Sorley (given name)

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Sorley is a masculine given name in the English language.

Etymology[edit]

Sorley is an Anglicised form of Somhairle (modern Scottish Gaelic pronunciation: [ˈso.ərlə]), a name mutual to both the Irish and Scottish Gaelic languages, which means "summer wanderer". The Gaelic name is a form of the English Somerled, and both names are ultimately derived from the Old Norse Old Norse Sumarliðr.[1] A variant form of Sumarliðr is Sumarliði.[2] A variant form of Somerled is Summerlad, a name altered by folk etymology, derived from the words "summer" and "lad".[3] Somhairle is sometimes Anglicised as Samuel,[4] although these two names are etymologically unrelated (the latter being ultimately of Hebrew origin).[5]

The Old Norse personal name likely originated as a byname, meaning "summer-traveller",[6] "summer-warrior",[7] in reference to a Viking,[8] or men who took to raiding during the summer months as opposed to full-time raiders.[9] An early occurrence of the term is sumarliða[10] (sumorlida, perhaps meaning "fleet"),[11] recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle under the year 871.[12] Another early occurrence of the term is Classi Somarlidiorum,[13] meaning "fleet of the sumarliðar",[14] which is recorded in the 12th-century Chronicle of the Kings of Alba, in an account of an attack on Buchan in the mid-10th century.[15] Possibly the earliest record of the personal name occurs in a grant of land in Nottinghamshire by Edgar the Peaceful in 958.[16] Several men with the name are recorded in early Icelandic sources, such as the 10th-century Hrappr Sumarliðason, and his son Sumarliði, Icelanders said to have been of Scottish and Hebridean ancestry.[17] The first historical personage in Orkney with the name was Sumarliði Sigurðsson, Earl of Orkney, eldest son of Sigurðr digri, Earl of Orkney (d. 1014).[18]

List of persons with the given name[edit]

Somerled[edit]

  • Somerled (died 1164), Lord of Argyll, King of the Hebrides and Kintyre

Somhairle[edit]

Sorley[edit]

  • Sorley Boy MacDonnell, (died 1590), Scottish/Irish chieftain
  • Sorley MacLean, (Somhairle MacGill-Eain, 1911–1996), one of the most significant Scottish poets of the 20th century

Sumarlidi[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Hanks, Hardcastle & Hodges 2006, pp. 356, 409; Hanks, & Hodges 1997, pp. ix, 230.
  2. ^ Fellows-Jensen 1995, p. 400.
  3. ^ Hanks, Hardcastle & Hodges 2006, p. 409; Hanks, & Hodges 1997, p. 230, 233.
  4. ^ Mark 2003, p. 716.
  5. ^ Hanks, Hardcastle & Hodges 2006, pp. 240–241; Hanks, & Hodges 1997, p. 220.
  6. ^ Abrams 2008, pp. 183–184; Hanks, Hardcastle & Hodges 2006, pp. 356, 409; Hanks, & Hodges 1997, p. 230; Fellows-Jensen 1995, p. 398.
  7. ^ McDonald & McLean 1992, pp. 5–7.
  8. ^ Abrams 2008, pp. 183–184; Fellows-Jensen 1995, p. 398; McDonald & McLean 1992, pp. 5–7.
  9. ^ Woolf 2007, p. 194; Fellows-Jensen 1995, p. 398.
  10. ^ Woolf 2007, p. 194.
  11. ^ Fellows-Jensen 1995, p. 399.
  12. ^ Woolf 2007, p. 194; Fellows-Jensen 1995, p. 399.
  13. ^ McDonald & McLean 1992, p. 7 n. 1; Anderson 1922, pp. 468–469.
  14. ^ Woolf 2007, p. 194.
  15. ^ McDonald & McLean 1992, p. 7 n. 1.
  16. ^ Abrams 2008, pp. 183–184.
  17. ^ Fellows-Jensen 1995, p. 399; McDonald & McLean 1992, p. 7 n. 1.
  18. ^ Fellows-Jensen 1995, p. 398.

References[edit]