South Carolina's 2nd congressional district

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South Carolina's 2nd congressional district
South Carolina US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
South Carolina's 2nd congressional district – since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Joe Wilson
RSpringdale, Lexington County
Population (2000)668,668
Median income$58,665[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+12[2]

The 2nd Congressional District of South Carolina is a congressional district in central and southwestern South Carolina. The district spans from Columbia to the South Carolina side of the Augusta, Georgia metropolitan area.

From 1993 through 2012, it included all of Lexington, Jasper, Hampton, Allendale and Barnwell counties; most of Richland and Beaufort counties and parts of Aiken, Calhoun and Orangeburg counties.

It was made more compact in the 2010 round of redistricting, and now comprises all of Lexington, Aiken and Barnwell counties, most of Richland County, and part of Orangeburg County. Besides Columbia (60 percent of which is in the district), other major cities in the district include Aiken and North Augusta.

The district's current configuration dates from 1933, following South Carolina losing a seat in apportionment as a result of the 1930 Census showing that the state's population had declined. Before that time, much of its territory had been within the 6th district.

As a Columbia-based district from 1933 to the early 1990s, it was a fairly compact district in the central part of the state, which was largely coextensive with the Columbia metropolitan area. As a result of the 1990 census, the state legislature was required to draw a black-majority district. In a deal between Republicans and Democrats, the 6th District, previously located in the northeastern portion of the state, was redefined to incorporate most of the old 2nd's black residents. To make up for the loss in population, the 2nd was pushed as far west as the fringes of the Augusta suburbs and as far south as Beaufort/Hilton Head.

Since 1965 the 2nd district has been held by the Republican Party, made up of white conservatives in the late 20th-century realignment of political parties in the South. In the decades after the Civil War and before disenfranchisement in 1895 under the new state constitution, members of the Republican Party in South Carolina and the South were mostly African Americans, including many freedmen enfranchised due to Republican support for amendments for emancipation, citizenship and the franchise. After white Democrats regained control of state governments across the South, in the late 19th century, they passed new constitutions from 1890 to 1908 to disenfranchise blacks, excluding them totally from the political process. The Republican Party was crippled in the region and nearly comatose.

As a result of the Civil Rights Movement, Congress passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which provided for federal enforcement of blacks' constitutional rights. That year, the 2nd district's second-term Democratic congressman, Albert Watson, resigned, then ran as a Republican in the ensuing special election and won, becoming the first Republican to represent South Carolina in the House since Reconstruction.

Watson gave up the seat to run for governor in 1970. His successor, state senator Floyd Spence, held the seat for more than 30 years. He was chairman of the House Armed Services Committee from 1995 to 2001, and died a few months after being elected to a 16th term. He was succeeded in a special election by one of his former aides, state senator Joe Wilson.

Wilson has since been reelected seven times. In the most recent election, held on November 4, 2014, Wilson earned almost 62.5% of the vote against former Democrat Phil Black and Labor Party candidate Harold Geddings. The district is more than 69% white.

Election results from presidential races[edit]

Year Result
2004 George W. Bush 60 - 39%
2008 John McCain 59.5 - 39.4%
2012 Mitt Romney 59.1 - 39.4%
2016 Donald Trump 56.3 - 38.6%

List of members representing the district[edit]

Member Party Years Electoral history District location
Aedanus Burke.jpg
Aedanus Burke
Anti-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
Elected in 1788.
Retired.
1789 – 1793:
"Beaufort-Orangeburg district"
South Carolina Congressional Districts, 1789–1793
  1st District, Charleston
  2nd District, Beaufort-Orangeburg
  3rd District, Georgetown-Cheraw
  4th District, Camden
  5th District, Ninety-Six
Robert Barnwell Pro-Administration March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
Elected in 1790.
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Hunter Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Elected in 1793.
Moved to the 5th district and lost re-election.
1793 – 1797:
"Beaufort-Orangeburg district"
(Map unknown)
Wade Hampton I.jpg
Wade Hampton
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
Elected January 19-20, 1795 to finish the term of member-elect Robert Barnwell, who had declined to serve.
Retired.
John Rutledge Jr. Federalist March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1803
Elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1800.
Lost re-election.
1797 – 1803:
"Beaufort district"
1796 election results by district
William Butler Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1813
Redistricted from the 5th district and re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1803 – 1813:
"Beaufort and Edgefield district"
William Lowndes (South Carolina Congressman).jpg
William Lowndes
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
May 8, 1822
Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Re-elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Resigned.
1813 – 1833:
"Beaufort district"
Vacant May 8, 1822 –
December 13, 1822
James Hamilton, Jr.jpg
James Hamilton Jr.
Democratic-Republican December 13, 1822 –
March 3, 1823
Elected to finish Lowndes's term.
Re-elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Retired.
Jacksonian Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Jackson March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
RWBarnwell.jpg
Robert W. Barnwell
Jackson March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
Elected in 1828.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Nullifier March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
William J. Grayson portrat, 1907.jpg
William J. Grayson
Nullifier March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.] 1833 – 1843:
[Data unknown/missing.]
Robert Barnwell Rhett.jpg
Robert Rhett
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 7th district.
Richard F. Simpson Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
[Data unknown/missing.] 1843 – 1853:
[Data unknown/missing.]
James Lawrence Orr - Brady-Handy.jpg
James L. Orr
Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 5th district.
William Aiken.jpg
William Aiken Jr.
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1857
Redistricted from the 6th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
William Porcher Miles - Brady-Handy.jpg
William P. Miles
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
December 24, 1860
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Vacant December 24, 1860 –
July 20, 1868
Civil War and Reconstruction
ChristopherCBowen.jpg
Christopher C. Bowen
Republican July 20, 1868 –
March 3, 1871
[Data unknown/missing.]
Robert C. DeLarge - Brady-Handy.jpg
Robert C. De Large
Republican March 4, 1871 –
January 24, 1873
Seat declared vacant.
Alonzo J. Ransier - Brady-Handy.jpg
Alonzo J. Ransier
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
[Data unknown/missing.] 1873 – 1883:
[Data unknown/missing.]
Edmund William McGregor Mackey - Brady-Handy.jpg
Edmund W.M. Mackey
Independent Republican March 4, 1875 –
July 19, 1876
Seat declared vacant.
Charles W. Buttz Republican November 7, 1876 –
March 3, 1877
[Data unknown/missing.]
Richard Harvey Cain.jpg
Richard H. Cain
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
[Data unknown/missing.]
Michael P. O'Connor (South Carolina Congressman).jpg
Michael P. O'Connor
Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
contested election at end of term
Samuel Dibble.jpg
Samuel Dibble
Democratic June 9, 1881 –
May 31, 1882
lost contested election
Edmund William McGregor Mackey - Brady-Handy.jpg
Edmund W.M. Mackey
Republican May 31, 1882 –
March 3, 1883
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 7th district.
GeorgeDTillman.jpg
George D. Tillman
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1893
[Data unknown/missing.] 1883 – 1893:
[Data unknown/missing.]
William Jasper Talbert.jpg
W. Jasper Talbert
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1903
[Data unknown/missing.] 1893 – 1903:
[Data unknown/missing.]
GeorgeWCroft.jpg
George W. Croft
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 10, 1904
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
1903 – 1913:
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant March 10, 1904 –
May 17, 1904
Theodore G. Croft Democratic May 17, 1904 –
March 3, 1905
[Data unknown/missing.]
James O'H. Patterson (South Carolina Congressman).png
James O'H. Patterson
Democratic March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1911
[Data unknown/missing.]
James F. Byrnes cph.3c32232.jpg
James F. Byrnes
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1925
1913 – 1933:
Aiken, Bamberg, Barnwell, Beaufort, Edgefield, Hampton, Jasper, and Saluda Counties[3]
Butler B. Hare - LOC.jpg
Butler B. Hare
Democratic March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1933
[Data unknown/missing.]
HamptonPFulmer.jpg
Hampton Fulmer
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
March 3, 1943
Redistricted from the 7th district.
Died.
1933 – 1943:
[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1943 –
October 19, 1944
1943 – 1953:
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant October 19, 1944 –
November 7, 1944
WillaLFulmer.jpg
Willa L. Fulmer
Democratic November 7, 1944 –
January 3, 1945
[Data unknown/missing.]
John J. Riley (South Carolina Congressman).jpg
John J. Riley
Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1949
[Data unknown/missing.]
Hugo D. Sims (South Carolina Congressman).jpg
Hugo S. Sims Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1951
[Data unknown/missing.]
John J. Riley (South Carolina Congressman).jpg
John J. Riley
Democratic January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1953
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
January 3, 1953 –
January 1, 1962
1953 – 1963:
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant January 1, 1962 –
April 10, 1962
Corinne Boyd Riley.jpg
Corinne Boyd Riley
Democratic April 10, 1962 –
January 3, 1963
[Data unknown/missing.]
Albert W. Watson.jpg
Albert Watson
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
February 1, 1965
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned.
1963 – 1973:
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant February 1, 1965 –
June 15, 1965
Albert W. Watson.jpg
Albert Watson
Republican June 15, 1965 –
January 3, 1971
Re-elected to finish his term as a Republican
Congressman Floyd Spence 1976.jpg
Floyd Spence
Republican January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1973
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1983
1973 – 1983:
[Data unknown/missing.]
January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
1983 – 1993:
[Data unknown/missing.]
January 3, 1993 –
August 16, 2001
1993 – 2003:
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant August 16, 2001 –
December 18, 2001
Joe Wilson official congressional photo.jpg
Joe Wilson
Republican December 18, 2001 –
January 3, 2003
Elected to finish Spence's term.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2013
2003 – 2013:
United States House of Representatives, South Carolina District 2 map.png
January 3, 2013 –
Present
2013 – Present:
South Carolina US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
Member Party Years Electoral history District location

Historical district boundaries[edit]

1995 - 2013[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=45&cd=02
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ "South Carolina". Official congressional directory. p. 104.
  4. ^ "The national atlas". nationalatlas.gov. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 22, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

Coordinates: 33°26′N 81°18′W / 33.43°N 81.30°W / 33.43; -81.30