South Carolina's 6th congressional district

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South Carolina's 6th congressional district
South Carolina US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
South Carolina's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
U.S. RepresentativeJim Clyburn (DColumbia)
Population (2000)668,670
Median income28,967
Cook PVID+19[1]

The 6th Congressional District of South Carolina is a congressional district in central and eastern South Carolina. It includes all of Allendale, Bamberg, Barnwell, Clarendon, Colleton, Hampton, Jasper and Williamsburg counties and parts of Beaufort, Berkeley, Calhoun, Charleston, Dorchester, Georgetown, Orangeburg, Richland and Sumter counties. The district borders were shifted south in the 2012 redistricting. It lost its share of the North Carolina border, and now takes in part of the area near the South Carolina-Georgia border.

The district was defined in the early 1990s in a deal between state Republicans (mostly white) and Democrats (mostly black) in the South Carolina General Assembly to ensure a majority-black population, known as a majority-minority district. The rural counties of the historical black belt in South Carolina make up much of the district, but it sweeps south to include most of the majority-black precincts in and around Charleston, and sweeps west to include most of the majority-black precincts in and around Columbia. In all of its configurations, its politics have been dominated by black voters in the Columbia and Charleston areas.

Following the Reconstruction era, the white Democratic-dominated legislature passed Jim Crow laws, as well as a new constitution in 1895 that effectively disfranchised blacks, crippling the Republican Party in the state. For most of the next 60 years, South Carolina was essentially a one-party state dominated by the Democrats, and blacks were nearly excluded from the political system.

Demographic and political changes have included the Great Migration (African American) of blacks out of the state during the Jim Crow era in the first half of the 20th century. At the same time, many white Democrats felt chagrin at the national party's greater support of civil rights for blacks from the 1940s onward, and began splitting their tickets in federal elections. After successes of the Civil Rights Movement in gaining passage of federal legislation in the mid-1960s to enforce their constitutional rights and ability to vote, blacks in South Carolina supported national Democratic candidates. This prompted a gradual realignment in political parties in which white conservatives began moving into the Republican Party.

Since the late 20th century, South Carolina politics have been very racially polarized. Republicans in South Carolina have been mostly white, and most African Americans in the state continue to support the Democrats. In the 21st century, the 6th is considered the only "safe" Democratic district in the state.

Before 1993, this district included the northeastern part of the state, from Darlington to Myrtle Beach. It was a classic "Yellow Dog" Democratic district; in this configuration it only elected two Republicans, both for a single term. In 2012, the new 7th congressional district was created; it includes much of the territory that was in the 6th for most of the 20th century.

Jim Clyburn, a Democrat and the current Assistant House Minority Leader, has represented this district since first being elected in 1992.

List of representatives[edit]

Name Years Party Electoral history
District created in 1793
Andrew Pickens.jpg Andrew Pickens March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
[Data unknown/missing.]
Samuel Earle March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
[Data unknown/missing.]
William Smith March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
[Data unknown/missing.]
Abraham Nott March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
Federalist [Data unknown/missing.]
Thomas Moore March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Redistricted to the 7th district
Levi Casey March 4, 1803 –
February 3, 1807
Joseph Calhoun June 2, 1807 –
March 3, 1811
[Data unknown/missing.]
JohnCCalhoun.jpeg John C. Calhoun March 4, 1811 –
November 3, 1817
Resigned after being appointed Secretary of War
Eldred Simkins January 24, 1818 –
March 3, 1821
[Data unknown/missing.]
George-McDuffie.jpg George McDuffie March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Redistricted to the 5th district
John Wilson March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Redistricted from the 7th district
March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing.]
Warren R. Davis March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1831
Jacksonian Died
March 4, 1831 –
January 29, 1835
Waddy Thompson Jr.svg Waddy Thompson, Jr. September 10, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
William Butler March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
Whig [Data unknown/missing.]
Isaac E. Holmes March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1851
Democratic Redistricted from the 1st district
William Aiken.jpg William Aiken, Jr. March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
Democratic Redistricted to the 2nd district
WilliamWatersBoyce.jpg William W. Boyce March 4, 1853 –
December 21, 1860
Democratic Retired
Civil War - Occupation and Reconstruction - Not Allocated
District eliminated in 1867
District re-established 1883
George William Dargan.jpg George W. Dargan March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1891
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
EliTStackhouse.jpg Eli T. Stackhouse March 4, 1891 –
June 14, 1892
Democratic Died
John Lowndes McLaurin.jpg John L. McLaurin December 5, 1892 –
May 31, 1897
Democratic Resigned after being elected to US Senate
James Norton December 6, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
Robert B. Scarborough March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1905
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
J. Edwin Ellerbe March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1913
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
J. Willard Ragsdale March 4, 1913 –
July 23, 1919
Democratic Died
PhilipHStoll.jpg Philip H. Stoll October 7, 1919 –
March 3, 1923
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
AllardHGasque.jpg Allard H. Gasque March 4, 1923 –
June 17, 1938
Democratic Died
Elizabeth Hawley Gasque.jpg Elizabeth H. Gasque September 13, 1938 –
January 3, 1939
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
John L. McMillan.jpg John L. McMillan January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1973
Democratic Lost primary to John Jenrette in 1972
Edward Lunn Young.jpg Edward Lunn Young January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1975
Republican Beat Jenrette in 1972 only to lose to him two years later.
John Jenrette.png John Jenrette January 3, 1975 –
December 10, 1980
Democratic First sought the office in 1972, winning on his second attempt. Defeated for reelection in 1980 and resigned early as a result of the ABSCAM scandal
John Light Napier.jpg John L. Napier January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
Republican Defeated for reelection
Congressman Robin Tallon.jpg Robin Tallon January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
Democratic Retired when district was redistricted as a minority-majority district
James Clyburn, official Congressional Majority Whip photo.jpg Jim Clyburn January 3, 1993 –
Democratic First elected in 1992

Historical district boundaries[edit]

1995 - 2013

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.

Coordinates: 33°18′N 80°33′W / 33.30°N 80.55°W / 33.30; -80.55