Sorley (given name)
Sorley is an Anglicised form of Somhairle (modern Scottish Gaelic pronunciation: [ˈso.ərlə]), a name mutual to both the Irish and Scottish Gaelic languages, which means "summer wanderer". The Gaelic name is a form of the English Somerled, and both names are ultimately derived from the Old Norse Old Norse Sumarliðr. A variant form of Sumarliðr is Sumarliði. A variant form of Somerled is Summerlad, a name altered by folk etymology, derived from the words "summer" and "lad". Somhairle is sometimes Anglicised as Samuel, although these two names are etymologically unrelated (the latter being ultimately of Hebrew origin).
The Old Norse personal name likely originated as a byname, meaning "summer-traveller", "summer-warrior", in reference to a Viking, or men who took to raiding during the summer months as opposed to full-time raiders. An early occurrence of the term is sumarliða (sumorlida, perhaps meaning "fleet"), recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle under the year 871. Another early occurrence of the term is Classi Somarlidiorum, meaning "fleet of the sumarliðar", which is recorded in the 12th-century Chronicle of the Kings of Alba, in an account of an attack on Buchan in the mid-10th century. Possibly the earliest record of the personal name occurs in a grant of land in Nottinghamshire by Edgar the Peaceful in 958. Several men with the name are recorded in early Icelandic sources, such as the 10th-century Hrappr Sumarliðason, and his son Sumarliði, Icelanders said to have been of Scottish and Hebridean ancestry. The first historical personage in Orkney with the name was Sumarliði Sigurðsson, Earl of Orkney, eldest son of Sigurðr digri, Earl of Orkney (d. 1014).
List of persons with the given name
- Somerled (died 1164), Lord of Argyll, King of the Hebrides and Kintyre
- Somhairle Mac Domhnail, 17th-century Irish soldier
- Sorley Boy MacDonnell, (died 1590), Scottish/Irish chieftain
- Sorley MacLean, (Somhairle MacGill-Eain, 1911–1996), one of the most significant Scottish poets of the 20th century
- Sumarlidi Sigurdsson, 11th-century Earl of Orkney
- Hanks, Hardcastle & Hodges 2006, pp. 356, 409; Hanks, & Hodges 1997, pp. ix, 230.
- Fellows-Jensen 1995, p. 400.
- Hanks, Hardcastle & Hodges 2006, p. 409; Hanks, & Hodges 1997, p. 230, 233.
- Mark 2003, p. 716.
- Hanks, Hardcastle & Hodges 2006, pp. 240–241; Hanks, & Hodges 1997, p. 220.
- Abrams 2008, pp. 183–184; Hanks, Hardcastle & Hodges 2006, pp. 356, 409; Hanks, & Hodges 1997, p. 230; Fellows-Jensen 1995, p. 398.
- McDonald & McLean 1992, pp. 5–7.
- Abrams 2008, pp. 183–184; Fellows-Jensen 1995, p. 398; McDonald & McLean 1992, pp. 5–7.
- Woolf 2007, p. 194; Fellows-Jensen 1995, p. 398.
- Woolf 2007, p. 194.
- Fellows-Jensen 1995, p. 399.
- Woolf 2007, p. 194; Fellows-Jensen 1995, p. 399.
- McDonald & McLean 1992, p. 7 n. 1; Anderson 1922, pp. 468–469.
- Woolf 2007, p. 194.
- McDonald & McLean 1992, p. 7 n. 1.
- Abrams 2008, pp. 183–184.
- Fellows-Jensen 1995, p. 399; McDonald & McLean 1992, p. 7 n. 1.
- Fellows-Jensen 1995, p. 398.
- Abrams, Leslie (2008), "King Edgar and the Men of the Danelaw", in Scragg, Donald, Edgar, King of the English, 959–975: New Interpretations, Publications of the Manchester Centre for Anglo-Saxon Studies, Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, pp. 171–191, ISBN 978-1-84383-399-4, ISSN 1478-6710.
- Anderson, Alan Orr, ed. (1922), Early Sources of Scottish History: A.D. 500 to 1286, 1, Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd.
- Fellows-Jensen, Gillian (1995), "Some Orkney Personal Names", in Batey, Colleen E.; Jesch, Judith; Morris, The Viking Age in Caithness, Orkney, and the North Atlantic, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 397–407
|last4=in Editors list (help).
- Hanks, Patrick; Hodges, Flavia (1997), A Concise Dictionary of First Names (Revised ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-860094-1.
- Hanks, Patrick; Hardcastle, Kate; Hodges, Flavia (2006), A Dictionary of First Names, Oxford Paperback Reference (2nd ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-861060-1.
- Mark, Colin (2003), The Gaelic-English Dictionary, London: Routledge, ISBN 0-203-27706-6.
- McDonald, Russell Andrew; McLean, Scott A. (1992), "Somerled of Argyll: A New Look at Old Problems", The Scottish Historical Review, Edinburgh University Press, 71: 3–22, JSTOR 25530531.
- Woolf, Alex (2007), From Pictland to Alba, 789–1070, Edinburgh University Press, ISBN 978-0-7486-1233-8.
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