Souhaila Andrawes

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Souhaila Sami Andrawes Sayeh (Arabic: سهيلة أندراوس‎ born 28 March 1953 in Beirut[1]), is a Palestinian member of the PFLP. In 1977 she participated in the hijacking of Lufthansa Flight 181 and the murder of pilot Jürgen Schumann (de). Andrawes was the only one of the four hijackers to survive the GSG 9 storming of the plane in Mogadishu.[2]

Andrawes was sentenced to twenty years' imprisonment in Somalia, but was released a year later due to poor health, after which she moved to Beirut.[3] In 1991, she moved to Oslo with her husband and a daughter until she was tracked down by Norwegian police in 1994 and handed over to Germany in 1995.[4][5] The arrest was followed by a strong debate over how to deal with foreign criminals. She was sentenced to 12 years for her various crimes and was released after three years[6] due to ill health.[7] She was the first woman to be sentenced twice for such a crime. Andrawes has since resided in Oslo with her husband, Palestinian academic and human rights activist Dr. Ahmad Abu Matar, and their daughter.


  1. ^ "Woman Tied to 1977 Hijacking Fights Extradition to Germany". The New York Times. 9 January 1995. Retrieved 12 March 2010. 
  2. ^ Norwaves Volume 4, nr 45, 1996
  3. ^ Taillon, J. Paul de B. (2002). Hijacking and Hostages: Government Responses to Terrorism. Praeger Publishers. p. 144. 
  4. ^ World News Briefs; Norway Gives Germany A Palestinian Hijacker, The New York Times, November 26, 1995
  5. ^ Norwegian press release on Andrawes' extradition, October 10, 1995
  6. ^ Air Watch – September to November 1999 November 12, 1999 entry
  7. ^ Souhaila Andrawes to be released tomorrow Dagbladet, November 29, 1999 (in Norwegian)