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Gothic-style entrance gate to Cave Castle Hotel
|Population||4,823 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||155 mi (249 km) S|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
South Cave is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 14 miles (23 km) to the west of Hull city centre on the A1034 road just to the north of the A63 road. North Cave is approximately 2 miles (3 km) to the north-west.
The civil parish is formed by the village of South Cave, the hamlet of Drewton and part of the hamlet of Riplingham. According to the 2011 UK Census, South Cave parish had a population of 4,823, an increase on the 2001 UK Census figure of 4,515.
The settlement is listed in the Domesday Book as "Cave", and in the Cave Hundred of the East Riding of Yorkshire. At the time of the survey there were 31 households, 30 villagers and a priest, 12 ploughlands, woodland and a church. In 1066 Gamal son of Osbert held the Lordship, this in 1086 transferred to Robert Malet, who was also Tenant-in-chief to William I.
In 1823 South Cave was a town and civil parish in the Wapentake of Harthill, the Liberty of St Peter's, and in the division of Hunsley Beacon. Baines's History, Directory and Gazetteer of the County of York states that the South Cave's name probably derives from the "hollow" in which it sits. The parish, with South Cave, included the townships of Broomfleet, Faxfleet, and Osmandyke. A National School existed. A market was held every Monday in which a "great quantity" of corn was sold and sent to West Riding towns, including Leeds and Wakefield, by way of The Humber, with commodities such as coal, lime, and stone returning. Cave Castle, which then was "near this town", was the seat and principal residence of Henry Barnard. The house, described as "large and noble" and ornamented, had within a collection of pictures by the "best masters", including a portrait of George Washington, whose great grandfather lived at the house, possessed part of the estate, and emigrated to America in 1657 to settle in Westmoreland, Virginia.
In the town Market Place was a merchant, two attorneys, an educational academy (another two existed elsewhere), a National school, a blacksmith, two boot & shoe makers, a bricklayer, four butchers, four farmers, three shopkeepers, an agent for Cave Castle, two tailors, one of whom was a draper, a further draper who was a grocer, a wheelwright, a weaver, a horse dealer, an auctioneer, a gardener, and a baker, and one trader who was a grocer, druggist, linen & woolen draper, and hardware dealer. Some of these professions and trades were repeated elsewhere in the town, particularly at West End and West Gate. Further town occupations included a cooper, a clock & watch maker, a common brewer, a tinner & brazier, gunsmith, and a saddler & collar maker. There were the landlords of The Bay Horse, The Bear Inn, The Fox & Coney, The Three Tuns, and The Windmill public houses. The Fox & Coney also held the post and excise office of the town Postmaster, the office sending and receiving letters every day. Residents included a Leed church minister, two gentlemen and a gentlewoman. Coaches between Hull and Thorne passed through The Fox & Coney daily. Two carriers operated between the town and Hull, and Howden.
Village amenities include a doctor’s surgery, dental practice, mobile optician, chemist, library, the Bear Inn and Fox & Coney Inn public houses, and shops including a Costcutter supermarket.
The parish church of All Saints' was designated a Grade II* listed building in 1968 and is now recorded in the National Heritage List for England, maintained by Historic England. A Methodist, and a United Reformed church have both closed in recent years,[when?] with the Methodist Church joining with All Saints Church in September 2007.
Cave Castle, built in 1804, is a house in Gothic Revival style on Church Hill, and a Grade II listed building. Today it operates as a hotel with gym facilities, and its accompanying grounds form a local golf club.
The village has its own football club, South Cave Sporting Club, created from two previous clubs, South Cave United AFC and South Cave Juniors Football Club. The club is affiliated to the East Riding County FA, and has teams of all ages (both male and female) in the East Riding County League which sits[when?] at level 14 of the English football league system, the Hull Boys Sunday League, the East Riding Girls Football League, the East Riding Women's League and the Hull & District Veterans League. In November 2010, the club achieved the FA Charter Standard Community Club Award (one of the few in the region to do this) and has also achieved Level 1 of the East Riding Club Accreditation Scheme.
South Cave & Brantingham Cricket Club is based in the village.
- UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – South Cave Parish (1170211264)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
- "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: South Cave CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 May 2008.
- "Haltemprice and Howden". UK Polling Report. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- Mills, Anthony David (2011) . A Dictionary of British Place Names (revised ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 103. ISBN 019960908X.
- "South Cave", Open Domesday, University of Hull. Retrieved 12 December 2014
- Baines, Edward (1823). History, Directory and Gazetteer of the County of York. pp. 186, 187.
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.
- Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1103317)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
- "All Saints Church". Archived from the original on 26 May 2009. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "A Brief History". All Saints' Church, South Cave. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Historic England. "Cave Castle (1281684)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- "North tops 'real' rich league", BBC News, 14 May 2003. Retrieved 4 July 2014
- Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 10.