South Australian colonial election, 1890

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South Australian colonial election, 1890
South Australia
← 1887 9 April 1890 (1890-04-09) 1893 →

All 54 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly
27 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  John Cockburn (Australian politician).jpg Thomas playford II.jpg
Leader John Cockburn Thomas Playford
Party Liberal Conservative
Leader's seat Burra Onkaparinga

Premier before election

John Cockburn

Elected Premier

John Cockburn

Colonial elections were held in South Australia from 9 April to 23 April 1890.[1][2] All 54 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly were up for election. The incumbent government led by Premier of South Australia John Cockburn defeated the opposition led by Leader of the Opposition Thomas Playford II. Each district elected multiple members, with voters casting multiple votes.

House of Assembly (FPTP) — Turnout 53.10% (Non-CV) — Informal N/A
  Party Votes % Swing Seats Change
  Independent 66,407 100.00 * 54 *
  Total 66,407     54

Since the inaugural 1857 election, no parties or solid groupings had been formed, which resulted in frequent changes of the Premier. If for any reason the incumbent Premier lost sufficient support through a successful motion of no confidence at any time on the floor of the house, he would tender his resignation to the Governor of South Australia, which would result in interested members declaring their intent to run for the vacant position. A parliamentary ballot would then take place, resulting in the member with the most votes being sworn in by the Governor as the next Premier.

However, from the 1887 election there began a growing informal division between groups of members who were loosely described as ‘conservative’ and ‘radical’ by the press. The ‘conservatives’ found their leaders in John Cox Bray and John William Downer, while the ‘radicals’ were led by John Colton, Thomas Playford and John Cockburn. The leaders often contested government against their reported allies in loose alliances, producing an element of political ‘structure’ which began to see a trend emerge toward increased government stability. The United Labor Party would be formed in 1891, while the National Defence League would be formed later in the same year.

John Downer Frederick Holder Thomas Playford II John Cockburn (Australian politician) Thomas Playford II John Downer John Colton (politician) John Cox Bray William Morgan (Australian politician) James Boucaut John Colton (politician) James Boucaut Arthur Blyth Henry Ayers Arthur Blyth John Hart (South Australian colonist) Henry Strangways Henry Ayers John Hart (South Australian colonist) Henry Ayers James Boucaut John Hart (South Australian colonist) Henry Ayers Francis Dutton Arthur Blyth Henry Ayers Francis Dutton George Marsden Waterhouse Thomas Reynolds (Australian politician) Richard Hanson (Australian politician) Robert Torrens John Baker (Australian politician) B.T. Finniss

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Statistical Record of the Legislature, 1836 to 2009" (PDF). Parliament of South Australia. Retrieved 2 February 2016. 
  2. ^ "Balloting for Places.". Evening Journal (SECOND EDITION ed.). Adelaide. 13 March 1890. p. 3. Retrieved 2 February 2016 – via National Library of Australia.