Sosumi is an alert sound introduced by Jim Reekes in Apple Inc.'s Macintosh System 7 operating system in 1991. The name is derived from the phrase "so, sue me!" because of a long running court battle with Apple Corps, the similarly named music company, regarding the use of music in Apple Inc.'s computer products.
Sosumi is a short xylophone sample, which gained notoriety in computer folklore as a defiant pun name, in response to a long-running Apple Corps v. Apple Computer trademark conflict. The sound has been included in all subsequent versions of Mac OS.
During the development of System 7, the two companies concluded a settlement agreement from an earlier dispute when Apple added a sound synthesis chip to its Apple IIGS machine. As a result, Apple Computer was prohibited from using its trademark on "creative works whose principal content is music".
When new sounds for System 7 were created, the sounds were reviewed by Apple's Legal Department who objected that the new sound alert "chime" had a name that was "too musical", under the recent settlement. Jim Reekes, the creator of the new sound alerts for System 7, had grown frustrated with the legal scrutiny and first quipped it should be named "Let It Beep", a pun on "Let It Be". When someone remarked that that would not pass the Legal Department's approval, he remarked, "so sue me". After a brief reflection, he resubmitted the sound's name as sosumi (a homophone of "so sue me"). Careful to submit it in written form rather than spoken form to avoid pronunciation, he told the Legal Department that the name was Japanese and had nothing to do with music.
In macOS Big Sur, the original chime was replaced with a different sample, due to be named "Sonumi" (presumably a homophone of "so new me", due to the change to macOS 11). However, the original name was retained in the first public version of the OS, and was later changed to "Sonumi".
In popular culture
- Apple Corps v. Apple Computer
- Apple libel dispute with Carl Sagan for a similar revenge-by-pun anecdote
- Jennifer Lee (August 19, 1999). "The Sound and the Fury: Beating Back the Beep". New York Times. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
- Greg Mancina (May 14, 2001), "Ding, dong, now I've got your attention", Saginaw News, MI
- Amy-Mae Elliott (October 18, 2010). "8 Classic Tech Sounds that Defined Our Digital World". Mashable.com. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- S. Derrickson Moore (April 2, 2006), "Sometimes all those bells and whistles just give us a headache", Las Cruces Sun-News, NM,
Sosumi" is such a strange word that I Googled it, searching for a definition, and got all sorts of references to lawsuits and defense attorneys. Really. I would have probed further but I don't like the sound anyway. So sue me.
- Owen W. Linzmayer (2004). Apple Confidential 2.0. No Starch Press. p. 283. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Royal Courts of Justice (2004). "Judgment in Apple Corps Limited vs Apple Computer, Inc. - EWHC 768 (Ch) in Case No: HC-2003-C02428". courtservice.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 2005-03-15. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Jim Reekes describing the origins of the sosumi name (Vimeo)
- Xeni Jardin (24 March 2005). "Early Apple sound designer Jim Reekes corrects Sosumi myth". Boing Boing. Archived from the original on 2005-06-01. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Luke Dormehl (2012). The Apple Revolution. Random House. pp. 297–298. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- "A Short Address to the Academy of Silence" Jay Parini, The Sewanee Review, Vol. 112, No. 3 (Summer, 2004), pp. 344-345
- "The story behind "Sosumi" the Mac's startup sound". macamour.com. November 11, 2010. Archived from the original on 2010-11-25. Retrieved October 21, 2016.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
- "apple_legal_text_css.png". robertclarke.com. Archived from the original on 2014-03-24. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- "GeekSquad "Jet Pack" Commercial". TouTube. 2006-06-19. Retrieved 2020-07-02.