Stephen Soter Ortynsky Hentosh, O.S.B.M.
|Church||Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church|
|Appointed||March 26, 1907|
|Term ended||March 24, 1916|
|Successor||Constantine Bohachevsky, Basil Takach|
|Ordination||July 18, 1891 (Priest)|
|Consecration||May 12, 1907 (Bishop)|
by Andrey Sheptytsky
|Born||January 29, 1866|
Ortynychi, Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, Austrian Empire
|Died||24 March 1916 (aged 50)|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
January 1, 1889, he made his vows with the Basilian Order.
May 28, 1913, the Apostolic See named Bishop Ortynsky as exarch, granting him full ordinary jurisdiction, making him independent of every Latin diocese. On August 17, 1914, the Congregation de propaganda fide put out a decree about the governance of the Greek Catholic Church for the next ten years, called “Cum Episcopo”. It had four main points: 1) The bishop is subject only to the apostolic see and his seat is to be New York City while the vicar general and rector of the seminary should be in Philadelphia; 2) That they establish a seminary; 3) That the faithful should belong to their own church; and 4) Deals with mixed marriages and states that youth should be baptized in the rite of the father.
Bishop Ortynsky contracted pneumonia and died in Philadelphia on March 24, 1916. An estimated 10-15 thousand people attended the funeral. The celebrant was the Vicar General of the Eparchy, Very Rev. Aleksander Dzubay.
His short tenure as Bishop was noted by his work setting up orphanages and a cathedral in Philadelphia, but unfortunately also for schism with the priests and parishes under his authority. The exact reasons for the disagreements with the bishop are unclear. Initially they might have arisen from Bishop Ortynsky being under the authority of the Archbishop of Philadelphia as per the order of Pope Pius X. Also, that Bishop Ortynsky was Ruthenian and Ruthenians were subject people of the Hungarians within the Austro-Hungarian Empire and that Hungarian priests may have thought that they should not be under a Ruthenian. Bishop Ortynsky himself also noted that members of Russian Orthodox Church were fomenting trouble.
- “Bishop Ortynski complains, however, that his work is interfered with by members of the schimastic Russian Church, whose representatives at times attend the religious services of the Ruthenians and create disturbances. The motives of the schismatics, the Bishop says are not religious, but political. They owe, first of all, allegiance to the Czar, and hence try to increase Russian influence by winning over the various Slav nationalities to the State Church.”
- The First Greek Catholic Bishop in the United States: Soter Ortynsky
- Diocese of Stamford, Connecticut
- Archdiocese of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Walter Paska. Sources of Particular Law for the Ukrainian Catholic Church in the United States (Washington, DC, 1975), at 33 and 52.
| Ukrainian Catholic Archeparchy of Philadelphia