Sound energy density
|Sound pressure||p, SPL,LPA|
|Particle velocity||v, SVL|
|Sound intensity||I, SIL|
|Sound power||P, SWL, LWA|
|Sound energy density||w|
|Sound exposure||E, SEL|
Sound energy density, denoted w, is defined by
- p is the sound pressure;
- v is the particle velocity in the direction of propagation;
- c is the speed of sound.
The terms instantaneous energy density, maximum energy density, and peak energy density have meanings analogous to the related terms used for sound pressure. In speaking of average energy density, it is necessary to distinguish between the space average (at a given instant) and the time average (at a given point).
Sound energy density level
The sound energy density level gives the ratio of a sound incidence as a sound energy value in comparison to a reference level of 0 dB (DIN 45630). It is a logarithmic measure of the ratio of two sound energy densities.
The energy produced by vibrations is known as sound
where E1 and E0 are the energy densities. The unit of the sound energy density level is the decibel (dB).
If E0 is the standard reference sound energy density of
- DIN 1320: Acoustics, Version 1997-06, Beuth publishing