South African Class G 4-8-2T

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NGR Class E 4-8-2T
South African Class G 4-8-2T
SAR Class G 197 (4-8-2T) Dubs B 250.jpg
NGR Class E no. 250, later SAR Class G no. 197
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer Natal Government Railways
(D.A. Hendrie)
Builder North British Locomotive Company
Serial number 16060-16084
Build date 1904
Total produced 25
Specifications
Configuration 4-8-2T (Mountain)
Driver 2nd coupled axle
Gauge 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) Cape gauge
Leading dia. 25 34 in (654 mm)
Coupled dia. 42 in (1,067 mm)
Trailing dia. 25 34 in (654 mm)
Wheelbase 26 ft 9 12 in (8,166 mm)
 • Leading 5 ft 4 in (1,626 mm)
 • Coupled 11 ft 9 in (3,581 mm)
Length:
 • Over couplers 35 ft 5 in (10,795 mm)
Height 12 ft 5 58 in (3,800 mm)
Frame type Plate
Axle load 11 LT 10 cwt (11,680 kg)
 • Leading 11 LT 12 cwt (11,790 kg)
 • 1st coupled 10 LT 7 cwt 2 qtr (10,540 kg)
 • 2nd coupled 11 LT 10 cwt (11,680 kg)
 • 3rd coupled 10 LT 9 cwt (10,620 kg)
 • 4th coupled 10 LT 6 cwt 2 qtr (10,490 kg)
 • Trailing 6 LT 1 cwt (6,147 kg)
Adhesive weight 42 LT 13 cwt (43,330 kg)
Loco weight 109,080 lb (49,480 kg) empty
60 LT 6 cwt (61,270 kg)
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 2 LT 10 cwt (2.5 t)
Water cap 1,560 imp gal (7,090 l)
Firebox type Round-top
 • Firegrate area 19 sq ft (1.8 m2)
Boiler:
 • Pitch 7 ft (2,134 mm)
 • Diameter 4 ft 4 78 in (1,343 mm)
 • Tube plates 10 ft 4 in (3,150 mm)
 • Small tubes 232: 1 34 in (44 mm)
Boiler pressure 175 psi (1,207 kPa)
Safety valve Ramsbottom
Heating surface 1,223 sq ft (113.6 m2)
 • Tubes 1,098 sq ft (102.0 m2)
 • Firebox 125 sq ft (11.6 m2)
Cylinders Two
Cylinder size 18 in (457 mm) bore
22 in (559 mm) stroke
Valve gear Stephenson
Valve type Balanced slide
Couplers Johnston link-and-pin
AAR knuckle (1930s)
Performance figures
Tractive effort 22,280 lbf (99.1 kN) @ 75%
Career
Operators Natal Government Railways
South African Railways
Class NGR Class E, SAR Class G
Number in class 25
Numbers NGR 250-274, SAR 197-221
Delivered 1904
First run 1904
Withdrawn 1962
The leading coupled axle had flangeless wheels

The South African Railways Class G 4-8-2T of 1904 was a steam locomotive from the pre-Union era in the Colony of Natal.

In 1904, the Natal Government Railways placed 25 Class E 4-8-2T tank steam locomotives in service. In 1912, when these locomotives were assimilated into the South African Railways, they were renumbered and designated Class G.[1][2][3][4]

Manufacturer[edit]

The first locomotive to be designed for the Natal Government Railways (NGR) by D.A. Hendrie, who had succeeded G.W. Reid as Locomotive Superintendent of the NGR on 8 January 1903, was a 4-8-2 tank locomotive. It was built by the newly established North British Locomotive Company (NBL) in the former Dübs shops in Glasgow, Scotland.[1][2][5]

Twenty-five of these locomotives were delivered in 1904, numbered in the range from 250 to 274. Until they were designated Class E at some stage between 1904 and 1908, they were known on the NGR as the Dübs B or Improved Dübs, even though Dübs and Company had already ceased to exist when the locomotives were built, having been merged into the NBL.[1][2][5][6]

Characteristics[edit]

D.A. Hendrie

The locomotive was intended for use on mainline work and Hendrie used the Reid Tenwheeler (NGR Class C) and the Dübs A (NGR Class D) as basis for its design. The result was an engine which looked like a smaller version of the Reid Tenwheeler locomotive. With a larger boiler and working at a higher boiler pressure, the Class E was a more powerful locomotive than the NGR Class D, but Hendrie had made no radical changes in the basic design to the work of his predecessors.[1]

The engine had inclined cylinders, arranged outside the plate frames. Its balanced slide valves were arranged above the cylinders and were actuated by Stephenson link motion through rocker shafts. The locomotives were the first in South Africa to have "H" section coupling rods and connecting rods.[2]

South African Railways[edit]

Class G no. 215 ID.jpg

When the Union of South Africa was established on 31 May 1910, the three Colonial government railways (Cape Government Railways, NGR and Central South African Railways) were united under a single administration to control and administer the railways, ports and harbours of the Union. Although the South African Railways and Harbours came into existence in 1910, the actual classification and renumbering of all the rolling stock of the three constituent railways were only implemented with effect from 1 January 1912.[4][7]

In 1912, these locomotives were designated Class G on the South African Railways (SAR) and renumbered in the range from 197 to 221.[2][4][8]

Service[edit]

The locomotives entered service working the mainline passenger Corridor Trains out of Durban, but they were soon replaced by the NGR Class B 4-8-0 tender locomotives, Hendrie's second locomotive design, which entered service later in 1904. They were then used as banking engines from Ladysmith up the Van Reenen Pass on the rail connection between Natal and Harrismith in the Orange River Colony. They remained in use there as well as in general service on some of the heavier branch lines until the loads became too heavy for them.[1][2][8]

By 1944, six of them were still working in light shunting at various marshalling yards in the Union. The last pair were withdrawn from shunting service around Pietermaritzburg in 1962. Several were sold to mines and other industrial concerns.[1][2][8]

Preservation[edit]

The last of the Class to be built, ex NGR no. 274, SAR no. 221, was moved from Millsite in Krugersdorp to the Outeniqua Transport Museum in George during August 2014.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Holland, D.F. (1971). Steam Locomotives of the South African Railways, Volume 1: 1859-1910 (1st ed.). Newton Abbott, Devon: David & Charles. p. 99. ISBN 978-0-7153-5382-0. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Espitalier, T.J.; Day, W.A.J. (1944). The Locomotive in South Africa - A Brief History of Railway Development. Chapter III - Natal Government Railways (Continued). South African Railways and Harbours Magazine, July 1944. pp. 503-504.
  3. ^ South African Railways and Harbours Locomotive Diagram Book, 2'0" & 3'6" Gauge Steam Locomotives, 15 August 1941, pp21 & 21A, as amended
  4. ^ a b c Classification of S.A.R. Engines with Renumbering Lists, issued by the Chief Mechanical Engineer's Office, Pretoria, January 1912, pp. 7, 11, 13, 22 (Reprinted in April 1987 by SATS Museum, R.3125-6/9/11-1000)
  5. ^ a b The Railway Report for year ending 31 Dec. 1908, Natal Government Railways, p. 39, par 14.
  6. ^ North British Locomotive Company works list, compiled by Austrian locomotive historian Bernhard Schmeiser
  7. ^ The South African Railways - Historical Survey. Editor George Hart, Publisher Bill Hart, Sponsored by Dorbyl Ltd., Published c. 1978, p. 25.
  8. ^ a b c Paxton, Leith; Bourne, David (1985). Locomotives of the South African Railways (1st ed.). Cape Town: Struik. p. 31. ISBN 0869772112.