South African general election, 2014
|Winner by ward of the National Assembly election; a lighter shade indicates a plurality win without a majority. African National Congress indicated by green, Democratic Alliance by blue, Inkatha Freedom Party by red, National Freedom Party by orange and other parties by grey.|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The 2014 South African general election was held on 7 May 2014, to elect a new National Assembly and new provincial legislatures in each province. It was the fifth election held in South Africa under conditions of universal adult suffrage since the end of the apartheid era in 1994, and also the first held since the death of Nelson Mandela. It was also the first time that South African expatriates were allowed to vote in a South African national election.
The National Assembly election was won by the African National Congress (ANC), but with a reduced majority of 62.1%, down from 65.9% in the 2009 election. The official opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) increased its share of the vote from 16.7% to 22.2%, while the newly formed Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) obtained 6.4% of the vote.
Eight of the nine provincial legislatures were won by the ANC. The EFF obtained over 10% of the vote in Gauteng, Limpopo and North West, and beat the DA to second place in the last two. In the other six provinces won by the ANC, the DA obtained second place. This included KwaZulu-Natal, where the DA for the first time beat the Inkatha Freedom Party to second place. In the Western Cape, the only province not won by the ANC, the DA increased its majority from 51.5% to 59.4%.
- 1 Electoral system
- 2 Political parties
- 3 Voter registration
- 4 Opinion polling
- 5 Campaign
- 6 Voting
- 7 Results
- 8 Reactions
- 9 Aftermath
- 10 See also
- 11 Footnotes
- 12 References
- 13 External links
South Africa has a parliamentary system of government; the National Assembly consists of 400 members elected by proportional representation with a closed list approach. Two hundred members are elected from national party lists; the other 200 are elected from provincial party lists in each of the nine provinces. The President of South Africa was chosen by the National Assembly after the election.
The provincial legislatures, which vary in size from 30 to 80 members, are also elected by proportional representation with closed lists. The premiers of each province will be chosen by the winning majority in each provincial legislature.
The National Council of Provinces (NCOP) consists of 90 members, ten elected by each provincial legislature. The NCOP members will be elected by the provincial legislatures in proportion to the party makeup of the legislatures.
Changes to electoral legislation
On 26 November 2013 the Electoral Amendment Act, 2013, came into force. It allows South African citizens resident outside South Africa to register and vote in the election of the National Assembly.
The governing African National Congress (ANC), supported by its Tripartite Alliance with the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) and the South African Communist Party (SACP), have held a majority of the seats in the National Assembly since 1994. They were re-elected with increasing majorities in 1999 and 2004, and with a slight fall in its majority from 69% to 65.9% in 2009. The ANC is led by Jacob Zuma. In 2012, Zuma was re-elected to a second five-year term as President of the African National Congress, beating his only rival and deputy, Kgalema Motlanthe, by a wide margin. Cyril Ramaphosa was elected as Deputy President of the ANC, succeeding Motlanthe who had declined a second term after losing to Zuma.
The official opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) received 16.7% of the vote in 2009, up from 12.4% in 2004. The DA is led by Helen Zille, who was re-elected unopposed as Leader of the Democratic Alliance at the party's Federal Congress in Gauteng in 2012, while Lindiwe Mazibuko continued as Leader of the Opposition in Parliament. At provincial level, the DA has been in power in the Western Cape province since 2009, and came to power in several Western Cape municipalities in the 2011 municipal election. Traditionally, the DA was seen as a party rallying against apartheid laws, especially in the 1980's. However, one of its larger following bases are the whites in the south, especially after it absorbed the New National Party in 2001 (although NNP was disbanded in 2004).
Congress of the People (COPE), is led by Mosiuoa Lekota, although the leadership is disputed by Mbhazima Shilowa who continues to battle for recognition in the High Court. The party has been riven by infighting, causing it to lose much of its support and resulting in the formation of a splinter group, the United Congress. COPE won three seats in the National Assembly in the 2014 elections.
Mangosuthu Buthelezi remains leader of the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) despite a challenge by former IFP chairperson Zanele kaMagwaza-Msibi, who formed the National Freedom Party (NFP) after her feud with Buthelezi. The NFP and IFP split the vote in the Zulu-dominated KwaZulu-Natal province in the previous local government elections, each getting an even share of the vote, while the ANC continued to dominate the former IFP stronghold.
The Electoral Commission of South Africa (IEC) announced on 17 March that a record number of 33 parties had registered candidates for the national parliamentary election. In the provincial legislature elections the number of parties registering candidates, including four parties which had not yet paid the required deposits subject to a 24 March deadline, were:
- Western Cape – 26
- Gauteng – 22
- Limpopo – 20
- Eastern Cape – 18
- KwaZulu-Natal – 18
- Free State – 17
- Mpumalanga – 16
- Northern Cape – 16
- North West – 16
The electoral code of conduct was signed in Midrand, Gauteng on 19 March 2014. At the signing event, a draw was held in which the Freedom Front Plus won the right to appear at the top of the ballot paper.
Several parties contested the election for the first time and gained seats nationally and provincially:
- Expelled former ANC Youth League leader Julius Malema launched the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF), taking a strong anti-ANC position within its ultra-left economic platform, such as calling for the expropriation of land without compensation and the nationalisation of South Africa's mines and the South African Reserve Bank. EFF won 25 seats in the assembly in the 2014 elections, taking the lead over older parties including COPE, FF+, and UDM.
- The National Freedom Party (NFP) was formed by former IFP chairperson Zanele kaMagwaza-Msibi.
- The African Independent Congress contested the election nationally for the first time.
- Agang South Africa was formed by anti-apartheid movement leader Mamphela Ramphele in 2013.
Other new parties were formed but did not obtain seats nationally:
- The Ubuntu Party is a South African political party founded by Michael Tellinger based on his principles of Ubuntu Contributionism. The party aims to introduce 100% employment by closing down the South African Reserve Bank and replacing it with a People's Bank that will grant interest-free homeloans, fund massive public works campaign, and provide free electricity as Eskom is owned by the people of South Africa.
- The Workers and Socialist Party (WASP) was launched on Human Rights Day 2013 by leaders of the independent mineworkers' strike committees that led the strikes in the mining industry in 2012, before and after the Marikana massacre, and the Democratic Socialist Movement (DSM).
- As a result of the infighting in COPE, the United Congress splinter group was formed, led by Mluleki George.
- The new right-wing Front National (FN) party formed in December 2013 promotes separatism and Afrikaner self-determination. Hannes Engelbrecht is their leader and Dan Roodt is their deputy leader and spokesperson.
- The Patriotic Alliance was formed in 2013 by South African businessman, Kenny Kunene, and Kunene's former jail-mate, Gayton Mckenzie.
Alliances and defections
On 17 December 2013, the South African Press Association reported that five opposition parties, namely COPE, the IFP, the African Christian Democratic Party, the United Christian Democratic Party and the Freedom Front Plus, had formed a coalition with 20 specific priorities. The parties in the coalition, named the Collective for Democracy (CD) and chaired by COPE leader Mosiuoa Lekota, will retain their own identity and contest the election individually. The IFP denied being part of the coalition, saying they were wary of forming such alliances given the confusion it had caused for their supporters in previous elections. Three days later, the 20th, COSATU's largest affiliate National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa (NUMSA) announced that they would not endorse the ANC or any other political party in 2014. NUMSA planned to establish a new working class collective along the lines of the defunct United Democratic Front, with the ultimate goal of forming a socialist party that will contest the 2019 general election. An opposing COSATU faction has obtained a legal opinion on removing NUMSA from COSATU, with significant implications for the country's labour and political landscape.
On 28 January 2014, the DA announced that Mamphela Ramphele had accepted an invitation to stand as its presidential candidate in the 2014 general election, and the DA and Agang South Africa were set to merge. On the 31st, Ramphele stated that she would not take up DA party membership and would remain the leader of Agang South Africa, resulting in confusion. On 2 February, Helen Zille stated that Ramphele had reneged on her agreement to stand as the DA's presidential candidate. Ramphele subsequently apologised for the reversal of her decision, saying that the timing was not right as the reaction to it had shown people were unable to overcome race-based party politics.
On 6 February, it was reported that COPE members who support Mbhazima Shilowa's planned to join the United Democratic Movement led by Bantu Holomisa which won four seats in the 2009 election. On 10 March, it was reported that COPE MP Nqaba Bhangu had joined the DA as an Eastern Cape parliamentary candidate, and three COPE MPs, namely Juli Kilian, Leonard Ramatlakane and Nick Koornhof were included on the ANC's list of national parliamentary candidates published on the 11th. On 28 April, it was reported that over 20 COPE MPs had defected to the ANC citing "poor political leadership". The only COPE member in the KwaZulu-Natal Legislature, Lucky Gabela, subsequently also defected to the ANC citing internal conflict.
On 11 March, Al Jama-ah and the Africa Muslim Party announced they would campaign together under the Al Jama-ah Community Party banner. The next day, it was reported that DA MP Beverley Abrahams had joined the ANC. On the 17th, Economic Freedom Fighters announced agreement to establish working relations with the Socialist Party of Azania (SOPA) and Black Consciousness Party (BCP), who would not independently stand for elections, but their candidates would be part of the EFF election 2014 candidates list as EFF members. EFF also had members of South Africa First (SAF) in the list who hold dual membership. Although SAF had not agreed to them being on the EFF list, its leadership collective endorsed the lists.
On the 20th, it was reported that DA MPs Lourie Bosman, Niekie van den Berg and Theo Coetzee were joining Freedom Front Plus on the party's national candidates list for the 2014 election. On the 30th, it was reported in the Sunday Times that DA MP Mpowele Swathe had joined the United Christian Democratic Party (UCDP) after his name appeared on election candidate lists for both parties.
On 2 May 2014, the Mail & Guardian newspaper "urged readers to oppose the ANC" for the first time, to dilute the ruling party's "overweening political power". The editorial cited the support of Cabinet ministers for the controversial proposed "secrecy law" and the ANC's "cynical response to the Nkandla scandal" among its reasons. A Financial Mail editorial published on the same day, cited unemployment and changes in the government's administration and policies which impacted business negatively. It stated "the ANC does not get our endorsement this time" and "our vote goes to the DA". An editorial published in The Economist the following day, cited unemployment and an increase in corruption under Zuma's leadership in particular and stated that the ANC and Zuma "no longer deserve to rule" and "The DA deserves to be endorsed." Also on the 2nd, Abahlali baseMjondolo, a social movement representing shack dwellers which previously supported the No Land! No House! No Vote! election boycott campaign, announced its provincial endorsement of the DA in KwaZulu-Natal for the election as a tactical vote against the ANC.
On the weekends of 9–10 November 2013 and 8–9 February 2014 all voting stations were opened for new voters to register and for those who moved residence to re-register in their new voting district. The presidency of South Africa urged voters who had missed the voting station registration weekends to register at an IEC office during office hours. Presidential spokesperson, Mac Maharaj, said that voters were allowed to register to vote until the election date is published in a government gazette, after which the voters' roll is closed. Approximately 5.5 million people in total visited voting stations, including between 1 and 2 million new voters. This increased the number of registered voters to 25.3 million, representing 80.5% of the 31.4 million people eligible to vote in the country. South Africans who were born after the 1994 general election, known as the born-free generation, and are aged 18 or older were eligible to vote for the first time.
South Africans living abroad could register to vote at any South African Embassy, High Commission or Consulate-General from 9 January 2014 to 7 February 2014. South Africans living abroad who wished to vote had to notify the IEC of their intention to vote by 12 March 2014. The weekends of 18–19 January and 25–26 January were made registration weekends to accommodate voters who were unable to register during business hours. Over 26,000 voters were registered to vote abroad by the time of the election.
A total of 26,701 voters were registered to vote abroad, with the highest numbers of voters being registered to vote in London (9,863), Dubai (1,539) and Canberra (1,243) with other stations totalling 14,056 registered voters.
In an Ipsos survey of 1,000 registered ANC members conducted for the Sunday Times in December 2013, 55% of respondents said they will vote for the ANC again, 5% said they will vote for the DA, 6% said they will vote for other parties, and the remaining 34% said they did not know or preferred not to answer.
According to the results of an Ipsos Pulse of the People survey published in February 2014, the DA is the most multi-racial party while the ANC has 96% black supporters and the EFF has 99% black supporters, relative to 76% black survey respondents. The age profile of ANC supporters closely resembles the age profile of voters, while DA supporters are slightly older overall and EFF supporters are significantly younger overall.
Africa Check, a non-profit organisation that checks facts in claims made about Africa, and the Centre for the Study of Democracy have criticised polls by market research companies as unscientific. Africa Check warned that some polls are intentionally misleading and some are essentially conjecture.
|Date||Polling organisation||ANC||DA||EFF||ACDP||Agang||COPE||IFP||Others||Abstention/Don't know/No answer|
Pulse of the People
|Oct/Nov 2013[Note 1]||Ipsos
Pulse of the People
|Feb/Mar 2014[Note 2]||Ipsos
Pulse of the People
|Feb/Mar 2014[Note 3]||Ipsos/Sunday Times||61.9%||20.5%||3.4%||7.4%|
|Feb/Mar 2014[Note 4]||Ipsos/Sunday Times||66.1%||22.9%||3.7%||~1%||0.4%||0.7%||1.4%||3.8%||N/A|
|Mar/Apr 2014[Note 5]||Ipsos/Sunday Times||65.5%||23.1%||4.0%||0.8%||0.0%||1.3%||2.8%||2.5%||N/A|
|Apr 2014[Note 6]||Ipsos/Sunday Times||63.9%||23.7%||4.7%||0.3%||0.3%||3.4%||0.8%||2.9%||N/A|
The Ipsos Pulse of the People survey undertaken in October and November 2013 showed that a number of provinces would be closely contested. The ANC will continue to dominate in the Eastern Cape, Limpopo, North West, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal and Free State. The DA will keep the Western Cape while control of the Northern Cape and Gauteng will be contested between the ANC and DA, with other parties holding the balance of power, so coalitions may be decisive. In Limpopo and North West the EFF could become the official opposition.
|Ipsos Pulse of the People poll October/November 2013|
|Party||EC %||L %||NW %||M %||KZN %||FS %||G %||NC %||WC %|
|African National Congress||71.4||67.2||63.5||63.4||56.6||55.4||45.5||42.7||27|
|Economic Freedom Fighters||4.6||11.4||12.7||6.8||0.3||2||7.3||1||1.8|
|African Christian Democratic Party||-||0.5||3.1||5.0||0.1||0.7||2.2||-||0.6|
|Congress of the People||2.5||0.4||-||0.8||0.4||7.3||2.2||5||1.6|
|Inkatha Freedom Party||-||1||1.9||0.8||9.8||-||0.2||-||-|
|Africa Muslim Party||-||-||-||-||0.2||-||0.4||-||0.2|
|Azanian People's Organisation||0.3||0.7||-||0.7||0.2||-||0.4||-||0.3|
|Freedom Front Plus||0.2||0.7||1.1||-||-||-||1.8||-||1.6|
|New Labour Party||-||-||2||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Pan Africanist Congress||-||0.5||-||-||-||-||0.4||-||-|
|United Christian Democratic Party||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||0.4|
|United Democratic Movement||1||-||-||-||0.2||-||0.2||-||0.2|
|National Freedom Party||-||-||-||-||1.5||-||0.1||-||0.2|
|Not voting in election||1.6||2.8||4.7||-||3.8||-||2.4||-||1.3|
|Did not answer survey||4.4||1.2||2.6||1.7||11||-||3.6||1.6||6.2|
|Not registered to vote||1||-||0.9||-||-||0.2||0.4||1.6||0.4|
|Source: IPSOS Archived (6 October 2014)|
The Ipsos/Sunday Times survey undertaken in February and March 2014 showed that the ANC enjoyed majority support in all provinces except the Western Cape, where the DA retains majority support. DA support followed that of the ANC in all other provinces except for the North West, where the EFF came in second place.
The South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) broadcast weekly election debates from February to May 2014. They were broadcast between 6pm and 7pm on SABC 1 and streamed live on the SABC's YouTube channel.
The following debates took place:
|23 February 2014||Free and fair elections in a highly charged atmosphere of violent protests|
|2 March 2014||Youth & unemployment|
|9 March 2014||Education|
|16 March 2014||Can the newcomers make a difference?|
|23 March 2014||Poverty in the land of plenty|
|30 March 2014||Defeating racism; building a non-racial South Africa|
|6 April 2014||Land|
|13 April 2014||Accountability & corruption|
|20 April 2014||What's wrong with our municipalities / Are municipalities working for the people?|
|27 April 2014||Liberation movements|
|4 May 2014||Crime|
In January 2014, Helen Zille announced that the DA would be marching to Luthuli House, the ANC's headquarters, saying, “We are taking the fight to Luthuli House to highlight the failure of (President) Jacob Zuma's ANC to cut corruption and create jobs.” Zille said that 6000 people would be marching, each one representing 1000 South Africans who would benefit from the 6 million jobs that the DA promised to create if it came to power. The planned date of the march was 4 February 2014, but this was later changed to the 12th due to logistical problems. The Johannesburg Metro Police Department (JMPD) initially denied the DA's application to march but the decision was overturned on 3 February 2014 when the DA took the matter to the Johannesburg High Court. On the 11th, it was reported that the JMPD had set the march perimeters to prevent the DA from marching to Luthuli House. JMPD spokesperson, Chief Superintendent Wayne Minnaar said, "The protest march by the DA... has been prohibited on the grounds that there would be a security risk to protesters." The DA announced that the march would now end at Beyers Naude Square. On the day of the march, an application to stop the DA march filed by the ANC to the South Gauteng High Court was dismissed.
The march ended early after the DA was confronted by ANC supporters 40 minutes into the march. Stones and petrol bombs were thrown by ANC supporters at police trying to calm the situation.
On 13 March, violence erupted in the Bekkersdal township in Gauteng, the scene of violent service delivery protests in 2013. Residents staged a protest over a planned ANC campaign in the area, barricading the streets with rocks and burning tyres and pelting ANC officials and police vehicles with stones. Police responded to the volatile situation by firing rubber bullets at residents.
Shortly after Public Protector Thuli Madonsela's final report on security upgrades to President Jacob Zuma's private residence at Nkandla was published on 19 March, the DA sent a bulk text message to Gauteng voters which reads: "The Nkandla report shows how Zuma stole your money to build his R246m home. Vote DA on 7 May to beat corruption. Together for change." The ANC submitted an urgent application to the South Gauteng High Court to stop distribution of the text message on the grounds that it violated the Electoral Act. On 4 April, the court ruled that the wording of the message was fair comment and dismissed the ANC's application with costs. The ANC was granted leave to appeal the decision. On 6 May, the Electoral Court ruled that the DA must retract the text message, finding that it wrongly targeted Zuma personally instead of the systematic failures highlighted in Madonsela's report. The court case was ultimately won by the DA when the Constitutional Court set aside the Electoral Court ruling on 19 January 2015.
On 5 April, a marquee, a stage, a sound system and chairs set up for an EFF rally in Thokoza were petrol bombed in the early hours of the morning. EFF spokesperson, Mbuyiseni Mdlozi said that the EFF suspected ANC members were responsible for the sabotage. ANC spokesperson Jackson Mthembu denied the allegations, saying "We don't do such things."
The following day, the DA accused the ANC of abusing state resources after the South African Social Security Agency (SASSA) was seen giving out blankets and toiletries at an ANC rally in Parys. ANC spokesperson Khusela Sangoni-Khawe denied the accusation, saying that the ANC did not know SASSA would be at the rally.
Four days later, the DA submitted a complaint to the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA) about censorship by the public broadcaster after the SABC informed the DA it would not continue broadcasting a DA television advert titled "ANC Ayisafani", meaning "the ANC's not the same", and five DA radio adverts aired on 8 and 9 April 2014. According to the DA's Mmusi Maimane, who appears in the television advert, the SABC banned all DA adverts from 11 public radio stations as well as the television advert. ICASA announced that it would hold public hearings on the matter on Thursday the 17th, 6 days after the DA lodged their complaint. Following the DA's announcement that it would submit an urgent application to the South Gauteng High Court requesting a ruling on the adverts before the long Easter weekend commencing Good Friday, the day after ICASA's proposed public hearing date, the ICASA hearings commenced 2 days earlier than originally scheduled. On the day after the hearing, the ban was lifted temporarily as the SABC had failed to provide reasons for the ban during the ICASA hearings and requested more time to prepare a response. The DA also objected to the SABC not allowing the national official opposition party to participate in a televised election debate on land reform on SABCin the first 2 weeks of April. On 25 April, ICASA upheld the SABC's ban on the television advert finding that it contravened ICASA's regulations on party election broadcasts. ICASA ordered that a photograph taken by The Citizen photographer Alaister Russell of a police officer firing rubber bullets at unarmed residents during the March 2014 Bekkersdal protest be removed from the advert as "the police should not be seen as a threat to the community". In the advert, Maimane says "We've seen a police force killing our own people" while the photograph is shown on the screen. The South African Police Service had earlier submitted a complaint to ICASA that this footage would incite violence against police officers.
On 15 April 2014, a protest campaign against corruption with the slogan "Vukani! Sidikwe! (Wake up! We are Fed up!) Vote No", supported by over 100 ANC veterans, was launched by former government ministers Ronnie Kasrils and Nozizwe Madlala-Routledge. The IEC has requested a legal opinion on whether the campaign contravenes the Electoral Act. The campaign urges ANC supporters to either spoil their votes or vote for a smaller party. Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu welcomed the campaign, and human rights activist and cleric Barney Pityana describes it as "a campaign to bring rationality, order, morality and decency back into our electoral system" in a Mail & Guardian opinion piece.
On the same day, United Democratic Movement leader Bantu Holomisa announced that lawyers acting on behalf of several opposition parties concerned about the credibility of the general election would approach the Electoral Court following the IEC chairperson Pansy Tlakula's refusal to agree to their call for her resignation. Public Protector Thuli Madonsela found Tlakula had been involved in building procurement irregularities in a report published in August 2013, and a subsequent National Treasury review published in March 2014 supported her findings. Five days before the election, the Electoral Court postponed the inquiry into her conduct until 2 June 2014, as it would not be able to rule on the matter before the 7 May election date. On 18 June, the Electoral Court recommended Tlakula's removal from office due to financial misconduct. Tlakula resigned as IEC chairperson on 1 September after an unsuccessful application to the Constitutional Court for leave to appeal the Electoral Court ruling.
On 22 April, the EFF also lodged a complaint with ICASA after the SABC banned an EFF election campaign television advert titled "Now is the time for economic freedom" that was due to be aired on 2 occasions, 2 days before the complaint was lodged and on the day the complaint was lodged. Four days after the complaint was lodged, ICASA upheld the SABC's ban on the advert. ICASA found that wording in the advert about physically destroying contentious e-tolls in Gauteng could incite violence and therefore contravened ICASA's regulations on party election broadcasts. The EFF advert had also highlighted police brutality, using interviews and photographs related to the Marikana massacre and the same photograph of the March 2014 Bekkersdal protest that ICASA ordered removed from the DA advert.
Nine days before the election, a Parliamentary committee set up to consider Zuma's response to Madonsela's final Nkandla report was referred to the next Parliament to be formed after the election, citing insufficient time available before the 7 May election date.
Two days before the election, Zuma spoke about the Nkandla scandal at a media briefing, saying it was only an issue with the media and the opposition, "the bright people ... very clever people", and not an issue with ANC voters.
On the day before the election, it was reported that the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (NSPCA) had ambushed election campaign posters by attaching matching NSPCA posters to the bottom of them. NSPCA spokesperson, Christine Kuch said that the NSPCA campaign hoped to get more political parties to include animal rights in their manifestos.
Due to the secretive nature of political funding in South Africa generally little public information exists on both sources of political funding of South African political parties and the nature of their expenses however the ruling ANC did declare the 2014 elections to be the “most expensive election” it had ever fought to date. According to leaked sources within the ANC the 2014 elections cost the ANC over R429-million. Some of the ANC's expenses include R118 million on campaign T-shirts, R17-million for the manifesto launch in Mbombela, R83.7-million in advertising (including R27-million for posters and billboards), R21 million for the victory rally, and R67-million on volunteers.
International special votes
Over 26,000 South Africans registered to participate in the national election in the international voting phase, which took place at 116 international voting stations on 30 April 2014. The last international voting station in Los Angeles closed at 6am SAST on 1 May 2014. All international votes were couriered to South Africa, combined into a single voting district and counted on 7 May 2014.
Local special votes
The local special vote phase of the election took place on 5–6 May 2014, accommodating who are physically infirm, disabled or pregnant or were unable to vote at their voting station on the polling day. Former President Thabo Mbeki cast a special vote as he was attending a World Economic Forum meeting in Nigeria on polling day.
Voting took place relatively smoothly at 22,264 voting stations in South Africa. It was reported that 2,449, or 11%, of the voting stations opened later than the scheduled opening time of 7am. All voting stations were operational by 11am. Voting stations closed and counting began at 9pm.
A newly designed braille template was used for the first time in a National election, allowing blind voters to vote independently for the first time. In previous elections, blind voters had to communicate their choice of party to a voting official, who then filled in a ballot sheet on their behalf.
On voting day 97 people were arrested for election-related offences, primarily voter intimidation. A number of voters ignored the new legislation prohibiting photographs of marked ballot papers, including local celebrity DJ Sbu and footballer Andile Jali.
A voting station in Alexandra, Gauteng was temporarily closed after an argument broke out between ANC and EFF members when the EFF accused the ANC of vote-rigging. The voting station was opened later that afternoon.
An ANC supporter was fatally shot in KwaZulu-Natal by an IFP supporter near a voting station. Dumisani Nxumalo, a 28-year-old from KwaDukuza was charged with the murder. The Durban Regional Court saw his bail application on 26 June 2014 where it was alleged that the shooting took place while IFP supporters were walking past an ANC tent. The case was set to continue in July.
The Electoral Commission decided to exclude the votes from one voting station in Tickeyline, near Tzaneen in Limpopo, because staff at the voting station were attacked at the close of voting and the security of the ballot could not be assured. The final results were announced on 10 May.
|list||African National Congress||11,436,921||62.15||3.75||249||15|
|list||Democratic Alliance||4,091,584||22.23||[a] 4.62||89||[a] 18|
|list||Economic Freedom Fighters||1,169,259||6.35||New||25||New|
|list||Inkatha Freedom Party||441,854||2.40||2.15||10||8|
|list||National Freedom Party||288,742||1.57||New||6||New|
|list||United Democratic Movement||184,636||1.00||0.16||4||0|
|list||Freedom Front Plus||165,715||0.90||0.07||4||0|
|list||Congress of the People||123,235||0.67||6.75||3||27|
|list||African Christian Democratic Party||104,039||0.57||0.24||3||0|
|list||African Independent Congress||97,642||0.53||New||3||New|
|list||Pan Africanist Congress||37,784||0.21||0.07||1||0|
|list||African People's Convention||30,676||0.17||0.04||1||0|
|list||United Christian Democratic Party||21,744||0.12||0.26||0||2|
|list||Azanian People's Organisation||20,421||0.11||0.11||0||1|
|list||Bushbuckridge Residents Association||15,271||0.08||New||0||New|
|list||Independent Civic Organisation||14,472||0.08||New||0||New|
|list||Workers and Socialist Party||8,331||0.05||New||0||New|
|list||Kingdom Governance Movement||6,408||0.03||New||0||New|
|list||Keep It Straight and Simple||4,294||0.02||0.01||0||0|
|list||Pan Africanist Movement||3,815||0.02||0.01||0||0|
|list||First Nation Liberation Alliance||3,297||0.02||New||0||New|
|Total votes cast||18,654,457||100.00|
National Council of Provinces
The National Council of Provinces (NCOP) consists of 90 members, ten nominated by each provincial legislature, in proportion to the party membership of the provincial legislature. Each provincial delegation consists of six permanent delegates, who are nominated for a term that lasts until a new provincial legislature is elected, and four special delegates. One of the special delegates is the province's Premier, or another member of the provincial legislature designated by the Premier, while the other three special delegates are designated ad hoc by the provincial legislature.
|African National Congress||Permanent||4||4||3||4||4||4||4||4||2||33||60|
|Economic Freedom Fighters||Permanent||1||1||1||1||1||1||6||7|
|Inkatha Freedom Party||Permanent||1||1|
|National Freedom Party||Special||1||1|
|United Democratic Movement||Permanent||1||1|
In the provincial results of the election, the ANC won a majority in all the provincial legislatures except for the Western Cape, in which it came second to the DA. The DA came second in all other provinces except for Limpopo and the North West, in which it came third after the EFF.
African National Congress supporters gathered in Johannesburg to celebrate the party's results. Jacob Zuma dedicated the ANC's victory to Nelson Mandela. The ANC requested an in-depth analysis of election results from its provincial election team in Gauteng. ANC spokesperson Nkenke Kekana said the ANC was concerned about its drop in support in the 2014 elections. Democratic Alliance leader, Helen Zille, published a press release thanking every South African who voted for the DA. She said that voters had responded positively to the DA's campaign, saying, "We can look back proudly on what was undoubtedly the biggest and best campaign the DA has ever run." Economic Freedom Fighters commander-in-chief Julius Malema dedicated the EFF's result to the girls kidnapped in the Chibok schoolgirl kidnapping, saying, "It looks impossible, but we have proved what looks impossible is possible." EFF supporters gathered at Innes Free Park in Sandton to celebrate the results. Inkatha Freedom Party leader Mangosuthu Buthelezi said in a statement that despite low estimations in the Ipsos polls, the IFP managed to retain its fourth-place position in the elections. Buthelezi thanked all South Africans who voted for the IFP and stated that he was proud to serve South Africa. Agang SA: Mamphela Ramphele congratulate all parties and candidates who contested the election. She expressed disappointment at Agang SA's poor performance, but stated that she was proud that her party achieved parliamentary representation despite it only being formed several months prior to the election. African Christian Democratic Party MP Steve Swart expressed disappointment that the ACDP did not grow its share of the vote, but was grateful that they were able to retain their support compared to other parties in the election.
Angolan President José Eduardo dos Santos congratulated President Jacob Zuma and said that the election results reaffirmed the wish of South Africans to maintain the status quo. President of Botswana, Ian Khama said "We extend our congratulations to President Jacob Zuma and his party the ANC for their re-election." Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan congratulated President Zuma and the ANC on their "resounding victory", describing it as a well-deserved tribute to Nelson Mandela. President of Seychelles, James Michel congratulated Jacob Zuma on his re-election, saying, “It is a mark of confidence, in the leadership that you have provided the people of South Africa and the undeniable strong determination and conviction in making South Africa a beacon of hope and success in Africa and in the world." He also stated he was proud of the partnership between their two countries and he hoped that they would continue to improve. Swaziland's ambassador to South Africa Senzangakhona Dlamini told President Zuma "Swaziland agrees that South Africa has a good story to tell as you celebrate 20 years of democracy". Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe congratulated President Jacob Zuma on the ANC's "resounding victory" and commended South Africans for their "peaceful and exemplary conduct" during the election.
United States Secretary of State, John Kerry, congratulated South Africa on the elections in a press release when the voting had concluded. Once the results had been released, President Barack Obama congratulated Jacob Zuma in a telephone conversation.
The President of Belarus, Alexander Lukashenko sent a congratulatory message to Zuma congratulating him on his re-election. It read, "I hope that joint efforts will help us enhance bilateral cooperation for the benefit of the two countries." United Kingdom Foreign Secretary William Hague congratulated South Africa for successful elections and stated that the UK would continue to have good relations with South Africa.
Middle East and Asia
King of Bahrain, Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa congratulated Zuma on his re-election for a second term of governance. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson, Hua Chunying, congratulated South Africa on the elections at a press briefing. She said that China had paid great attention to these elections and that "China will continue to view relations with South Africa as a priority in its foreign policy." Indian president, Pranab Mukherjee congratulated Jacob Zuma on his re-election and said that he hoped bilateral relations between India and South Africa would grow from "strength to strength." King Abdullah of Jordan congratulated Zuma and expressed his commitment to improve relations between Jordan and South Africa. Kazakhstan ambassador to South Africa Talgat Kaliyev congratulated President Zuma on "the successful elections". President of Nepal, Ram Baran Yadav congratulated Zuma on his re-elections and wished peace and prosperity for South Africans under Zuma's leadership. Sri Lankan president Mahinda Rajapaksa congratulated the ANC on their victory, saying this showed the popularity of "the party of Nelson Mandela, Oliver Tambo and others."
States with limited recognition
Barotseland Administrator General, Afumba Mombotwa congratulated Zuma for his victory, saying the result of the election showed that South African citizens had "spoken their minds." President of the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic, Mohamed Abdelaziz conveyed his best wishes to Zuma and the ANC on behalf of his people and government.
United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki Moon applauded the high voter turnout at the elections and South African citizens' willingness to participate in the democratic system their country fought for. African Union observer mission Deputy Head Ibrahim Fall reported that the elections were fair and all parties obeyed electoral rules. He said, "The general political and electoral environment was generally peaceful across the country, with voters being able to exercise their right to vote." Southern African Development Community Electoral Observation Mission said in a statement "Guided by the SADC Principles and Guidelines Governing Democratic Elections, SEOM concludes that the 2014 National and Provincial Elections were peaceful, free, fair, transparent and credible, reflecting the will of the people of South Africa." Commonwealth of Nations Election Observer Mission chairperson, Nana Akufo-Addo said that the South African elections should be an example for the continent of Africa, saying, "So when we see a process like this which seems to have been a commendable process taking place in South Africa, we see there is a tremendous boost to the spread of democracy in the rest of the continent."
BBC's Andrew Harding said that there was no massive change in the elections compared to previous years and Voice of America said that the increase in representation for opposition parties will provide "great political entertainment".
On 8 May 2014, the South African Rand grew 1.2% against the US dollar, reaching its highest level in four months. The following day, the Rand was still trading strongly as preliminary results showed that the ANC would defeat the EFF, whose left-wing policies worried investors.
On 7 June 2014, the Presidency issued a statement saying that Jacob Zuma had been admitted to hospital for tests following "a demanding election and transition programme," and that doctors were satisfied with his condition. Zuma was advised to rest for the next few days. Following internal conflict within Agang SA, party leader Mamphela Ramphele announced her withdrawal from politics on the next day.
On 8 May, it was reported that dumped ballots from the Lynnwood voting district in Pretoria had been found. According to reports, a majority of the dumped votes were for the Democratic Alliance. Helen Zille expressed her concerns over the incident to reporters at the IEC national operations centre, saying, "This is certainly not conducive to public confidence in a free and fair election." However, DA party agents from the voting station confirmed that the votes had already been counted. Party agent for the DA, Jordan Griffith tweeted, “I was the party agent there, those votes were counted and recorded. .signed off. The IEC in their laziness dumped them" The IEC stated that it was looking into the incident.
Violence in Alexandra
IFP officials stormed an ANC office in Alexandra and held ANC members hostage after the IFP had realised that they had lost all previous IFP voting districts to the ANC. The ANC office was situated in a multi-purpose centre along with IEC and IFP offices.
Rubber bullets and stun grenades were used on 9 May to disperse a violent protest by 300 to 400 people demanding the release of the suspects arrested the previous day. Members of the South African National Defence Force were called in to bring the situation under control. 44 People were arrested for public violence during the protest.
- Figures in this row are based on the moderate voter turnout scenario without assigning the 6% undecided voters to parties.
- Figures in this row are based on the moderate voter turnout scenario.
- Figures in this row are based on the moderate voter turnout scenario without assigning the 7.4% undecided voters to parties.
- Figures in this row are based on the moderate voter turnout scenario with the 7.4% undecided voters assigned to parties based on other survey answers.
- Figures in this row are based on an average voter turnout of 74.5% with undecided voters assigned to parties based on other survey answers.
- Figures in this row are based on an average voter turnout of 74.5% with undecided voters assigned to parties based on other survey answers.
- "Zuma: We aim to create six million jobs". News24. 11 January 2014. Archived from the original on 11 January 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- Vecchiatto, Paul (13 January 2014). "Zuma pledges to create 6-million 'job opportunities'". Business Day. South Africa. Archived from the original on 21 January 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- "Zuma signs election proclamation". News24. 21 February 2014. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- Baksh, Nouf (30 April 2014). "South African expats in UAE vote for the first time in country's elections". The National. Abu Dhabi. Archived from the original on 22 June 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "Election for National Assembly". ElectionGuide. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- "Zuma elected as President of South Africa". Sowetan Live. 21 May 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
- "Electoral Amendment Act in Force". Sabinet Law. 27 November 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
- de Vos, Pierre (1 May 2014). "May the Seventh be with You". Daily Maverick. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- Mokati, Noni (3 May 2014). "Marked ballot selfie could get you jailed". Saturday Star. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- "South Africa's political parties". www.southafrica.info. Retrieved 2016-05-03.
- Simon, Natalie (18 March 2014). "Record Number of Politicial Parties Set to Contest 2014 Elections". SA Breaking News. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- "Four parties still have to comply: IEC". Sowetan LIVE. SAPA. 18 March 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
- "Freedom Front Plus tops ballot list: IEC". Times Live. SAPA. 19 March 2014. Archived from the original on 6 July 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
The Freedom Front Plus will top the 2014 general elections ballot paper, the Electoral Commission of SA (IEC) said on Wednesday.
- Ndlangisa, Sabelo (11 July 2013). "EFF 'founded on principle of non-corruption' – Malema". City Press. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- Lineque, Mia (23 February 2014). "EFF TO NATIONALISE MINES AND BANKS". EWN. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- "South Africa's political parties". www.southafrica.info. Retrieved 2016-05-03.
- Mkhize, Nce (7 June 2013). "Divisions 'bode ill' for National Freedom Party". BDLive. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- Styan, James-Brent (8 May 2014). "AIC heads for Parliament: Did voters mistake it for ANC?". City Press. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
In 2009 the AIC did not appear on the national ballot paper
- "Agang SA launches". eNCA. 22 June 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- Tellinger, Michael (3 April 2014). "ubuntu: FREE Electricity For The People". UBUNTU Party. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "Workers' party to be launched". News24. SAA. 11 March 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- Deklerk, Aphiwe (28 August 2013). "New party forms from COPE split". DispatchLive. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- Roodt, Dan (22 February 2014). "Afrikaners moet opstaan vir selfbeskikking" [Afrikaners must stand up for self-determination]. Rapport (in Afrikaans). Archived from the original on 13 March 2014. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
- Eckard, Lourensa (5 March 2014). "EFF dood as eis nie slaag" [EFF dead if demand fails]. Beeld (in Afrikaans). Archived from the original on 15 June 2014. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
- Godinho, Thorne (25 April 2014). "Front Nasionaal stokes the embers of the Afrikaner right". Mail & Guardian. Archived from the original on 15 June 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- "Patriotic Alliance founder says criminal record should not affect voters". Times Live. Archived from the original on 9 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- Phakathi, Bekezela. "Cape Town mayor de Lille could find herself on a tough mission". bdlive.co.za. Retrieved 12 May 2014.
- SAPA (17 December 2013). "Opposition parties form coalition in bid to oust ANC". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
- Makinana, Andisiwe (18 December 2013). "IFP denies involvement with new opposition coalition". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
- Mkhize, Nce (19 December 2013). "IFP 'shocked' to hear it is part of Collection for Democracy". Business Day. South Africa. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
- Letsoalo, Mmanaledi; Mataboge; Reuters (20 December 2013). "Gatvol Numsa cuts ties with ANC". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
- Polgreen, Lydia (20 December 2013). "South Africa's Biggest Trade Union Pulls Its Support for A.N.C.". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
- Marrian, Natasha (8 April 2014). "Cosatu gets legal advice on ejecting Numsa". Business Day. South Africa. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
- "Ramphele is joining us – DA source". IOL. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- "Ramphele: This is an astonishing moment for SA". News24. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- "Ramphele announced as DA presidential candidate". Mail & Guardian. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- Davis, Rebecca (28 January 2014). "DA-Agang: Dial M for Merger". IOL. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
Zille said that the two parties were establishing a 'joint technical committee to manage the integration of the DA and Agang SA structures and volunteers'.
- Ensor, Linda (28 January 2014). "Mamphela Ramphele joins DA as presidential candidate". Business Day. South Africa. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
Dr Ramphele said she believed the merger was a historic moment
- Ramphele, Mamphela (31 January 2014). "I won't be accepting DA membership on Monday". Politicsweb. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- Zille, Helen (2 February 2014). "Mamphela Ramphele has reneged on our agreement". Politicsweb. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
- "Ramphele says she made the right decision with DA candidacy". Times LIVE. 3 February 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
- Zuzile, Mphumzi (6 February 2014). "Shilowa's COPE faction set to join UDM". Daily Dispatch. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
- Williams, Denise (10 March 2014). "Cope MP joins the DA". Times LIVE. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- Monama, Tebogo; Hartley, Aziz (12 March 2014). "Disgraced politicians on ANC poll list". Cape Times. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
- Underhill, Glynnis; Makinana, Andisiwe (12 March 2014). "Why former Cope MP Kilian leapt to the ANC". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
- Davis, Gaye (12 March 2014). "Politicians jump ship to get re-elected". Eyewitness News. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
- "19-floor-crossers 'unemployable outside politics' – Cope". City Press. South Africa. 28 April 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014. The 19 listed in this article exclude Smuts Ngonyama and Thozamile Botha.
- "COPE MPs move back to ANC". SABC News. 28 April 2014. Archived from the original on 1 May 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- Nini, Asanda (1 May 2014). "COPE five return to 'flawed' ANC fold". Daily Dispatch. Archived from the original on 1 May 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- Mkhize, Nce (30 April 2014). "COPE's sole member in KZN Legislature defects to ANC". Business Day. South Africa. Archived from the original on 1 May 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- Meyer, Warda (11 March 2014). "Cape Muslim parties unite for polls". IOL News. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- Deklerk, Aphiwe; Joubert, Jan–Jan (12 March 2014). "MP shocks DA by joining the ANC". The Times. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "EFF candidates list for 2014 general elections". EconomicFreedomFighters.org. 17 March 2014. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
- "Elections list: DA MPs join FF Plus". Mail & Guardian. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
- Kekana, Steve (29 March 2014). "Candidates appear on more than one party list". SABC News. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
- "Editorial: Vote tactically to dilute ANC power". Mail & Guardian. 2 May 2014. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
- Gifford, Gill (2 May 2014). "M&G – Don't vote for the ANC". eNCA. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- "EDITORIAL: Difficult choice in a confusing poll". Financial Mail. 2 May 2014. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- "Time to ditch Mandela's party". The Economist. 3 May 2014. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- "DA signs pact with KZN landless people". IOL. 2 May 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- Brown, Julian (3 May 2014). "Op-Ed: Abahlali's choice". Daily Maverick. Archived from the original on 5 May 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- "Why we endorsed the DA in this election – Abahlali baseMjondolo". Politicsweb. 7 May 2014. Archived from the original on 7 May 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- Tracey, Lauren. "Will Social Media Influence Election Campaigning In South Africa?". The Official Website of the eThakwini Municipality. Institute for Security Studies. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
Following the IEC’s voter registration campaign, 2,5 million South Africans registered to vote on the weekend of 9–10 November.
- "Final registration weekend, 8–9 February". South African Government. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- "Register to vote, encourages presidency". IOL News. SAPA. 10 February 2014. Archived from the original on 4 July 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- Marrian, Natasha (12 November 2013). "About 1-million new voters register ahead of 2014 polls, says IEC". Business Day. South Africa. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
- "Millions of youths registered". News24. 11 February 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
- Bapela, Kate (11 February 2014). "25.3m South Africans registered to vote – IEC" (Press release). Politicsweb. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
- "ANC risks losing 'born free' voters". News24. 28 January 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
- "South African High Commission: Home page". southafricahouseuk.com. Archived from the original on 9 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- "How to register and vote abroad". elections.org.za. Archived from the original on 9 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- Kings, Sipho. "Expats can now vote in SA elections abroad". Mail & Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- "Expats start voting in SA's national election". enca.com. Archived from the original on 9 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- Marais, Jana. "Expats' troubled vote". Sunday Times (Johannesburg). Archived from the original on 9 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- Sanderson, Sertan. "London leads Top Ten of expat voter registrations". thesouthafrican.com. Archived from the original on 9 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- Lund, Troye (10 April 2014). "Poll prediction palaver". Financial Mail. Archived from the original on 1 May 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
- "Half of ANC want Zuma to quit – poll". Business Day. South Africa. 15 December 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
- Essop, Philda (16 December 2013). "First boos, now a poll: ANC voters turn on JZ". The Witness. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
- Merten, Marianne (20 January 2014). "2014 polls offer no easy choice". Pretoria News. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
- Harris, Mari (5 February 2014). "The supporter profiles of SA's three largest parties – Ipsos". Politicsweb (Press release). Retrieved 7 February 2014.
- "Support for political parties". Ipsos South Africa. Retrieved 16 January 2014. The survey was based on 3,564 interviews undertaken in October and November 2013.
- Eckard, Lourensa (10 January 2014). "Skok vir ANC" [Shock for ANC]. Beeld (in Afrikaans). Retrieved 23 March 2014.
- Ndlangisa, Sabelo; du Plessis, Carien; sama Yende, Sizwe; Pauw, Jacques (12 January 2014). "Elections 2014: Will it be ANC vs EFF?". City Press. South Africa. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- Harris, Mari (15 January 2014). "ANC's support down to 53% among eligible voters – Ipsos". Politicsweb (Press release). Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- Cohen, Mike (16 January 2014). "ANC Support Below 60% May Trigger 'Populist' Push, Citi Says". Bloomberg Business Week. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- "Poll sees thumping election victory for ANC". Mail & Guardian. 3 May 2014. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2014. The survey was based on 3,730 interviews undertaken from 20 February 2014 to 28 March 2014.
- "Ipsos survey May 2014". SABC News. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- "Two-thirds ANC majority on cards". Sunday Times. 23 March 2014.
An exclusive Sunday Times survey suggests that an ANC two-thirds majority is a real possibility in the upcoming elections.The survey was based on 2,222 interviews undertaken from 20 February 2014 to 11 March 2014.
- "ANC set to secure two-thirds: Poll". News24. 23 March 2014. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
- van Onselen, Gareth (24 March 2014). "The Democratic Alliance makes massive strategic Zuma blunder". Business Day. South Africa. Archived from the original on 24 March 2014. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
- van Onselen, Gareth (21 April 2014). "ANC still riding high among voters in spite of Nkandla scandal". Times LIVE. Archived from the original on 21 April 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2014. The survey was based on 2,219 interviews undertaken from 21 March 2014 to 4 April 2014, after Public Protector Thuli Madonsela published her final Nkandla report.
- van Onselen, Gareth (4 May 2014). "No ANC two-thirds". Times LIVE. Archived from the original on 4 May 2014. Retrieved 4 May 2014. The survey was based on 500 interviews undertaken on 23 April 2014.
- Mapenzauswa, Stella (5 May 2014). "ANC predicts victory, rivals unconvinced". IOL. Archived from the original on 5 May 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- Harris, Mari (15 January 2014). "ANC polling at 45% in Gauteng – Ipsos". Politicsweb (Press release). Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- "Election Debate: Land Reform". SABC News. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- "Elections 2014 Debates". SABC. 22 February 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
- "DA plans march to Luthuli House". IOL. SAPA. 22 January 2014. Archived from the original on 14 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- "DA wins march appeal". City Press. SAPA. 3 February 2014. Archived from the original on 14 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- "DA march won't end at Luthuli house". News24. 11 February 2014. Archived from the original on 14 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- "ANC anti-DA march application dismissed". eNCA. 12 February 2014. Archived from the original on 14 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- "GALLERY: DA march on Luthuli House ends in chaos". eNCA. 12 February 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- Tau, Steven (14 March 2014). "Bekkersdal mayhem as police 'open fire'". The Citizen. Archived from the original on 27 April 2014. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- Simelane, BC; Nicolson, Greg (16 March 2014). "Bekkersdal: A flashpoint exposing the ANC's weaknesses". Daily Maverick. Archived from the original on 17 March 2014. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- Stone, Setumo (1 April 2014). "Nkandla SMS court case postponed". Business Day. South Africa. Archived from the original on 1 May 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- "ANC case against DA 'Zuma stole your money for Nkandla' sms dismissed with costs". Times LIVE. 4 April 2014. Archived from the original on 4 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
- "ANC granted leave to appeal in DA SMS case". City Press. South Africa. 12 April 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- Grobler, Andre (6 May 2014). "Court orders DA to retract Nkandla SMS". Mail & Guardian. Archived from the original on 7 May 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- "DA's 'Zuma stole money' SMS okay, says Constitutional Court". Business Day. SAPA. 20 January 2015. Archived from the original on 14 February 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- "EFF marquee torched in Thokoza". Mail & Guardian. SAPA. 5 April 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- "Sassa gives blankets at ANC rally". News24. 6 April 2014. Archived from the original on 14 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- Nicolson, Greg (13 April 2014). "SABC's non-flighting of the DA ad: Wrong, but not surprising". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
- Gernetzky, Karl (16 April 2014). "SABC pulled DA ads after public 'backlash'". Business Day. South Africa. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- "DA: Ad ruling a victory for freedom of expression". News24. 16 April 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
- Maimane, Mmusi (14 April 2014). "Ayisafani: The full story". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- Vecchiatto, Paul (15 April 2014). "Icasa to hold public hearings on SABC blocking of DA ads". Business Day. South Africa. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- "Public hearing over DA ad to be heard on Tuesday evening". SABC News. 15 April 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- Spector, J Brooks (16 April 2014). "Ayisafani: SABC loses, freedom of expression wins". Daily Maverick. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- Gernetzky, Karl (16 April 2014). "DA's 'banned' election ads to return to SABC". Business Day. South Africa. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- Ngobeni, Lesego (17 April 2014). "DA ads to be played on SABC". Eyewitness News. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- Vecchiatto, Paul (15 April 2014). "Icasa calls for public hearings on the DA's 'censored' advert". Business Day. South Africa. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- "Election Debate: Land Reform". SABC News. 13 April 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- "Icasa upholds SABC decision to ban DA advert". eNCA. 25 April 2014. Archived from the original on 25 April 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
- "ICASA upholds SAPS complaint on Citizen photo". The Citizen. 25 April 2014. Archived from the original on 26 April 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- Wakefield, Adam (25 April 2014). "Icasa upholds SAPS complaint over DA election ad". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- Raborife, Mpho (26 April 2014). "Icasa rules against EFF advert". Business Day. South Africa. Archived from the original on 26 April 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- Pillay, Verashni (15 April 2014). "'Vote No', say ANC veterans at campaign launch". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- Merten, Marianne (16 April 2014). "IEC seeks legal opinion on No-vote campaign". IOL Political Bureau. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- Grant, Laura (2 May 2014). "A Spoilt Vote Party could clinch six seats or more". Mail & Guardian. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
- Vecchiatto, Paul (24 April 2014). "'Vote no' campaign forces people to think of ballot's value, says Tutu". Business Day. South Africa. Archived from the original on 4 May 2014. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
- Pityana, Barney (2 May 2014). "Vote 'no' to the nightmare of Zuma's ANC". Mail & Guardian. Archived from the original on 4 May 2014. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
- Cornish, Jean-Jacques; Grootes, Stephen (1 April 2014). "Opposition parties unite against IEC chair". Eyewitness News. Archived from the original on 27 June 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- "Parties to act against Tlakula: Holomisa". IOL. 15 April 2014. Archived from the original on 27 June 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- Mbanjwa, Xolani (2 May 2014). "Pansy Tlakula gets a reprieve". City Press. South Africa. Archived from the original on 27 June 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
- "Court recommends IEC boss's removal". IOL. 18 June 2014. Archived from the original on 27 June 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- Pillay, Verashni (2 September 2014). "IEC chair Pansy Tlakula resigns". Mail & Guardian. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
- Manyathi, Nokuthula (22 April 2014). "EFF promises mass action after SABC bans campaign ad". City Press. South Africa. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
- Melaphi, Yoliswa; Magubane, Khulekani (23 April 2014). "EFF lodges complaint with Icasa over banned advert". Business Day. South Africa. Archived from the original on 26 April 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- "SABC bans EFF election ad". iafrica.com. 24 April 2014. Archived from the original on 24 April 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- "SABC welcomes Icasa ruling on DA, EFF ads". SABC News. 26 April 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- Vecchiatto, Paul (28 April 2014). "Nkandla probe stalled". Business Day. South Africa. Archived from the original on 29 April 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- Stone, Setumo; Marrian, Natasha (6 May 2014). "Zuma at last breaks silence on Nkandla". Business Day. South Africa. Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
- Flanagan, Louise (6 May 2014). "Zuma justifies Nkandla". The Star. Archived from the original on 7 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
- "NSPCA's 'election posters' give voters paws for thought". The Citizen. 6 May 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- Hunter, Qaanitah (28 November 2014). "Leaked: Broke ANC spent R429m on election". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- "Voting for South Africans abroad closes". City Press. South Africa. 1 May 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
- "Voting for South Africans abroad closes". City Press. South Africa. 1 May 2014. Archived from the original on 10 June 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
- Koyana, Xolani (7 May 2014). "Rush to get expats' votes to SA". IOL News. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- "Special votes". elections.org.za. Archived from the original on 7 May 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- Magubane, Khulekani. "Mbeki 'happy' to cast special vote ahead of trip to Nigeria". bdlive.co.za. Archived from the original on 7 May 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- Gernetzky, Karl (7 May 2014). "No significant problems at the polls, says IEC". Business Day. South Africa. Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
- "Nearly 2500 voting stations open late". News24.com. 7 May 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
- "South African voting ends, counting starts". Daily Mail. Associated Press. 7 May 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- Molosankwe, Botho (7 May 2014). "Secret ballot for blind". IOL News. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- Jones, Michelle. "Man who took selfie one of 97 arrested". Independent Online. South Africa. Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
- "Voter arrested for taking selfie". sabc.co.za. Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
- "DJ Sbu takes photo in voting booth". The Sowetan. Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
- "Andile Jali also takes a booth selfie – not clever". sundayworld.co.za. Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
- de Wet, Phillip (7 May 2014). "EFF, ANC 'argument' disrupts Alexandra voting". Mail & Guardian. Archived from the original on 10 June 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
- "KZN election shooting update". eNCA. 8 May 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- Padayachee, Kamini (27 June 2014). "IFP supporter denies voting day killing". IOL News. The Mercury. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
- "Parties except ANC accept Limpopo vote exclusion". SABC. 9 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "ANC wins 249 seats". News24. 10 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "Electoral Commission : National and provincial electoral results". Electoral Commission of South Africa. Select province as "All" and download report. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
- "Zuma dedicates victory to Madiba". eNCA. 11 May 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
- "ANC wants in-depth analysis of election results". News24. 13 May 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
- Zille, Helen (9 May 2014). "2014 election results the DA's best yet - Helen Zille". Politicsweb. Archived from the original on 7 June 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
- "EFF results dedicated to kidnapped girls". News24. 10 May 2014. Archived from the original on 7 June 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
- "EFF gathers to celebrate election results". News24. 17 May 2014. Archived from the original on 7 June 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
- Mangosuthu Buthelezi (13 May 2014). "Reflections on the election results - Mangosuthu Buthelezi". Politicsweb. Inkatha Freedom Party. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- "Agang SA response to Election Results". Agang SA. 9 May 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- McKenzie, Roy (9 May 2014). "ACDP 'more about values than religion'". News24. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- "Angolan President congratulates Jacob Zuma on re-election". Angop. 15 May 2014. Archived from the original on 16 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "Elections: Khama congratulates Zuma, ANC". afriquejet.com. 12 May 2014. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- "'ANC's Victory, Well Deserved Tribute To Madiba" Jonathan Congratulates Jacob Zuma" (Press release). NewsWireNGR. 10 May 2014. Archived from the original on 16 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "Seychelles President congratulates South African President Zuma for leadership and strong determination following re-election". Office of the President of the Rupublic of Seychelles. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- "SA has a good story to tell – Swazi ambassador". News24. 14 May 2014. Archived from the original on 16 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "President hails Zuma, ANC on election win". The Herald. 16 May 2014. Archived from the original on 16 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- Kerry, John. "South African General Elections". U.S. Department of State (press release). Archived from the original on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
- "Obama congratulates S. Africa's Zuma on re-election". Xinhua News Agency. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- "Alexander Lukashenko congratulates Jacob Zuma on re-election as South Africa President". The Official Internet Portal of the President of the Republic of Belarus. 23 May 2014. Archived from the original on 30 May 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
- "South Africa: UK Foreign Secretary congratulates South Africa on elections" (Press release). PR Newswire. 12 May 2014. Archived from the original on 13 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "HM the King congratulates South African President". Bahrain News Agency. 27 May 2014. Archived from the original on 30 May 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
- "China congratulates South Africa on election". english.people.cn. Archived from the original on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
- "Pranab Mukherjee congratulates South African President Jacob Zuma on re-election". The Times of India. 19 May 2014. Archived from the original on 20 May 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
- "King congratulates Zuma on re-election". The Jordan Times. 27 May 2014. Archived from the original on 31 May 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
- "Prez, PM congratulate SA Prez Zuma on his re-election". myrepublica.com. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- "President Rajapaksa congratulates South African president on ANC election victory". asiantribune.com. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "Barotseland's Afumba Mombotwa congratulates Jacob Zuma and South Africa on re-election". Barotse Post. 15 May 2014. Archived from the original on 1 June 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
- "President of Republic congratulates ANC for winning elections in South Africa". Embassy of the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic. 15 May 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Ban congratulates South Africa on peaceful polls, high voter turnout". UN News Center. Archived from the original on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "South Africa's election free and fair: AU". southafrica.info. Archived from the original on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
- "SADC Mission declares South African elections free and fair". thesouthafrican.com. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- Lattus, Asumpta (8 May 2014). "Observers give thumbs up to South Africa's election". Deutsche Welle. Archived from the original on 1 June 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
- Harding, Andrew (9 May 2014). "South Africa election: everyone's a winner". Retrieved 11 June 2014.
- "South African Election Results Promise Interesting Five Years". Voice of America. 12 May 2014. Archived from the original on 14 June 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
- "Rand hits high after smooth poll". News24. 8 May 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
- "Rand still basks in election afterglow". News24. 9 May 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- "President Zuma admitted to hospital". Presidency. 7 June 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
- "Ramphele quits party politics". News24. SAPA. 8 July 2014. Archived from the original on 8 July 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- McKenzie, Roy (8 May 2014). "Zille: Dumped ballots raises concern about fair election". News24. Archived from the original on 3 July 2014. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- Nzimande, Bafana (8 May 2014). "Alexandra residents protest outside IEC office". enca.com. eNCA. Archived from the original on 1 June 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
- Aboobaker, Shanti (8 May 2014). "ANC-IFP poll hostage drama". IOL News. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- "Army deployed in Alexandra". news24.com. News24. Archived from the original on 1 June 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2014 South African general election.|