South Brisbane railway station

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South Brisbane
South-Brisbane-Railway-Station.jpg
Station front in October 2005
Location Grey Street, South Brisbane
Coordinates 27°28′30″S 153°01′07″E / 27.4750°S 153.0186°E / -27.4750; 153.0186Coordinates: 27°28′30″S 153°01′07″E / 27.4750°S 153.0186°E / -27.4750; 153.0186
Elevation 9 metres
Owned by Queensland Rail
Operated by City network
Line(s) Gold Coast
Distance 2.63 kilometres from Central
Platforms 3 (1 side, 1 island)
Tracks 4
Connections Cultural Centre busway station
Construction
Structure type Elevated
Disabled access Yes
Other information
Station code 600012 (platform 1)
600186 (platform 2)
600187 (platform 3)
Fare zone go card 1
Website Queensland Rail
History
Opened 1884
Rebuilt 1891, 1978
Electrified Yes
Previous names Melbourne Street
Services
Preceding station   Queensland Rail   Following station
toward Bowen Hills
Beenleigh Line
toward Beenleigh
Cleveland Line
toward Cleveland
Gold Coast Line

South Brisbane railway station is a heritage-listed railway station at 133 Grey Street, South Brisbane, City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. It is one of two stations serving the South Brisbane area, the other being South Bank. It was built from 1891 to 1918, making it the second oldest railway station in central Brisbane. It is also known as Cultural Centre Station, Melbourne Street Station, and South Brisbane (Interstate) Station. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992.[1][2]

Services[edit]

South Brisbane station is served by Beenleigh, Cleveland and Gold Coast railway lines.[3][4][5]

Services by platform[edit]

Platform Line Destinations Notes
1 Beenleigh Kuraby & Beenleigh [6]
Cleveland Cannon Hill, Manly & Cleveland [6]
Gold Coast Varsity Lakes [6]
2 Beenleigh Bowen Hills & Ferny Grove [7]
Cleveland Bowen Hills & Shorncliffe [7]
Doomben Morning peak only[7]
Gold Coast Bowen Hills & Brisbane Airport Domestic [7]
3 Gold Coast Bowen Hills & Brisbane Airport Domestic Peak hours only[8]
Doomben Morning peak only[8]

Transport links[edit]

Adjacent to the station lies the Cultural Centre busway station that is served by Brisbane Transport services.[9]

Adjacent attractions[edit]

The station is very convenient to the Queensland Cultural Centre, including the Queensland Museum, the Queensland Performing Arts Centre, and the State Library.

The station is also very conveniently located to the Queensland Conservatorium and Suncorp Piazza, which are both situated within the South Bank Parklands.

History[edit]

South Brisbane railway station
South Brisbane railway station is located in Queensland
South Brisbane railway station
Location of South Brisbane railway station in Queensland
Location 133 Grey Street, South Brisbane, City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Coordinates 27°28′30″S 153°01′07″E / 27.4751°S 153.0186°E / -27.4751; 153.0186
Design period 1870s - 1890s (late 19th century)
Built 1891 - 1918
Architectural style(s) Classicism
Official name: South Brisbane Railway Station, Cultural Centre Station, Melbourne Street Station, South Brisbane (Interstate) Station
Type state heritage (built)
Designated 21 October 1992
Reference no. 600307
Significant period 1890s-1910s, 1930s, 1980s (historical)
Significant components platform canopies/awnings (railway), railway station, platform, views from, views to

The first station was constructed in 1884 on the corner of Melbourne and Grey Streets and opened as Melbourne Street railway station.[1]

The second and current building was constructed on higher ground in 1891 as the terminus for the new rail extension from Boggo Junction (now Dutton Park railway station). This line bypassed the Woolloongabba railyards and made redundant the Stanley Street railway station that existed from 1882 to 1884. The £77,585 contract was let to Murphy & Company on 2 April 1890, and the line was completed by them on 7 December 1891.[1]

A £5,658 contract for erecting the new passenger station, to be known as South Brisbane railway station, was let to Henry Pears on 22 June 1891. It was the second masonry station to be erected in Brisbane after Roma Street railway station (opening 1875)and pre-dating Central railway station (opening in 1901) by a decade.[1]

Passenger services commenced on 21 December 1891, although the station building had not been completed. For this reason there was no accompanying opening ceremony. When the building opened shortly afterwards it included a temperance refreshment room, and served commuters on the South Coast, Cleveland and Beaudesert lines.[1]

South Brisbane station was intended as a temporary terminus, pending an extension of the line across the river, so only two platforms were constructed. However, after the 1893 flood washed away the Albert Bridge over the Brisbane River at Indooroopilly, the South Brisbane station served as the principal terminus for all southern and western rail services for the next two and a half years.[1][2]

A 1912-1913 proposal to expand South Brisbane station to a six platform station reflected the increasing importance of the southern rail network, both as a passenger service and as a goods line. This work was undertaken between 1914 and 1918. To handle the increased traffic a 40 feet (12 metres) turntable was constructed in 1916, which was expanded to 60 feet (18 metres) in 1925. This was removed with the change-over to diesel engines in 1968.[1]

In September 1930, the Southern Brisbane Interstate station opened to the west of the existing station on the site of the present Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre, when the standard gauge New South Wales North Coast line was extended from Kyogle.[1] It was the terminus for the Brisbane Limited.[10]

On 18 November 1978, the line was extended, via the Merivale Bridge from South Brisbane station into Roma Street station on the opposite side of the Brisbane River. The interstate station was later demolished to make way for the World Expo 88 site following the standard gauge services being extended to the Brisbane Transit Centre, an extension of Roma Street station, on 21 June 1986.[1][11]

Since two of the c. 1918 island platforms at South Brisbane were removed to accommodate the cross-river line, the South Brisbane station was reduced to its two original two platforms.[1] However, in 1995, as part of the construction of the Gold Coast line, the standard gauge line was converted to dual gauge and Platform 3 which had been out of use since November 1978, was recommissioned.[12]

From 31 October 2011, the station was closed for seven week for major structural works and raising the platforms.[13] Trains still travelled through South Brisbane during that period but did not stop.

Description[edit]

The station is a long, two-storeyed brick building with a hipped corrugated-iron roof. The Grey Street frontage is dominated by a central projecting pedimented entrance. Either side of the entrance are sloping corrugated-iron street awnings, which are supported by cast-iron columns with Corinthian capitals and large brackets.[1]

South Brisbane Station's platforms in 2012

Other Renaissance stylistic elements to the street facade include: Romanesque windows on the upper floor, rendered string courses and window mouldings, pilasters with Corinthian capitals, and a solid rendered parapet.[1]

A former garden park in front of the Grey Street entrance is now a car park/loading bay.[1]

At the rear of the station building are the platforms, which were constructed level with the upper floor of the main building, in anticipation of the river extension. The awning to No 1 platform retains a tank roof on a steel frame, with cast-iron columns and brackets and a decorative timber frieze (1891). No 2 platform has a cantilevered butterfly roof (bullnosed until recent re-roofing), which is supported by lattice iron girders (c. 1918.[1]

On both platforms the furniture consists of a considerable number of early cast-iron framed seats which incorporate the QR logo. Many of these were collected from other Brisbane metropolitan stations for the Expo '88 refurbishment, and have remained.[1]

As preparation for Expo '88 the external brickwork and cast iron was restored, the roof was replaced, and all the exterior brickwork except for the upper level front facade was painted an uncharacteristic pink or peach. Interior renovations included false ceilings, a new staircase for office staff, and repainting.[1]

The main building at the South Brisbane Railway Station remains substantially intact, despite interior alteration, but the turntable, two island platforms, and the front park and garden have been removed.[1]

Heritage listing[edit]

South Brisbane Railway Station was listed on the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992 having satisfied the following criteria.[1]

The place is important in demonstrating the evolution or pattern of Queensland's history.

The South Brisbane Railway Station, erected in 1891, is significant historically as a reflection of the importance of South Brisbane as a commercial centre in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and as a major terminal in the southeast Queensland regional rail network until 1986.[1]

The place demonstrates rare, uncommon or endangered aspects of Queensland's cultural heritage.

It is a substantially intact masonry railway station complete with early platform furniture, one of only three erected in Brisbane by 1901, and a good example of its type.[1]

The place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a particular class of cultural places.

It is a substantially intact masonry railway station complete with early platform furniture, one of only three erected in Brisbane by 1901, and a good example of its type.[1]

The place is important because of its aesthetic significance.

The place is significant also for its aesthetic contribution to the South Brisbane townscape.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "South Brisbane Railway Station (entry 600307)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Gregory, Helen; Dianne Mclay (2010). Building Brisbane's History: Structure, Sculptures, Stories and Secrets. Warriewood, New South Wales: Woodslane Press. p. 172. ISBN 9781921606199. 
  3. ^ Beenleigh line timetable TransLink 20 January 2014
  4. ^ Cleveland line timetable TransLink 20 January 2014
  5. ^ Airport line timetable TransLink 20 January 2014
  6. ^ a b c South Brisbane Platform 1 Translink
  7. ^ a b c d South Brisbane Platform 2 Translink
  8. ^ a b South Brisbane Platform 3 Translink
  9. ^ South Bank Busway station TransLink
  10. ^ "Brisbane Express First Train Leaves via North Coast Route" Sydney Morning Herald 27 September 1930
  11. ^ "Opening of Brisbane Transit Centre" Railway Digest August 1986 page 240
  12. ^ "Rails return to the Gold Coast" Railway Digest August 1996 page 19
  13. ^ South Brisbane Station Upgrade Queensland Rail

Attribution[edit]

CC-BY-icon-80x15.png This Wikipedia article contains material from "The Queensland heritage register" published by the State of Queensland under CC-BY 3.0 AU license (accessed on 7 July 2014, archived on 8 October 2014). The geo-coordinates were computed from the "Queensland heritage register boundaries" published by the State of Queensland under CC-BY 3.0 AU license (accessed on 5 September 2014, archived on 15 October 2014).

External links[edit]