Jump to content

South China Morning Post

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

South China Morning Post
SCMP front page on 7 February 2018
TypeDaily newspaper
Owner(s)Alibaba Group
PublisherSCMP Publishers
PresidentCatherine So, CEO
Editor-in-chiefTammy Tam
Managing editorEugene Tang, Yonden Lhatoo
Opinion editorRobert Haddow
Sports editorJoshua Ball (acting)
Photo editorRobert Ng
Executive EditorChow Chung-yan
Founded6 November 1903; 120 years ago (1903-11-06)
(44,079 issues)
HeadquartersGlobal: Morning Post Centre
22 Dai Fat Street
Tai Po Industrial Estate
Tai Po, New Territories
Hong Kong
Overseas: 56 Mott Street
New York, NY 10013
  • 105,347 (Daily, 2016)
  • 82,117 (Sunday, 2016)
  • 17,000 (Digital, 2019)[1]
ISSN1021-6731 (print)
1563-9371 (web)
OCLC number648902513
South China Morning Post
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

The South China Morning Post (SCMP), with its Sunday edition, the Sunday Morning Post, is a Hong Kong-based English-language newspaper owned by Alibaba Group.[2][3] Founded in 1903 by Tse Tsan-tai and Alfred Cunningham, it has remained Hong Kong's newspaper of record since British colonial rule.[4][5]: 251  Editor-in-chief Tammy Tam succeeded Wang Xiangwei in 2016. The SCMP prints paper editions in Hong Kong and operates an online news website that is blocked in mainland China.

The newspaper's circulation has been relatively stable for years—the average daily circulation stood at 100,000 in 2016. In a 2019 survey by the Chinese University of Hong Kong, the SCMP was regarded relatively as the most credible paid newspaper in Hong Kong.[6]

The SCMP was owned by Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation from 1986 until it was acquired by Malaysian real estate tycoon Robert Kuok in 1993.[3] On 5 April 2016, Alibaba Group acquired the media properties of the SCMP Group, including the SCMP.[2][7] In January 2017, former Digg CEO Gary Liu became the SCMP's chief executive officer.[8]

Since the change of ownership in 2016, concerns have been raised about the paper's editorial independence and self-censorship. Critics including The New York Times, Der Spiegel, and The Atlantic have alleged that the paper is on a mission to promote China's soft power abroad.[9][10]



Anti-Qing revolutionary Tse Tsan-tai and British journalist Alfred Cunningham (克寧漢) founded the South China Morning Post in 1903,[11]: 25  publishing its first issue on 6 November 1903.

The purpose of founding the SCMP is disputed, although it has been attributed to supporting the reform movement in the late-Qing Empire.[12]: 27 

Early editorials were mainly written by British journalists, such as Cunningham, Douglas Story and Thomas Petrie, while Tse attracted business to the newspaper.[13]: 27  The editors maintained a good relationship with the Hong Kong government.[13]: 27  In 1904, the newspaper's circulation was 300 copies.[14]: 71 

The newspaper faced competition from three English-language newspapers: the Hong Kong Daily Press, China Mail, and Hong Kong Telegraph.

Post-war era[edit]

After the Second World War, the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC) bought majority shares in the newspaper.[11]: 25  It was listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange in November 1971, but was privatised again in 1987 after being bought by the News Corporation in 1986 for HK$2.2 billion (US$284.4 million).[15] SCMP relisted in 1990.[11]: 25 

Reading the SCMP has been described as a status symbol in the 20th century, when the newspaper represented the interests of Hong Kong elites and the British government.[16]: 323  Editors of the SCMP attended regular meetings at the Government House for disclosures that aimed to influence public opinion and received business briefings from the HSBC.[16]: 323 

For most of the 1990s, the SCMP was the world's most profitable newspaper.[17] By 1993, the SCMP's daily circulation exceeded 100,000 and posted profits of HK$586 million (US$75.6 million) from mid-1992 to mid-1993.[18]

In September 1993, Murdoch was in negotiations to sell his 50 percent interest in the SCMP as part of a scheme to increase the News Corporation's investments in the Asian electronic media industry.[18] News Corporation then announced that it would sell 34.9 per cent stake – a controlling interest – for US$375 million to Kerry Media owned by Malaysian businessman Robert Kuok.[19][15]

Kuok's son, Kuok Khoon Ean, took over as chairman at the end of 1997.[20] Kuok Khoon Ean's sister, Kuok Hui Kwong, was named chief executive officer on 1 January 2009.[21] Kuok launched a general offer for the remaining shares in September 2007, and increased his stake to 74 per cent at US$209 million.[19] It was delisted in 2013 when the shares' free float fell below the required 25 per cent.[19]

Left to right: Mark Clifford and Gina Chua, former SCMP editors-in-chief, in 2022

Jonathan Fenby served as editor until 1999, when he was replaced by Robert Keatley from The Wall Street Journal, who became interim editor. Mark Ländler of The New York Times wrote that under Fenby, the SCMP was "sharply critical of the Hong Kong government" and that this may have been a factor behind Fenby being replaced.[22] The SCMP has had 10 editors from 2000 to 2011.[23] Mark Clifford, editor-in-chief of The Standard from 2004 to 2006, was hired as editor-in-chief in February 2006.[24] Clifford brought with him several staffers from The Standard, including business section editor Stuart Jackson, who departed after seven turbulent months.[25] He presided over the controversial dismissal of several journalists over an internal prank,[26][27] and himself resigned with effect 1 April 2007.[28] Following Gina Chua's short-lived tenure at the Post, from 2009 to April 2011, and deputy editor, Cliff Buddle served as acting editor-in-chief for 10 months.[29][30]

Wang Xiangwei [zh], a member of the Jilin Provincial Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, succeeded him in 2012.[31] Tammy Tam, senior editor of the China section, was promoted to deputy editor under Wang.[23] In May 2015, the SCMP told columnists Philip Bowring, Steve Vines, Kevin Rafferty and Frank Ching – all of whom have criticised the government in commentaries to varying degrees on different subjects over the years – that their services would no longer be needed. The manner of their dismissal generated criticism, as well as speculation as to who had instigated the removals.[32][33][34]

In January 2016, Tam was promoted to the paper's editor-in-chief.[30][35]

Alibaba ownership[edit]

During Alibaba's failed attempt at securing an initial public offering on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, the SCMP published articles questioning the business practices of the platform, including incidents involving counterfeit goods.[3]

On 11 December 2015, Alibaba Group announced that it would acquire the media assets of SCMP Group, including SCMP, for HK$2 billion (US$266 million).[7][36]

Alibaba's ownership of SCMP led to concerns that the newspaper would become a mouthpiece of the Central People's Government. Among the possible motives of the Alibaba acquisition was to make media coverage of China "fair and accurate" and not in the optic of Western news outlets.[37] Alibaba said that the newspaper's editorial independence would be upheld.[38][39]

Joseph Tsai, executive vice-chairman of Alibaba Group, said that the fear that Alibaba's ownership would compromise editorial independence "reflects a bias of its own, as if to say newspaper owners must espouse certain views, while those that hold opposing views are 'unfit'. In fact, that is exactly why we think the world needs a plurality of views when it comes to China coverage. China's rise as an economic power and its importance to world stability is too important for there to be a singular thesis."[39] He also said, "Today when I see mainstream western news organisations cover China, they cover it through a very particular lens. It is through the lens that China is a communist state and everything kind of follows from that. A lot of journalists working with these western media organisations may not agree with the system of governance in China and that taints their view of coverage."[38]

The acquisition by Alibaba was completed on 5 April 2016.[2] The SCMP took down the paywall to its website.[40]

According to a 2016 public survey conducted by the Centre for Communication and Public Opinion Survey at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, the SCMP received a credibility rating of 6.54, the highest credibility score among the various paid newspapers in Hong Kong.[41]

In 2016, following the Alibaba acquisition, the SCMP removed its paywall,[42][43] but in July 2020, SCMP announced that it would return to a subscription model in August 2020.[44][45]

In March 2021, it was reported that the Chinese government is pressuring Alibaba to sell SCMP, due to concerns over the company's influence over public opinion in Hong Kong. Critics say this is designed to move the paper under the ownership of Chinese state-owned firm or an associated billionaire, placing it under the influence of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).[46][47] In a leaked internal November 2021 memo, SCMP CEO Gary Liu denied any sale was in the works.[48]

Closure of subsidiary publications[edit]

Since the Alibaba acquisition, the SCMP has discontinued several subsidiary publications, including its Chinese-language edition, the 48 HOURS weekend magazine, and the popular HK Magazine alternative weekly. The 48 HOURS staff continue to write on other SCMP platforms. Zach Hines, former editor-in-chief of HK Magazine from 2000 to 2015, said that closing the magazine is an effort to shift the focus away from Hong Kong to mainland China and target western readers.[49] Hines wrote in the Hong Kong Free Press of its closure:[50]

The South China Morning Post purchased us at the right time, and for sensible reasons. The media landscape was changing dramatically, as it continues to do, and their ownership bought us a few final years of life. But, like "One Country, Two Systems", this odd and uncomfortable marriage was never going to last.

To be a truly independent press, you cannot be beholden to anyone except your readers. But, to my great dismay, this is becoming an increasing impossibility in Hong Kong, in both the mainstream Chinese and much-smaller English media. SCMP is owned by Alibaba, perhaps the biggest pro-China organization in the world, if you don't count the Communist Party. The paper's business interests are also drifting away from Hong Kong, and toward readers in the United States and the rest of the west. HK Magazine is a canary in the coal mine. [...]

As this sad end to HK Magazine shows, it is clear that it is time now for someone else to step up and provide an alternative voice for Hong Kong. If you care about free speech and the liberal values that make Hong Kong what it is, say something about it. Do something about it. Support independent outlets like Hong Kong Free Press and FactWire. You have a voice. Use it. Or you will surely lose it.

Initially SCMP stated that the HK Magazine website would be deleted from the internet,[51] but the move was criticised. The Hong Kong Journalists Association lodged an inquiry with SCMP management. Hines stated, "It is unthinkable that a newspaper of record would ever consider deleting content from its archive. The SCMP should be held to proper journalistic standards. HK Magazine was an important feature of Hong Kong's media landscape, and it must be preserved. Deleting it would be an utter travesty of journalistic principles – and a slap in the face to SCMP's readers and to Hong Kong society in general."[52] Following the negative reaction, SCMP stated that HK Magazine content would be migrated to the South China Morning Post website before the HK Magazine website was deleted.[53] Additionally, Hong Kong data scientist Mart van de Ven launched a public appeal to help archive back issues of the magazine, expressing doubt that SCMP would preserve the full archive.[54] However, he found that he was unable to access issue 1,103, which featured Leung Chun-ying on the cover.[54]

Circulation and profitability[edit]

The paper's average audited circulation for the first half of 2007 stood at 106,054; while its Sunday edition, the Sunday Morning Post, has a readership of 80,865. In 2012, the readership of the SCMP and the Sunday Morning Post was estimated at 396,000.[55] Its readership outside Hong Kong remains at some 6,825 copies for the same period, again, relatively unchanged.[56] It also had the position as the most profitable newspaper in the world on a per reader basis, profit declined since peaking in 1997 at HK$805 million.[57] Its average audited circulation for the first half of 2015 stood at 101,652 copies, with the print edition representing 75 percent of the number of copies;[58] the Sunday edition registered 80,779 copies on average during the same period.[59]

The Group reported net profit of HK$338 million for the year 2006 (2005 = HK$246m), the operating profit of HK$419m (2005 = HK$306m) was attributable mainly to the newspaper operation.[60]

The selling price of the paper is HK$9 each from Monday to Saturday, and HK$10 for the Sunday Morning Post. A discounted student subscription is also available. It was increased 14.5% (from HK$7) and 25% (from HK$8) respectively in August 2011.

As of 26 August 2010, SCMP Group posted a profit of $52.3 million in the first half of 2010.[61]


The printed version of the SCMP is in a broadsheet format, in sections: Main, City, Sport, Business, Classifieds, Property (Wednesday), Racing (Wednesday), Technology (Tuesday), Education (Saturday), Style magazine (first Friday of every month); the Sunday edition contains Main, a Review section, a Post Magazine, Racing, "At Your Service", a services directory, and "Young Post", targeted at younger readers.

On 26 March 2007, the SCMP was given a facelift, with new presentation and fonts.[62] Another redesign in 2011 changed the typefaces to Farnham and Amplitude for headlines, Utopia for text, and Freight for headers.[63]

Online version[edit]

SCMP.com had started out as a subscription-only service, which also allows the retrieval of archive articles dating back from 1993. It was launched online in December 1996. On 30 May 2007, SCMP.com relaunched with a new look, features, and multimedia content. Headlines and the introduction to stories were now free to view, while the full articles are available to subscribers. Archive photos and articles are available for purchase.

On 16 July 2007, SCMP.com launched its first-ever viral video marketing campaign targeting a global audience and highlighting the new multimedia features of the website.

At present, SCMP also provides free subscription to "The South China Morning Post iPad edition" for the Apple iPad.[64] SCMP.com launched a major redesign on 20 April 2015.[38]

Upon having been acquired by Alibaba, the new owners announced that the paywall would be removed.[38] The paywall was subsequently removed on the night of 4 April 2016. By doing so, SCMP wished to increase its readership globally and allow the global community to have access to its news of China. It vowed to better adapt to the reading habits of the readers.[40] The news site remains blocked in mainland China as of 2018.[65][9]

SCMP also provided a "China-focused" Chinese-language version of The Post, nanzao.com, but was shut down in 2016.[66]

Editorial stance and staff[edit]

The previous owners of the publication, Kerry Group's Robert Kuok and his family, are claimed to be inclined towards the central government of the People's Republic of China, and questions were raised over the paper's editorial independence and self-censorship.[57] The paper's editors nevertheless did assert their independence during Kuok's ownership. There have been concerns, denied by Kuok, over the forced departures, in rapid succession, of several staff and contributors who were considered critical of China's government or its supporters in Hong Kong. These included, in the mid-1990s, cartoonist Larry Feign, humour columnist Nury Vittachi, and numerous China-desk staff, namely 2000–01 editorial pages editor Danny Gittings, Beijing correspondent Jasper Becker and China pages editor Willy Lam.[67][68][69][70]

Not long after Kuok's purchase of the newspaper, and after running several cartoons about the culling of human body parts from Chinese prisoners, Larry Feign was abruptly dismissed and his satirical comic strip "Lily Wong" axed in 1995. His firing was defended as "cost cutting", but was widely viewed as political self-censorship in the face of the imminent handover of Hong Kong to the PRC.[71] In his book North Wind, Hong Kong author Nury Vittachi documented that then-editor Jonathan Fenby, who had joined from The Observer of London, suppressed letters querying the disappearance of the popular strip and then busied himself writing letters to international media that had covered the Feign case defending the sacking.[72] Vittachi explained his own departure from the journal in his book, linking it to the pressures he – and other contributors – faced from top management and editors to abstain from writing on topics that were deemed "sensitive", basically in denial of the free speech rights enshrined in the Hong Kong Basic Law and the one country, two systems policy.[72]

In 2000, Fenby was succeeded by Robert Keatley, a former Wall Street Journal journalist. After the paper ran a story by Willy Lam on its front page about a delegation of Hong Kong tycoons meeting with Chinese President and General Secretary of the Communist Party Jiang Zemin,[3] in which it was reported that business opportunities in China were being offered as a quid pro quo for the tycoons' political support, the Chinese Liaison Office raised objections of insensitivity as well as incurring the owner's wrath.[3] Kuok berated Keatley in his office and wrote a two-page letter, which Keatley published in the letters section of the paper. Kuok stepped down as group chairman that year.[3]

Editorial page editor Gittings complained that in January 2001 he was told to take a "realistic" view of editorial independence and ordered not to run extracts of the Tiananmen Papers, though ultimately was allowed, after protesting "strenuously", to do so. The editor stated that there had already been sufficient coverage.[73]

At the launch of a joint report published by the Hong Kong Journalists' Association and Article 19 in July 2001, the chairman of the Hong Kong Journalists' Association said: "More and more newspapers self-censor themselves because they are controlled by either a businessman with close ties to Beijing, or part of a large enterprise, which has financial interests over the border."[67]

Editor-in-chief Wang Xiangwei, appointed by the owner in 2012 after consultation with the Liaison Office, was criticised for his decision to reduce the paper's coverage of the death of Li Wangyang on 7 June 2012.[32] Wang, who had left the office for the day, reportedly returned to the paper after midnight to reverse the staff editors' decision to run a full story. The SCMP published a two-paragraph report inside the paper; other news media reported it prominently.[74] A senior staff member who sought to understand the decision circulated the resulting email exchanges, that indicate he received a stern rebuff from Wang.[75][76] Wang made a statement on 21 June, in which he said he understood the "huge responsibility to deliver news... [and]... the journalistic heritage we have inherited". and said that his decision not to pursue extensive coverage as the story broke was pending "more facts and details surrounding the circumstances of this case".[77] Wang admitted that his decision on Li Wangyang was a bad one in retrospect.[78]

Reporter Paul Mooney said that the Li Wangyang story was not an isolated incident: Wang Xiangwei has "long had a reputation as being a censor of the news...Talk to anyone on the China reporting team at the South China Morning Post and they'll tell you a story about how Wang has cut their stories, or asked them to do an uninteresting story that was favorable to [mainland] China." Mooney, whose contract with the paper was not renewed in May 2012 reportedly because of budgetary reasons, said he had won more journalism awards than anyone else in the news team, but that for seven months prior to his departure from the newspaper, Wang had marginalised him by blocking him from writing any China stories, and then reportedly hiring several new young reporters, many from mainland China, after he had been ousted.[79]

Despite the reported sentiments of the owners, the SCMP does report on commemorations of the Tiananmen Square Massacre,[80] and ran an editorial criticising the one-child policy in 2013.[81] The SCMP published an interview with Jack Ma, founder of Alibaba and a member of the CCP, in which Ma defended late Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping's decision to crack down on pro-democracy student protests, saying it was "the most correct decision". The relevant remark was deleted not long after the article was published; the reporter responsible for the interview was suspended and later was resigned. Alibaba said that Ma had been quoted "improperly", and demanded a rectification, but the editor-in-chief refused.[3][82] The New York Times stated that Alibaba is steering the newspaper into promoting the PRC's soft power, and several critical stories about China's current government have been rewritten in an act of self-censorship by the top editors.[83] However, a few academics pointed out in 2013, 2016 and 2021 that there was a negative or discriminatory discourse present in SCMP's coverage of mainland Chinese people.[84][85][86][87]

Zhao Wei incident[edit]

Questions were raised about the relationship between the publication and Chinese authorities after the SCMP was able to secure an interview with Zhao Wei, the legal assistant of human rights defender Li Heping, who was in the custody of Chinese police.[88] The SCMP was able to make contact with Zhao Wei a few days after her release from prison while she was still in the custody of Chinese security forces and at a time when neither her husband nor lawyer was able to reach her. The interview quoted Zhao giving what was taken to be a telephone confession, including "I have come to realise that I have taken the wrong path... I repent for what I did. I'm now a brand new person."[88]

Retraction of Shirley Yam's commentary[edit]

On 22 July 2017, SCMP published a commentary by Shirley Yam insinuating that Li Qianxin, a woman with an uncommon surname (estimated 300,000 in China), is the daughter of Li Zhanshu, a close ally of Xi Jinping.[89] It also showed public records connecting Li Qianxin to a Singaporean investor named Chua Hwa Por. The piece was later removed by SCMP and replaced with a statement citing "multiple unverifiable insinuations".[90][91] Yam eventually resigned.[92]

Publication of an interview made under duress[edit]

In 2018 the South China Morning Post published an interview with Gui Minhai, who was detained in China at the time. This raised concerns about the interview being fake or scripted, which caused backlash against SCMP. Magnus Fiskesjö, an associate professor at Cornell University and friend of Gui,[93] commented that:[94]

[...] the spectacle's producers included not just the usual propaganda arms of the regime (e.g. the Xinhua News Agency, etc.), but also the formerly independent South China Morning Post (SCMP) of Hong Kong. In agreeing to "interview" a torture victim in between the torture sessions, the paper gave in to pressure from China.

As a result of this incident, Fiskesjö said that "SCMP can no longer be trusted as an independent news organisation."[94]

Rejection of report on human rights abuses in Xinjiang[edit]

In October 2022, Peter Langan, a former senior editor at the SCMP, said he resigned after the outlet rejected the publication of his three-month investigation into human rights abuses in China’s Xinjiang region. SCMP stated that the report failed to meet its "editorial verification process and publishing standards."[95]

Awards and recognition[edit]

SCMP won 3 awards at the 2018 WAN-IFRA Asian Digital Media Event.[96] The paper won 11 awards the next year in the same contest[97] and in 2021, won 9 awards at WAN-IFRA's 20th Asian Media Awards competition.[98]

The newspaper won a 2019 Sigma Delta Chi Award in Informational Graphics for their coverage of the 2019 Hong Kong protests.[99] In 2020, SCMP won another Sigma Delta Chi award in the same category for their coverage of COVID-19.[100]

The paper won 23 awards at the Society for News Design's 2020 Best of Digital Design competition, including 3 on articles covering the Hong Kong protests.[101] The paper also won 4 gold medals at the 2020 Malofiej Awards, including 3 for their coverage of the Hong Kong protests.[102]

SCMP was announced as the winner of the Online News Association's 2020 General Excellence in Online Journalism award for large newsrooms.[103][104]

The newspaper won the grand prize at the 2020 Lorenzo Natali Media Awards for its report titled ""The 'thin yellow line' standing between Hong Kong police and protestors".[105][106] The paper was also awarded the 2nd prize at the 2020 World Press Photo Digital Storytelling Contest in the shorts category for the same story.[107]

SCMP's piece titled "Hong Kong Protests: 100 days of protests rock Hong Kong" was an honoree at the 2020 Webby Awards for Best Individual Editorial Feature.[108] The paper won another Webby in 2021 for its video titled "China's Rebel City – The Hong Kong Protests".[109]

SCMP Group[edit]

South China Morning Post Publishers Limited
Native name
Company typePrivate
  • Newspaper publishing
  • Online media
PredecessorGreat Wall Pan Asia Holdings
HeadquartersHong Kong
Key people
  • Gary Liu (CEO)
  • Elsie Cheung (COO)
OwnerAlibaba Group
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese南華早報出版有限公司
Simplified Chinese南华早报出版有限公司
Taxi advertising in Central for the Classified Post by SCMP, circa 2008

Before the acquisition in 2016 by Alibaba, South China Morning Post belonged to the SCMP Group Limited, a company also involved in property investment and convenience store operation. In April 2016, the company announced that the transaction of their media businesses with Alibaba was completed. As the intellectual property rights to the name "SCMP" was also transferred, the company changed its name to Armada Holdings Limited, then to Great Wall Pan Asia Holdings.[110][111]

Now, the current publisher for the SCMP is South China Morning Post Publishers Limited (still commonly known as SCMP Group), which currently publishes, along with the South China Morning Post and Sunday Morning Post, the following newspapers, magazines and online platforms:[112]


Writers employed by the SCMP include:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "South China Morning Post Advertising & Marketing Solutions, About SCMP". advertising.scmp.com. 17 February 2017. Archived from the original on 29 May 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Lhatoo, Yonden (5 April 2016). "Paywall down as Alibaba takes ownership of SCMP". SCMP.com. Archived from the original on 5 April 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Alibaba Buys HK's SCMP to Counter 'Western Bias'". Asia Sentinel. 13 December 2015. Archived from the original on 17 December 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  4. ^ Liu, Ming; Zhong, Jiali (2020). "Between national and local: Identity representations of post-colonial Hong Kong in a local English newspaper". Discourse, Context & Media. 36: 100401. doi:10.1016/j.dcm.2020.100401. S2CID 218970137.
  5. ^ Pepper, Suzanne (2007). Keeping Democracy at Bay: Hong Kong and the Challenge of Chinese Political Reform. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9781461638483.
  6. ^ Centre for Communication and Public Opinion Survey (2019). "Tracking Research: Public Evaluation on Media Credibility - Survey Results" (PDF). Chinese University of Hong Kong. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 May 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  7. ^ a b Carew, Rick (11 December 2015). "Alibaba to Buy South China Morning Post". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 11 December 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  8. ^ Leow, Annabeth (7 September 2019). "Old-School Newsman". The Business Times. Archived from the original on 26 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  9. ^ a b Nezik, Ann-Kathrin (23 August 2018). "Newspaper Could Help Rebrand China Abroad". Der Spiegel. Archived from the original on 7 August 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  10. ^ McLaughlin, Timothy (1 August 2020). "A newsroom at the edge of autocracy". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on 4 August 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  11. ^ a b c Wang, Bess; Wong, Tin Chi (2018). "The Landscape of Newspapers in Hong Kong". In Huang, Yu; Song, Yunya (eds.). The Evolving Landscape of Media and Communication in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: City University of Hong Kong Press. pp. 13–30. ISBN 9789629373511. Archived from the original on 20 August 2020. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  12. ^ Clarke, Prescott (1965). King, Frank H. H. (ed.). A research guide to China-coast newspapers, 1822-1911. Cambridge, MA: East Asian Research Center, Harvard University. ISBN 978-0-674-76400-2.
  13. ^ a b Zou, Yizheng (2015). "English newspapers in British colonial Hong Kong: the case of the South China Morning Post (1903–1941)". Critical Arts. 29 (1): 26–40. doi:10.1080/02560046.2015.1009676. S2CID 144697510.
  14. ^ Hutcheon, Robin (1983). S.C.M.P., the first eighty years. South China Morning Post. ISBN 978-962-10-0022-4. OCLC 11444925.
  15. ^ a b Witcher, S. Karene (13 September 1993). "News Corp. to Sell Stake in Newspaper For $349 Million". The Wall Street Journal. Sydney. pp. B3.
  16. ^ a b Chan, Yuen-ying (2000). "The English-language media in HongKong". World Englishes. 19 (3): 323–335. doi:10.1111/1467-971X.00182.
  17. ^ Kwong, Robin (14 December 2007). "Kerry Group forced to bid for South China Morning Post". Financial Times.
  18. ^ a b Goll, Sally D.; Witcher, S. Karene (7 September 1993). "Murdoch Holds Talks to Sell South China Morning Post — Analysts View Deal for Profitable Paper As Part of Strategic Move Into TV". The Wall Street Journal. p. B8.
  19. ^ a b c Kwok, Ben (14 December 2015). "How the SCMP sale adds up for Kuok and Ma EJINSIGHT - ejinsight.com". EJInsight. Archived from the original on 13 April 2020. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  20. ^ "Khoon-Ean Kuok: Executive Profile & Biograph". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  21. ^ Eaton, Matt (9 December 2008). "Senior shuffle sees Kuok tighten grip". Marketing-Interactive.Com. LightHouse Independent Media. Archived from the original on 6 March 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
  22. ^ Landler, Mark (31 July 1999). "Hong Kong Journal; A Free-Spoken Editor Won't Be Back". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 30 November 2020. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  23. ^ a b 隔牆有耳:《南早》赤化 政協做老總. Apple Daily (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  24. ^ "SCMP Group Executive Appointment and Changes". South China Morning Post (Press release). Hong Kong. 3 February 2006. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 7 December 2006.
  25. ^ "Top Editor Forced to Resign at South China Morning Post". Asia Sentinel. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  26. ^ Brook, Stephen (14 November 2006). "Subs sacked over leaving page". The Guardian. UK. Archived from the original on 13 January 2022. Retrieved 21 March 2007.
  27. ^ "Two more top editors leave South China Morning Post". International Herald Tribune. 29 January 2007. Archived from the original on 1 April 2007. Retrieved 21 March 2007.
  28. ^ "Editor quits Post after bitter year". The Standard. Hong Kong. 20 March 2007. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2007.
  29. ^ "Reginald Chua, Editor-in-Chief of the South China Morning Post | USC Annenberg China Media". Archived from the original on 16 February 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  30. ^ a b "South China Morning Post (SCMP) Appoints Veteran Wang Xiangwei as New Editor-in-Chief". Marketwire. Archived from the original on 16 February 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  31. ^ "SCMP names new editor-in-chief". RTHK. 31 January 2012. Archived from the original on 4 July 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  32. ^ a b "Leading Columnists Purged at Hong Kong's Paper of Record". Asia Sentinel. 20 May 2015. Archived from the original on 24 May 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  33. ^ "SCMP ditches columns by veteran journalists". RTHK. 20 May 2015. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  34. ^ Kwok, Ben (20 May 2015). "SCMP ditches veteran columnists Bowring, Rafferty and Vines". Hong Kong Economic Journal. Archived from the original on 22 May 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  35. ^ Tom Grundy (6 November 2015). "South China Morning Post announces new editor-in-chief amid mass exodus of staff | Hong Kong Free Press". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 7 November 2015.[permanent dead link]
  36. ^ "Very Substantial Disposal in Relation to the Media Business and Special Cash Dividend and Termination of Disclosure Transaction" (PDF). Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 August 2020. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  37. ^ Barboza, David (12 December 2015). "Alibaba Buying South China Morning Post, Aiming to Influence Media". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 10 January 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  38. ^ a b c d Zeng, Vivienne. "Breaking: Jack Ma's Alibaba buys South China Morning Post, paywall to be scrapped". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  39. ^ a b "Letter to readers of the South China Morning Post, from Alibaba's executive vice chairman". South China Morning Post. 11 December 2015. Archived from the original on 12 December 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  40. ^ a b "Paywall down as Alibaba takes ownership of SCMP". 5 April 2016. Archived from the original on 5 April 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  41. ^ Chinese University of Hong Kong Centre for Communication and Public Opinion Survey (2016). Public Evaluation of Media Credibility: Survey Results (PDF) (Report). Chinese University of Hong Kong. p. 2. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 September 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  42. ^ "Alibaba removes South China Morning Post paywall following acquisition". The Drum. Archived from the original on 4 February 2021. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  43. ^ "Paywall down as Alibaba takes ownership of SCMP". South China Morning Post. 5 April 2016. Archived from the original on 29 November 2019. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  44. ^ "Introducing the South China Morning Post's new digital subscription plans". SCMP. 27 July 2020. Archived from the original on 3 August 2020. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  45. ^ "South China Morning Post returns to a subscription model after 4 years". The Drum. Archived from the original on 4 February 2021. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  46. ^ "Beijing presses Alibaba to sell media assets, including South China Morning Post". Mint. 16 March 2021. Archived from the original on 16 March 2021. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  47. ^ "Jack Ma's SCMP Joins Hong Kong Media Groups Facing China Control". Bloomberg.com. 16 March 2021. Archived from the original on 16 March 2021. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  48. ^ "SCMP scrambles to quell staff fears after report of China SOE bid". Nikkei Asia. 2021. Retrieved 30 November 2022.
  49. ^ Tsoi, Grace (7 October 2016). "The death of an irreverent Hong Kong magazine". BBC News. Archived from the original on 16 March 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  50. ^ Hines, Zach (30 September 2016). "A sad end: HK Magazine was the canary in the coal mine - Hong Kong Free Press HKFP". hongkongfp.com. Retrieved 3 October 2023.
  51. ^ Grundy, Tom (28 September 2016). "South China Morning Post confirms closure of HK Magazine after 25 years in print – website to be deleted". Hong Kong Free Press.
  52. ^ Hines, Zach (30 September 2016). "A sad end: HK Magazine was the canary in the coal mine". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  53. ^ Grundy, Tom (30 September 2016). "SCMP says HK Magazine online content will be saved". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  54. ^ a b Grundy, Tom (3 October 2016). "Data scientist asks fans to help archive content from soon-to-be-axed HK Magazine". Hong Kong Free Press.
  55. ^ "SCMP Delivers More Readers Than Ever". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
  56. ^ "Audit Report". Hong Kong Audit Bureau of Circulations. Archived from the original on 29 March 2007. Retrieved 21 March 2007.
  57. ^ a b Smith, Patrick (19 November 2006). "Clash of civilizations at Hong Kong newspaper". International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on 23 October 2015. Retrieved 22 March 2007.
  58. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  59. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  60. ^ "Ad revenue lifts SCMP profit 37pc". South China Morning Post. 27 March 2007.
  61. ^ "HOME – SCMP". Archived from the original on 14 March 2012.
  62. ^ "News Digest". South China Morning Post. 26 March 2007. p. 1.
  63. ^ García, Mario R. (15 May 2011). "South China Morning Post: new beginnings in a new Hong Kong, new China". García Media. Archived from the original on 3 April 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  64. ^ "The South China Morning Post iPad edition on iTunes Store". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 16 May 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  65. ^ Alex Linder (5 May 2018). "SCMP's online presence in mainland China completely wiped out". Shanghaiist. Archived from the original on 20 October 2020.
  66. ^ Cheng, Kris (9 September 2016). "South China Morning Post shuts down Chinese-language sites in 'resource integration'". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  67. ^ a b Freedoms eroded to please Beijing: report Archived 18 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine, The Standard, 2 July 2001
  68. ^ Vanessa Gould, Nelson Lee & Bryan Lee, SAR defends rights record Archived 6 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine, The Standard, 28 February 2001
  69. ^ 南早赤化 政協做老總 Archived 2 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine, Apple Daily (in Chinese)
  70. ^ "新闻特写: 林和立将加盟CNN". 人民报. Archived from the original on 6 February 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  71. ^ Stephen J. Hutcheon, "Pressing Concerns: Hong Kong's Media in an Era of Transition" Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy
  72. ^ a b North Wind, Nury Vittachi, Aberdeen, Hong Kong. Chameleon Press (2001)
  73. ^ Greg Rushford, Cover Story: Hong Kong at a Crossroads Archived 5 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine, April 2002
  74. ^ Pomfret, James; Tang, Sisi. Reuters (20 June 2012). "China casts long shadow as Hong Kong paper stands accused of censorship". The Republic Archived from the original on 21 June 2012.
  75. ^ Staff reporter (19 June 2012) "Journalistic ethics questioned at SCMP" Archived 21 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Asia Sentinel
  76. ^ "Here is the news – or maybe not" Archived 1 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine. The Standard, 20 June 2012
  77. ^ Wang Xiangwei, (21 June 2012). "Statement by the Editor-in-Chief". South China Morning Post.
  78. ^ "SCMP editor Wang Xiangwei admits "bad call"". 2 July 2012. Archived from the original on 26 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  79. ^ Paul Mooney, Why I was kicked out of the "South China Morning Post"? Archived 3 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine iSun Affairs 28 June 2012
  80. ^ "Hong Kong commemorates Tiananmen Square crackdown victims". South China Morning Post. 4 June 2013. Archived from the original on 13 June 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  81. ^ Chan, Minnie (30 May 2013). "China's one-child policy causes silent suffering of mothers". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 8 June 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  82. ^ "Alibaba in talks to invest in SCMP Group, China Daily says". Hong Kong Free Press. 9 November 2015. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  83. ^ Hernández, Javier C. (31 March 2018). "A Hong Kong Newspaper on a Mission to Promote China's Soft Power". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 1 July 2020. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  84. ^ Lin, Yuting; Chen, Meilin; Flowerdew, John (4 May 2021). "'Same, same but different': representations of Chinese mainland and Hong Kong people in the press in post-1997 Hong Kong". Critical Discourse Studies. 19 (4): 364–383. doi:10.1080/17405904.2021.1905015. ISSN 1740-5904. S2CID 235508789. Archived from the original on 31 August 2021.
  85. ^ Annemari Kettunen (May 2013). "Language of the Future, Language of the PRC – Representations of Putonghua in South China Morning Post (page 54)" (PDF). University of Turku. Archived (PDF) from the original on 31 August 2021.
  86. ^ Xie, Xuan; Ding, Yi (14 December 2016). "Framing IPhone Consumption by Chinese Mainlanders: Critical Discourse Analysis on News Coverage of China Daily and South China Morning Post". Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. International Conference on Communication in Multicultural Society, CMSC 2015, 6–8 December 2015, Moscow, Russian Federation. 236. Hong Kong Baptist University: 39–45. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.12.014. ISSN 1877-0428.
  87. ^ Jonathan Corpus Ong (27 August 2013). "Phone cams and hate speech in Hong Kong". Gates Cambridge. Archived from the original on 4 April 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  88. ^ a b Phillips, Tom (25 July 2016). "Mysterious confession fuels fears of Beijing's influence on Hong Kong's top newspaper". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 29 January 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  89. ^ Shirley Yam. "How's the buyer of Peninsular Hotel's owner linked to Xi Jinping's right hand man?". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 18 July 2017.
  90. ^ "Clarification regarding 'Singaporean' investor Money Matters column". South China Morning Post. 20 July 2017. Retrieved 15 November 2023.
  91. ^ Grundy, Tom (21 July 2017). "South China Morning Post removes article linking Chinese President Xi Jinping to Singaporean investor". Hong Kong Free Press HKFP. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  92. ^ Kwok, Ben (28 August 2017). "It's not just money that matters for the SCMP". Asia Times. Retrieved 15 November 2023.
  93. ^ Phillips, Tom (22 February 2018). "'A very scary movie': how China snatched Gui Minhai on the 11.10 train to Beijing". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 13 May 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  94. ^ a b "Confessions Made in China". 3 May 2018. Archived from the original on 30 June 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  95. ^ General, Ryan (27 October 2022). "SCMP editor who quit over rejected story on Xinjiang human rights abuses is warned not to publish it". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 24 March 2023.
  96. ^ "Asian Digital Media Awards 2018 Winners | WAN-IFRA Events". events.wan-ifra.org. Archived from the original on 15 August 2020.
  97. ^ "Celebrating Asia's best in Digital". WAN-IFRA. 30 October 2019. Archived from the original on 9 July 2021.
  98. ^ "South China Morning Post tops haul with nine winning entries at 20th Asian Media Awards". WAN-IFRA. 22 July 2021. Archived from the original on 23 July 2021.
  99. ^ "2019 Sigma Delta Chi Award Honorees". Society of Professional Journalists. Archived from the original on 20 March 2021.
  100. ^ "2020 Sigma Delta Chi Award Honorees". Society of Professional Journalists. Archived from the original on 9 October 2021. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  101. ^ "2020 Results – SND: Best of Digital News Design". Society for News Design. Archived from the original on 26 February 2021.
  102. ^ "17 gold, 65 silver and 87 bronze medals at Malofiej 28". Malofiej Awards | The Best of Graphics Infographics Visualization Dataviz. 3 August 2020. Archived from the original on 26 August 2021.
  103. ^ "2020 Online Journalism Awards Winners". Online Journalism Awards. Archived from the original on 5 March 2021.
  104. ^ "South China Morning Post". Online Journalism Awards. 2020. Archived from the original on 29 April 2021.
  105. ^ "Lorenzo Natali Media Prize: 2020 winners announced". European Commission. July 2020. Archived from the original on 25 January 2021.
  106. ^ "2020 Lorenzo Natali Media Prize winners announced". Rappler. 16 July 2020. Archived from the original on 17 July 2020.
  107. ^ "The 'Thin Yellow Line' Standing Between Hong Kong Police and Protesters". World Press Photo. Archived from the original on 15 January 2021.
  108. ^ "Hong Kong Protests: 100 days of protests rock Hong Kong". Webby Awards. Archived from the original on 31 August 2021.
  109. ^ "News & Politics (Video Series & Channels)". Webby Awards. Archived from the original on 31 August 2021.
  110. ^ Tam, Inti. "SCMP Group intends to rename as Armada Holdings". Marketing Interactive. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  111. ^ "SCMP Group to be renamed Armada after selling newspaper". EJ Insight. 19 February 2016. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  112. ^ "Our Business – South China Morning Post". South China Morning Post Publishers Limited. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  113. ^ Gary Botting, "Hong Kong: Two Faces of the Orient," Peterborough Examiner, 1 February 1964; see also Botting's serialized column "Occupational Hazard: The Adventures of a Journalist," The Advocate, commencing 18 May 1977
  114. ^ "Profile: Gary Botting". ABC Bookworld. 2011. Archived from the original on 25 October 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  115. ^ Gary Botting, "The Descent of 20 Battery," South China Sunday Post-Herald, 31 March 1963; Gary Botting, "The Death or Glory Boys in Macau," South China Sunday Post-Herald, 16 June 1963; Gary Botting, "A Corporal at Ten," South China Sunday Post-Herald, 16 June 1983; Gary Botting, "She's a Bit of Portugal Afloat," South China Sunday Post-Herald, 23 June 1963, p. 26.
  116. ^ "Jonathan Fenby to resign as editor of Post after 'four momentous years'". South China Morning Post. 16 June 1999. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2013.
  117. ^ "Explorers: Ma Jun". National Geographic. Archived from the original on 20 August 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012.

External links[edit]