Sorong (city)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sorong
Nuwar
City
Sorong.jpg
Official seal of Sorong
Seal
Motto: Setara – Bersahabat – Dinamis
Sorong is located in Bird's Head Peninsula
Sorong
Sorong
Location of the town in the Bird's Head Peninsula
Coordinates: 0°52′S 131°15′E / 0.867°S 131.250°E / -0.867; 131.250
Country Indonesia
Province West Papua
Government
 • Mayor Drs. Ec. Lambert Jitmau, MM
 • Vice Mayor dr. Hj. Pahimah Iskandar
 • Regional Secretariat Dra. Welly Tigtigweria
Area
 • City 656.64 km2 (253.53 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • City 219,958
 • Density 173/km2 (450/sq mi)
 • Metro 345,342
Time zone Eastern Standard Time (UTC+9)
Area code(s) 0951
Website www.sorongkota.go.id

Sorong is a chartered coastal city in the eastern Indonesian province of West Papua. Its only land borders are with Sorong Regency. It is the gateway to Indonesia's Raja Ampat Islands, species rich coral reef islands in an area considered the heart of the world's coral reef biodiversity. It also is the logistics hub for Indonesia's thriving eastern oil and gas frontier. Sorong has experienced exponential growth since 2010, and further growth is anticipated as Sorong becomes linked by road to other frontier towns in Papua's Bird's Head Peninsula. The city had a population of 190,625 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate (as at January 2014) is 219,958. It is served by Dominique Edward Osok Airport.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The origin of Sorong's name comes from the word Soren, which means "deep and wavy ocean" in Biak language. The name was first used by the Biak-Numfor people who sailed to different islands before they finally decided to settle down in Raja Ampat Islands. When the Biak-Numfor people came to the place called "Daratan Maladum", they decided to call it Soren. After centuries of contact with Chinese merchants, European missionaries, and people from Maluku and Sangihe-Talaud, the name underwent further change into Sorong.[2]

Climate[edit]

Sorong experiences tropical rainforest climate (Af) as there is no real dry season throughout the year. The wettest month is June with precipitation total 373 millimetres (14.7 in) while the driest month is February with precipitation total 180 millimetres (7.1 in). The excessive precipitation is caused by the monsoon. The temperature variation remains constant throughout the year. The temperature difference between the hottest month and the coolest month is 1.2 °C (2.2 °F). The hottest month is November with average temperature of 27.8 °C (82.0 °F) while the coolest month is July with average temperature of 26.6 °C (79.9 °F).

Climate data for Sorong, West Papua
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.6
(87.1)
30.5
(86.9)
30.5
(86.9)
30.7
(87.3)
30.6
(87.1)
30.0
(86)
29.4
(84.9)
29.5
(85.1)
29.9
(85.8)
30.7
(87.3)
31.0
(87.8)
30.8
(87.4)
30.4
(86.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.5
(81.5)
27.4
(81.3)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.5
(81.5)
27.1
(80.8)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
26.9
(80.4)
27.5
(81.5)
27.8
(82)
27.6
(81.7)
27.3
(81.1)
Average low °C (°F) 24.4
(75.9)
24.4
(75.9)
24.6
(76.3)
24.5
(76.1)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
23.9
(75)
23.9
(75)
24.0
(75.2)
24.3
(75.7)
24.6
(76.3)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 194
(7.64)
180
(7.09)
198
(7.8)
243
(9.57)
368
(14.49)
373
(14.69)
321
(12.64)
277
(10.91)
234
(9.21)
207
(8.15)
186
(7.32)
188
(7.4)
2,969
(116.91)
Average relative humidity (%) 81 81 82 82 85 84 85 86 85 82 82 83 83.2
Source #1: Climate-Data.org (average temps & precipitation)[3]
Source #2: Weatherbase (humidity)[4]

Administrative districts[edit]

Sorong City comprises six districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their populations at the 2010 Census:[5]

District Population
2010 census
Sorong Barat
(West Sorong)
35,306
Sorong Kepulauan
(Sorong Islands)
9,711
Sorong Timur
(East Sorong)
26,694
Sorong Utara
(North Sorong)
45,001
Sorong district 31,264
Sorong Mandi 42,539

Container port[edit]

A container port was built in Sorong with an annual container-handling capacity of 500,000 twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) and cost Rp.800 billion (US$93.6 million). Construction began in early 2012 and was expected to be complete in mid-2013.[6]

National broadcasters[edit]

Sister Cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sorong Airport – Directorate General of Civil Aviation
  2. ^ Etymology of Sorong
  3. ^ "Climate: Sorong". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 1 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "SORONG, INDONESIA". Weatherbase. Retrieved 1 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  6. ^ Container port to be built in Sorong | The Jakarta Post

Coordinates: 0°52′S 131°15′E / 0.867°S 131.250°E / -0.867; 131.250