris universities gets the go-ahead
- Le Figaro, Le retour de la grande université de Paris
- Study International, Consolidation of two elite Paris universities confirmed for 2018
- The Pie News, Mega university planned for Paris’s Left Bank
- Official website (English version) of the university.
- Official website of the project.
- Official website of the Sorbonne University group.
- Decree officially creating the university.
This article needs additional or more specific categories. (August 2017)