South Andaman Island

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South Andaman
Sth Andaman locale.png
Outline map of the Andaman Islands, with the location of South Andaman Island highlighted (in red)
South Andaman is located in Andaman and Nicobar Islands
South Andaman
South Andaman
South Andaman is located in India
South Andaman
South Andaman
LocationBay of Bengal
Coordinates11°47′00″N 92°39′00″E / 11.783333°N 92.65°E / 11.783333; 92.65Coordinates: 11°47′00″N 92°39′00″E / 11.783333°N 92.65°E / 11.783333; 92.65
ArchipelagoAndaman Islands
Adjacent bodies of waterIndian Ocean
Area1,262 km2 (487 sq mi)[1]
Length83 km (51.6 mi)
Width28 km (17.4 mi)
Coastline413 km (256.6 mi)
Highest elevation459 m (1,506 ft)[2]
Highest pointMount Koyob
DistrictSouth Andaman
Island groupAndaman Islands
Island sub-groupGreat Andaman
TehsilFerrargunj Tehsil
Largest settlementPort Blair (pop. 100,000)
Population209,602 (2011)only villages on south andaman island
Pop. density166 /km2 (430 /sq mi)
Ethnic groupsHindu, Andamanese
Additional information
Time zone
Telephone code031927 [4]
ISO codeIN-AN-00[5]
Avg. summer temperature30.2 °C (86.4 °F)
Avg. winter temperature23.0 °C (73.4 °F)
Sex ratio1.15/
Census Code35.640.00xx
Official LanguagesHindi, English

South Andaman Island is the southernmost island of the Great Andaman and is home to the majority of the population of the Andaman Islands. It belongs to the South Andaman administrative district, part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.[6] It is the location of Port Blair, capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.


South Andaman Island was struck by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, leading to many deaths on the island.


The island belongs to the Great Andaman Chain. Some areas of the island are restricted areas for non-Indians; however, transit permits can be obtained from the Home Ministry. South Andaman is the third largest island in the island group. It is located immediately south of Middle Andaman Island and Baratang, from which it is separated only by a narrow channel, a few hundred meters wide. The island is 83 kilometres (52 miles) long and 28 kilometres (17 miles) at its widest part. Its area is 1,262 square kilometres (487 square miles). South Andaman is less mountainous than the more northerly of the Andaman Islands. Koiob reaches a height of 459 metres (1,506 feet) above sea level.[7] [8]


Politically, South Andaman Island has the tehsils of Ferrargunj and Port Blair.[9]


Port Blair, the capital of the islands, is located on the southern part of this island. Other big cities are : Bambooflat, Prothrapur, and Garacharma. North Andaman had a population of 209,602 at the 2011 census.[10] The population for the whole of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands was 356,152 in 2001.[11] The effective literacy rate (i.e. the literacy rate of population excluding children aged 6 and below) is 80.6%.[12]

Demographics (2011 Census)[12]
Total Male Female
Population 209602 111980 97622
Children aged below 6 years 21498 10954 10544
Scheduled caste 0 0 0
Scheduled tribe 2553 1287 1266
Literates 168924 93717 75207
Workers (all) 85131 68143 16988
Main workers (total) 75885 61685 14200
Main workers: Cultivators 3054 2130 924
Main workers: Agricultural labourers 1229 1042 187
Main workers: Household industry workers 624 463 161
Main workers: Other 70978 58050 12928
Marginal workers (total) 9246 6458 2788
Marginal workers: Cultivators 412 293 119
Marginal workers: Agricultural labourers 613 465 148
Marginal workers: Household industry workers 181 103 78
Marginal workers: Others 8040 5597 2443
Non-workers 124471 43837 80634


  1. ^ "Islandwise Area and Population - 2011 Census" (PDF). Government of Andaman.
  2. ^ Sailing Directions (Enroute), Pub. 173: India and the Bay of Bengal (PDF). Sailing Directions. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2017. p. 285.
  3. ^ "A&N Islands - Pincodes". 22 September 2016. Archived from the original on 23 March 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
  4. ^ "STD Codes of Andaman and Nicobar". Retrieved 2016-09-23.
  5. ^ Registration Plate Numbers added to ISO Code
  6. ^ "Village Code Directory: Andaman & Nicobar Islands" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 2011-01-16.
  7. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Andaman Islands". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 955.
  8. ^ map
  9. ^ "DEMOGRAPHIC – A&N ISLANDS" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-09-23.
  10. ^ Island-wise Statistical Outline - 2008. NORTH ANDAMAN ISLAND[permanent dead link] (PDF)
  11. ^ "Demographic Profile" (PDF). NIC, Andaman State Unit. Retrieved 2017-06-09.
  12. ^ a b "District Census Handbook - Andaman & Nicobar Islands" (PDF). 2011 Census of India. Directorate of Census Operations, Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 August 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-21.