Sound chip

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A sound chip is an integrated circuit (i.e. "chip") designed to produce sound. It might be doing this through digital, analog or mixed-mode electronics. Sound chips normally contain things like oscillators, envelope controllers, samplers, filters and amplifiers. During the late 20th century, sound chips were widely used in arcade game system boards, video game consoles, home computers, and PC sound cards.

Programmable sound generators (PSG)[edit]

Atari[edit]

General Instrument[edit]

Konami[edit]

MOS Technology[edit]

Oki[edit]

Philips[edit]

Ricoh[edit]

Sega[edit]

Sunsoft[edit]

Texas Instruments[edit]

Yamaha[edit]

Wavetable synthesis[edit]

Atari[edit]

Hudson Soft/Epson[edit]

Konami[edit]

  • Konami SCC, used in certain arcade boards and game carts for the MSX.

Namco[edit]

Frequency modulation (FM) synthesis[edit]

Atari[edit]

  • Jerry, used in the Atari Jaguar. Also supports single-cycle wavetable-lookup synthesis and PCM (sample-based synthesis).

ESS Technology[edit]

  • ESFM synthesizer, used in most ESS Tech sound chips, ES1868/69 being most common. Chip includes wavetable interface. Two modes, one "OPL2/3 compatible" and the other the native superset.

Konami[edit]

Yamaha[edit]

Pulse-code modulation (PCM, sample-based)[edit]

Atari[edit]

  • Jerry, used in the Atari Jaguar. Also supports FM and single-cycle wavetable-lookup synthesis.
  • SDMA, used in Atari Falcon030.

Crystal Semiconductor[edit]

Drucegrove[edit]

Harris[edit]

MOS Technology[edit]

Namco[edit]

National SemiConductor[edit]

  • LMC1992, used in Atari STE and Atari TT030

Oki[edit]

Ricoh[edit]

Sanyo[edit]

  • VLM5030 Speech Synthesizer, a speech synthesis chip used in the arcade game Punch-Out!!

Sega[edit]

Sony[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]