South Dakota's at-large congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
South Dakota's At-large congressional district
SD-AtLarge.gif
U.S. RepresentativeKristi Noem (RCastlewood)
Area75,885 sq mi (196,540 km2)
Distribution
  • 55.8% urban
  • 44.2% rural
Population (2016)865,454[1]
Median income47,223
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+14[2]

South Dakota's At-Large Congressional District is the sole congressional district for the state of South Dakota. Based on area, it is the fourth largest congressional district in the nation.

The district is currently represented by Republican Kristi Noem. Noem is retiring after being elected Governor of South Dakota. Dusty Johnson was elected on November 6th and is congressman-elect.

History[edit]

The district was created when South Dakota achieved statehood on November 2, 1889, electing two members At-Large (statewide). Following the 1910 Census a third seat was gained, with the legislature drawing three separate districts. The third district was eliminated after the 1930 Census.

Following the 1980 Census the second seat was eliminated, creating a single At-Large district. Since 1983, South Dakota has retained a single congressional district.

Voter registration[edit]

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 2, 2013
Party Total Voters Percentage
Democratic 190,212 35.77%
Republican 244,111 45.91%
Minor Parties 1,523 0.29%
Unaffiliated 95,846 18.03%
Total 531,692 100%

2008 Presidential primary[edit]

Democratic primary[edit]

Hillary Clinton of New York won the June 3, 2008 South Dakota Democratic Primary with 55.35% of the statewide/at-large congressional district vote while Barack Obama of Illinois received 44.65%. The state/at-large congressional district gave Clinton her final win during the course of the historic and heavily drawn-out 2008 Democratic Presidential Primary season.

Republican primary[edit]

John McCain of Arizona easily won the June 3, 2008 South Dakota GOP Primary with 70.19% of the statewide/at-large congressional district vote while libertarian-leaning Ron Paul of Texas finished in second place in the state/congressional district with 16.52%.

Election results from presidential races[edit]

Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 60 - Gore 38%
2004 President Bush 60 - Kerry 38%
2008 President Obama 45 - McCain 53%
2012 President Romney 58 - Obama 40%
2016 President Trump 62 - Clinton 32%

Recent elections[edit]

2004 special election[edit]

Incumbent U.S. Representative Bill Janklow resigned the seat January 20, 2004, after he was convicted of second-degree manslaughter, triggering a special election. Democrat Stephanie Herseth was selected as the Democratic nominee for this special election and she defeated Republican Larry Diedrich with 51 percent of the vote in a close-fought election on June 1, 2004. Herseth's victory briefly gave the state its first all-Democratic congressional delegation since 1937.

2004 general election[edit]

In the November general election, Herseth was elected to a full term with 53.4 percent of the vote, an increase of a few percentage points compared with the even closer June special elections. Herseth's vote margin in June was about 3,000 votes, but by November it had grown to over 29,000.

Herseth thereby became the first woman in state history to win a full term in the U.S. Congress.

Both elections were hard-fought and close compared to many House races in the rest of the United States, and the special election was watched closely by a national audience. The general election was also viewed as one of the most competitive in the country, but was overshadowed in the state by the highly competitive U.S. Senate race between Democrat Tom Daschle and Republican John Thune, which Thune narrowly won.

2006 election[edit]

South Dakota's at-large congressional district election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Stephanie Herseth Sandlin (Incumbent) 230,468 69.09 +15.73
Republican Bruce Whalen 97,864 29.34 −16.57
Libertarian Larry Rudebusch 5,230 1.57 +0.85
Democratic hold Swing
Turnout 333,562

2008 election[edit]

South Dakota's at-large congressional district election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Stephanie Herseth Sandlin (Incumbent) 256,041 67.56 −1.53
Republican Chris Lien 122,966 32.44 +3.10
Democratic hold Swing
Turnout 379,007

2010 election[edit]

South Dakota's at-large congressional district election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Stephanie Herseth Sandlin (Incumbent) 146,589 45.89 −21.67
Republican Kristi Noem 153,703 48.12 +15.68
Independent B. Thomas Marking 19,134 5.99 +5.99
Republican gain from Democratic Swing
Turnout 319,426

2012 election[edit]

South Dakota's at-large congressional district election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Kristi Noem (Incumbent) 207,640 57.45 +9.33
Democratic Matt Varilek 153,789 42.55 −3.34
Republican hold Swing
Turnout 361,429

List of representatives[edit]

Two seats were created in 1889. They were changed into three districts in 1913. One at-large seat remained after 1983.

Years Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
November 2, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
John A. Pickler.jpg
John Pickler
Republican Elected in 1889.
Re-elected in 1890.
Re-elected in 1892.
Re-elected in 1894.
Retired.
Oscar Sherman Gifford.jpg
Oscar S. Gifford
Republican Was Dakota Territory's territorial delegate
Elected in 1889.
Lost renomination.
March 4, 1891 –
August 14, 1891
John Rankin Gamble.jpg
John Rankin Gamble
Republican Elected in 1890.
Died.
August 14, 1891 –
December 7, 1891
Vacant
December 7, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
John L. Jolley.jpg
John L. Jolley
Republican Elected to finish Gamble's term.
Retired.
March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
William Vincent Lucas.jpg
William V. Lucas
Republican Elected in 1892.
Lost renomination.
March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
Robert Gamble.jpg
Robert J. Gamble
Republican Elected in 1894.
Lost re-election.
March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
John Edward Kelley (South Dakota).jpg
John Edward Kelley
Populist Elected in 1896.
Lost re-election.
Freeman Knowles (South Dakota).jpg
Freeman Knowles
Populist Elected in 1896.
Lost re-election.
March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
Burke 14886r.jpg
Charles H. Burke
Republican Elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Lost renomination.
Robert Gamble.jpg
Robert J. Gamble
Republican Elected in 1898.
Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
Eben W. Martin.jpg
Eben Martin
Republican Elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
March 4, 1907 –
June 26, 1908
Philo Hall (South Dakota).jpg
Philo Hall
Republican Elected in 1906.
Lost renomination.
William H. Parker (South Dakota).jpg
William H. Parker
Republican Elected in 1906.
Died.
June 26, 1908 –
November 3, 1908
Vacant
November 3, 1908 –
March 3, 1909
Eben W. Martin.jpg
Eben Martin
Republican Elected to finish Parker's term.
Also elected to next full term.
Re-elected in 1910.
Redistricted to the 3rd district, and was re-elected there in 1912.
March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1911
Burke 14886r.jpg
Charles H. Burke
Republican Elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Redistricted to the 1st district, and was re-elected there in 1912.
March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
In 1913, the two at-large seats were replaced by three districts. There were no at-large seats, therefore, until 1983.
By 1983, the remaining two district seats were reduced to one at-large seat.
January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1985
Tom Daschle, official Senate photo.jpg
Tom Daschle
Democratic Redistricted from the 1st district, and re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1987
January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1989
Tim Johnson official portrait, 2009.jpg
Tim Johnson
Democratic Elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
January 3, 1989 –
January 3, 1991
January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1993
January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 1997
January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 1999
John Thune official photo.jpg
John Thune
Republican Elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
January 3, 1999 –
January 3, 2001
January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2003
January 3, 2003 –
January 20, 2004
William Janklow (South Dakota Governor).jpg
Bill Janklow
Republican Elected in 2002.
Resigned when convicted of vehicular manslaughter.
January 20, 2004 –
June 3, 2004
Vacant
June 3, 2004 –
January 3, 2005
SHS Official Headshot.jpg
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin
Democratic Elected to finish Janklow's term.
Elected to full term in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Lost re-election.
January 3, 2005 –
January 3, 2007
January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2009
January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
Kristi Noem portrait.jpg
Kristi Noem
Republican Elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Retiring after being elected Governor of South Dakota.


January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2015
January 3, 2015 –
January 3, 2017
January 3, 2017 –
January 3, 2019
Term starting January 3, 2019
Dusty Johnson
Republican Elected in 2018

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°30′N 100°00′W / 44.5°N 100°W / 44.5; -100