Sorry, Wrong Number
|Sorry, Wrong Number|
|Directed by||Anatole Litvak|
|Screenplay by||Lucille Fletcher|
|Based on||Sorry, Wrong Number|
the 1943 radio play
by Lucille Fletcher
|Produced by||Anatole Litvak|
Hal B. Wallis
|Edited by||Warren Low|
|Music by||Franz Waxman|
Hal Wallis Productions
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$2,850,000 (U.S. rentals)|
Sorry, Wrong Number is a 1948 American thriller film noir directed by Anatole Litvak, and starring Barbara Stanwyck and Burt Lancaster. It was based on Lucille Fletcher's 1943 radio play. Stanwyck was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress. It is one of the few pre-1950 Paramount Pictures films, which remained in the studio's library (the rest are currently owned by NBCUniversal).
Lucille Fletcher's play originally aired on the Suspense radio program on May 25, 1943, essentially a one-woman show with Agnes Moorehead as Mrs. Stevenson, an imperious invalid who accidentally intercepts a phone call between two men plotting a murder for that evening. She tries to enlist the help of the telephone operator, the police, and a hospital, becoming more frantic as the time passes. In the final moments of the play, she realizes that she herself is the intended victim. The play was reprised seven times (on August 21, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1948, 1952, 1957 and 1960). The final broadcast was on February 14, 1960. Orson Welles called Sorry, Wrong Number "the greatest single radio script ever written". In 2015, the May 25, 1943 broadcast was deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" by the Library of Congress and selected for inclusion in the National Recording Registry.
Leona Stevenson is a spoiled bedridden daughter of wealthy businessman James Cotterell. She tries to reach her husband, Henry. The servants have the night off and she is alone in the apartment. She overhears two men planning a murder via what seems to be a crossed telephone connection. The call cuts off without Leona learning very much other than it is scheduled for the night, when a passing train hides any sounds. She calls the telephone company and the police, but with a few concrete details, they do nothing.
While attempting to locate Henry, Leona inadvertently recalls her past in flashbacks. She learns that the secretary met Henry that day with an attractive woman named Sally Lord and did not return to the office. Leona recognizes the former as Sally Hunt, a college friend who used to be in love with Henry, who at the time was poor and working in a drug store. Leona took Henry from Sally, and married him against her father's wishes. Sally later married Fred Lord, a lawyer in the district attorney's office. From overheard conversations, she learns her husband was near to resolving an investigation about Henry somehow. Sally is concerned she followed her husband and two associates to a mysterious meeting at the abandoned house on Staten Island. The house sign is owned by Waldo Evans, a chemist working for Leona's father. Sally arranged to meet Henry after warning him. He received a phone call, left the table and did not return. Leona concludes the truth that the house has been destroyed, Morano has been arrested by the police and Waldo escaped them.
Leona receives a message from Henry, stating he left the town for work he had forgotten about and he will return on Sunday. Leona gets in touch with Dr. Phillip Alexander, the specialist she had come to New York to see regarding her lifelong heart troubles. Alexander reveals that he gave Henry her prognosis ten days ago, something that Henry kept from her. In a flashback, Leona had gone some years without any cardiac episodes, before marrying Henry. Henry learns about her health issues for a few years, when she suffered a cardiac arrest during a quarrel. It becomes clear Leona tries to use Henry, insisting he worked for her father even though he is sadly bored. As their troubles become more severe, Leona became more frequent, until she is bedridden. However, Alexander had the problems as purely psychosomatic; nothing is wrong with her physically, but he thinks she needs psychiatric help.
Leona calls Waldo. He reluctantly discloses that Henry recruited him to steal chemicals from the Cotterell drug company and sell them for Morano. Henry tries to bypass Morano when Waldo was transferred. However, Morano showed up with two thugs and intimidated Henry into signing an IOU for $200,000 for his lost profit in three months. When Henry protested he had insufficient money, Morano pointed out that Leona has a large insurance policy. With Morano in custody, Waldo stresses that Henry no longer raises the sum. He gives Leona a number to reach Henry, but when she calls she discovers that it is for the city morgue, Leona phones a nurse at the hospital. The frantic Henry calls the traumatized Leona at the telephone booth, but Leona is killed by an unnamed intruder. Before being arrested, Henry inadvertently calls the killer on the phone and he tells him that he has the wrong number.
- Barbara Stanwyck as Leona Stevenson
- Burt Lancaster as Henry J. Stevenson
- Ann Richards as Sally Hunt Lord
- Wendell Corey as Dr. Philip Alexander
- Harold Vermilyea as Waldo Evans
- Ed Begley as James Cotterell
- Leif Erickson as Fred Lord
- William Conrad as Morano
- John Bromfield as Joe - Detective
- Jimmy Hunt as Peter Lord
- Dorothy Neumann as Elizabeth Jennings
- Paul Fierro as Harpootlian
- Bill Cartledge as Page Boy (uncredited)
- Holmes Herbert as Wilkins Mineral (uncredited)
Sorry, Wrong Number conforms to many of the conventions of film noir. The film plays in real time with many flashbacks, and adds more characters and backstories. The bedroom window overlooks the night skyline of Manhattan. The film is shot very dark, with looming shadows and a circling camera used to maintain a high level of suspense. Hollywood's Production Code Administration initially objected to elements of Fletcher's screenplay, including its depiction of drug trafficking, and the script was significantly revised to win approval.
Variety listed the film as one of the Top Grossers of the year, earning $2,850,000 in the domestic market alone. Although not as well received as the radio play, with some critics noting the plot is too padded out, the movie adaptation is considered a classic of the film noir genre. Its twist ending is often cited as one of the era's most memorable. Stanwyck's performance was highly acclaimed, and garnered her a fourth Academy Award nomination for Best Actress. On Rottentomatoes the film has a score of 86%.
- A radio adaptation of the film was broadcast January 9, 1950, on Lux Radio Theatre. Stanwyck recreated her screen role.
- Sorry, Wrong Number was made into a television play broadcast on station WCBW-TV (now WCBS-TV) in New York on January 30, 1946, starring Mildred Natwick.
- A second live teleplay was broadcast on November 4, 1954, as the fourth episode of the CBS anthology series Climax!, starring Lillian Bronson, adapted by Fletcher herself, with music provided by her then-husband, Bernard Herrmann.[better source needed]
- A version was produced for Australian television in 1958 starring Georgie Sterling. Sterling had performed in the play on radio in 1948.
- A television film aired in 1989, starring Loni Anderson, Patrick Macnee and Hal Holbrook. It was directed by Tony Wharmby and adapted by Ann Louise Bardach.
- "Top Grossers of 1948", Variety 5 January 1949 p 46
- "The 100 Best Film Noirs of All Time". Paste. August 9, 2015. Retrieved August 9, 2015.
- "The Hitch-Hiker". The Mercury Summer Theatre of the Air, June 21, 1946, (at 1:00), at the Internet Archive. 1988-02-24. Retrieved 2014-08-04.
- Eifert, Steve. Sorry, Wrong Number, film analysis and review, Film Noir of the Week, June 29, 2008. Accessed: July 12, 2013.
- Passafiume, Andrea. Turner Classic Movies, Sorry, Wrong Number, film article, "The Big Idea Behind Sorry, Wrong Number". Accessed: July 12, 2013.
- Variety (January 1949)
- Sorry, Wrong Number (1948), retrieved 2021-05-10
- Terrace, Vincent (2011). Encyclopedia of Television Shows, 1925 through 2010 (2nd ed.). Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. p. 995. ISBN 978-0-7864-6477-7.
- Sorry, Wrong Number (1954) at IMDb.
- "Western heroes revolt". The Australian Women's Weekly. 26 (2). Australia. 18 June 1958. p. 13. Retrieved 22 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "NEW FEATURE FOR 2AD". The Armidale Express and New England General Advertiser (3488). New South Wales, Australia. 10 May 1948. p. 2. Retrieved 22 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- Sorry, Wrong Number (1989) at IMDb.
- Benny, Jack. The Old Time Radio Network, at the OTR.Network Library web site, December 8, 2011. Accessed: July 12, 2013.
- Sorry, Wrong Number at the American Film Institute Catalog
- Sorry, Wrong Number at IMDb
- Sorry, Wrong Number at AllMovie
- Sorry, Wrong Number at the TCM Movie Database
- on YouTube
- Sorry, Wrong Number East Coast Broadcast on Suspense: May 25, 1943, starring Agnes Moorehead.
- Sorry, Wrong Number West Coast Broadcast on Suspense: May 25, 1943, starring Agnes Moorehead.
- Sorry, Wrong Number on Suspense: August 8, 1943, starring Agnes Moorehead.
- Sorry, Wrong Number on Suspense: September 6, 1945, starring Agnes Moorehead, broadcast to coincide with the release of the film.
- Sorry, Wrong Number on Lux Radio Theater: January 9, 1950. Starring Barbara Stanwyck and Burt Lancaster.
- Sorry, Wrong Number on Suspense: February 14, 1960, starring Agnes Moorehead in the final radio broadcast of the play.