South Africa at the Olympics

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South Africa at the
Olympics
Flag of South Africa.svg
IOC codeRSA
NOCSouth African Sports Confederation and Olympic Committee
Websitewww.sascoc.co.za
Medals
Gold
26
Silver
31
Bronze
29
Total
86
Summer appearances
Winter appearances

South Africa first participated at the Olympic Games in 1904, and sent athletes to compete in every Summer Olympic Games until 1960. After the passage of United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1761 in 1962 in response to South Africa's policy of apartheid, the nation was barred from the Games.

After the negotiations to end apartheid in South Africa commenced in 1990, the nation re-joined the Olympic movement. The South African Sports Confederation and Olympic Committee was created in 1991, and South Africa returned to the Games at the 1992 Summer Olympics (and the 1992 Summer Paralympics). South Africa also participated in the Winter Olympic Games in 1960, and since 1994.

South African athletes have won a total of 86 medals, with athletics, boxing, and swimming as the top medal-producing sports.

History[edit]

South African athletes first participated in the 1904 Summer Olympics in St. Louis, when few foreign athletes arrived and the organizers invited participants of the adjacent 1904 World's Fair.[1] General Piet Cronjé, Len Taunyane, and Jan Mashiani, all Boer War veterans who had been taken prisoner by the British at St. Helena after the Battle of Paardeberg and had reenacted battle scenes at the fair, participated in the men's marathon.[1] Taunyane and Mashiani were the first black Africans to participate in the Olympics, and the only blacks to represent South Africa in the Olympics until the end of apartheid.[1]

Aklthough the four British colonies of Cape of Good Hope, Natal, Transvaal, and Orange River did not form the Union of South Africa until 1910, they fielded a combined South Africa team at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, where Reggie Walker won its first gold medal.[1] The first woman was swimmer Barbara Nash in 1920, and to win medals were the 1928 4 × 100 metre freestyle relay quartet, whi came third.[1] The South African Olympic and Empire Games Association was awarded the 1934 British Empire Games in Johannesburg but backed out when it became evident that they would have to allow a team from India to compete.[1]

South Africa first entered the Winter Olympics in 1960, and that summer's games in Rome would be its last till the end of apartheid.[1] It was not invited to the 1964 Games, and its 1968 invitation was withdrawn when other teams threatened to withdraw. The South African Olympic and National Games Association was expelled from the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1970.

The nonracial Interim National Olympic Committee of South Africa (now South African Sports Confederation and Olympic Committee) was founded in 1991 during the transition to multiracial equality and affiliated to the IOC months later. The country returned at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona.[1]

Medal tables[edit]

Medals by Summer Games[edit]

GamesGoldSilverBronzeTotal
United States 1904 St. Louis0000
United Kingdom 1908 London1102
Sweden 1912 Stockholm4206
Belgium 1920 Antwerp34310
France 1924 Paris1113
Netherlands 1928 Amsterdam1023
United States 1932 Los Angeles2035
Germany 1936 Berlin0101
United Kingdom 1948 London2114
Finland 1952 Helsinki24410
Australia 1956 Melbourne0044
Italy 1960 Rome0123
Spain 1992 Barcelona0202
United States 1996 Atlanta3115
Australia 2000 Sydney0235
Greece 2004 Athens1326
China 2008 Beijing0101
United Kingdom 2012 London4116
Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro26210
Totals (19 games)26312986

Medals by sport[edit]

SportGoldSilverBronzeTotal
Athletics913729
Swimming66618
Boxing64919
Tennis3216
Cycling1438
Rowing1113
Shooting0101
Canoeing0011
Rugby0011
Triathlon0011
Totals (10 sports)26313087

List of medalists[edit]

Medal Name Games Sport Event
 Gold Reggie Walker United Kingdom 1908 London Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's 100 metres
 Silver Charles Hefferon United Kingdom 1908 London Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's Marathon
 Gold Ken McArthur Sweden 1912 Stockholm Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's Marathon
 Gold Rudolph Lewis Sweden 1912 Stockholm Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling Men's Individual Time Trial
 Gold Harold Kitson
Charles Winslow
Sweden 1912 Stockholm Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis Men's Doubles Outdoor
 Gold Charles Winslow Sweden 1912 Stockholm Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis Men's Singles Outdoor
 Silver Christian Gitsham Sweden 1912 Stockholm Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's Marathon
 Silver Harold Kitson Sweden 1912 Stockholm Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis Men's Singles Outdoor
 Gold Bevil Rudd Belgium 1920 Antwerp Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's 400 Metres
 Gold Clarence Walker Belgium 1920 Antwerp Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's Bantamweight
 Gold Louis Raymond Belgium 1920 Antwerp Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis Men's Singles
 Silver Henry Dafel
Jack Oosterlak
Clarence Oldfield
Bevil Rudd
Belgium 1920 Antwerp Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's 400 Metres Relay
 Silver Henry Kaltenbrunn Belgium 1920 Antwerp Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling Men's Individual Time Trial
 Silver William Smith
James Walker
Belgium 1920 Antwerp Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling Men's Tandem
 Silver David Smith
Robert Bodley
Ferdinand Buchanan
Frederick Morgan
Belgium 1920 Antwerp Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting Men's Team 600 Metres Military Rifle
 Bronze Bevil Rudd Belgium 1920 Antwerp Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's 800m
 Bronze James Walker
William Smith
Henry Kaltenbrunn
Harry Goosen
Belgium 1920 Antwerp Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling Team Pursuit
 Bronze Charles Winslow Belgium 1920 Antwerp Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis Men's Singles
 Gold William Smith France 1924 Paris Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's Bantamweight
 Silver Sydney Atkinson France 1924 Paris Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's 110m Hurdles
 Bronze Cecil McMaster France 1924 Paris Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's 10 Kilometer Walk
 Gold Sydney Atkinson Netherlands 1928 Amsterdam Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's 110m Hurdles
 Bronze Harry Isaacs Netherlands 1928 Amsterdam Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's Bantamweight
 Bronze Rhoda Rennie
Frederica van der Goes
Mary Bedford
Kathleen Russell
Netherlands 1928 Amsterdam Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming Women's 4 × 100 m Freestyle Relay
 Gold Lawrence Stevens United States 1932 Los Angeles Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's lightweight
 Gold David Carstens United States 1932 Los Angeles Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's light-heavyweight
 Bronze Marjorie Clark United States 1932 Los Angeles Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Women's 80m hurdles
 Bronze Ernest Peirce United States 1932 Los Angeles Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's middleweight
 Bronze Jenny Maakal United States 1932 Los Angeles Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming Women's 400m freestyle
 Silver Charles Catterall Germany 1936 Berlin Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's featherweight
 Gold Gerald Dreyer United Kingdom 1948 London Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's lightweight
 Gold George Hunter United Kingdom 1948 London Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's light-heavyweight
 Silver Dennis Shepherd United Kingdom 1948 London Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's featherweight
 Bronze John Arthur United Kingdom 1948 London Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's heavyweight
 Gold Esther Brand Finland 1952 Helsinki Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Women's high jump
 Gold Joan Harrison Finland 1952 Helsinki Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming Women's 100m backstroke
 Silver Daphne Robb-Hasenjäger Finland 1952 Helsinki Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Women's 100m
 Silver Theunis Van Schalkwyk Finland 1952 Helsinki Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's light-middleweight
 Silver Raymond Robinson
Thomas Shardelow
Finland 1952 Helsinki Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling (Track) Men's 2000m tandem
 Silver George Estman
Robert Fowler
Thomas Shardelow
Alfred Swift
Finland 1952 Helsinki Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling (Track) Men's team pursuit (4000m)
 Bronze William Toweel Finland 1952 Helsinki Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's flyweight
 Bronze Leonard Leisching Finland 1952 Helsinki Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's featherweight
 Bronze Andries Nieman Finland 1952 Helsinki Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's heavyweight
 Bronze Raymond Robinson Finland 1952 Helsinki Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling (Track) Men's 1 km time trial
 Bronze Daniel Bekker Australia 1956 Melbourne/Stockholm Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's heavyweight
 Bronze Henry Loubscher Australia 1956 Melbourne/Stockholm Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's light-welterweight
 Bronze Alfred Swift Australia 1956 Melbourne/Stockholm Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling (Track) Men's 1 km time trial
 Bronze Moira Abernethy
Jeanette Myburgh
Natalie Myburgh
Susan Elizabeth Roberts
Australia 1956 Melbourne/Stockholm Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming Women's 4 × 100 m freestyle relay
 Silver Daniel Bekker Italy 1960 Rome Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's heavyweight
 Bronze Malcolm Clive Spence Italy 1960 Rome Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's 400m
 Bronze William Meyers Italy 1960 Rome Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Men's featherweight
 Silver Elana Meyer Spain 1992 Barcelona Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Women's 10,000m
 Silver Wayne Ferreira
Piet Norval
Spain 1992 Barcelona Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis Men's Doubles
 Gold Josia Thugwane United States 1996 Atlanta Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's marathon
 Gold Penelope Heyns United States 1996 Atlanta Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming Women's 100m breaststroke
 Gold Penelope Heyns United States 1996 Atlanta Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming Women's 200m breaststroke
 Silver Hezekiel Sepeng United States 1996 Atlanta Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's 800m
 Bronze Marianne Kriel United States 1996 Atlanta Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming Women's 100m backstroke
 Silver Hestrie Cloete Australia 2000 Sydney Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Women's high jump
 Silver Terence Parkin Australia 2000 Sydney Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming Men's 200m breaststroke
 Bronze Llewellyn Herbert Australia 2000 Sydney Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's 400m hurdles
 Bronze Frantz Kruger Australia 2000 Sydney Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's discus throw
 Bronze Penelope Heyns Australia 2000 Sydney Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming Women's 100m breaststroke
 Gold Lyndon Ferns
Ryk Neethling
Roland Mark Schoeman
Darian Townsend
Greece 2004 Athens Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming Men's 4 × 100 m freestyle relay
 Silver Mbulaeni Mulaudzi Greece 2004 Athens Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's 800m
 Silver Hestrie Cloete Greece 2004 Athens Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Women's high jump
 Silver Roland Mark Schoeman Greece 2004 Athens Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming Men's 100m freestyle
 Bronze Donovan Cech
Ramon di Clemente
Greece 2004 Athens Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing Men's coxless pair
 Bronze Roland Mark Schoeman Greece 2004 Athens Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming Men's 50m freestyle
 Silver Khotso Mokoena China 2008 Beijing Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Men's long jump
 Gold Sizwe Ndlovu
Matthew Brittain
John Smith
James Thompson
United Kingdom 2012 London Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing Men's Lightweight Four
 Gold Cameron van der Burgh United Kingdom 2012 London Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming Men's 100m breaststroke
 Gold Chad le Clos United Kingdom 2012 London Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming Men's 200m butterfly
 Gold Caster Semenya United Kingdom 2012 London Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Women's 800m
 Silver Chad le Clos United Kingdom 2012 London Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming Men's 100m butterfly
 Bronze Bridgitte Hartley United Kingdom 2012 London Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing Women's K-1 500m
 Gold Wayde Van Niekerk Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro Athletics pictogram.svgAthletics Men's 400m
 Gold Caster Semenya Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro Athletics pictogram.svgAthletics Women's 800m
 Silver Chad le Clos Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro Swimming pictogram.svgSwimming Men's 200m freestyle
 Silver Shaun Keeling
Lawrence Brittain
Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro Rowing pictogram.svgRowing Men's coxless pair
 Silver Chad le Clos Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro Swimming pictogram.svgSwimming Men's 100m butterfly
 Silver Cameron van der Burgh Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro Swimming pictogram.svgSwimming Men's 100m breaststroke
 Silver Luvo Manyonga Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro Athletics pictogram.svgAthletics Men's long jump
 Silver Sunette Viljoen Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro Athletics pictogram.svgAthletics Women's javelin throw
 Bronze Cheslin Kolbe
Juan de Jongh
Seabelo Senatla
Justin Geduld
Kyle Brown
Cecil Afrika
Kwagga Smith
Werner Kok
Rosko Specman
Philip Snyman
Dylan Sage
Francois Hougaard
Tim Agaba
Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro Rugby union pictogram.svgRugby Sevens Men's tournament
 Bronze Henri Schoeman Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro Olympic pictogram Triathlon.png Triathlon Men's Triathlon

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Laubscher, Lappe (23 August 2017). "South Africa and the Olympic Games". South African History Online. Retrieved 2019-02-11.

External links[edit]