1984 South African general election

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1984 House of Representatives election

← 1981 22 August 1984 1987 →

All 80 elected seats in the House of Representatives
  First party
 
Leader Allan Hendrickse
Party Labour
Seats won 76

South African House of Representatives 1984.svg
House of Representatives after the election
1984 House of Delegates election

← 1981 28 August 1984 1987 →

All 40 elected seats in the House of Delegates
  First party Second party
 
Leader Amichand Rajbansi JN Reddy
Party National People's Solidarity
Seats won 18 17

House of Delegates 1984.png
House of Delegates after the election
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General elections were held in South Africa in August 1984 to elect Coloured and Indian representatives to their respective houses of the Tricameral Parliament. The Coloured elections for the House of Representatives took place on 22 August, and resulted in a victory for the Labour Party, headed by the Reverend Allan Hendrickse, which won 76 of the 80 seats. The Indian elections for the House of Delegates were held on 28 August and saw the National People's Party emerge as the largest party, winning 18 of the 40 seats.[1] The Indian elections were opposed by the United Democratic Front and were marked by boycotts and protests.[1]

Background[edit]

In addition to the whites-only House of Assembly, a November 1983 referendum had approved the creation of two new houses an 80-member House of Representatives for Coloureds and a 40-member House of Delegates for Asians.

Results[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Labour Party 200,791 74.47 76
People's Congress Party 32,510 12.06 2
Freedom Party 14,506 5.38 1
Reformed Freedom Party 2,632 0.98 0
Independents 19,185 7.11 1
Invalid/blank votes 3,174
Total 272,798 80
Registered voters/turnout 913,748 29.85
Source: Constituency Level Elections Archive




By constituency[edit]

Constituency Freedom Independent Labour People's Congress Reformed Freedom
Addo 0.00% 0.00% 74.49% 16.47% 9.05%
Alra Park 9.20% 0.00% 82.28% 8.52% 0.00%
Belhar 0.00% 47.52% 52.48% 0.00% 0.00%
Berg River 0.00% 25.58% 74.42% 0.00% 0.00%
Bethelsdorp 0.00% 0.00% 96.71% 3.29% 0.00%
Bishop Lavis 0.00% 0.00% 65.04% 34.96% 0.00%
Bloemfontein Opkoms 5.20% 0.00% 84.60% 0.00% 10.21%
Bokkeveld 0.00% 50.26% 49.74% 0.00% 0.00%
Bonteheuwel 0.00% 0.00% 94.86% 5.14% 0.00%
Border 10.30% 0.00% 87.76% 1.95% 0.00%
Bosmont 50.00% 0.00% 50.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Britstown 0.00% 0.00% 83.76% 16.24% 0.00%
Daljosaphat 0.00% 20.96% 56.13% 22.91% 0.00%
Diamant 0.00% 13.19% 69.05% 17.75% 0.00%
Diaz 0.00% 0.00% 78.03% 21.97% 0.00%
Durban Suburbs 0.00% 0.00% 69.08% 30.92% 0.00%
Dysseldorp 0.00% 0.00% 92.22% 7.78% 0.00%
Eastern Free State 0.00% 0.00% 100.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Eersterus 20.65% 0.00% 62.95% 16.40% 0.00%
Eldorado Park 10.64% 0.00% 69.75% 12.41% 7.20%
Elsies River 0.00% 0.00% 87.15% 12.85% 0.00%
Esselen Park 0.00% 7.54% 60.46% 31.99% 0.00%
Fish River 8.94% 0.00% 75.88% 15.18% 0.00%
Gelvandale 7.51% 0.00% 84.30% 8.19% 0.00%
Genadendal 0.00% 0.00% 100.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Grassy Park 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 96.47% 3.53%
Greenwood Park 0.00% 11.44% 82.36% 6.19% 0.00%
Griqualand West 0.00% 6.49% 76.69% 16.82% 0.00%
Haarlem 0.00% 0.00% 77.73% 12.37% 9.90%
Hanover Park 0.00% 0.00% 81.79% 18.21% 0.00%
Hantam 0.00% 0.00% 75.74% 24.26% 0.00%
Hawston 0.00% 35.38% 64.62% 0.00% 0.00%
Heidedal 3.80% 6.61% 89.59% 0.00% 0.00%
Heideveld 0.00% 0.00% 68.02% 31.98% 0.00%
Kalahari 6.85% 0.00% 91.92% 1.23% 0.00%
Karee 0.00% 32.76% 67.24% 0.00% 0.00%
Kasselsvlei 0.00% 26.08% 58.38% 7.50% 8.04%
Klipspruit West 23.44% 11.28% 60.18% 5.10% 0.00%
Liesbeek 0.00% 0.00% 85.22% 14.78% 0.00%
Macassar 0.00% 13.33% 69.10% 17.57% 0.00%
Mamre 0.00% 0.00% 94.24% 5.76% 0.00%
Manenberg 0.00% 0.00% 66.82% 29.09% 4.09%
Matroosfontein 0.00% 0.00% 77.40% 14.91% 7.69%
Mid Karoo 0.00% 6.02% 91.74% 2.24% 0.00%
Mitchells Plain 0.00% 0.00% 83.50% 12.62% 3.88%
Natal Interior 0.00% 0.00% 76.51% 23.49% 0.00%
Natal Mid-East 0.00% 26.60% 64.22% 9.17% 0.00%
Newclare 17.84% 0.00% 67.50% 14.66% 0.00%
Northereastern Cape 18.66% 0.00% 71.90% 9.45% 0.00%
Northern Cape 7.67% 21.62% 65.52% 5.19% 0.00%
Northern Transvaal 13.62% 0.00% 78.10% 8.28% 0.00%
Nuweveld 0.00% 0.00% 83.96% 16.04% 0.00%
Ottery 0.00% 0.00% 42.97% 57.03% 0.00%
Outeniqua 0.00% 0.00% 63.70% 36.30% 0.00%
Pniel 0.00% 0.00% 100.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Ravensmead 0.00% 12.05% 80.27% 6.07% 1.61%
Rawsonville 0.00% 19.15% 80.85% 0.00% 0.00%
Reiger Park 1.89% 13.79% 84.32% 0.00% 0.00%
Retreat 0.00% 0.00% 84.28% 15.72% 0.00%
Rietvlei 0.00% 32.00% 65.58% 2.42% 0.00%
Riversdal 0.00% 50.97% 49.03% 0.00% 0.00%
Robertson 0.00% 8.14% 91.86% 0.00% 0.00%
Ruste Ter Vaal 24.30% 0.00% 75.70% 0.00% 0.00%
Schauderville 19.36% 0.00% 74.39% 6.26% 0.00%
Silvertown 0.00% 0.00% 88.28% 11.72% 0.00%
Southern Cape 0.00% 0.00% 90.86% 9.14% 0.00%
Southern Free State 0.00% 0.00% 100.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Springbok 16.47% 0.00% 65.91% 0.00% 17.63%
Steinkopf 16.61% 31.46% 51.94% 0.00% 0.00%
Strandfontein 0.00% 0.00% 80.29% 12.12% 7.59%
Suurbraak 36.25% 4.49% 59.26% 0.00% 0.00%
Swartkops 0.00% 0.00% 77.76% 22.24% 0.00%
Swartland 0.00% 0.00% 72.64% 27.36% 0.00%
Table Mountain 0.00% 0.00% 50.64% 49.36% 0.00%
Toekomsrus 41.44% 7.01% 51.55% 0.00% 0.00%
Upington 0.00% 0.00% 91.70% 8.30% 0.00%
Vredendal 0.00% 0.00% 63.66% 36.34% 0.00%
Wentworth 0.00% 0.00% 54.11% 45.89% 0.00%
Western Free State 1.97% 0.00% 91.22% 6.81% 0.00%
Wuppertal 0.00% 14.84% 74.81% 10.35% 0.00%
Source: Constituency Level Election Archive

House of Delegates[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
National People's Party 29,862 36.12 18
Solidarity 30,276 36.62 17
Progressive Independent Party 1,322 1.60 1
National Federal Party 633 0.77 0
National Democratic Party 14 0
Independents 20,568 24.88 4
Invalid/blank votes 936
Total 83,611 40
Registered voters/turnout 401,901 20.8
Source: Constituency Level Elections Archive

By constituency[edit]

Constituency Independent National Democratic Party National Federal Party National People's Party Progressive Independent Party Solidarity
Actonville 69.59% 0.00% 11.97% 0.00% 0.00% 18.43%
Allandale 51.74% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 48.26%
Arena Park 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 73.17% 0.00% 26.83%
Bayview 16.17% 0.00% 0.00% 27.55% 0.00% 56.28%
Brickfield 34.15% 0.00% 0.00% 51.18% 0.00% 14.67%
Camperdown 7.00% 0.00% 0.00% 41.10% 0.00% 51.90%
Cavendish 35.44% 0.00% 4.67% 18.71% 0.00% 41.18%
Central Rand 46.09% 0.00% 0.00% 2.36% 0.24% 51.30%
Chatsworth Central 0.00% 0.00% 8.14% 44.12% 0.00% 47.73%
Clare Estate 52.66% 0.00% 0.00% 29.90% 0.00% 17.44%
Durban Bay 44.34% 0.00% 0.00% 52.26% 0.00% 3.40%
Eastern Transvaal 35.27% 0.00% 0.00% 18.09% 0.00% 46.65%
Glenview 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 22.51% 0.00% 77.49%
Havenside 33.83% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 66.17%
Isipingo 22.30% 0.00% 0.00% 40.05% 0.00% 37.65%
Laudium 33.01% 0.00% 0.00% 57.67% 0.00% 9.32%
Lenasia Central 14.50% 0.00% 0.00% 40.84% 19.27% 25.38%
Lenasia East 6.04% 0.00% 0.00% 24.93% 42.78% 26.25%
Lenasia West 21.20% 0.00% 0.00% 47.39% 7.66% 23.75%
Malabar 18.56% 0.00% 0.00% 81.12% 0.00% 0.32%
Marianhill 1.05% 0.00% 0.00% 50.62% 0.00% 48.33%
Merebank 20.76% 0.00% 0.00% 31.93% 0.00% 47.32%
Montford 10.62% 0.00% 0.00% 40.80% 0.00% 48.58%
Moorcross 15.52% 0.00% 0.00% 47.02% 0.00% 37.45%
Natal Midlands 32.34% 0.00% 0.00% 47.03% 0.00% 20.63%
Newholme 38.78% 0.00% 0.00% 41.80% 0.00% 19.42%
North Coast 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 82.96% 0.00% 17.04%
North Western Transvaal 45.03% 0.00% 0.00% 40.42% 0.00% 14.55%
Northern Natal 13.88% 0.00% 0.00% 40.72% 13.68% 31.72%
Northwestern Cape 44.95% 0.00% 0.00% 35.05% 0.00% 20.00%
Phoenix 43.58% 0.00% 0.00% 21.60% 0.00% 34.81%
Redhill 8.97% 0.00% 0.00% 69.66% 0.00% 21.37%
Reservoir Hills 0.00% 0.00% 4.69% 41.58% 0.00% 53.73%
Rylands 19.09% 0.00% 0.00% 22.91% 0.00% 58.00%
Southern Natal 15.75% 0.34% 0.00% 21.42% 13.54% 48.95%
Springfield 18.34% 0.00% 0.00% 25.39% 4.63% 51.64%
Stanger 0.40% 0.00% 0.00% 27.14% 0.00% 72.46%
Tongaat 56.00% 0.00% 0.00% 23.40% 0.59% 20.01%
Umzinto 31.32% 0.18% 0.00% 35.62% 0.00% 32.88%
Verulam 29.34% 0.00% 0.00% 26.47% 0.00% 44.19%
Source: Constituency Level Election Archive

Reactions[edit]

The United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 554 (1984) condemning the election, declaring it null and void as it was designed to entrench minority rule.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Elections in South Africa African Elections Database