Souilly Aerodrome

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Souilly Aerodrome
Part of American Expeditionary Forces (AEF)
Located near: Souilly, France
Souilly Aerodrome - France.jpg
Oblique photo of Souilly Aerodrome, France, 1918
Souilly Aerodrome is located in France
Souilly Aerodrome
Souilly Aerodrome
Coordinates 49°02′06″N 005°17′45″E / 49.03500°N 5.29583°E / 49.03500; 5.29583Coordinates: 49°02′06″N 005°17′45″E / 49.03500°N 5.29583°E / 49.03500; 5.29583
Type Combat Airfield
Site information
Controlled by US Army Air Roundel.svg  Air Service, United States Army
Condition Agricultural area
Site history
Built 1918
In use 1918–1919
Battles/wars World War I War Service Streamer without inscription.png
World War I
Garrison information
Garrison V Corps Observation Group
III Corps Observation Group
United States First Army Air Service

Souilly Aerodrome, was a temporary World War I airfield in France. It was located 0.5 miles (0.80 km) North of Souilly, in the Meuse department in north-eastern France.


The airfield was built during the summer of 1918, primarily as an observation/reconnaissance field for the United States First Army Air Service, V Corps Observation Group. It was a main operating base with a mission of battlefield (tactical) reconnaissance to support operations of the V Corps along the front lines during the St. Mihiel Offensive. It supported three squadrons of the group, along with several photo sections to process the aerial photography and forward it and also written observations quickly to V Corps headquarters during the offensive.

On 20 September 1918, the III Corps Observation Group was established at Souilly with four squadrons of observation aircraft after the St. Mihiel Offensive and for the purpose of operations in the forthcoming Meuse-Argonne Offensive. The V Corps was moved to Foucaucourt Aerodrome.

During the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, the men at Souilly worked night and day directing the operations, coordinating the work, and suggesting and sending out missions carried out by the squadrons, which returned with valuable and complete information. The progress of the attack was followed the line taken at intervals during each day of the attack. Many of the planes were damaged during the attack due to enemy fire and the engines were constantly overworked.

After the Armistice in November 1918, headquarters was moved to the Rhineland as part of the Third Army Air Service, however the squadrons remained at Souilly awaiting demobilization orders. By the end of January, 1919, the Americans were gone and the airfield was turned over to the French Air Service.

Eventually, the airfield was returned to agricultural use. Today it is a series of cultivated fields located northeast of Souilly. The airfield was located to the east of the Départmental 159 (D159), with no indications of its wartime use.

Known units assigned[edit]

See also[edit]


 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website

  • Series "D", Volume 2, Squadron histories,. Gorrell's History of the American Expeditionary Forces Air Service, 1917–1919, National Archives, Washington, D.C.

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