South African Class 36-000

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South African Class 36-000
Class 36-000 36-013 Rugby.JPG
No. 36-013 at Rugby, Cape Town, 4 November 2013
Type and origin
Power type Diesel-electric
Designer General Electric
Builder SA GE-DL Locomotive Group
Serial number 40420-40519, 41380-41399, 40586-40589
Model GE SG10B
Build date 1975-1981
Total produced 124
Specifications
Configuration:
 • AAR B-B
 • UIC Bo'Bo'
 • Commonwealth Bo-Bo
Gauge 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) Cape gauge
Wheel diameter 915 mm (36.0 in)
Wheelbase 10,782 mm (35 ft 4.5 in)
 • Bogie 2,082 mm (6 ft 10.0 in)
Pivot centres 8,700 mm (28 ft 6.5 in)
Length:
 • Over couplers 15,151 mm (49 ft 8.5 in)
Width 2,727 mm (8 ft 11.4 in)
Height 3,924 mm (12 ft 10.5 in)
Axle load 18,250 kg (40,230 lb)
Adhesive weight 73,000 kg (161,000 lb)
Loco weight 73,000 kg (161,000 lb) max
Fuel type Diesel
Fuel capacity 2,200 litres (480 imp gal)
Prime mover GE 7FDL-8
RPM range 385-1,050
 • RPM low idle 385
 • RPM idle 450
 • Maximum RPM 1,050
Engine type 4-stroke diesel
Aspiration GE 1408 turbocharger
Generator 10 pole GE 5GT-581C15
Traction motors Four GE 5GE-761-A13 DC 4 pole
 • Rating 1 hour 665A
 • Continuous 655A @ 15 km/h (9.3 mph)
Cylinders V8
Gear ratio 92:19
MU working 4 maximum
Loco brake 28-LAV-1 with vigilance control
Train brakes Westinghouse 6CDX4UC compressor/exhauster
Air tank cap. 800 litres (180 imp gal)
Compressor 0.033 m3/s (1.2 cu ft/s)
Exhauster 0.130 m3/s (4.6 cu ft/s)
Couplers AAR knuckle type E
Performance figures
Maximum speed 100 km/h (62 mph)
Power output:
 • Starting 875 kW (1,173 hp)
 • Continuous 800 kW (1,100 hp)
Tractive effort:
 • Starting 176 kN (40,000 lbf) @ 25% adh.
 • Continuous 141 kN (32,000 lbf) @ 14 km/h (8.7 mph)
Factor of adh.:
 • Starting 25%
 • Continuous 20%
Brakeforce 70% ratio @ 345 kPa (50.0 psi)
Career
Operators South African Railways
Spoornet
Transnet Freight Rail
PRASA
Class Class 36-000
Number in class 124
Numbers 36-001 to 36-124
Delivered 1975-1981
First run 1975

The South African Railways Class 36-000 of 1975 is a diesel-electric locomotive.

Between June 1975 and 1981, the South African Railways placed 124 Class 36-000 General Electric type SG10B diesel-electric locomotives in service.[1][2]

Manufacturer[edit]

The Class 36-000 type GE SG10B diesel-electric locomotive was designed by General Electric (GE) and built for the South African Railways (SAR) in three batches by the South African General Electric-Dorman Long Locomotive Group (SA GE-DL, later Dorbyl). The first one hundred locomotives were delivered between June 1975 and September 1978, numbered in the range from 36-001 to 36-100. These were followed in 1981 by two batches of twenty and four locomotives respectively, numbered in the ranges from 36-101 to 36-120 and 36-121 to 36-124 respectively.[1][2][3]

Class 36 series[edit]

The Class 36 locomotive family consists of two series, the GE type SG10B Class 36-000 and the General Motors Electro-Motive Division (GM-EMD) type SW1002 Class 36-200. Both manufacturers also produced locomotives for the South African Classes 33, 34 and 35.[2]

Characteristics[edit]

Works plate on no. 36-025

The Class 36-000 is a general purpose locomotive which is equipped with two station controls for bi-directional operation. It is used mainly for yard shunting and pickup work to service industrial customers.

Their large cab windows were designed to afford the crew the maximum all-round field of vision, but in South African summer months the sun can cause much discomfort in the cab. It is not unusual to find a locomotive on yard work with the sun-side windows covered with newspaper taped onto the insides. A few Class 36-000 locomotives have been observed at Vereeniging and at Port Elizabeth with home depot-applied modifications to their cab roofs in the form of sheetmetal roof extensions to the front and rear to serve as sun-shades.

Service[edit]

When placed in service, they were initially distributed for service between Natal and the Western Transvaal, but they were later exchanged with Class 36-200 units from the Western and Eastern Cape, the Free State and Western Transvaal where they are still serving.[1][3]

Works numbers[edit]

The Class 36-000 builder’s works numbers and years built are shown in the table.[1]

Liveries[edit]

The Class 36-000 were all delivered in the SAR Gulf Red livery with signal red buffer beams, yellow side stripes on the long hood sides and a yellow V on each end. In the 1990s many of the units began to be repainted in the Spoornet orange livery with a yellow and blue chevron pattern on the buffer beams. From 2007 many were repainted in the Spoornet blue livery with outline numbers on the long hood sides. After 2008 in the Transnet Freight Rail (TFR) and Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa (PRASA) era, many were repainted in the TFR red, green and yellow livery and at least one was repainted in the PRASA blue livery.[1][4]

Class 91-000[edit]

Class 91-000 no. 91-010 on Class 36-000 bogies, Swartkops, 21 April 2013

Bogies and traction motors from Class 36-000 locomotives were often used under the 2 ft (610 mm) narrow gauge Class 91-000 GE UM6B diesel-electric locomotives when they were being transferred between the Cape and Natal narrow gauge systems. These "Bigfoot bogies" enabled them to travel under their own power on 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) Cape gauge. Bigfoot bogies were also used under the narrow gauge locomotives whenever they had to be exchanged for maintenance purposes, sometimes running under their own power, sometimes hauled dead.[1]

After most of the Class 91-000 narrow gauge locomotives were withdrawn, one of them was allocated to the Swartkops electric locomotive depot in Port Elizabeth for use as shunting engine. It was also running on Class 36-000 bogies, but with only one bogie powered.

Illustration[edit]

The main picture shows no. 36-013 in Transnet Freight Rail livery approaching Rugby in Milnerton from Table Bay Harbour on 4 November 2013. Other liveries which were applied to Class 36-000 locomotives and the sun-shade depot modification are illustrated below.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Middleton, John N. (2002). Railways of Southern Africa Locomotive Guide - 2002 (as amended by Combined Amendment List 4, January 2009) (2nd, Dec 2002 ed.). Herts, England: Beyer-Garratt Publications. pp. 38, 43. 
  2. ^ a b c South African Railways Index and Diagrams Electric and Diesel Locomotives, 610mm and 1065mm Gauges, Ref LXD 14/1/100/20, 28 January 1975, as amended
  3. ^ a b Paxton, Leith; Bourne, David (1985). Locomotives of the South African Railways (1st ed.). Cape Town: Struik. pp. 142–143. ISBN 0869772112. 
  4. ^ Soul of A Railway, System 7, Western Transvaal, based in Johannesburg, Part 9. South-Eastwards as far as Volksrust (2nd part) by Les Pivnic. Caption 4. (Accessed on 11 April 2017)