Aria edulis

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Aria edulis
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Aria
A. edulis
Binomial name
Aria edulis
(Willd.) M.Roem.
Distribution map
  • Aria nivea var. edulis (Willd.) Koehne
  • Hahnia aria var. edulis (Willd.) Dippel
  • Pyrus aria proles edulis (Willd.) Asch. & Graebn.
  • Pyrus edulis Willd.
  • Sorbus aria subsp. edulis (Willd.) Sved., Alm & Örtendahl
  • Sorbus aria var. edulis (Willd.) Wenz.
  • Sorbus edulis (Willd.) K.Koch
  • Aria alpina M.Roem.
  • Aria aria (L.) Huth
  • Aria majestica Lavallée
  • Aria nivea Host
  • Aria nivea var. acutifolia (Ser.) M.Roem.
  • Aria nivea acutifolia (Ser.) Gren.
  • Aria nivea var. angustifolia (Lindl.) M.Roem.
  • Aria nivea var. bullata (Lindl.) M.Roem.
  • Aria nivea f. cyclophylla Beck
  • Aria nivea var. glabrata (G.Kirchn.) Lavallée
  • Aria nivea var. incisa (Mutel) M.Roem.
  • Aria nivea var. lanata Lavallée
  • Aria nivea var. latifolia Lavallée
  • Aria nivea latifolia Gren.
  • Aria nivea var. longifolia (Pers.) Gren.
  • Aria nivea var. rugosa (Lindl.) M.Roem.
  • Aria nivea proles tomentosa (Rouy & E.G.Camus) Bonnier
  • Aria nivea var. undulata (Lindl.) M.Roem.
  • Aria tomentosa (Rouy & E.G.Camus) Bonnier
  • Aria vulgaris Decne.
  • Aronia alpina (M.Roem.) Dippel
  • × Aroniaria alpina (M.Roem.) Mezhenskyj
  • Azarolus aria (L.) Borkh.
  • Chamaemespilus aria (L.) M.Roem.
  • Crataegus alpina Gray
  • Crataegus aria L.
  • Crataegus pallida Salisb.
  • Hahnia aria (L.) Medik.
  • Hahnia aria var. angustifolia (Lindl.) Dippel
  • Hahnia aria f. aurea Hesse ex Dippel
  • Hahnia aria carpinifolia (J.R.Booth ex G.Kirchn.) Dippel
  • Hahnia aria glabrata (G.Kirchn.) Dippel
  • Hahnia aria microphylla Dippel
  • Hahnia aria vestita Dippel
  • Lazarolus aria (L.) Borkh.
  • Malus aria (L.) Risso
  • Mespilus aria (L.) Scop.
  • Pyrenia aria (L.) Clairv.
  • Pyrus alpina Willd.
  • Pyrus aria (L.) Ehrh.
  • Pyrus aria var. acutifolia Ser.
  • Pyrus aria subvar. angustifolia (Lindl.) Asch. & Graebn.
  • Pyrus aria var. angustifolia Lindl.
  • Pyrus aria subvar. bellojocensis (Gand.) Asch. & Graebn.
  • Pyrus aria monstr. bullata (Lindl.) Asch. & Graebn.
  • Pyrus aria var. bullata Lindl.
  • Pyrus aria monstr. chrysophylla Asch. & Graebn.
  • Pyrus aria proles cyclophylla (Beck) Asch. & Graebn.
  • Pyrus aria elliptica Ten.
  • Pyrus aria var. incisa (Mutel) Asch. & Graebn.
  • Pyrus aria var. longifolia (Pers.) Steud.
  • Pyrus aria var. lutescens G.Nicholson
  • Pyrus aria monstr. lutescens Asch. & Graebn.
  • Pyrus aria subvar. parvula (C.K.Schneid.) Asch. & Graebn.
  • Pyrus aria rosea Tausch
  • Pyrus aria var. rosea Tausch ex Koehne
  • Pyrus aria rotundifolia Ten.
  • Pyrus aria var. rugosa Lindl.
  • Pyrus aria var. silvestrii Pamp.
  • Pyrus aria var. sulphurea G.Nicholson
  • Pyrus aria proles typica Asch. & Graebn.
  • Pyrus aria var. undulata Lindl.
  • Pyrus aria' monstr. 'undulata (Lindl.) Asch. & Graebn.
  • Pyrus carpatica Asch. & Graebn.
  • Pyrus crenata K.Koch
  • × Sorbaronia alpina (M.Roem.) C.K.Schneid.
  • Sorbus acutiloba Gand.
  • Sorbus alpina Heynh.
  • Sorbus ararica Gand.
  • Sorbus aria (L.) Crantz
  • Sorbus aria f. acutifolia (DC.) Kárpáti
  • Sorbus aria var. acutifolia (DC.) Jáv.
  • Sorbus aria proles acutifolia (Ser.) Rouy & E.G.Camus
  • Sorbus aria var. alnoides Timb.-Lagr.
  • Sorbus aria var. amplifolia Rouy & E.G.Camus
  • Sorbus aria f. angustifolia (Lindl.) Buia
  • Sorbus aria var. angustifolia Lindl.
  • Sorbus aria var. arioides (Godet) Timb.-Lagr.
  • Sorbus aria f. aurea (Hesse ex Rehder) Rehder
  • Sorbus aria var. aurea Hesse ex Rehder
  • Sorbus aria f. bullata (Lindl.) Buia
  • Sorbus aria var. canescens Legrand
  • Sorbus aria var. carpatica Soó
  • Sorbus aria var. carpinifolia J.R.Booth ex G.Kirchn.
  • Sorbus aria subsp. carpinifolia (J.R.Booth ex G.Kirchn.) Hedl.
  • Sorbus aria f. carpinifolia (J.R.Booth ex G.Kirchn.) Kovanda
  • Sorbus aria f. chrysophylla Hesse
  • Sorbus aria var. cinerea Timb.-Lagr.
  • Sorbus aria var. concolor Albov
  • Sorbus aria var. cyclophylla (Beck) C.K.Schneid.
  • Sorbus aria subsp. cyclophylla (Beck) Soó
  • Sorbus aria f. cyclophylla (Beck) Jáv.
  • Sorbus aria var. denticulata Waisb.
  • Sorbus aria var. detrusa Hedl. ex Issler
  • Sorbus aria var. ellipticifolia Timb.-Lagr.
  • Sorbus aria subsp. euaria Hayek
  • Sorbus aria var. glabra Albov
  • Sorbus aria glabrata W.D.J.Koch ex S.Schauer
  • Sorbus aria grandifolia K.Koch
  • Sorbus aria f. incisa (Mutel) Jáv.
  • Sorbus aria var. incisa Albov
  • Sorbus aria var. incisa Mutel
  • Sorbus aria subsp. incisa (Mutel) Hedl.
  • Sorbus aria var. kamaonensis Wall. ex Maxim.
  • Sorbus aria var. lachnophylla Murr
  • Sorbus aria var. lanifera A.Kern. ex Borbás
  • Sorbus aria subsp. lanifera (A.Kern. ex Borbás) Jáv.
  • Sorbus aria var. latifolia (Gren.) Kárpáti
  • Sorbus aria subsp. longifolia (Pers.) Hedl.
  • Sorbus aria f. longifolia (Pers.) Rehder
  • Sorbus aria var. longifolia Pers.
  • Sorbus aria f. lutescens (Hartwig) Zabel
  • Sorbus aria var. lutescens Hartwig
  • Sorbus aria f. macrocarpa Konovalov
  • Sorbus aria f. magnifica Hesse
  • Sorbus aria f. matrensis Soó
  • Sorbus aria var. microphylla Timb.-Lagr.
  • Sorbus aria f. obtusa Kárpáti
  • Sorbus aria var. obtusata Gren.
  • Sorbus aria obtusata Gren.
  • Sorbus aria var. ovoidea Chabert
  • Sorbus aria f. parvula C.K.Schneid.
  • Sorbus aria f. pendula Konovalov
  • Sorbus aria f. pseudocretica Soó
  • Sorbus aria var. pseudomougeotii Issler
  • Sorbus aria f. rotundata Düll
  • Sorbus aria var. sphaerica Chabert
  • Sorbus aria var. tomentosa (Rouy & E.G.Camus) P.Fourn.
  • Sorbus aria subsp. tomentosa Rouy & E.G.Camus
  • Sorbus aria var. typica C.K.Schneid.
  • Sorbus arioides (Godet) Michalet
  • Sorbus arvernensis Gand.
  • Sorbus austriaca subsp. serpentini Kárpáti
  • Sorbus bellojocensis Gand.
  • Sorbus budaiana Kárpáti
  • Sorbus carpatica (Soó) Kárpáti
  • Sorbus carpinifolia (J.R.Booth ex G.Kirchn.) Prain
  • Sorbus chamaemespilus var. arioides Godet
  • Sorbus controversa Gand.
  • Sorbus glabrata G.Kirchn.
  • Sorbus globulifera Hedl. ex Ridd.
  • Sorbus huljakii Kárpáti
  • Sorbus incisa (Mutel) Prain
  • Sorbus longifolia (Pers.) Prain
  • Sorbus oblonga Gand.
  • Sorbus pallidifolia Gand.
  • Sorbus reverchonii Gand.
  • Sorbus scandica subsp. arioides (Godet) Nyman
  • Sorbus sphaerocarpa Gand.
  • Sorbus tomentosa (Rouy & E.G.Camus) Issler
  • Sorbus turbinata Gand.

Aria edulis, the whitebeam or common whitebeam,[2] is a species of deciduous tree in the family Rosaceae. It is native to most of Europe as well as North Africa (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia) and temperate Asia (Armenia, Georgia).[3] Typically compact and domed, with few upswept branches and almost-white underside of the leaves, it generally favours dry limestone and chalk soils. The hermaphrodite cream-white flowers appear in May, are insect pollinated, and go on to produce scarlet berries, which are often eaten by birds.[4]

The cultivars A. edulis 'Lutescens',[5] with very whitish-green early leaves, and A. edulis 'Majestica',[6] with large leaves, have both have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[7]

The berries are edible when overripe (bletted).[8]


  1. ^ Rivers, M.C.; Beech, E. (2017). "Sorbus aria". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T62861A112294405. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T62861A112294405.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  2. ^ BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
  3. ^ "Sorbus aria". Germplasm Resources Information Network. Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture.
  4. ^ The Reader's Digest Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Britain p.86.
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Sorbus aria 'Lutescens'". Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Sorbus aria 'Majestica'". Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  7. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 98. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  8. ^ Mabey, Richard (2012). Food for Free. London: Collins. p. 72. ISBN 978-000-743847-1.