Sorbus vilmorinii

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Sorbus vilmorinii
Sorbus vilmorinii JPG1a.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Sorbus
Subgenus: Sorbus
Species: S. vilmorinii
Binomial name
Sorbus vilmorinii
C.K.Schneid.

Sorbus vilmorinii, the Vilmorin's rowan[1] or Vilmorin's mountain ash (Chinese: 川滇花楸; pinyin: chuan dian huaqiu; literally: "Sichuan Yunnan rowan"), is a species of flowering plant in the family Rosaceae, native to Sichuan, Tibet and Yunnan in China.

It is a deciduous shrub or small tree, 4–6 metres (13–20 ft) tall, with ferny leaves, each having multiple leaflets that turn purple in autumn (fall). The fruits, which can last through winter, are crimson, turning to pale pink.[2] They will be are eaten by birds when there is no other food supply nearby.

The specific epithet vilmorinii refers to the 19th century French horticulturalist Maurice de Vilmorin.[3]

It grows in a wide range of habitats (mountain slopes, roadsides, mixed forests along river banks, grasslands, bamboo thickets).[4]

Sorbus vilmorinii was described based on a specimen in cultivation that was an apomictic microspecies. However, almost indistinguishable specimens are diploid and frequent in the wild. Also hybrids are common in the wild.[4]

In cultivation, this plant provides a long season of interest as an elegant, compact tree which can be grown in smaller gardens. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[5]

Like all rowans the fruit can be cooked and used to make bitter jellies or marmalades.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  2. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  3. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315. 
  4. ^ a b Lu Lingdi and Stephen A. Spongberg. "Sorbus vilmorinii". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Retrieved 1 July 2012. 
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Sorbus vilmorinii". Retrieved 4 June 2013. 

External links[edit]