South Korean presidential election, 1956

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South Korean presidential election, 1956

← 1952 15 May 1956 1960 →

  Rhee Syng-Man in 1956.jpg Cho Bong-am.png
Nominee Syngman Rhee Cho Bong-am
Party Liberal Independent
Popular vote 5,046,437 2,163,808
Percentage 70.0% 30.0%

1956 South Korean election result map.png
Map of pluralities won in provinces and cities:
– Syngman Rhee

President before election

Syngman Rhee

Elected President

Syngman Rhee

Presidential elections were held in South Korea on 15 May 1956.[1] The result was a victory for Syngman Rhee, who won 70.0% of the vote. Voter turnout was 94.4%.[2]

Rhee, who at that time held a virtual monopoly on political power, was opposed by Shin Ik-hee and Cho Bong-am. Shin died before the election by disease, and Cho campaigned on a platform of peaceful reunification in opposition to Rhee's policy of "March North and unify Korea".[3] Cho exceeded expectations by receiving over 30% of the vote. Three years later, Cho was accused of violating the National Security Law and executed.[4]



Candidate Party Votes %
Syngman Rhee Liberal Party 5,046,437 70.0
Cho Bong-am Independent 2,163,808 30.0
Invalid/blank votes 1,856,818
Total 9,067,063 100
Registered voters/turnout 9,606,870 96.4
Source: Nohlen et al.


Candidate Party Votes %
Chang Myon Democratic Party 4,012,654 46.4
Lee Ki-poong Liberal Party 3,805,502 44.0
Lee Beom-seok Independent 317,579 3.7
Yun Chi-young Korea Nationalist Party 241,278 2.8
Paeg Song-uk Independent 230,555 2.7
Yi Yun-yong Choseon Democratic Party 34,926 0.4
Invalid/blank votes
Total 8,642,494 100
Registered voters/turnout 9,606,870


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume II, p420 ISBN 0-19-924959-8
  2. ^ Nohlen et al., p464
  3. ^ Kim, H-A (2004). Korea's development under Park Chung Hee. RoutledgeCurzon, pp. 42–43.
  4. ^ Kim, p. 42.