South African Class NG4 4-6-2T

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NGR Class N 4-6-2T 1911
South African Class NG4 4-6-2T
Class NG4 4-6-2T no. 16 b.jpg
No. NG16, restored at Sandstone Estates, 4 May 2013
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer Natal Government Railways
(D.A. Hendrie)
Builder Kerr, Stuart and Company
Serial number 1207-1208, 1294-1295, 1342-1344
Model Kerr Stuart Side-tank
Build date 1911-1914
Total produced 7
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte 4-6-2T (Pacific)
Driver 2nd coupled axle
Gauge 2 ft (610 mm) narrow
Leading dia. 18 in (457 mm)
Coupled dia. 30 in (762 mm)
Trailing dia. 21 in (533 mm)
Wheelbase 17 ft 9 in (5,410 mm)
 • Leading 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)
 • Coupled 5 ft 9 in (1,753 mm)
Length:
 • Over couplers 24 ft 11 in (7,595 mm)
Height 9 ft 4 12 in (2,858 mm)
Frame type Plate
Axle load 6 LT 3 cwt (6,249 kg)
 • Leading 6 LT 19 cwt (7,062 kg)
 • 1st coupled 6 LT (6,096 kg)
 • 2nd coupled 6 LT 3 cwt (6,249 kg)
 • 3rd coupled 6 LT 1 cwt (6,147 kg)
Adhesive weight 18 LT 4 cwt (18,490 kg)
Loco weight 29 LT 14 cwt (30,180 kg)
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 21 long hundredweight 2 qtr (1.1 t)
Water cap 820 imp gal (3,730 l)
Firebox type Belpaire
 • Firegrate area 11 sq ft (1.0 m2)
Boiler:
 • Pitch 4 ft 9 in (1,448 mm)
 • Diameter 3 ft 3 12 in (1,003 mm)
 • Tube plates 11 ft 2 18 in (3,407 mm)
 • Small tubes 128: 1 34 in (44 mm)
Boiler pressure 165 psi (1,138 kPa)
Safety valve Ramsbottom
Heating surface 700.9 sq ft (65.12 m2)
 • Tubes 655.4 sq ft (60.89 m2)
 • Firebox 45.5 sq ft (4.23 m2)
Cylinders Two
Cylinder size 11 12 in (292 mm) bore
15 in (381 mm) stroke
Valve gear Walschaerts
Couplers Johnston link-and-pin
Performance figures
Tractive effort 8,183 lbf (36.40 kN) @ 75%
Career
Operators Natal Government Railways
South African Railways
Class Class NG4
Number in class 7
Numbers NGR no. 10-11
SAR no. NG10-NG16
Delivered 1911-1914
First run 1911
Withdrawn 1948
Preserved No. NG16

The South African Railways Class NG4 4-6-2T of 1911 was a narrow gauge steam locomotive from the pre-Union era in the Colony of Natal.

In 1911, shortly before being amalgamated into the South African Railways, the Natal Government Railways placed the first two of seven 4-6-2 Pacific type narrow gauge tank steam locomotives in service. In 1912, when these two locomotives were assimilated into the South African Railways, they retained their engine numbers, but with an "NG" prefix added.[1][2]

Five more of these locomotives were delivered to the South African Railways in 1913 and 1914. When a system of grouping narrow gauge locomotives into classes was eventually introduced somewhere between 1928 and 1930, they were all designated Class NG4.[1]

Natal's narrow gauge[edit]

Alfred County railway

By 1906, the Natal Government had realised that light railways were essential as feeders to open up fertile districts which were distant from the existing main- and branch lines, particularly when the intervening stretches of country were difficult from an engineering point of view.[2]

The third narrow gauge railway line in Natal was the Alfred County Railway which ran from Port Shepstone on the South Coast to Harding. The first section to Paddock was opened on 8 November 1911.[3]

Manufacturers[edit]

D.A. Hendrie

Like their two predecessor locomotive types, the Hunslet Side-tank of 1906 and the Hawthorn Leslie Side-tank of 1907, this third batch of narrow gauge 4-6-2T Pacific locomotives of the Natal Government Railways (NGR) were also built to the design of NGR Locomotive Superintendent D.A. Hendrie, using the Hawthorn Leslie drawings for the Class NG3. The majority of their parts were interchangeable with those of the earlier engines.[2][4]

Between 1911 and 1913, the High Com­mis­sioner for the Union of South Africa placed three orders for altogether seven of these locomotives with Kerr, Stuart and Company.[2][5]

  • Two locomotives were ordered on 10 January 1911. They were dispatched from the factory in September of that same year with Kerr, Stuart works numbers 1207 and 1208, for delivery to the Natal Government Railways. They were numbered NGR 10 and 11 and designated Class N on the NGR roster.[2][5]
  • Two more were ordered on 28 September 1912. They were dispatched from the factory in April and May 1913 with works numbers 1294 and 1295, for delivery to the South African Railways (SAR). They were numbered SAR NG12 and NG13.[2][5]
  • Three more were ordered on 10 June 1913. They were dispatched from the factory in July 1914 with works numbers 1342 to 1344. They were numbered SAR NG14 to NG16.[2][5]

This last order also included the final two of the Class NG8 4-6-0 tender locomotives which were delivered with Kerr, Stuart works numbers 1345 and 1346.[1][4][6]

Characteristics[edit]

These locomotives were virtually identical to the Hawthorn Leslie Side Tanks, except for their boiler and firebox design. The boiler pitch had been raised from 4 feet 6 inches (1,372 millimetres) to 4 feet 9 inches (1,448 millimetres) to make a larger firebox possible. They had outside plate frames, Belpaire fireboxes and used Walschaerts valve gear.[1][2][4]

The most obvious visual differences from the Hawthorn Leslie locomotives were the higher side tanks, the less ornate sand boxes on top of the boiler and the Belpaire firebox hump. As built, they had no headlamps, but some were later equipped with the large oil headlamps which were in use on the SAR at the time.[7]

Classification[edit]

When the Union of South Africa was established on 31 May 1910, the three Colonial government railways (Cape Government Railways, NGR and Central South African Railways) were united under a single administration to control and administer the railways, ports and harbours of the Union. Although the South African Railways and Harbours came into existence in 1910, the actual classification and renumbering of all the rolling stock of the three constituent railways were only implemented with effect from 1 January 1912.[6][8]

In 1912, narrow gauge locomotives were included in the SAR's narrow gauge numbering scheme, but were not classified. They retained their existing engine numbers, but with an "NG" number prefix for narrow gauge. The two locomotives which had been delivered in 1911, listed as "Late Administration S.A.R. numbers 10 and 11" in the renumbering lists, were therefore renumbered NG10 and NG11.[6]

The system of grouping SAR narrow gauge locomotives into classes was only adopted somewhere between 1928 and 1930 and, at that point, these seven locomotives were designated Class NG4.[1][2][6][9]

Service[edit]

Railways[edit]

The Class NG4 was placed in service on the Alfred County Railway of which the first section to Paddock was opened on 8 November 1911, to work from Port Shepstone on the Natal South Coast to Harding. With the exception of no. NG12, all remained working on the three Natal narrow gauge branches for their entire service lives.[1][3][4][7]

First World War[edit]

In 1915, shortly after the outbreak of the First World War, the German South West Africa colony was occupied by the Union Defence Forces. Since a large part of the territory's railway infrastructure was destroyed or damaged by retreating German forces, an urgent need arose for locomotives for use on the narrow gauge lines in that territory. In 1917, no. NG12 was transferred to the Defence Department for service in South West Africa. It returned to Natal after the war.[1][10]

Industrial[edit]

No. NG11 was sold to the Savane Sawmills of Rhodesian Timber Concessions in 1942. The last one to remain in service, no. NG16, was sold to the Rustenburg Platinum Mines (RPM) in 1948, where it was renumbered to RPM no. 8.[1][4][7]

Preservation[edit]

No. NG16 is the only known survivor. RPM returned it to the SAR for preservation in 1969 or 1970, but it was only restored to working order after Sandstone Estates acquired it on 31 January 2003.

Illustration[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Paxton, Leith; Bourne, David (1985). Locomotives of the South African Railways (1st ed.). Cape Town: Struik. pp. 101–102, 110. ISBN 0869772112. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Espitalier, T.J.; Day, W.A.J. (1944). The Locomotive in South Africa - A Brief History of Railway Development. Chapter III - Natal Government Railways (Continued). South African Railways and Harbours Magazine, September 1944. p. 670.
  3. ^ a b Statement Showing, in Chronological Order, the Date of Opening and the Mileage of Each Section of Railway, Statement No. 19, p. 186, ref. no. 200954-13
  4. ^ a b c d e Plant, K.P. (1971). Kerr Stuarts for South Africa. The Industrial Railway Record, No. 37, June 1971. pp. 78-85.
  5. ^ a b c d Jux, Frank (1991). Kerr Stuart & Co. Ld. – Locomotive Works List (1st ed.). England: Frank Jux.
  6. ^ a b c d Classification of S.A.R. Engines with Renumbering Lists, issued by the Chief Mechanical Engineer's Office, Pretoria, January 1912, pp. 16, 47 (Reprinted in April 1987 by SATS Museum, R.3125-6/9/11-1000)
  7. ^ a b c Railway Modelling Scene, South Africa, circa 1985, articles written by Neill Mardell
  8. ^ The South African Railways - Historical Survey. Editor George Hart, Publisher Bill Hart, Sponsored by Dorbyl Ltd., Published c. 1978, p. 25.
  9. ^ South African Railways and Harbours Narrow Gauge Locomotive Diagram Book, 2'0" Gauge, S.A.R. Mechanical Dept. Drawing Office, Pretoria, 28 November 1932
  10. ^ Espitalier, T.J.; Day, W.A.J. (1947). The Locomotive in South Africa - A Brief History of Railway Development. Chapter VII - South African Railways (Continued). South African Railways and Harbours Magazine, December 1947. p. 1033.