Sosruko

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Dancing Soslan, Vladikavkaz
Sosruko tower in Nalchik

Sosruko or Sosriqwe (Template:Balkar) is a central character in many cycles of the Nart sagas of the Caucasus.

Sosruko is a powerful but devious man who is the smallest of the Narts; as a character, he is sometimes cast in the light of the trickster god, comparable to the Scandinavian Loki (who finds a closer parallel in the Nart Syrdon however), Georgian Amirani, or the Ancient Greek Prometheus. It is possible that at least in the latter case, Sosruku served as a direct inspiration.

In Circassian mythology, it was Nart Sosriqwe, minion of the gods and his doting mother, Lady Satanaya, who stole fire from the giant.

Etymology[edit]

The name etymologically came from Turkic languages: Nogai suslan- "to look menacing", suslä "menacing, gloomy" (hence Ossetian: Soslan). The variants Abkhaz: Sasərqwa, Adyghe: Саусырыкъо /saːwsərəqʷa/, Kabardian: Сосрыкъуэ /sawsərəqʷa/, Ubykh: Sawsərəqʷa, Digor Ossetian: Sosruqo, Sozyryqo, Sozuruqo. The name Sosruko /saːwsərəqʷa/ is from Circassian sa "sword" + wa "hit" + sər "heat" + qʷa "son"; hence literally “The son of the fiery sword hit”.

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