South Cambridgeshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 52°07′12″N 0°09′14″E / 52.120°N 0.154°E / 52.120; 0.154

South Cambridgeshire
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of South Cambridgeshire in Cambridgeshire
Outline map
Location of Cambridgeshire within England
CountyCambridgeshire
Electorate83,790 (2018)[1]
Major settlementsCambourne
Cottenham
Sawston
Current constituency
Created1997
Member of ParliamentAnthony Browne (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
Created fromSouth West Cambridgeshire (most) South East Cambridgeshire (part)
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyEast of England

South Cambridgeshire is a United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency in England.[n 1][n 2]. It returns one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency includes some outskirts of Cambridge such as Girton and its eponymous Cambridge College, and a large spread of rural land to the west of the city, which is generally affluent. The population live in villages, most of which are compact - the most densely populated are in the south where the M11 motorway cuts deep into the seat providing rapid access to London. The seat's only ward (Queen Edith's) that lies within the City of Cambridge has a strong Liberal Democrat vote. This ward also contains the Cambridge College Homerton and Addenbrooke's Hospital.

Registered jobseekers totalled 1.4% of the population, much lower than the regional average of 3.1% and the national average of 3.8% of the population in a statistical compilation by The Guardian in November 2012.[2] In 2017 South Cambridgeshire was identified as the constituency with the lowest proportion of claimants of unemployment benefits in the whole of the country, with only 0.6% of the economically active population claiming either Job Seekers Allowance or Universal Credit.[3]

Boundaries and boundary changes[edit]

The old boundaries of South Cambridgeshire as used at the 1997, 2001 and 2005 general elections.

1997–2010: The District of South Cambridgeshire wards of Arrington, Bar Hill, Barrington and Shepreth, Barton, Bassingbourn, Bourn, Comberton, Coton, Duxford, Elsworth, Foxton, Gamlingay, Girton, Great Shelford, Hardwick, Harston, Haslingfield, Ickleton, Little Shelford, Longstanton, Melbourn, Meldreth, Orwell, Papworth, Sawston, Stapleford, Swavesey, The Mordens, and Whittlesford; and the City of Cambridge wards of Queen Edith’s and Trumpington.[4]

2010–present: The District of South Cambridgeshire wards of Bar Hill, Barton, Bassingbourn, Bourn, Caldecote, Comberton, Cottenham, Duxford, Fowlmere and Foxton, Gamlingay, Girton, Grantchester, Hardwick, Harston and Hauxton, Haslingfield and The Eversdens, Longstanton, Melbourn, Meldreth, Orwell and Barrington, Papworth and Elsworth, Sawston, Swavesey, The Abingtons, The Mordens, The Shelfords and Stapleford, and Whittlesford; and the City of Cambridge ward of Queen Edith’s.[5]

The constituency was created following the boundary review of 1995, and was first contested at the 1997 general election. Before this, much of the region had been part of the South West Cambridgeshire constituency represented by Sir Anthony Grant from 1983 to 1997,[6] while the wards of Bar Hill, Coton, Elsworth, Girton, Longstanton and Swavesey had been part of South East Cambridgeshire.

Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies

Following the 2007 review of parliamentary representation in Cambridgeshire, the Boundary Commission made minor alterations to the existing constituencies to deal with population changes.

Trumpington ward and parts of Coleridge and Cherry Hinton wards in the City of Cambridge were transferred to Cambridge, having previously been part of South Cambridgeshire.[7]

Additionally, parts of Cottenham ward (specifically the civil parishes of Cottenham and Rampton) and the Abingtons (Babraham, Great Abington, Little Abington and Pampisford) have been added to South Cambridgeshire, having previously voted in the South East Cambridgeshire constituency.[8]

Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission[edit]

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.

In order to meet the strict requirements in respect of the size of constituency electorates, the Commission recommended that Cambridgeshire be considered together with Hertfordshire and Norfolk as a sub-region of the Eastern Region. Accordingly, it is proposed that four rural wards from the District of South Cambridgeshire, which are close to the Hertfordshire town of Royston, be transferred to North East Hertfordshire (to be renamed Letchworth and Royston). In addition to this, the City of Cambridge ward of Queen Edith's would be restored to the borough constituency of Cambridge. To partly offset these losses, three more wards would be transferred from South East Cambridgeshire, and the ward of Gransden and the Offords from Huntingdon.[9]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[10] Party Notes
1997 Andrew Lansley Conservative Secretary of State for Health (2010–2012)
Leader of the House of Commons (2012–2014)
2015 Heidi Allen Conservative Resigned from the Conservatives in February 2019
2017 Change UK Interim leader of Change UK (2019)
Independent
The Independents Parliamentary group only
Liberal Democrats
2019 Anthony Browne Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General election 2019: South Cambridgeshire[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Browne 31,015 46.3 -5.5
Liberal Democrats Ian Sollom 28,111 42.0 +23.4
Labour Dan Greef 7,803 11.7 -15.6
General election 2017: South Cambridgeshire[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Heidi Allen 33,631 51.8 +0.7
Labour Dan Greef 17,679 27.2 +9.6
Liberal Democrats Susan van de Ven 12,102 18.6 +3.4
Green Simon Saggers 1,512 2.3 −3.9
Majority 15,952 24.6 −8.9
Turnout 64,924 76.2 +3.1
Conservative hold Swing −4.5
General election 2015: South Cambridgeshire[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Heidi Allen 31,454 51.1 +3.7
Labour Dan Greef 10,860 17.6 +7.4
Liberal Democrats Sebastian Kindersley 9,368 15.2 −18.9
UKIP Marion Mason 6,010 9.8 +6.6
Green Simon Saggers 3,848 6.3 +4.5
Majority 20,594 33.5 +20.2
Turnout 61,540 73.1 −1.7
Conservative hold Swing −1.9
General election 2010: South Cambridgeshire[15][16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew Lansley 27,995 47.4 +0.9[18]
Liberal Democrats Sebastian Kindersley 20,157 34.1 +5.8
Labour Tariq Sadiq 6,024 10.2 −9.5
Independent Robin Page 1,968 3.3 N/A
UKIP Helene Davies-Green 1,873 3.2 +0.4
Green Simon Saggers 1,039 1.8 −1.0
Majority 7,838 13.3
Turnout 59,056 74.8 +6.6
Conservative hold Swing −2.5

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General election 2005: South Cambridgeshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew Lansley 23,676 45.0 +0.8
Liberal Democrats Andrew Dickson 15,675 29.8 +2.9
Labour Sandra Wilson 10,189 19.4 −4.9
UKIP Robin Page 1,556 3.0 +1.2
Green Simon Saggers 1,552 2.9 +0.5
Majority 8,001 15.2
Turnout 52,648 68.4 +1.3
Conservative hold Swing −1.1
General election 2001: South Cambridgeshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew Lansley 21,387 44.2 +2.2
Liberal Democrats Amanda Taylor 12,984 26.9 +1.0
Labour Joan Herbert 11,737 24.3 −0.8
Green Simon Saggers 1,182 2.4 N/A
UKIP Helene Davies 875 1.8 +1.3
ProLife Alliance Beata Klepacka 176 0.4 N/A
Majority 8,403 17.3
Turnout 48,341 67.1 −9.8
Conservative hold Swing +0.6

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General election 1997: South Cambridgeshire[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew Lansley 22,572 42.0 N/A
Liberal Democrats James A. Quinlan 13,860 25.8 N/A
Labour Tony Gray 13,485 25.1 N/A
Referendum Robin Page 3,300 6.1 N/A
UKIP Derek A. Norman 298 0.6 N/A
Natural Law Francis C. Chalmers 168 0.3 N/A
Majority 8,712 16.2 N/A
Turnout 53,683 76.9 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  2. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  3. ^ McGuinness, Feargal; Brown, Jennifer; Powell, Andy. "People claiming unemployment benefits by constituency, March 2017". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  5. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  6. ^ South Cambridgeshire, BBC News
  7. ^ 2010 elections Archived 2010-04-12 at the Wayback Machine, Cambridge City Council
  8. ^ Elections 2010 Archived 2010-03-13 at the Wayback Machine, South Cambridgeshire District Council
  9. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 1)
  11. ^ "Cambridgeshire South Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  12. ^ http://www.libdems.org.uk/susan_van_de_ven
  13. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  14. ^ "Cambridgeshire South parliamentary constituency - Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  15. ^ Notice of Poll and Statement of Persons Nominated - South Cambridgeshire Constituency Archived 2011-08-26 at the Wayback Machine, South Cambridgeshire District Council
  16. ^ South Cambridgeshire, UKPollingReport
  17. ^ Commons goal for newest hopefuls, CambridgeNews Online
  18. ^ Percentage changes based on notional results due to boundary changes
  19. ^ Cambridgeshire South, guardian.co.uk