South Carolina's 4th congressional district

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South Carolina's 4th congressional district
South Carolina US Congressional District 4 (since 2013).tif
South Carolina's 4th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Trey Gowdy (RGreenville)
Population (2010) 709,631[1]
Median income 39,417
Ethnicity
Cook PVI R+15[2]

The 4th Congressional District of South Carolina is a congressional district in upstate South Carolina bordering North Carolina. It includes parts of Greenville and Spartanburg counties. The district is characterized by the two major cities of Greenville and Spartanburg.

The district is the state's wealthiest district and one of its most conservative. In the late 20th century, it has been in Republican hands since 1979, aside from a six-year stint by Democrat Liz J. Patterson, the daughter of former Senator Olin Johnston. Even before the Republicans finally took control of the seat, the 4th had been a rather conservative district. Like in most of the state, the old-line Southern Democrats began splitting their tickets as early as the 1940s. However, this area's white conservatives became increasingly willing to support Republicans at the state and local level as early as the 1970s, well before the rest of the state swung Republican. The district is a major destination for Presidential candidates in election years, as South Carolina is one of the first states to hold a Presidential primary.

Republican Trey Gowdy has represented the district since 2011. In January 2018, however, he announced he would not run for re-election that November.

History[edit]

From 2003 to 2013 the district included all of Spartanburg and Union counties and parts of Greenville and Laurens counties.

List of representatives[edit]

Name Took Office Left Office Party District Residence Notes
ThomasSumterByRembrandtPeale.jpg Thomas Sumter March 4, 1789 March 3, 1793 Anti-Administration
Richard Winn March 4, 1793 March 3, 1795 Anti-Administration
March 4, 1795 March 3, 1797 Democratic-Republican
Thomas Sumter March 4, 1797 December 15, 1801 Democratic-Republican Resigned after being elected to the US Senate
Richard Winn January 24, 1802 March 3, 1803 Democratic-Republican Redistricted to the 5th district
Wade Hampton I.jpg Wade Hampton March 4, 1803 March 3, 1805 Democratic-Republican Columbia
O'Brien Smith March 4, 1805 March 3, 1807 Democratic-Republican Jacksonboro
John Taylor South Carolina governor.jpg John Taylor March 4, 1807 December 30, 1810 Democratic-Republican Columbia Resigned
William Lowndes (South Carolina Congressman).jpg William Lowndes March 4, 1811 March 3, 1813 Democratic-Republican Charleston Redistricted to the 2nd district
John J. Chappell March 4, 1813 March 3, 1817 Democratic-Republican Columbia
Joseph Bellinger March 4, 1817 March 3, 1819 Democratic-Republican Barnwell
James Overstreet March 4, 1819 May 24, 1822 Democratic-Republican Barnwell Died
Andrew R. Govan December 4, 1822 March 3, 1823 Democratic-Republican Orangeburg
March 4, 1823 March 3, 1825 Jacksonian D-R
March 4, 1825 March 3, 1827 Jackson
William D. Martin March 4, 1827 March 3, 1831 Jackson Coosawhatchie
John M. Felder March 4, 1831 March 3, 1833 Jackson Orangeburg
March 4, 1833 March 3, 1835 Nullifier
JHHammond.jpg James H. Hammond March 4, 1835 February 26, 1836 Nullifier Newberry Resigned
FHElmore.jpg Franklin H. Elmore December 10, 1836 March 3, 1839 Nullifier Walterboro
Sampson H. Butler March 4, 1839 September 27, 1842 Democratic Charleston Resigned
Samuel W. Trotti December 17, 1842 March 3, 1843 Democratic
John Campbell March 4, 1843 March 3, 1845 Democratic Parnassus Redistricted from the 3rd district
Alexander D. Sims March 4, 1845 November 22, 1848 Democratic Darlington Died
JohnMcQueen.jpgJohn McQueen February 12, 1849 March 3, 1853 Democratic Society Hill Redistricted to the 1st district
Preston Brooks-SC2 crop.jpg Preston S. Brooks March 4, 1853 July 15, 1856 Democratic Edgefield Resigned
August 1, 1856 January 28, 1857 Re-elected to seat, died
Hon. Milledge L. Bonham, S.C - NARA - 528412.jpg Milledge L. Bonham March 4, 1857 December 21, 1860 Democratic Edgefield Retired
Civil War - Occupation and Reconstruction
JamesHGoss.jpg James H. Goss July 18, 1868 March 3, 1869 Republican Union
AlexanderSWallace.jpg Alexander S. Wallace May 27, 1870 March 3, 1877 Republican York Successfully contested election of William D. Simpson
JohnHEvins.jpg John H. Evins March 4, 1877 October 20, 1884 Democratic Spartanburg Died
John Bratton.jpg John Bratton December 8, 1884 March 3, 1885 Democratic Winnsboro
William Hayne Perry.jpg William H. Perry March 4, 1885 March 3, 1891 Democratic Greenville
GeorgeWShell.jpg George W. Shell March 4, 1891 March 3, 1895 Democratic Laurens
Stanyarne Wilson.jpg Stanyarne Wilson March 4, 1895 March 3, 1901 Democratic Spartanburg
Joseph T. Johnson March 4, 1901 April 19, 1915 Democratic Spartanburg Resigned
SamuelJNicholls.jpg Samuel J. Nicholls September 14, 1915 March 3, 1921 Democratic Spartanburg
John Jackson McSwain.jpg John J. McSwain March 4, 1921 August 6, 1936 Democratic Greenville Died
G. Heyward Mahon Jr. (South Carolina Congressman).jpg Gabriel H. Mahon Jr. November 3, 1936 January 3, 1939 Democratic Greenville
JosephRBryson.jpg Joseph R. Bryson January 3, 1939 March 10, 1953 Democratic Greenville Died
Robert Ashmore.jpg Robert T. Ashmore June 2, 1953 January 3, 1969 Democratic Greenville
Congressman James Mann.jpg James R. Mann January 3, 1969 January 3, 1979 Democratic Greenville
Carroll A Campbell.jpg Carroll A. Campbell, Jr. January 3, 1979 January 3, 1987 Republican Fountain Inn
Lizzypatterson.jpg Liz J. Patterson January 3, 1987 January 3, 1993 Democratic Spartanburg Patterson defeated Republicans Bill Workman in 1986 and Knox H. White in 1988, successive mayors of Greenville.
Rep. Bob Inglis, 109th Congress.jpg Bob Inglis January 3, 1993 January 3, 1999 Republican Greenville
Jim DeMint.jpg Jim DeMint January 3, 1999 January 3, 2005 Republican Greenville
Bob Inglis congressional portrait.jpg Bob Inglis January 3, 2005 January 3, 2011 Republican Travelers Rest Defeated in Primary
Trey Gowdy official congressional photo.jpg Trey Gowdy January 3, 2011 Present Republican Spartanburg Incumbent

Historical district boundaries[edit]

1995 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SC4 District 4 Profile" (PDF). US Census. Retrieved June 27, 2018. 
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017. 

Coordinates: 34°56′N 82°07′W / 34.93°N 82.12°W / 34.93; -82.12