South African National Parks

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South African National Parks
SANParks
Logo of South African National Parks
Agency overview
Formed 1926
Jurisdiction Government of South Africa
Headquarters 643 Leyds Street, Muckleneuk, Pretoria
25°45′59″S 28°12′8″E / 25.76639°S 28.20222°E / -25.76639; 28.20222
Employees 3,367[1]
Annual budget R985,804,000[2]
Minister responsible Edna Molewa, Minister of Water and Environmental Affairs
Agency executives Kuseni Dlamini, Chairperson of the Board
Mr Fundisile Mketeni, CEO
Parent agency Department of Environmental Affairs
Key documents National Parks Act, 1976
National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act, 2003
Website www.sanparks.org

South African National Parks (SANParks) is the body responsible for managing South Africa's national parks. SANParks was formed in 1926, and currently manages 22 parks[3] consisting of over 3,700,000 hectares (37,000 km2), about 4% of the total area of South Africa.[4]

The best known park is Kruger National Park, which is also the oldest (proclaimed in 1898), and the largest, at nearly 2,000,000 hectares (20,000 km2). The Kruger Park and Table Mountain National Park are two of South Africa's most visited tourist attractions.

List of parks administered by SANParks[edit]

The following are designated as National Parks of South Africa:[5]

Name Photo Location Date established Area
Addo Elephant National Park Addo Elephant National Park-001.jpg Eastern Cape
33°16′S 25°26′E / 33.26°S 25.44°E / -33.26; 25.44
1931 1,640 km2 (630 sq mi)[6]
Agulhas National Park AgulhasLighthouse.jpg Western Cape
34°30′S 20°00′E / 34.50°S 20.00°E / -34.50; 20.00
14 September 1998 20,959 hectares (51,790 acres)
Ai-Ais/Richtersveld Transfrontier Park Fish River Canyon Namibia.jpg Northern Cape
28°03′14″S 17°02′05″E / 28.053889°S 17.034722°E / -28.053889; 17.034722
2003 6,045 km2 (2,334 sq mi)[7]
Augrabies Falls National Park Augrabie,Waterfalls,South Africa.jpg Northern Cape
28°35′28″S 20°20′18″E / 28.591111°S 20.338333°E / -28.591111; 20.338333
1966 820 km2 (320 sq mi)
Bontebok National Park Bontebok PA020073.JPG Western Cape
34°04′00″S 20°27′00″E / 34.066667°S 20.45°E / -34.066667; 20.45
1931 27.86 km2 (10.76 sq mi)
Camdeboo National Park Camdeboo.jpg Eastern Cape
32°15′S 24°30′E / 32.25°S 24.5°E / -32.25; 24.5
1979 (Karoo Nature Reserve)
30 October 2005 (Camdeboo National Park)
194.05 km2 (74.92 sq mi)
Garden Route National Park Tsitsikamma Park.JPG Western Cape
34°00′S 23°15′E / 34°S 23.25°E / -34; 23.25
6 March 2009m (amalgamation of Tsitsikamma, Wilderness and Knysna National Lake Area 1,210 km2 (470 sq mi)
Golden Gate Highlands National Park Brandwag rock.JPG Free State
28°30′22″S 28°37′00″E / 28.506111°S 28.616667°E / -28.506111; 28.616667
1963 340 km2 (130 sq mi)
Karoo National Park Karoo national park.jpg Western Cape
32°21′00″S 22°35′00″E / 32.35°S 22.583333°E / -32.35; 22.583333
1979 767.9 km2 (296.5 sq mi)
Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park Twee Rivieren camp.JPG Northern Cape
25°46′00″S 20°23′00″E / 25.766667°S 20.383333°E / -25.766667; 20.383333
31 July 1931 (Kalahari Gemsbok National Park)
12 May 2000 (Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park)
38,000 km2 (15,000 sq mi)
Kruger National Park Kruger Zebra.JPG Limpopo and Mpumalanga
24°00′41″S 31°29′07″E / 24.011389°S 31.485278°E / -24.011389; 31.485278
31 May 1926[8][9] 19,485 km2 (7,523 sq mi)[10]
Mapungubwe National Park MapungubweHill.jpg Limpopo
25°46′00″S 20°23′00″E / 25.766667°S 20.383333°E / -25.766667; 20.383333
1995 280 square kilometres (110 sq mi)
Marakele National Park Marakele MS2011ZA261.jpg Limpopo
22°15′S 29°12′E / 22.25°S 29.2°E / -22.25; 29.2
1994 670 km2 (260 sq mi)
Mokala National Park Mokala-001, b.jpg Northern Cape
29°10′00″S 24°21′00″E / 29.166667°S 24.35°E / -29.166667; 24.35
19 June 2007 196.11 km2 (75.72 sq mi)
Mountain Zebra National Park Mountain zebra NP.jpg Eastern Cape
32°11′00″S 25°37′00″E / 32.183333°S 25.616667°E / -32.183333; 25.616667
1937 284 km2 (110 sq mi)
Namaqua National Park Namaqua NP3.jpg Northern Cape
30°02′36″S 17°35′10″E / 30.043333°S 17.586111°E / -30.043333; 17.586111
1999 700 km2 (270 sq mi)
Table Mountain National Park Peninsula Sandstone Fynbos - Table Mountain Cape Town 4.jpg Western Cape
33°58′00″S 18°25′30″E / 33.966667°S 18.425°E / -33.966667; 18.425
19 May 1998 221 km2 (85 sq mi)
Tankwa Karoo National Park Tankwa02.jpg Northern Cape
32°15′S 19°45′E / 32.25°S 19.75°E / -32.25; 19.75
19 May 1986 1,436 km2 (554 sq mi)[11]
West Coast National Park West Coast National Park (11356367223).jpg Western Cape
33°07′15″S 18°04′00″E / 33.120833°S 18.066667°E / -33.120833; 18.066667
1985 27,500 hectares (106 sq mi)

Location of national parks[edit]

South African National Parks is located in South Africa
Addo
Addo
Agulhas
Agulhas
Augrabies
Augrabies
Bontebok
Bontebok
Camdeboo
Camdeboo
Garden Route
Garden Route
Golden Gate
Golden Gate
Karoo
Karoo
Kgalagadi
Kgalagadi
Kruger
Kruger
Mapungubwe
Mapungubwe
Marakele
Marakele
Mokala
Mokala
Mountain Zebra
Mountain Zebra
Namaqua
Namaqua
Table Mountain
Table Mountain
Tankwa Karoo
Tankwa Karoo
West Coast
West Coast
Ai-Ais/Richtersveld
Ai-Ais/Richtersveld
South African National Parks

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Annual Report 2008/9 (PDF). South African National Parks. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-621-38726-1. Retrieved 13 February 2010. 
  2. ^ Annual Report 2008/9 (PDF). South African National Parks. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-621-38726-1. Retrieved 13 February 2010. 
  3. ^ Brett, Michael: Touring South Africa's National Parks, Cape Town, 2010
  4. ^ "About SANParks". South African National Parks. Retrieved 26 May 2008. 
  5. ^ "SANParks - South African National Parks (A-Z)". South African National Parks. Retrieved 7 December 2009. 
  6. ^ "Addo Elephant National Park". South African National Parks. Retrieved 2009-04-24. 
  7. ^ "Ai-Ais/Richtersveld Transfrontier Park". PeaceParks.Org. Retrieved 2009-05-20. 
  8. ^ House of Assembly Debates, cols 4366-81, 31 May 1926.
  9. ^ Stevenson-Hamilton, James. (1937). South African Eden: The Kruger National Park 1902-1946. Struik Publishers, 1993.
  10. ^ Rob East, ed. (1989). "Chapter 10: South Africa". Antelopes: Southern and South-Central Africa Pt. 2: Global Survey and Regional Action Plans. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Antelope Specialist Group. p. 60. ISBN 978-2-88032-970-9. 
  11. ^ "Tankwa Karoo National Park - Introduction". South African National Parks. Retrieved 15 February 2012. 

External links[edit]