South Carolina's 4th congressional district
|South Carolina's 4th congressional district|
South Carolina's 4th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
|Current Representative||Trey Gowdy (R–Greenville)|
The 4th Congressional District of South Carolina is a congressional district in upstate South Carolina bordering North Carolina. It includes parts of Greenville and Spartanburg counties. The district is characterized by the two major cities of Greenville and Spartanburg.
The district is the state's wealthiest district and one of its most conservative. In the late 20th century, it has been in Republican hands since 1979, aside from a six-year stint by Democrat Liz J. Patterson, the daughter of former Senator Olin Johnston. Even before the Republicans finally took control of the seat, the 4th had been a rather conservative district. Like in most of the state, the old-line Southern Democrats began splitting their tickets as early as the 1940s. However, this area's white conservatives became increasingly willing to support Republicans at the state and local level as early as the 1970s, well before the rest of the state swung Republican. The district is a major destination for Presidential candidates in election years, as South Carolina is one of the first states to hold a Presidential primary.
Republican Trey Gowdy has represented the district since 2011. In January 2018, however, he announced he would not run for re-election that November.
List of representatives
|Name||Took Office||Left Office||Party||District Residence||Notes|
|Thomas Sumter||March 4, 1789||March 3, 1793||Anti-Administration|
|Richard Winn||March 4, 1793||March 3, 1795||Anti-Administration|
|March 4, 1795||March 3, 1797||Democratic-Republican|
|Thomas Sumter||March 4, 1797||December 15, 1801||Democratic-Republican||Resigned after being elected to the US Senate|
|Richard Winn||January 24, 1802||March 3, 1803||Democratic-Republican||Redistricted to the 5th district|
|Wade Hampton||March 4, 1803||March 3, 1805||Democratic-Republican||Columbia|
|O'Brien Smith||March 4, 1805||March 3, 1807||Democratic-Republican||Jacksonboro|
|John Taylor||March 4, 1807||December 30, 1810||Democratic-Republican||Columbia||Resigned|
|William Lowndes||March 4, 1811||March 3, 1813||Democratic-Republican||Charleston||Redistricted to the 2nd district|
|John J. Chappell||March 4, 1813||March 3, 1817||Democratic-Republican||Columbia|
|Joseph Bellinger||March 4, 1817||March 3, 1819||Democratic-Republican||Barnwell|
|James Overstreet||March 4, 1819||May 24, 1822||Democratic-Republican||Barnwell||Died|
|Andrew R. Govan||December 4, 1822||March 3, 1823||Democratic-Republican||Orangeburg|
|March 4, 1823||March 3, 1825||Jacksonian D-R|
|March 4, 1825||March 3, 1827||Jackson|
|William D. Martin||March 4, 1827||March 3, 1831||Jackson||Coosawhatchie|
|John M. Felder||March 4, 1831||March 3, 1833||Jackson||Orangeburg|
|March 4, 1833||March 3, 1835||Nullifier|
|James H. Hammond||March 4, 1835||February 26, 1836||Nullifier||Newberry||Resigned|
|Franklin H. Elmore||December 10, 1836||March 3, 1839||Nullifier||Walterboro|
|Sampson H. Butler||March 4, 1839||September 27, 1842||Democratic||Charleston||Resigned|
|Samuel W. Trotti||December 17, 1842||March 3, 1843||Democratic|
|John Campbell||March 4, 1843||March 3, 1845||Democratic||Parnassus||Redistricted from the 3rd district|
|Alexander D. Sims||March 4, 1845||November 22, 1848||Democratic||Darlington||Died|
|John McQueen||February 12, 1849||March 3, 1853||Democratic||Society Hill||Redistricted to the 1st district|
|Preston S. Brooks||March 4, 1853||July 15, 1856||Democratic||Edgefield||Resigned|
|August 1, 1856||January 28, 1857||Re-elected to seat, died|
|Milledge L. Bonham||March 4, 1857||December 21, 1860||Democratic||Edgefield||Retired|
|Civil War - Occupation and Reconstruction|
|James H. Goss||July 18, 1868||March 3, 1869||Republican||Union|
|Alexander S. Wallace||May 27, 1870||March 3, 1877||Republican||York||Successfully contested election of William D. Simpson|
|John H. Evins||March 4, 1877||October 20, 1884||Democratic||Spartanburg||Died|
|John Bratton||December 8, 1884||March 3, 1885||Democratic||Winnsboro|
|William H. Perry||March 4, 1885||March 3, 1891||Democratic||Greenville|
|George W. Shell||March 4, 1891||March 3, 1895||Democratic||Laurens|
|Stanyarne Wilson||March 4, 1895||March 3, 1901||Democratic||Spartanburg|
|Joseph T. Johnson||March 4, 1901||April 19, 1915||Democratic||Spartanburg||Resigned|
|Samuel J. Nicholls||September 14, 1915||March 3, 1921||Democratic||Spartanburg|
|John J. McSwain||March 4, 1921||August 6, 1936||Democratic||Greenville||Died|
|Gabriel H. Mahon Jr.||November 3, 1936||January 3, 1939||Democratic||Greenville|
|Joseph R. Bryson||January 3, 1939||March 10, 1953||Democratic||Greenville||Died|
|Robert T. Ashmore||June 2, 1953||January 3, 1969||Democratic||Greenville|
|James R. Mann||January 3, 1969||January 3, 1979||Democratic||Greenville|
|Carroll A. Campbell, Jr.||January 3, 1979||January 3, 1987||Republican||Fountain Inn|
|Liz J. Patterson||January 3, 1987||January 3, 1993||Democratic||Spartanburg||Patterson defeated Republicans Bill Workman in 1986 and Knox H. White in 1988, successive mayors of Greenville.|
|Bob Inglis||January 3, 1993||January 3, 1999||Republican||Greenville|
|Jim DeMint||January 3, 1999||January 3, 2005||Republican||Greenville|
|Bob Inglis||January 3, 2005||January 3, 2011||Republican||Travelers Rest||Defeated in Primary|
|Trey Gowdy||January 3, 2011||Present||Republican||Spartanburg||Incumbent|
Historical district boundaries
- "SC4 District 4 Profile" (PDF). US Census. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present