South American Rugby Championship

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South American Six Nations
SportRugby union
Founded1951
No. of teams13
ContinentSouth America (main division) and Central America (lower divisions)
Most recent
champion(s)
 Brazil (1 title)

South American Rugby Championship refers to the continental rugby championships for South America, organized by Sudamérica Rugby.[1][2] The current name of the championships is South American Six Nations, implemented in 2018. Throughout history, South American Championships have also exist for lower divisions of the rugby union championships, as well as youth and women tournaments, and editions for rugby sevens.

History[edit]

Structure of the South American rugby union competition from 2014 to 2017, in four levels with 13 countries.

The South American Rugby Championship is a round-robin tournament, with each team playing each other once at a designated host stadium. The top level championship for men's rugby union, disputed annually, has received a number of different titles in history. It began in 1951 as Sudamericano de Rugby, which lasted until 1998. From 1951 to 1998, only Argentina, Chile and Uruguay were the core teams in the tournament. They competed alongside occasional additions of Brazil, Paraguay and Peru, with the winner being decided on which team finishes with the most table points.

In 2000, a second division was added, which meant the bottom placed team of the A division had a play-off match with the top placed team of the B division, although this did not apply to every tournament due to the Rugby World Cup qualification formats. In 2012, a third Division was added, which meant up until 2014, the bottom placed team of the B division would play a play-off match against the top placed C Division team. Although like A and B, this did not apply to every tournament due to the Rugby World Cup qualification format.

In 2014, the tournament became a four-tiered competition, with Argentina no longer competing as a regular. However, the tournament would keep the same format for promotion and relegation. The top placed team from Division C would play a play-off match against the bottom placed team from Division B to determine which Division those teams are in for the succeeding tournament. The winner of the play-off match would earn a place in Division B for the succeeding tournament; the loser would play in Division C the following year. This worked in the same way for Divisions A and B. The top placed team of Division B would play a play-off match against the bottom placed team from Division A to determine which divisions those teams would play in for the succeeding tournament. The winner of the play-off match would earn a place in Division A for the succeeding tournament, while the loser would play in Division B the following year.

However, the top two teams of Division A would compete at a separate competition, the CONSUR Cup, alongside Argentina, the following year regardless of their positions of that year. The CONSUR Cup was staged in 2014 and 2015, and the events were the de facto South American Championships for those years. In 2016 and 2017, the CONSUR Cup was renamed to Sudamérica Rugby Cup, but the format was kept intact. The Sudamérica Rugby Cup, in 2016 and 2017, can also be considered the de facto South American Championships for those years. In 2018, the format of the tournament was changed once again: six teams (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay and Uruguay) would play in the top division, which was renamed to South American Six Nations.

Argentina is the most dominant nation at the South American Championships, winning 34 of 40 editions, as well as the two editions of the CONSUR Cup, and the two editions of the Sudamérica Rugby Cup. Uruguay won the tournament four times (1981, 2014, 2016 and 2017), while Chile (2015) and Brazil (2018) won the South American title once.[3]

Results[edit]

The first edition of the South American Rugby Championships was organized in 1951 as a parallel competition to the inaugural edition of the Pan American Games, in Buenos Aires, Argentina. In 2000, a second division was added, which changed the name of the first and main division of the tournament to Mayor A (Senior A), while the second division was called Mayor B (Senior B). Teams from Central America were also allowed to compete at the South American Championships. In 2012, a third division, Mayor C (Senior C) was added. In 2018, the tournament was renamed to South American Six Nations.

2016 Second level of South American Rugby Championship match between Uruguay and Chile
Sudamericano de Rugby
Year Host Winner Runner-up Third Place Fourth Place Fifth Place Sixth Place
1951 Argentina Argentina  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Brazil
1958 Chile Chile  Argentina  Chile  Uruguay  Peru
1961 Uruguay Uruguay  Argentina  Chile  Uruguay  Brazil
1964 Brazil Brazil  Argentina  Brazil  Uruguay  Chile
1967 Argentina Argentina  Argentina  Chile  Uruguay
1969 Chile Chile  Argentina  Chile  Uruguay
1971 Uruguay Uruguay  Argentina  Chile  Uruguay  Brazil  Paraguay
1973 Brazil Brazil  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Brazil  Paraguay
1975 Paraguay Paraguay  Argentina  Chile  Uruguay  Brazil  Paraguay
1977 Argentina Argentina  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Paraguay  Brazil
1979 Chile Chile  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Brazil  Paraguay
1981 Uruguay Uruguay  Uruguay  Chile  Paraguay  Brazil
1983 Argentina Argentina  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Paraguay
1985 Paraguay Paraguay  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Paraguay
1987 Chile Chile  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Paraguay
1989 Uruguay Uruguay  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Brazil  Paraguay
1991 No fixed host  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Paraguay  Brazil
1993 No fixed host  Argentina  Uruguay  Paraguay  Chile  Brazil
1995 No fixed host  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Paraguay
1997 No fixed host  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Paraguay
1998 No fixed host  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Paraguay
Mayor A
Year Host Winner Runner-up Third Place Fourth Place Fifth Place Sixth Place
2000 Uruguay Uruguay  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile
2001 No fixed host  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Paraguay
2002 Argentina Argentina
Chile Chile
 Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Paraguay
2003 Uruguay Uruguay  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Paraguay
2004 Chile Chile  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Venezuela
2005 Argentina Argentina  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile
2006 No fixed host  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile
2007 No fixed host  Argentina1  Uruguay  Chile
2008 No fixed host  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile
2009 Chile Chile
Uruguay Uruguay
 Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Brazil  Paraguay
2010 Chile Chile  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Brazil  Paraguay
2011 Argentina Argentina  Argentina  Chile  Uruguay  Brazil  Paraguay
2012 Chile Chile  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Brazil
2013 Uruguay Uruguay  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile  Brazil
2014 No fixed host  Uruguay2  Paraguay  Brazil  Chile
2015 No fixed host  Chile2  Uruguay  Paraguay  Brazil
2016 No fixed host  Uruguay2  Chile  Brazil  Paraguay
2017 No fixed host  Uruguay2  Chile  Brazil  Paraguay
South American Six Nations
Year Host Winner Runner-up Third Place Fourth Place Fifth Place Sixth Place
2018 No fixed host  Brazil  Argentina XV  Chile  Uruguay XV  Paraguay  Colombia
Notes

1: In 2007, the competition was not completed due to difficulties in finding a date for the match between Argentina and Uruguay, as it was the first time they participated in the final phase of the Rugby World Cup.

2: From 2014 to 2017, the Mayor A division of the championships excluded Argentina. The top team of the Mayor A division would be considered the winner of the first stage, and would later play the CONSUR/Sudamérica Rugby Cup, alongside the second placed team in Mayor A division, and Argentina.

CONSUR/Sudamérica Rugby Cup[edit]

From 2014 to 2017, the first division of the South American Championships, Mayor A (Senior A), excluded Argentina. The top two teams of the Mayor A division would then join Argentina in a future tournament, the CONSUR Cup (in 2014 and 2015) or the Sudamérica Rugby Cup (in 2016 and 2017). The winner of the CONSUR/Sudamérica Cup would then be the de facto best team of the continent for that year.

CONSUR Cup
Year Host Winner Runner-up Third Place
2014 No fixed host  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile
2015 No fixed host  Argentina  Uruguay  Paraguay
Sudamérica Rugby Cup
Year Host Winner Runner-up Third Place
2016 No fixed host  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile
2017 No fixed host  Argentina  Uruguay  Chile

Lower divisions[edit]

Mayor B[edit]

Year Host Winner Runner-up Third Place Fourth Place Fifth Place
2000 Brazil Brazil  Brazil  Venezuela  Peru
2001 No fixed host  Brazil  Venezuela  Peru  Colombia
2002 Peru Peru  Brazil  Peru  Venezuela  Colombia
2003 Colombia Colombia  Venezuela  Brazil  Colombia  Peru
2004 Brazil Brazil  Paraguay  Brazil  Peru  Colombia
2005 Paraguay Paraguay  Paraguay  Brazil  Peru  Colombia  Venezuela
2006 Venezuela Venezuela  Brazil  Colombia  Venezuela  Peru  Costa Rica
2007 Peru Peru  Brazil  Peru  Colombia  Venezuela
2008 Peru Peru  Brazil  Paraguay  Venezuela  Colombia  Peru
2009 Paraguay Paraguay  Colombia  Venezuela  Peru  Costa Rica
2010 Costa Rica Costa Rica  Peru  Venezuela  Colombia  Costa Rica
2011 Colombia Colombia  Venezuela  Peru  Colombia  Costa Rica
2012 Peru Peru  Paraguay  Colombia  Venezuela  Peru
2013 Paraguay Paraguay  Paraguay  Colombia  Peru  Venezuela
2014 Colombia Colombia  Colombia  Venezuela  Peru  Ecuador
2015 Peru Peru  Colombia  Peru  Venezuela  Ecuador
2016 Peru Peru  Colombia  Venezuela  Peru  Ecuador

Mayor C[edit]

Year Host Winner Runner-up Third Place Fourth Place
2012 Guatemala Guatemala  Costa Rica  Guatemala  Ecuador  El Salvador
2013 Costa Rica Costa Rica  Ecuador  Costa Rica  Guatemala  El Salvador
2014 Panama Panama  El Salvador  Guatemala  Costa Rica  Panama
2015 El Salvador El Salvador  Guatemala  Costa Rica  El Salvador  Panama
2016 Guatemala Guatemala  Guatemala  Costa Rica  Panama  El Salvador

See also[edit]

References[edit]