Sorbus arranensis

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Sorbus arranensis
Sorbus arranensis.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Sorbus
Subgenus: Sorbus subg. Aria
Species:
S. arranensis
Binomial name
Sorbus arranensis

Sorbus arranensis, sometimes referred to as the Scottish or Arran whitebeam is a species of plant in the family Rosaceae. It is endemic to the island of Arran in Scotland.

Range and habitat[edit]

The species is threatened by habitat loss and only 283 Sorbus arranensis were recorded as mature trees in 1980.[2] The species is protected in Glen Diomhan off Glen Catacol, at the north end of the island by a partly fenced off national nature reserve, and are monitored by staff from Scottish Natural Heritage. In its native states its distribution is restricted to Abhainn Bheag (Uisge Solus), Glen Diomhan (and tributary), Glen Catacol, Allt nan Calman, Allt Dubh, Gleann Easan Biorach and Glen Iorsa (Allt-nan-Champ). The trees are found in small remnants of woodland on inaccessible steep slopes, and grow on acidic soils.

Sorbus arranensis, evoked most collecting interest in 1870–1890 and 1920–1940, although older herbarium specimens exist.

Evolution[edit]

S. arranensis foliage in spring.

The Sorbus group are apomictic, producing viable seed without the need for pollination and fertilisation. Each time this hybrid cross occurs a new clone is effectively produced. The trees developed in a highly complex fashion, which involved the common whitebeam (Sorbus aria) giving rise to the more robust rock whitebeam (Sorbus rupicola) which is still found on Holy Isle. This hybrid species interbred with the rowan/mountain ash (Sorbus aucuparia) to produce S. arranesis. The bastard mountain ash (Sorbus pseudofennica) arose from a further cross between S. arranensis and the mountain ash (S. aucuparia).

Smart showed by using physical characteristics that the species were separate and not a result of random variation. Some overlap does however occur and this suggests that some hybridising may occur between the two species.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rivers, M.C. & Beech, E. 2017. Sorbus arranensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T34735A81171150. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T34735A81171150.en. Downloaded on 25 October 2017.
  2. ^ Eric Bignal (1980). "The endemic whitebeams of North Arran". The Glasgow Naturalist. 20 (1): 60–64.
  3. ^ Gillian J. B. Smart. A Morphological Study of the Inter-relationships of Sorbus arranensis and Sorbus pseudofennica on the Island of Arran, with their supposed parent species Sorbus rupicola and Sorbus aucuparia. The Todd Centre, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow.