South Korean presidential election, 1948
Presidential elections were held in
South Korea for the first time on 20 July 1948, following the Constitutional Assembly elections earlier that year. The elections were indirect, with the president elected by the Assembly. Syngman Rhee was elected with 180 votes out of 196 and was to oversee the transfer of power from the United States Army Military Government in Korea.
An important role was played in the run-up to the election by the dispute between Rhee and candidate
Kim Koo over the issue of holding separate elections in the South. Kim rejected the notion of separate elections, and split from the National Alliance for the Rapid Realization of Korean Independence to form the Korea Independence Party. 13 members cast their votes for Kim. In the event, Kim's split allowed Rhee to consolidate power over NARRKI and, in 1951, form the  Liberal Party, enabling his rule over South Korea until the April Revolution in 1960.
Results [ edit ]
President [ edit ]
Kim Koo did not send his approvals for the new South Korean government and insisted that the lawmakers not cast votes for him, 13 of the 196 lawmakers who voted voted for Kim Koo. The election, however, ended as a landslide victory of the only candidate that actively sought the presidency, Rhee Syng-man. 1 vote was invalidated, as it was cast for independence activist Seo Jae-pil, who at the time was a US citizen.
Vice-President [ edit ]
Yi Si-yeong, under the endorsement of Rhee, won, but only at the second round of voting after failing to win 2/3 of the votes at the first round.
References [ edit ]
^ Savada, A. M. (1997)
South Korea: A Country Study. DIANE Publishing. p. 33.
^ a b Fukui, H. (1985)
Political parties of Asia and the Pacific, Vol. 1. Greenwood Press. p. 674.